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Countries in Sub-Saharan Africa have made substantial progress in universalizing primary school completion. Many young Africans are completing primary schooling, and many more will do so in the coming years. The pressure-already strong-to expand secondary and tertiary education is expected to intensify. Finding a sustainable path for such expansion is a challenge for all countries in the region. Given the diversity across African countries, 'Developing Post-Primary Education in Sub-Saharan Africa: Assessing the Financial Sustainability of Alternative Pathways' offers no generic policy fix. Rather, it seeks to provide policy makers and their development partners with an analytical tool to inform discussion and debate about alternative options in light of country circumstances. It presents simulation scenarios that serve an illustrative function to draw attention to the implications of such options as raising the share of education in the national budget, reforming the service delivery arrangements to manage costs, diversifying the student flow beyond lower secondary education, and enlarging the role of private funding, particularly in post-primary education. The study captures the nature of the policy choices by presenting alternative packages of policies and using them to clarify the affordability of what the authors characterize as spartan and generous choices. One of the study's most valuable contributions is the flexibility of the simulation model, which can be used to adapt the package of policies to national contexts. 'Developing Post-Primary Education in Sub-Saharan Africa: Assessing the Financial Sustainability of Alternative Pathways', which contains detailed annexes with results for 33 low-income countries, will be of interest to national education policy makers and development partners, as well as education researchers and education consultants.
Much of the fear and uncertainty surrounding the global recession is concerned with the adverse impact it will have on organisations and society. However, recessions are nothing new. We know from past experience that when a recession is over, there always emerge organisations and individuals who have not only survived but have thrived. They often emerge stronger, fitter and better performing. Developing Resilient Organizations argues that one of the fundamental keys to survival in these circumstances is resilience or mental toughness. It can make challenge and change an opportunity rather than a threat. The book addresses a wide variety of organizational issues including motivation, performance, staff retention, behaviour, trust, attention span and teamwork. With case studies from leading organizations across the public and private sector internationally, it will show you how to develop organizational performance, well being and a positive approach to adversity and change in your organization.
This book is a standard tutorial for web application developers presented in a comprehensive, step-by-step manner to explain the nuances involved. It has an abundance of code and examples supporting explanations of each feature. This book is intended for Java developers wanting to create rich and responsive applications using AJAX. Basic experience of using jQuery is assumed.
Written as an easy and practical guide, this book is a crash course on using JAX-RS 2.0, JSON, and WebSockets to develop RESTful services.Getting Started with Developing RESTful Web Services using JAX-RS 2.0, JSON, and WebSockets is a perfect reading source for application developers who are familiar with Java EE and are keen to understand the new HTML5-related functionality introduced in Java EE 7 to improve productivity. To take full advantage of this book, you need to be familiar with Java EE and have some basic understanding of using the GlassFish application server.
Sixty example applications, focused entirely on native Symbian OS C++ programming.
Since it was first published almost twenty years ago, Developing Technical Training has been a reliable resource for both new and seasoned training specialists. The third edition of this classic book outlines a systematic approach called the Instructional Systems Design (ISD) process that shows how to teach technical content defined as facts, concepts, processes, procedures, and principles. Whether you teach "hard" or "soft" skills, or design lessons for workbooks or computers, you will find the best training methods in this book. Using these techniques, you can create learning environments that will lead to the most efficient and effective acquisition of new knowledge and skills. Throughout the book, Clark defines each content type and illustrates how to implement the best instructional methods for delivery in either print or e-learning media.
