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China's Incomplete Military Transformation: Assessing the Weaknesses of the People's Liberation Army (PLA)by Michael S. Chase Scott Warren Harold Samuel K. Berkowitz Jeffrey Engstrom Tai Ming Cheung Kristen A. Gunness Susan Puska
Through extensive primary source analysis and independent analysis, this report seeks to answer a number of important questions regarding the state of China's armed forces. The authors found that the PLA is keenly aware of its many weaknesses and is vigorously striving to correct them. Although it is only natural to focus on the PLA's growing capabilities, understanding the PLA's weaknesses--and its self-assessments--is no less important.
This book focuses on the growing sheep meat industry while drawing on associated research from other areas of the Chinese livestock section. Using this research, the authors use the sheep meat industry case study to illustrate the broader trends that apply more generally to the Chinese livestock sector, especially in the case of ruminant livestock.
Describes the events of the 6,000 mile march undertaken by Mao Zedong and his Communist followers as they retreated before the forces of Chiang Kai-shek.
An exciting, hugely revealing account of China's burgeoning presence in Africa--a developing empire already shaping, and reshaping, the future of millions of people. <P> A prizewinning foreign correspondent and former New York Times bureau chief in Shanghai and in West and Central Africa, Howard French is uniquely positioned to tell the story of China in Africa. Through meticulous on-the-ground reporting--conducted in Mandarin, French, and Portuguese, among other languages--French crafts a layered investigation of astonishing depth and breadth as he engages not only with policy-shaping moguls and diplomats, but also with the ordinary men and women navigating the street-level realities of cooperation, prejudice, corruption, and opportunity forged by this seismic geopolitical development. With incisiveness and empathy, French reveals the human face of China's economic, political, and human presence across the African continent--and in doing so reveals what is at stake for everyone involved. <P> We meet a broad spectrum of China's dogged emigrant population, from those singlehandedly reshaping African infrastructure, commerce, and even environment (a self-made tycoon who harnessed Zambia's now-booming copper trade; a timber entrepreneur determined to harvest the entirety of Liberia's old-growth redwoods), to those just barely scraping by (a sibling pair running small businesses despite total illiteracy; a karaoke bar owner-cum-brothel madam), still convinced that Africa affords them better opportunities than their homeland. And we encounter an equally panoramic array of African responses: a citizens' backlash in Senegal against a "Trojan horse" Chinese construction project (a tower complex to be built over a beloved soccer field, which locals thought would lead to overbearing Chinese pressure on their economy); a Zambian political candidate who, having protested China's intrusiveness during the previous election and lost, now turns accommodating; the ascendant middle class of an industrial boomtown; African mine workers bitterly condemning their foreign employers, citing inadequate safety precautions and wages a fraction of their immigrant counterparts'. <P> French's nuanced portraits reveal the paradigms forming around this new world order, from the all-too-familiar echoes of colonial ambition--exploitation of resources and labor; cut-rate infrastructure projects; dubious treaties--to new frontiers of cultural and economic exchange, where dichotomies of suspicion and trust, assimilation and isolation, idealism and disillusionment are in dynamic flux. <P> Part intrepid travelogue, part cultural census, part industrial and political exposé, French's keenly observed account ultimately offers a fresh perspective on the most pressing unknowns of modern Sino-African relations: why China is making the incursions it is, just how extensive its cultural and economic inroads are, what Africa's role in the equation is, and just what the ramifications for both parties--and the watching world--will be in the foreseeable future.
A candid memoir about growing up during the Chinese Cultural Revolution, adapted by the author from his Colors of the Mountain, published by Random House. Da Chen was born in China in 1962. The grandson of a landlord, he and his family were treated as outcasts in Communist China. In school, Da was an excellent student until a teacher told him that, because of his "family's crimes," he could never be more than a poor farmer. Feeling his fate was hopeless, Da responded by dropping out and hanging around with a gang. However, after Mao's death, Da realized that an education and college might be possible, but he had to make up for the time he'd wasted. He began to study-all day and into the night. His entire family rallied to help him succeed, working long hours in the rice fields and going into debt to ensure that Da would have an education. When the final exam results were posted, he had one of the highest scores in the region and had earned a place at the prestigious Beijing University. Now his family's past would not harm their future. From the Hardcover edition.
