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Your guide to a higher score on Praxis II: English Subject Areas The Praxis II English Subject Area Assessment tests are designed to assess whether an examinee has the broad base of knowledge and competencies necessary to be licensed as a beginning English teacher in a variety of school settings. The various exams, some multiple-choice questions and some essay format, cover reading and understanding text, language and linguistics, and composition and rhetoric. CliffsNotes Praxis II: English Subject Area Assessments includes question-type reviews, subject reviews, and six model practice tests for each of the Praxis II English tests that a variety of would-be English teachers need to pass to be certified. Includes subject reviews of all test topics 6 practice tests, one for each Praxis II English test Proven strategies from the experts at CliffsNotes If you're an aspiring teacher looking to take the Praxis II English test, CliffsNotes is your ticket to scoring high at exam time.
About the Contents: Introduction How to use this book Overview of the exam Proven study strategies and test-taking tips FAQs Part I: Subject Area Reviews English Language Arts Mathematics Citizenship and Social Science Science Part II: Two Full-Length Practice Exams Each practice exam includes the same number of multiple-choice and constructed-response questions as the actual exam Complete with answers and explanations for all questions
A new guide in the best-performing Praxis II test-prep series on the market. Thirty states require aspiring teachers to pass the Praxis II Middle School Mathematics test. This book provides focused review chapters for every subject covered on the test, plus three full-length tests with complete answer explanations. Sandra Luna McCune, PhD (Nacogdoches, TX), is Regents Professor in the Department of Elementary Education at Stephen F. Austin State University. E. D. McCune, PhD (Nacogdoches, TX), is Regents Professor of Mathematics at Stephen F. Austin State University.
This updated edition of the best-selling CliffsNotes SAT® Cram Plan uses calendars to create a specific study plan for SAT test-takers depending on how much time they have left before they take the test! Features of this plan-to-ace-the-exam product include:* Timed, boxed calendars for preparing to take the SAT® -- two-month study calendar, one-month study calendar, and one-week study calendar * Diagnostic test that helps test-takers pinpoint strengths and weaknesses so they can focus their review on topics in which they need the most help * Subject reviews that cover everything on the exam: English, math, and the essay * Full-length practice test with answers and explanations
Inside the Book: Nouns - Verbs - Pronouns - Modifiers - Connecting Words and Phrases - Clauses, Phrases, and Sentences - Common Sentence Errors - Periods, Question Marks, and Exclamation Marks - Commas, Semicolons, and Colons - Dashes, Parentheses, and Quotation Marks - Idioms, Clichés, Jargon, and Wordiness - How to Begin a Writing Assignment - How to Research and Organize Your Writing - Revising and Editing - Review Questions - Resource Center - Glossary - Frequently Confused Words Why CliffsNotes? Go with the name you know and trust - Get the information you need--fast! CliffsNotes Quick Review guides give you a clear, concise, easy-to-use review of the basics. Introducing each topic, defining key terms, and carefully walking you through sample problems, this guide helps you grasp and understand the important concepts needed to succeed. Master the Basics-Fast Complete coverage of core concepts Easy topic-by-topic organization Access hundreds of practice problems at CliffsNotes.com
CliffsQuickReview course guides cover the essentials of your toughest classes. Get a firm grip on core concepts and key material, and test your newfound knowledge with review questions.Whether you are a student under pressure, an interested citizen trying to brush up, or a recent arrival trying to understand this new land in which you find yourself, CliffsQuickReview American Government can help. This guide introduces each topic, defines key terms, and carefully walks you through each sample problem step-by-step. In no time, you'll be ready to tackle the key concepts in this book such asThe Declaration of IndependenceThe Constitution and Bill of RightsCongress, the President, and the JudiciaryPolitical partiesVoting and electionsCivil LibertiesEconomic and foreign policyCliffsQuickReview American Government provides an overview of the history, institutions, practices, and policies of the American government with plain words and useful formats, so that you can use your time efficiently. Use this reference in any way that fits your personal style for study and review -- you decide what works best with your needs. Here are just a few ways you can search for topics:Use the free Pocket Guide full of essential informationGet a glimpse of what you'll gain from a chapter by reading through the Chapter Check-In at the beginning of each chapterUse the Chapter Checkout at the end of each chapter to gauge your grasp of the important information you need to knowTest your knowledge more completely in the CQR Review and look for additional sources of information in the CQR Resource CenterUse the glossary to find key terms fast.With titles available for all the most popular high school and college courses, CliffsQuickReview guides are a comprehensive resource that can help you get the best possible grades.