Developing the Leader Within You is Dr. MaxwellÆs first and most enduring leadership book, having sold more than one million copies. In this Christian Leaders Series edition of this Maxwell classic, you will discover the biblical foundation for leadership that John Maxwell has used as a pastor and business leader for more than forty years. These same principles and practices are available for everyday leaders in every walk of life. It is a lofty calling to lead a groupùa family, a church, a nonprofi t, a businessùand the timeless principles in this book will bring positive change in your life and in the lives of those around you. You will learn: The True Definition of Leader. ôLeadership is influence. ThatÆs it. Nothing more; nothing less.ö The Traits of Leadership. ôLeadership is not an exclusive club for those who were æborn with it.Æ The traits that are the raw materials of leadership can be acquired. Link them up with desire, and nothing can keep you from becoming a leader.ö The Difference Between Management and Leadership. ôMaking sure the work is done by others is the accomplishment of a manager. Inspiring others to do better work is the accomplishment of a leader.ö God has called every believer to influence others, to be salt and light. Developing the Leader Within You will equip you to improve your leadership and inspire others.
If you are in any sort of leadership position, from business executive or church leader to parent or teacher, you have probably asked yourself many times what it takes to make a leader and now you can find the answer in Developing the Leader Within You. By examining the differences between leadership styles, John Maxwell outlines principles for inspiring, motivating, and influencing others. These principles can be used in any organization to foster integrity and self-discipline and bring about a positive change. Developing the Leader Within You also examines how to be effective in the highest calling of leadership by understanding the five charactersitics that set "leader managemers" apart from "run-of-the-mill managers."
A practical resource, this book combines tips, checklists, exercises, and stories to outline concrete processes that improve the way leaders, managers, and anyone within an organization responds to conflict. Beginning with a series of questions and self-diagnostics, the authors show you how to: maintain emotional balance in the face of conflict; implement constructive communications techniques; help others deal with conflicts that are causing organization problems; establish norms for handling conflict; use specific approaches for addressing conflict more effectively. "A must-have guidebook for the new age of global business. This book shows every leader how to turn feelings of fear into feelings of safety, suspicion into trust, and competitiveness into collaboration. " --Jim Kouzes, coauthor of the best-selling book The Leadership Challenge and Dean's Executive Professor of Leadership, Leavey School of Business, Santa Clara University "Craig Runde and Tim Flanagan use their vast experience to give us Developing Your Conflict Competence. Move beyond negative workplace conflict to positive and constructive outcomes with the simple tools and suggestions in this must-read field guide!" --Marshall Goldsmith, best-selling author of What Got You Here Won't Get You There, Succession: Are You Ready?, and the upcoming MOJO "I've read the authors' first two books, Becoming a Conflict Competent Leader and Building Conflict Competent Teams. Their latest book pulls it all together by providing models, examples, and thought-provoking insight. It will be required reading for my senior management team. " --Deborah Jallad, president/chairman, Accredited Surety and Casualty Company, Inc.
By the winner of the 1988 Nobel Prize in Economics, an essential and paradigm-altering framework for understanding economic development--for both rich and poor--in the twenty-first century. Freedom, Sen argues, is both the end and most efficient means of sustaining economic life and the key to securing the general welfare of the world's entire population. Releasing the idea of individual freedom from association with any particular historical, intellectual, political, or religious tradition, Sen clearly demonstrates its current applicability and possibilities. In the new global economy, where, despite unprecedented increases in overall opulence, the contemporary world denies elementary freedoms to vast numbers--perhaps even the majority of people--he concludes, it is still possible to practically and optimistically restain a sense of social accountability. Development as Freedom is essential reading.From the Trade Paperback edition.