By the end of the first decade of the 21st century, China had become one of the great powers of the modern world. Economically, politically, and militarily, its power and international reach is only exceeded by the United States, the world's one remaining superpower.Its military spending, though dwarfed by the United States, is over $100 billion a year and it is busy developing an aircraft carrier, a stealth fighter jet, and missiles that can shoot down satellites - all in an effort to project its power on a global scale.This is all a far cry from its position at the end of the 19th century, when it was a ramshackle and isolated medieval empire upon whom the European colonial powers could impose their wishes at will. The period from the First Sino-Japanese War of 1894-95 through to the Communist victory in the Chinese Civil War ending in 1949 was one of near-constant conflict that saw China emerge as a fledgling new world power. Militarily at least, this is the defining period in Chinese history.This is the period that saw the breakdown of the traditional imperial system of control, under threat from a series of rebellions throughout the 19th century, and the rise of the warlords and civil war in 1911. Despite the establishment of the Republic of China in 1912, the country was still riven by internal strife as different factions sought to control the fledgling state, while much of the power in the land was exercised by regional warlords in a constant state of conflict with one another. The 1920s saw the rise of two opposing revolutionary movements, the Kuomintang, led first by Sun Yat-Sen and later Chiang Kai-Shek, and the Chinese Communist Party, one of whose early leaders was Mao Tse-Tung. The Kuomintang managed to gain control of the majority of China by the late 1920s, and started a long running conflict with the Communists at the same time. The late 1920s also saw the first significant Japanese intervention in China, and in 1931 the Japanese took control of the whole of Manchuria. By 1937 this had escalated into out and out conflict with the Chinese, a conflict which would last till the Japanese defeat in World War II in 1945. Even then China had to struggle through four years of painful civil war before the Chinese Communist Party finally established control in 1949.In this new study Philip Jowett traces the complicated military history of China during these pivotal years, describing in detail the conflicts that forge the modern superpower that is China today.
A boy and his grandmother wind their way through the streets of Chinatown, enjoying all the sights and smells of the Chinese New Year's Day.
The delightful South American "unrodent-like rodent" known as the chinchilla makes a playful and affectionate companion animal. Author Donna Anastasi refers to them as "inquisitive, sensitive, intelligent, and active," the ideal combination of intelligence and interaction anyone would want in a small pet.This Complete Care Made Easy title is an ideal introductory pet guide about the chinchilla, with detailed chapters on characteristics, selection of a healthy chinchilla, housing and care, welcoming and taming the new arrival, feeding and daily care, training, and health and veterinary care. The book offers excellent advice about feeding and nutrition, including the choice of pellets, supplements, hay, and treats.The chapter "Understanding and Training Your Chinchilla" explains the abilities and limitations of chinchillas' senses (they're nearsighted but have exceptional hearing) and offers a great overview of how they communicate through sounds and body language. With positive reinforcement and a clicker (no leash and collar!), the chin can be trained to perform tricks for the family's entertainment, and the book gives lots of training pointers for owners! For chin fanciers who are interested in further exploration, the author includes chapters on breeding chinchillas and getting involved in chin shows. Sidebars throughout the text provide useful information to chinchilla keepers, covering such topics as chin colors, harmful human foods, daily care checklist, and show terminology. The resources include chinchilla societies, books and websites. Glossary of terms and index included.
Offers information about the breed of small horses which gets its mine from the island of Chincoteague located off the coast of Maryland and Virginia.
The universe has been explored--and humanity has all but given up on finding other intelligent life. Then an alien satellite orbiting a distant star sends out an unreadable signal. Is it the final programmed gasp of an ancient, long-dead race? Or the first greeting of an undiscovered life form?
Everything® cookbooks are a popular choice for home cooks looking for fresh, original recipes that only taste like you've spent all day in the kitchen. Now you can make all your favorite Chinese dishes at home! Here's all you need to get started - whether you're making a simple meal for one or an elaborate buffet for company - with recipes like Savory Shanghai Noodles and Mu Shu Beef.
This is the hidden story of people of the world's largest nation--so poorly understood and so vital to the future. It exposes the Chinese society in all of its layers: from remote, illiterate peasants; to the rising classes of businessmen.