CliffsQuickReview course guides cover the essentials of your toughest subjects. Get a firm grip on core concepts and key material, and test your newfound knowledge with review questions.Whether you're new to elements, atoms, and molecules or just brushing up on your knowledge of the subject, CliffsQuickReview Biology can help. This guide carries biological studies into topics such as organic compounds, cellular respiration, transgenic animals, and human reproduction. You'll also tackle other concepts, includingThe process of photosynthesisMitosis and cell reproductionInheritance patternsPrinciples of evolutionThe unity and diversity of lifeCliffsQuickReview Biology acts as a supplement to your other learning materials. Use this reference in any way that fits your personal style for study and review -- you decide what works best with your needs. You can flip through the book until you find what you're looking for -- it's organized to gradually build on key concepts. Here are just a few other ways you can search for topics:Use the free Pocket Guide full of essential information.Get a glimpse of what you'll gain from a chapter by reading through the Chapter Check-In at the beginning of each chapter.Use the Chapter Checkout at the end of each chapter to gauge your grasp of the important information you need to know.Test your knowledge more completely in the CQR Review and look for additional sources of information in the CQR Resource Center.Use the glossary to find key terms fast.With titles available for all the most popular high school and college courses, CliffsQuickReview guides are comprehensive resources that can help you get the best possible grades.
Your effective tutorial for mastering Earth ScienceWhy CliffsQuickReview Guides?Go with the name you know and trustGet the information you need--fast!Written by teachers and educational specialistsAbout the contents:The Earth's Structure* Earthquakes, tsunamis, and volcanoes* Oceans and features of the ocean floor* Earth's layers* Plate tectonics, hot spots and pole* Landscape formationreversal patterns* Rocks and minerals; rock and fossil datingClimate* Atmosphere, storms, and forecasting* Water and climate* Insolation and the seasons* Weathering and agents of erosionEnvironmental Concerns* Conservation* PollutionSpace* Comets, asteroids, and meteoroids* Motions of the earth, moon, and sun* Kepler's laws of planetary motion* Origin of the universeReview and Resources* Chapter-end quizzes* Comprehensive end-of-book quiz* Glossary of key terms* Appendix of topic-related resources and websitesWe take great notes--and make learning a snap
Your complete guide to a higher score on the CSET: English. Why CliffsTestPrep Guides? Go with the name you know and trust.Get the information you need--fast!Written by test-prep specialistsContents include an overview of the test and how it is scored, tips on how to get the most out of your study time, an action plan for doing your best, and answers to your questions about the test.Preparing for the Format of the CSET: English, successful strategies for every test area, sample questions, answers, and explanations, analysis of every question type. Preparing for the Content of the CSET: English, literature and textual analysis, composition and rhetoric overview, review of speech, media, and creative performance, explanations of language, linguistics, and literacy.2 Full-Length Practice Examinations: Structured like the actual exam. Complete with answers and explanations. Test-Prep Essentials from the Experts at CliffsNotes
Your complete guide to a higher score on the CSET: Social Science. Why Cliffs TestPrep Guides? Go with the name you know and trust.Get the information you need--fast! Written by test-prep specialists. Contents include the format and content of the exam, proven test-taking strategies and tips, approaches for answering both multiple-choice and constructed-response questions. Subject Area Review entails focused reviews of all subjects tested: world history, U.S. history, geography, civics, economics, and California history and practice questions to aid in subject review and test preparation.Two Full-Length Practice Examinations. Structured like the actual exam. Complete with answers and explanations. References for Additional Study. Test-Prep Essentials from the Experts at CliffsNotes
CliffsTestPrep Foreign Service Officer Exam: Preparation for the Written Exam and the Oral Assessmentby American BookWorks Corporation
Your guide to passing the Foreign Service Officer Exam. Why Cliffs Test Prep Guides? Go with the name you know and trust. Get the information you need--fast! Written by test prep specialists. Introduction * Review of how the exam is organized, along with answers to frequently asked questions. Part I: Written Exam: The Job Knowledge Test * Descriptions of the five general career track knowledge areas--management, consular, economic, political, and public diplomacy * Question-and-answer subject review chapters for the eight job topic areas, along with mini-tests after each subject review * A sample Job Knowledge test with complete answers and explanations Part II: Written Exam: The English Expression Test * Grammar and usage review * Two sample English Expression tests with complete answers and explanations Part III: Written Exam: The Biographic Information Questionnaire * General information on this section of the exam, plus helpful sample questions Part IV: Written Exam: Written Essay* Overview of the Written Essay portion of the exam, plus sample essay topics for practice * Direction on how to effectively prewrite, outline, organize, edit, and revise your essayPart V: Oral Assessment * Overview of the Oral Assessment portion of the exam and the categories in which you'll be assessed. Test Prep Essentials from the Experts at CliffsNotes?An American BookWorks Corporation. Project Contributors: Deborah Barrett, PhD; Elaine Bender, MA; Phillip Gay, PhD; Freddy Lee, PhD; Val Limburg, PhD; Tandy McConnell, PhD; Edward Miller, PhD; Deborah Grayson Riegel, MA; Sharon Saronson, MFA, MA; Brice Sloan, BA; Jonathan Weber, BA; Mark Weinfeld, MA
Part I Introduction: *Action plan for doing your best *How to get the most out of your study time *Format of the new GED Examination *Answers to your questions about the testPart II Working Toward Success: *Successful strategies for every test area *Analysis of every question type *Special section on how to understand charts, graphs, maps, cartoons, and diagrams *Math formulas analyzed and explained Part III How to Start Reviewing: *Effective methods for reviewing language skills, math, science, and social studies *Common English errors to recognize *Essay topics with evaluation charts *Practices to focus your social studies and science readings * Math review tests for arithmetic, algebra, and geometry Part IV Two Full-Length Practice Examinations with Answers and Explanations: *Analysis charts *Score approximators