Development Economics through the Decades: A Critical Look at Thirty Years of the World Development Reportby Joseph Stiglitz William Easterly Takatoshi Ito Shahid Yusuf Tharman Shanmugaratnam Montek Singh Ahluwalia Larry Summers Kemal Dervis Angus Deaton Ernesto Zedillo
Since 1978, the World Bank's annual 'World Development Report' (WDR) has provided in-depth analysis and policy recommendations on a specific and important aspect of international development from agriculture, the role of the state, economic growth, and labor to infrastructure, health, the environment, and poverty. In the process, it has become a highly influential publication that is consulted by international organizations, national governments, scholars, and civil society networks to inform their decision-making processes. In this essay, Shahid Yusuf examines the last 30 years of development economics, viewed through the WDRs. The essay begins with a brief background on the circumstances of newly independent developing countries and summarizes some of the main strands of the emerging field of development economics. It then provides a sweeping examination of the coverage of the WDRs, reflecting on the key development themes synthesized by these reports and assessing how the research they present has contributed to policy making and development thought. The book then looks ahead and points to some of the big challenges that the World Bank may explore through future WDRs. The essay is followed by five commentaries, each written by a distinguished economist or development practitioner, which further explore this terrain from different perspectives. Together, the contents of this volume provide an extraordinary and remarkably compact tour of development economics through, around, and beyond the WDR. It will be invaluable to anyone interested in the evolution of development economics over the past three decades as well as for students, scholars, and policy makers in the field of development. To commemorate the 30th anniversary of the 'World Development Report', this book is being simultaneously published with 'The Complete World Development Report, 1978-2009'. This DVD is a fully-searchabel digital archive that contains the full collection of WDRs. For more information about the DVD or the 'World Development Report', visit www.worldbank.org/wdr.
Egocentric spatial language uses coordinates in relation to our body to talk about small-scale space ('put the knife on the right of the plate and the fork on the left'), while geocentric spatial language uses geographic coordinates ('put the knife to the east, and the fork to the west'). How do children learn to use geocentric language? And why do geocentric spatial references sound strange in English when they are standard practice in other languages? This book studies child development in Bali, India, Nepal, and Switzerland and explores how children learn to use a geocentric frame both when speaking and performing non-verbal cognitive tasks (such as remembering locations and directions). The authors examine how these skills develop with age, look at the socio-cultural contexts in which the learning takes place, and explore the ecological, cultural, social, and linguistic conditions that favour the use of a geocentric frame of reference.
Designed for an undergraduate course in human development, this textbook describes the physical, intellectual, social, and emotional growth that occurs in each of 11 life stages. Its psychosocial approach emphasizes the continuous interaction and integration of individual competencies with the demands and resources of the surrounding culture. The ninth edition features a new chapter on death, dying, and bereavement. A glossary of terms completes the volume.
Developmental Coordination Disorder (DCD) is a neuro-developmental disorder that affects one in every twenty children. Children with DCD have problems with motor coordination that make everyday tasks such as active play, writing, eating, and dressing difficult and frustrating. Despite how common this health condition is, DCD is often misunderstood and frequently goes undiagnosed. In Developmental Coordination Disorder and its Consequences, international experts on DCD from several disciplines present the latest evidence on the diagnosis, consequences, and neuropsychological underpinnings of the disorder. With chapters covering consequences related to mental health, social functioning, and physical health and activity, this collection is the most comprehensive volume to cover the health and social consequences of DCD in children. Clearly written, it will be of interest to parents, teachers, and physicians interested in this disorder.
This important new text is a comprehensive survey of current thinking and research on a wide range of developmental disorders.Highlights key research on normal and typical developmentIncludes clinical case studies and diagrams to illustrate key conceptsA reader-friendly writing style
Editing is a tricky business. It requires analytical flair and creative panache, the patience of a saint and the vision of a writer. Transforming a manuscript into a book that edifies, inspires, and sells? That's the job of the developmental editor, whose desk is the first stop for many manuscripts on the road to bookdom-- a route ably mapped out in the pages of Developmental Editing. Author Scott Norton has worked with a diverse range of authors, editors, and publishers, and his handbook provides an approach to developmental editing that is logical, collaborative, humorous, and realistic. He starts with the core tasks of shaping the proposal, finding the hook, and building the narrative or argument, and then turns to the hard work of executing the plan and establishing a style. Developmental Editing includes detailed case studies featuring a variety of nonfiction books-- election-year polemic, popular science, memoir, travel guide-- and authors ranging from first-timer to veteran, journalist to scholar. Handy sidebars offer advice on how to become a developmental editor, create effective illustration programs, and adapt sophisticated fiction techniques (such as point of view, suspense, plotting, character, and setting) to nonfiction writing. Norton's book also provides freelance copy editors with a way to earn higher fees while introducing more creativity into their work lives. It gives acquisitions, marketing, and production staff a vocabulary for diagnosing a manuscript's flaws and techniques for transforming it into a bestseller. And perhaps most importantly, Developmental Editing equips authors with the concrete tools they need to reach their audiences.
