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This volume will be of interest and value to students of logic, ethics, and political philosophy, as well as to members of the legal profession and to everyone concerned with problems of government and jurisprudence. By citing a large number of cases, the author makes his presentation of the processes of judicial interpretation particularly lucid.
The Linden Scripting Language allows residents of the Second Life World to program the three dimensional objects around them. Without this programming objects built in Second Life are motionless and non-interactive. Adding a script enables an object to interact with the world around it. Second Life scripts allow objects such as cars, planes, amusement park rides, weapons and other entertainment devices to be created. This book teaches the beginning Second Life programmer to make use of the basics of the Linden Scripting Language. Language fundamentals, such as variables, loops, lists, events, functions and state machines are covered. The book then moves to more advanced topics such as user interaction and non-physical movement. Later chapters show how to use the Second Life physics engine to create vehicles.
Introduction to Livestock and Companion Animals has been revised to serve as an outstanding introductory textbook in animal science. It is about far more than cattle, swine, and chickens--though these are included. It integrates a multitude of perspectives on animal education. Basics of biology are included as the foundation for animal education. Practical connections are addressed in each chapter. Biotechnology has been expanded throughout.
Written during the height of the Enlightenment, Immanuel Kant's Introduction to Logic is an essential primer for anyone interested in the study of Kantian views on logic, aesthetics, and moral reasoning. More accessible than his other books, Introduction to Logic lays the foundation for his writings with a clear discussion of each of his philosophical pursuits. For more advanced Kantian scholars, this book can bring to light some of the enduring issues in Kant's repertoire; for the beginner, it can open up the philosophical ideas of one of the most influential thinkers on modern philosophy. This edition comprises two parts: "Introduction to Logic" and an essay titled "The False Subtlety of the Four Syllogistic Figures," in which Kant analyzes Aristotelian logic.
Written during the height of the Enlightenment, Kant s Introduction to Logic is an essential primer for anyone interested in the study of Kantian views on logic, aesthetics, and moral reasoning. More accessible than his other books, Introduction to Logic lays the foundation for his writings with a clear discussion of each of his philosophical pursuits. For more advanced Kantian scholars, this book can bring to light some of the enduring issues in Kant s repertoire, and for the beginner, it can open up the philosophical ideas of one of most influential thinkers on modern philosophy. This edition comprises two parts, including the first Introduction to Logic and the second an essay titled The False Subtlety of the Four Syllogistic Figures, in which Kant analyzes Aristotelian logic. Immanuel Kant was a Prussian philosopher, physicist, and mathematician whose contributions to the study of logic, epistemology, metaphysics, aesthetics, and moral reasoning have had a lasting influence on philosophical scholarship. Born in Konigsberg, East Prussia in 1724 to a modest family, Kant was raised Pietist, and initially went to the University of Konigsberg to study theology. He later abandoned theology for mathematics and physics after becoming interested in the work of Sir Isaac Newton. He was appointed chair of logic and metaphysics at the University of Konigsberg and, at the height of the Enlightenment, began publishing his most famous philosophical texts, including his most important work, Foundations of the Metaphysics of Morals. Kant has had a tremendous impact on modern philosophy, influencing scholars throughout history, including Karl Marx and G. W. F. Hegel, and he continues to be read and studied today.
What makes an argument a good argument? This is probably not a question you have ever thought or cared much about. It is important, though, because people use arguments to try to convince us to do their bidding or to accept their claims as true. We also need to make arguments to convince others to do our bidding or to accept what we are saying is true. For these reasons, we want to be able to identify the arguments of others that are not convincing, and we want to make our arguments as convincing as possible. This book is a guide for identifying convincing arguments and for determining whether an argument is a good one, and one you should accept. Determining which arguments to accept requires us to evaluate arguments.
Immerse yourself in INTRODUCTION TO MARINE BIOLOGY and quickly learn the content of the course. While taking an ecological approach, this biology text provides succinct coverage of the content while the photos and art work clearly illustrates key concepts. Studying is made easy with phonetic pronunciations, a running glossary of key terms, end-of-chapter questions, and websites provided at the end of the chapter, and lists of related articles found throughout the text.