This general introduction to the study of the Chinese language traces its history from its beginings in the second millennium BC to the present day and provides a clear picture of the contemporary language and its sociolinguistic status. Chinese in its numerous dialect forms, has more speakers than any language in the modern world, and this vast extension in time and space brings to its study an exceptional complexity. Nevertheless, Professor Norman handles this extraordinary range of material with a deftness of organization and lucid elegance of style that make his book of real interest to any reader with only an elementary knowledge of linguistics. It includes information on the genetic and typological connections of Chinese, traditional Chinese phonology, the writing system, the classical and early vernacular languages, the modern language and the non-standard dialects, and the history of linguistic reform in China, concluding with a discussion of present and future prospects. This latest volume in the Cambridge Language Surveys will not only be welcomed by scholars and students of the Chinese language, but also by readers with a wider interest in Chinese studies and Asian language specialists in general. Like previous volumes in the series, it makes a significant contribution to general descriptive linguistics and language typology.
Described by others as quaint and exotic, or as depraved and threatening, and, more recently, as successful and exemplary, the Chinese in America have rarely been asked to describe themselves in their own words. This superb anthology, a diverse and illuminating collection of primary documents and stories by Chinese Americans, provides an intimate and textured history of the Chinese in America from their arrival during the California Gold Rush to the present. Among the documents are letters, speeches, testimonies, oral histories, personal memoirs, poems, essays, and folksongs; many have never been published before or have been translated into English for the first time. They bring to life the diverse voices of immigrants and American-born; laborers, merchants, and professionals; ministers and students; housewives and prostitutes; and community leaders and activists. Together, they provide insight into immigration, work, family and social life, and the longstanding fight for equality and inclusion. Featuring photographs and extensive introductions to the documents written by three leading Chinese American scholars, this compelling volume offers a panoramic perspective on the Chinese American experience and opens new vistas on American social, cultural, and political history.
Essays on issues facing Chinese-Americans
From the creator of one of the most popular Chinese astrology Web sites worldwide comes a hip, new take on this ancient subject. With an easy-to-use guide, readers can learn the history of Chinese astrology, their corresponding animal sign based on the lunar cycle, discover personality traits, and more.
Chinese Business Etiquette: A Guide to Protocol, Manners, and Culture in the People's Republic of Chinaby Scott D. Seligman
East-West business is booming as never before, as thousands of Americans flock to China to seize explosive opportunities. But knowing the right etiquette and right protocol--and being aware of cultural differences--is a must. Now an expert with a quarter-century's experience in dealing with the Chinese gives you the complete, up-to-date, and commonsense savvy you need.
This is the classic introduction to Chinese calligraphy. In nine richly illustrated chapters Chiang Yee explores the aesthetics and the technique of this art in which rhythm, line, and structure are perfectly embodied. He measures the slow change from pictograph to stroke to the style and shape of written characters by the great calligraphers. Speech and writing are two organs of the same human impulse--the conveyance of thought: the one operating through hearing, the other through sight; the one by sound from mouth to ear, the other by form or image from hand to eye. But each can do something besides convey thought. Spoken words can be so arranged as to discharge aesthetic "musical" significances, as in much Western poetry. Written words can be formed to liberate visual beauties; and it is these which form the subject of this book. In addition to aesthetic considerations, the text deals with such more practical subjects as the origin and construction of the Chinese characters, styles, technique, strokes, composition, training, and the relations between calligraphy and other forms of Chinese art. For the third edition the author has added two new chapters: "Calligraphy and Painting" discusses the dependence of Chinese painting on calligraphic training and techniques; "Aesthetic Principles" explores the fundamental concepts underlying every Chinese art form. Chinese Calligraphy is a superb appreciation of beauty in the movement of strokes and in the patterns of structure--and an inspiration to amateurs as well as professionals interested in the decorative arts.
First published in the famous rug-making city of Tientsin more than fifty years ago in a limited edition, the book has unjustly been out of print for far too long. It has been the object of eager and futile search by many collectors, and its reappearance here in a faithful photographic reprint is certain to be welcomed by all discerning students of carpet weaving in one of its most famous and delightful forms. The book presents valuable essays on the development of carpet weaving, the colors of Chinese carpets, and the weaving process. The enduring worth of this book is proved by its continuing high reputation among collectors.