Developmental milestones mark the significant progress children make throughout their early years. This Redleaf Quick Guide includes descriptions of the typical physical, social, emotional, language, and cognitive milestones that infants, toddlers, preschoolers, and early elementary-age children reach. It also includes strategies for observing, recording, and communicating milestones to families.
This book revisits classic studies in developmental psychology with a view to showing not only how they shaped the field, but also how the field has itself moved on through engagement with the issues these studies raise. It engages critically with the studies in order to reveal new ways of thinking both about them and about the ideas they explore. In effect, it shows how developmental psychology can be - and has been - taken forward in exciting ways through a careful re-examination of the core studies that lie at its heart.<P><P> The volume's chapters are written by internationally renowned scholars who are working at the cutting edge of the areas mapped out by particular classic studies and whose work has been heavily influenced by a deep appreciation of the research that they write about. As a result, the chapters give readers profound insights into the foundations of developmental psychology, but also show how the discipline has advanced in important ways in the years since those studies were conducted.<P> Written in an accessible and engaging style, each chapter uses a similar structure to explore a particular classic study and the topic it relates to. All the chapters start by locating the studies within their social and historical context - identifying the concerns that motivated researchers, and the particular perspective that informed their scientific thinking. The studies' methods and findings are then presented. This is followed by a discussion of the studies' impact, before concluding with a consideration of the way in which, from the time that they were conducted, the field has moved beyond the classic studies. The result is a volume which is not only enjoyable and informative to read, but one that should support developmental psychology courses at any level.
The importance of high quality early childhood education is now universally recognised, and this quality crucially depends upon the practitioners who work with our young children, and their deep understanding of how children develop and learn. This book makes a vital contribution to this understanding, providing authoritative reviews of key areas of research in developmental psychology, and demonstrating how these can inform practice in early years educational settings. The book's major theme is the fundamental importance of young children developing as independent, self-regulating learners. It illustrates how good practice is based on four key principles which support and encourage this central aspect of development: - secure attachment and emotional warmth - feelings of control and agency - cognitive challenge, adults supporting learning and children learning from one another - articulation about learning, and opportunities for self-expression. Each chapter includes: - typical and significant questions which arise in practice related to that area of development - an up-to-date review of key research, including insights from observational and experimental work with young children, from evolutionary psychology, and from neuroscientific studies of the developing brain - practical exercises intended to deepen understanding and to inform practice - questions for discussion - recommended further reading. This book provides an invaluable resource for early years students and practitioners, by summarizing new research findings and demonstrating how they can be translated into excellent early years practice. Watch this video of David Whitebread at his book launch, presenting the key points of the book and his reasons for writing it. David Whitebread is Senior Lecturer in Developmental Psychology and Early Years Education in the Faculty of Education, University of Cambridge.