A modern approach to mathematical modeling, featuring unique applications from the field of mechanics An Introduction to Mathematical Modeling: A Course in Mechanics is designed to survey the mathematical models that form the foundations of modern science and incorporates examples that illustrate how the most successful models arise from basic principles in modern and classical mathematical physics. Written by a world authority on mathematical theory and computational mechanics, the book presents an account of continuum mechanics, electromagnetic field theory, quantum mechanics, and statistical mechanics for readers with varied backgrounds in engineering, computer science, mathematics, and physics. The author streamlines a comprehensive understanding of the topic in three clearly organized sections: Nonlinear Continuum Mechanics introduces kinematics as well as force and stress in deformable bodies; mass and momentum; balance of linear and angular momentum; conservation of energy; and constitutive equations Electromagnetic Field Theory and Quantum Mechanics contains a brief account of electromagnetic wave theory and Maxwell's equations as well as an introductory account of quantum mechanics with related topics including ab initio methods and Spin and Pauli's principles Statistical Mechanics presents an introduction to statistical mechanics of systems in thermodynamic equilibrium as well as continuum mechanics, quantum mechanics, and molecular dynamics Each part of the book concludes with exercise sets that allow readers to test their understanding of the presented material. Key theorems and fundamental equations are highlighted throughout, and an extensive bibliography outlines resources for further study. Extensively class-tested to ensure an accessible presentation, An Introduction to Mathematical Modeling is an excellent book for courses on introductory mathematical modeling and statistical mechanics at the upper-undergraduate and graduate levels. The book also serves as a valuable reference for professionals working in the areas of modeling and simulation, physics, and computational engineering.
Mathematical models and computer simulations of complex social systems have become everyday tools in sociology. Yet until now, students had no up-to-date textbook from which to learn these techniques. Introduction to Mathematical Sociology fills this gap, providing undergraduates with a comprehensive, self-contained primer on the mathematical tools and applications that sociologists use to understand social behavior. Phillip Bonacich and Philip Lu cover all the essential mathematics, including linear algebra, graph theory, set theory, game theory, and probability. They show how to apply these mathematical tools to demography; patterns of power, influence, and friendship in social networks; Markov chains; the evolution and stability of cooperation in human groups; chaotic and complex systems; and more. Introduction to Mathematical Sociology also features numerous exercises throughout, and is accompanied by easy-to-use Mathematica-based computer simulations that students can use to examine the effects of changing parameters on model behavior.Provides an up-to-date and self-contained introduction to mathematical sociology Explains essential mathematical tools and their applications Includes numerous exercises throughout Features easy-to-use computer simulations to help students master concepts
Introduction to MATLAB for Engineersis a simple, concise book designed to be useful for beginners and to be kept as a reference. The terminology, syntax, and the use of the programming language are well defined, and the organization of the material makes it easy to locate information and navigate through the textbook. The text covers all the major capabilities of MATLAB that are useful for beginning students.
Introduction to Mediation, Moderation, and Conditional Process Analysis: A Regression-Based Approach (Methodology in the social sciences)by Andrew F. Hayes
This book explains the fundamentals of mediation and moderation analysis and their integration as "conditional process analysis." Procedures are described for testing hypotheses about the mechanisms by which causal effects operate, the conditions under which they occur, and the moderation of mechanisms.
An introduction into teaching medical transcription, this workbook reviews anatomy, medical terminology, symptoms, disease conditions, and grammar as it relates to the field.
This book is an accessible introduction to the central themes of contemporary metaphysics. It carefully considers accounts of causation, freedom and determinism, laws of nature, personal identity, mental states, time, material objects, and properties, while inviting students to reflect on metaphysical problems. The philosophical questions discussed include: What makes it the case that one event causes another event? What are material objects? Given that material objects exist, do such things as properties exist? What makes it the case that a person may exist at two different times? An Introduction to Metaphysics makes these tough questions tractable by presenting the features and flaws of current attempts to answer them. Intended primarily for students taking a first class in metaphysics, this lucid and well-written text would also provide an excellent introduction for anyone interested in knowing more about this important area of philosophy.