A veteran hockey writer takes on hockey culture and the NHL--addressing the games most controversial issue Whether its on-ice fist fights or head shots into the glass, hockey has become a nightly news spectacle--with players pummeling and bashing each other across the ice like drunken gladiators. And while the NHL may actually condone on-ice violence as a ticket draw, diehard hockey fan and expert Adam Proteau argues against hockeys transformation into a thuggish blood sport. In Fighting the Good Fight, Proteau sheds light on the many perspectives of those in and around the game, with interviews of current and former NHL stars, coaches, general managers, and league executives, as well as medical experts. One of the most well-known media figures on the hockey scene today, famous for his funny, feisty observations as a writer for the Toronto Star and The Hockey News and commentator on CBC radio and TV, Adam Proteau is also one of the few mainstream media voices who is vehemently anti-fighting in hockey. Not only is his book a plea to the games gatekeepers to finally clamp down on the runaway violence that permeates the sport even at its highest level, he offers realistic suggestions on ways to finally clean the game up. * Includes interviews with medical experts on head injuries and concussions, as well as with other members of the media * The author not only wages an attack on the value of fighting in hockey--but also on the establishment hockey culture Covering the most polarizing issue in hockey today, Fighting the Good Fight gives hockey fans and sports lovers everywhere a reason to stamp their feet and whistle--at a rare display of eloquence and common sense. WebCatUpdater-Profile_5@1326742169646
A guide to help aspiring special education teachers pass their test. Twenty states require would-be special education teachers to pass various Praxis II tests for licensure. All six special education tests in the Praxis II series are covered in this book, which includes focused subject reviews and a full-length practice test for each subject assessment exam.
Studies warn that global warming and sea level rise will create hundreds of millions of environmental refugees. While climate change will undoubtedly affect future migration patterns and behavior, the potential outcomes are more complex than the environmental refugee scenario suggests. This book provides a comprehensive review of how physical and human processes interact to shape migration, using simple diagrams and models to guide the researcher, policy maker and advanced student through the climate-migration process. The book applies standard concepts and theories used in climate and migration scholarship to explain how events such as Hurricane Katrina, the Dust Bowl, African droughts, and floods in Bangladesh and China have triggered migrations that haven't always fit the environmental refugee storyline. Lessons from past migrations are used to predict how future migration patterns will unfold in the face of sea level rise, food insecurity, political instability, and to review options for policy makers.
Climate change can reasonably be expected to increase the frequency and intensity of a variety of potentially disruptive environmental events--slowly at first, but then more quickly. It is prudent to expect to be surprised by the way in which these events may cascade, or have far-reaching effects. During the coming decade, certain climate-related events will produce consequences that exceed the capacity of the affected societies or global systems to manage; these may have global security implications. Although focused on events outside the United States, Climate and Social Stress: Implications for Security Analysis recommends a range of research and policy actions to create a whole-of-government approach to increasing understanding of complex and contingent connections between climate and security, and to inform choices about adapting to and reducing vulnerability to climate change.
The oceans exert a vital moderating influence on the Earth's climate system. They provide inertia to the global climate, essentially acting as the pacemaker of climate variability and change, and they provide heat to high latitudes, keeping them habitable. Climate and the Oceans offers a short, self-contained introduction to the subject. This illustrated primer begins by briefly describing the world's climate system and ocean circulation and goes on to explain the important ways that the oceans influence climate. Topics covered include the oceans' effects on the seasons, heat transport between equator and pole, climate variability, and global warming. The book also features a glossary of terms, suggestions for further reading, and easy-to-follow mathematical treatments. Climate and the Oceans is the first place to turn to get the essential facts about this crucial aspect of the Earth's climate system. Ideal for students and nonspecialists alike, this primer offers the most concise and up-to-date overview of the subject available.The best primer on the oceans and climate Succinct and self-contained Accessible to students and nonspecialists Serves as a bridge to more advanced material
Climate change is profoundly altering our world in ways that pose major risks to human societies and natural systems. We have entered the Climate Casino and are rolling the global-warming dice, warns economist William Nordhaus. But there is still time to turn around and walk back out of the casino, and in this essential book the author explains how. Bringing together all the important issues surrounding the climate debate, Nordhaus describes the science, economics, and politics involved--and the steps necessary to reduce the perils of global warming. Using language accessible to any concerned citizen and taking care to present different points of view fairly, he discusses the problem from start to finish: from the beginning, where warming originates in our personal energy use, to the end, where societies employ regulations or taxes or subsidies to slow the emissions of gases responsible for climate change. Nordhaus offers a new analysis of why earlier policies, such as the Kyoto Protocol, failed to slow carbon dioxide emissions, how new approaches can succeed, and which policy tools will most effectively reduce emissions. In short, he clarifies a defining problem of our times and lays out the next critical steps for slowing the trajectory of global warming.