Noted as one of the most comprehensive textbooks in the field, Developmental Science, 6th Edition introduces readers to all of areas in developmental psychology: neuroscience, genetics, perception, cognition, language, emotion, self, and social interaction. Each of the world-renowned contributors masterfully introduces the history and systems, methodologies, and measurement and analytic techniques used to understand the area of human development under review. The relevance of the field is illustrated through engaging applications in each chapter. As a whole, this highly-respected text illuminates substantive phenomena in developmental science, its applications across the life span, and its relevance to everyday life. Each chapter has been substantially revised for this new edition to reflect the current state of the field and the new edition is now accompanied by a website. Students and instructors will find chapter outlines, topics to think about before reading the chapters, a glossary, and suggested readings with active reference links on the website. Electronic access to the text's figures and tables, suggestions for classroom assignments and/or discussion, and a test bank with multiple-choice, short answer, and essay questions is limited to instructors only. Two new chapters highlight many modern developments. Each chapter features an introduction, up-to-date overviews of the field, summary and conclusion, and numerous classical and contemporary references. The book opens with an overview of developmental science -- its history and theory, the cultural orientation to thinking about human development, and the manner in which empirical research is designed, conducted, and analyzed. Part 2 focuses on the field's major substantive areas: neuroscience and genetics, physical and motor skills, perception, and cognitive and language development. Part 3 examines personality and social development within the context of the various relationships and situations in which developing individuals function and by which they are shaped. The book concludes with a new chapter on the latest applications of developmental science. Ways in which developmental thinking and research affect and are affected by practice and social policy are particularly emphasized. Used primarily as a graduate level text for courses on developmental psychology/science, life span, and/or human development, the book can also be used at the advanced undergraduate level. Researchers interested in staying abreast of the latest developments in the field also appreciate the book's comprehensive nature.
The life cycle, until recently, has been neither descriptive nor conceptual but metaphorical, suggesting an underlying sequence of events that everyone experiences rather than clear external milestones of development, althought every life, of course, is acknowledged to be unique.
Enhance the depth and richness of children's play. Developmentally appropriate play is complex, long-lasting, and all-engaging for children. It requires facilitation and guidance, thoughtful planning, and attention to the environment and materials. Developmentally Appropriate Play follows the new Developmentally Appropriate Practice guidelines from the National Association for the Education of Young Children (NAEYC) and includes information to help you:Identify and plan purposeful playGuide children to make choicesInteract with children to enhance playProvoke children into more complex playAdd representation to further enrich playIncorporate standards into play
Developmentally Appropriate Practice in Early Childhood Programs: Serving Children from Birth through Age 8by Carol Copple Sue Bredekamp
The core of this book is eight chapters that address the periods of early childhood--The Infant and Toddler Years (Ages 0-3); The Preschool Years (Ages 3-5), The Kindergarten Year (Ages 5-6), and The Primary Grades (Ages 6-8).
Deviant Behavior challenges students' own biases and preconceptions. This best-selling text offers comprehensive coverage of all aspects of deviance and is noted for its blend of style and substance. Deviant Behavior covers a wide spectrum of theories of deviance, and analyzes numerous specific deviant behaviors. The author uses an abundance of research data, including many that debunk our common assumptions about deviant behavior. Students are exposed to the full range of theories and data about deviance, and are challenged to think about and evaluate their own biases and preconceptions. Learning Goals Upon completing this book, readers will be able to: Analyze numerous types of deviant behavior. Challenge their own biases and preconceptions on deviant behavior. Make connections between behavioral theories and concrete deviances. Develop new ways of seeing and understanding chapter material through critical thinking questions.
The truth behind the twisted crimes that inspired the films Psycho, The Texas Chain Saw Massacre, and The Silence of the Lambs... From "America's principal chronicler of its greatest psychopathic killers" (The Boston Book Review) comes the definitive account of Ed Gein, a mild-mannered Wisconsin farmhand who stunned an unsuspecting nation -- and redefined the meaning of the word "psycho." The year was 1957. The place was an ordinary farmhouse in America's heartland, filled with extraordinary evidence of unthinkable depravity. The man behind the massacre was a slight, unassuming Midwesterner with a strange smile -- and even stranger attachment to his domineering mother. After her death and a failed attempt to dig up his mother's body from the local cemetery, Gein turned to other grave robberies and, ultimately, multiple murders. Driven to commit gruesome and bizarre acts beyond all imagining, Ed Gein remains one of the most deranged minds in the annals of American homicide. This is his story -- recounted in fascinating and chilling detail by Harold Schechter, one of the most acclaimed true-crime storytellers of our time.