The Middle East has undergone enormous change since 9/11, from the invasion and occupation of Iraq to the events of the 'Arab Spring'. An Introduction to Middle East Politics engages with questions of democratisation and political reform in the region. It covers: Historical Legacies; The Ottoman Empire, WWI, colonialism and the Cold War; nationalism and Islamist politics Authoritarianism in Egypt, Algeria and Syria; political changes in Iran; the politics of oil in Saudi Arabia and the Gulf States; Israel, the Palestinians and the Arab States Intervention in Afghanistan and Iraq The recent uprisings in the Arab World, human rights, social movements and social media Each chapter opens with helpful learning objectives and concludes with study questions. Annotated bibliographies aid further reading, whilst the companion website provides links to additional material. This book will prove a fascinating read for both undergraduate and postgraduate students of Middle East Politics and related courses across Politics and International Relations.
An Introduction to Modern CBT provides an easily accessible introduction to modern theoretical cognitive behavioral therapy models. The text outlines the different techniques, their success in improving specific psychiatric disorders, and important new developments in the field.* Provides an easy-to-read introduction into modern Cognitive Behavioral Therapy approaches with specific case examples and hands-on treatment techniques* Discusses the theoretical models of CBT, outlines the different techniques that have been shown to be successful in improving specific psychiatric disorders, and describes important new developments in the field* Offers useful guidance for therapists in training and is an invaluable reference tool for experienced clinicians
Get up to speed with digital holography with this concise and straightforward introduction to modern techniques and conventions. Building up from the basic principles of optics, this book describes key techniques in digital holography, such as phase-shifting holography, low-coherence holography, diffraction tomographic holography and optical scanning holography, discussing their practical applications, and accompanied by all the theory necessary to understand the underlying principles at work. A further chapter covers advanced techniques for producing computer-generated holograms. Extensive Matlab code is integrated with the text throughout and available for download online, illustrating both theoretical results and practical considerations such as aliasing, zero padding and sampling. Accompanied by end-of-chapter problems and an online solutions manual for instructors, this is an indispensable resource for students, researchers and engineers in the fields of optical image processing and digital holography.
This is the first book in a two-volume intensive one-year introductory course in Japanese, also suitable for those who wish to work at a slower pace. Students who finish this course will have a firm grasp of how the language works and enough knowledge of the writing system to tackle everyday written material with no more than a dictionary. Particular attention is paid to questions of grammar which foreign learners often find difficult, so Book One can also serve as a reference grammar. An Introduction to Modern Japanese uses both spoken and written forms from the outset. There are word lists for each lesson, and a comprehensive vocabulary for the whole course. Book One comprises fifty-two lessons which are accompanied by exercises and word lists in Book Two. The exercises ensure that the student has understood the grammar explained in the relevant lessons and give further practice in reading and recognising characters. Book Two also contains a full vocabulary, Japanese to English and English to Japanese.
Provides comprehensive coverage of the basic principles and methods of electric power conversion and the latest developments in the fieldThis book constitutes a comprehensive overview of the modern power electronics. Various semiconductor power switches are described, complementary components and systems are presented, and power electronic converters that process power for a variety of applications are explained in detail. This third edition updates all chapters, including new concepts in modern power electronics. New to this edition is extended coverage of matrix converters, multilevel inverters, and applications of the Z-source in cascaded power converters. The book is accompanied by a website hosting an instructor's manual, a PowerPoint presentation, and a set of PSpice files for simulation of a variety of power electronic converters.Introduction to Modern Power Electronics, Third Edition: Discusses power conversion types: ac-to-dc, ac-to-ac, dc-to-dc, and dc-to-ac Reviews advanced control methods used in today's power electronic converters Includes an extensive body of examples, exercises, computer assignments, and simulations Introduction to Modern Power Electronics, Third Edition is written for undergraduate and graduate engineering students interested in modern power electronics and renewable energy systems. The book can also serve as a reference tool for practicing electrical and industrial engineers.