This calendar-like practice pad allows you to effectively practice Chinese characters and learn a year's wroth of characters in just minutes a day.Although more people are studying the Chinese language than ever before, others are still wary of starting because they believe, "it's too difficult." But A Chinese Character A Day, Volume 2 will show beginner-intermediate students that learning Mandarin Chinese characters is highly manageable when absorbed in small doses. It will help intermediate and advanced Chinese learners review and improve upon their past studies and practice written Chinese every day. Chinese characters (hanzi) are fascinating pictographic symbols that each have a specific meaning. After a few weeks of gradual progress your ability to read Chinese, write Chinese and pronounce Chinese will grow tremendously.This calendar like desk companion starts with the most basic Chinese characters and builds upon itself, one day at a time. For easy reference and review, a booklet listing the 365 Chinese characters is included. Each of the 365 pages contain these six components:The featured Chinese character. The English meaning. The pronunciation written in romanized Chinese (hanyu pinyin). Related compounds with their meanings and pronunciations. Stroke-order diagrams. 28 practice squares.To get started with A Chinese Character a Day, turn to Day One and begin by studying the character, its readings, meanings and sample compounds. Then tear off the sheet and, using the stroke-order guide, practice writing the character in the spaces provided. In a matter of days you'll be on your way to reading and writing Chinese with ease!
The game of Chinese Chess (called "Elephant Chess" in China) has been played for centuries, and is one of the most popular board games in the world. In Chinese Chess, author H. T. Lau explains the game' s fundamentals- the rules, the board, and the basic moves and values of pieces-with clear examples and over 170 diagrams. Once he's covered the basics, Lau introduces basic tactics, methods for escaping difficult positions, and cunning strategies for winning. The book also includes eighty mid- and end-game exercises designed to sharpen playing skills, and concludes with two appendixes devoted to the elegantly constructed games found in The Secret Inside the Orange and The Plum -Blossom Meter, two classic seventeenth-century works about Chinese Chess.
Based on the best-selling Book-in-a-Box kits, the Chinese Chi Balls book is the perfect guide to using these portable hand and foot exercisers. Popular with the Chinese since the Ming dynasty, the benefits of these handy and practical spheres are amazing. Simple massage routines and meditations help you to unblock your chi energy, and improve your physical and spiritual health. Playing with the balls is fun--and will make you feel fantastic!
In China the chicken represents the phoenix, the mythological bird that rose from its ashes and that symbolizes rebirth and reaffirmation. Because of this deeply held belief, chicken is served at every New Year celebration, every wedding feast, and every birthday dinner. The chicken is honored for its eggs, its meat, and the flavor it provides for stocks and broths. Because of the reverence for this bird, the Chinese prepare chicken in myriad ways. Chicken is steamed, baked, boiled, stir-fried, deep-fried, pan-fried, and roasted. It is served hot, cold, or at room temperature. No part of the chicken is wasted from its bones to its skin to its feet, a Chinese delicacy. Now, renowned Chinese cooking expert Eileen Yin-Fei Lo, who has been called "the Marcella Hazan of Chinese cooking" by The New York Times, brings her love of Chinese cooking and traditional Chinese chicken recipes to American home cooks in The Chinese Chicken Cookbook. The Chinese Chicken Cookbook brings together more than one hundred of the best traditional and modern chicken recipes of China from simple stir-fries to more elaborate celebration dishes. In chapters that pair chicken with noodles and rice and in chapters on soup, preparing chicken in the wok, and cooking it whole, readers will find dozens of delicious, easy-to-prepare delicacies. Recipes such as Two-Sesame Chicken, Hot and Sour Soup, Ginger Noodles with Chicken, Chicken Water Dumplings, Chicken Stir-Fried with Broccoli, Mu Shu Chicken with Bok Bang, Mah-Jongg Chicken, and Asparagus Wrapped in Minced Chicken offer new and flavorful ways to prepare chicken whether you're making a quick weeknight meal or having dinner guests on a Saturday night. Although these recipes use ingredients that home chefs can find in the international section of a well-stocked supermarket or on the Internet, Lo includes the Chinese names for ingredients and recipes, rendered in beautiful Chinese calligraphic characters. Not only decorative, these characters can help you locate unfamiliar ingredients in a Chinese market. The Chinese Chicken Cookbook also has sections on how to select and clean a chicken, a detailed explanation of Chinese ingredients, suggested equipment (including how to properly season a wok), and how to cook a perfect pot of rice. With wonderful family stories from the author's childhood in China, The Chinese Chicken Cookbook is not just a cookbook for your cookbook library, it is a source of culinary inspiration.
This volume of beloved Chinese stories contains a delightful selection from the rich store of Chinese folklore and legend. Discover the many delightful animal characters as well as Chang-E, the famous Eight Immortals, and Guan Yin, goddess of compassion.
China has great respect for traditions, strong family values, and other Confucian ideals. Discover how the first emperor, Shi Huangdi, unifies the country, created a powerful empire, and built the Great Wall. See how Chinese technology, from silk making to gunpowder, has affected the world.
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