You know that the ice caps are melting, the seasons are changing, sea levels are rising, storms are on the increase, but what can you do about it? Plenty! This book puts the power back into your hands in the face of the doom and gloom of climate change. You don't have to wait for someone else to sort it out; rather than worry and feel helpless, you can get up and do something. "Climate Change: Simple Things You Can Do to Make a Difference" is packed with ideas for action, from simple everyday things that cost nothing to bigger projects that involve more time and money. For example: Get on your bike bull; Buy local food bull; Turn off your TV bull; Insulate your attic bull; Recycle and compost bull; Take the train bull; Turn down the heat bull; Install solar panels Do your part and protect the planet for today and tomorrow.
The second edition of this acclaimed text has been fully updated and substantially expanded to include the considerable developments (since publication of the first edition) in our understanding of the science of climate change, its impacts on biological and human systems, and developments in climate policy. Written in an accessible style, it provides a broad review of past, present and likely future climate change from the viewpoints of biology, ecology, human ecology and Earth system science. It will again prove to be invaluable to a wide range of readers, from students in the life sciences who need a brief overview of the basics of climate science, to atmospheric science, geography, geoscience and environmental science students who need to understand the biological and human ecological implications of climate change. It is also a valuable reference text for those involved in environmental monitoring, conservation and policy-making.
Our home planet's climate has gone through tremendous changes during its history. This fascinating book discusses these changes, explains the processes that drove them, and describes the methods scientists use to learn about the history of Earth's climate. The volume also addresses the kinds of climate changes happening today and clarifies how these differ from changes that occurred in the past. The book's easy-to-follow language will make this complex topic easy for young readers to digest.
Most of us are familiar with the term climate change but few of us understand the science behind it. We don't fully comprehend how climate change will affect us, and for that reason we might not consider it as pressing a concern as, say, housing prices or unemployment. This book explains the scientific knowledge about global climate change clearly and concisely in engaging, nontechnical language, describes how it will affect all of us, and suggests how government, business, and citizens can take action against it. This completely revised and updated edition incorporates the latest scientific research and policy initiatives on climate change. It describes recent major legislative actions, analyzes alternative regulatory tools including new uses of taxes and markets, offers increased coverage of China and other developing nations, discusses the role of social media in communicating about climate change, and provides updated assessments of the effects of climate change. The book first explains the basic scientific facts about climate change and its global impact. It discusses the nature of scientific consensus and the strong consensus of mainstream science on climate change. It then explores policy responses and corporate actions in the United States and the rest of the world, discusses how the communication of climate change information by journalists and others can be improved, and addresses issues of environmental justice -- how climate change affects the most vulnerable populations and regions. We can better tackle climate change, this book shows us, if we understand it.
Climate change is the greatest single problem we face as a planet. This important introduction skilfully guides us through the complex mix of scientific, political, social, and environmental issues to examine the manifold threats it poses and explore the possible futures for our world. Focusing on the fact that the point of no return, may in fact have already been passed, Boyd and Tompkins highlight the urgent need to start actively adapting to our changing climate if we want to avoid complete catastrophe.
Climate change is the greatest single problem we face as a planet. This important introduction skilfully guides us through the complex mix of scientific, political, social, and environmental issues to explore the possible futures for our world. Focusing on the fact that the "point of no return" may have already been passed, Boyd and Tompkins highlight the urgent need to start addressing the wide-ranging consequences of our changing climate if we want to avoid catastrophe.
Scientists have been warning the world about global warming for almost three decade. But the rest of us are only now starting to get the message. The planet is warming at an unusually rapid rate, and this warming is largely being caused by human activity. Shrinking glaciers, thawing permafrost, erratic weather and threatened freshwater supplies are already affecting the lives of people around the globe, and the worst is still to come. The crisis is real, but there is little consensus about how to confront the problem, not only because the science is complex, but because the economic, political and social implications of taking action are vast, far-reaching and unsettling.
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