Integrating original texts with explanations, interpretations, and theory, Introduction to Mythology: Contemporary Approaches to Classical and World Myths, Third Edition, introduces students to a wide range of myths drawn from sources all around the world and approached from various critical perspectives. The third edition strengthens its global coverage with two new chapters: Chapter 11, "Mesoamerica: Popol Vuh," and Chapter 43, "The Vampire as Hero: Tales of the Undead in a Contemporary Context."
With dozens of photos and illustrations, A Introduction to Netsuke is a readable and thorough guide to Japanese miniature art.Among the many Japanese fine arts, few have aroused greater admiration than the netsuke. This miniature piece of Japanese sculpture, approximately 1 1/2 inches in size, was designed (in the absence of pockets on kimonos) as an aid in suspending articles such as tobacco pouches from the sash of a kimono. It developed in ancient times as a utilitarian object, but became in the 16th century an artistic one as well, and flourished as such until 1926. No longer commonly worn, the netsuke is now a collectors' item, avidly sought throughout the world by those sensitive to its fine qualities.This book opens the miniature world of netsuke to those who have hitherto been unaware of its existence. In a delightfully lucid manner, the basics of the netsuke are presented-definition, origin, development, materials, statistics, and photographs. This book admirably fulfills its task of introducing the netsuke to the layman, irresistibly drawing him to new pleasures in aestheticism and culture.
This revised and considerably expanded 2nd edition, published in 2008, brings together a wide range of topics, including modal, tense, conditional, intuitionist, many-valued, paraconsistent, relevant, and fuzzy logics. Part 1, on propositional logic, is the old Introduction, but contains much new material. Part 2 is entirely new, and covers quantification and identity for all the logics in Part 1. The material is unified by the underlying theme of world semantics. All of the topics are explained clearly using devices such as tableau proofs, and their relation to current philosophical issues and debates are discussed. Students with a basic understanding of classical logic will find this book an invaluable introduction to an area that has become of central importance in both logic and philosophy. It will also interest people working in mathematics and computer science who wish to know about the area.
Numerical analysis provides the theoretical foundation for the numerical algorithms we rely on to solve a multitude of computational problems in science. Based on a successful course at Oxford University, this book covers a wide range of such problems ranging from the approximation of functions and integrals to the approximate solution of algebraic, transcendental, differential and integral equations. Throughout the book, particular attention is paid to the essential qualities of a numerical algorithm - stability, accuracy, reliability and efficiency. The authors go further than simply providing recipes for solving computational problems. They carefully analyse the reasons why methods might fail to give accurate answers, or why one method might return an answer in seconds while another would take billions of years. This book is ideal as a text for students in the second year of a university mathematics course. It combines practicality regarding applications with consistently high standards of rigour.
Praise for the First Edition ". . . outstandingly appealing with regard to its style, contents, considerations of requirements of practice, choice of examples, and exercises. "--Zentralblatt MATH ". . . carefully structured with many detailed worked examples. "--The Mathematical Gazette The Second Edition of the highly regarded An Introduction to Numerical Methods and Analysis provides a fully revised guide to numerical approximation. The book continues to be accessible and expertly guides readers through the many available techniques of numerical methods and analysis. An Introduction to Numerical Methods and Analysis, Second Edition reflects the latest trends in the field, includes new material and revised exercises, and offers a unique emphasis on applications. The author clearly explains how to both construct and evaluate approximations for accuracy and performance, which are key skills in a variety of fields. A wide range of higher-level methods and solutions, including new topics such as the roots of polynomials, spectral collocation, finite element ideas, and Clenshaw-Curtis quadrature, are presented from an introductory perspective, and the Second Edition also features: Chapters and sections that begin with basic, elementary material followed by gradual coverage of more advanced material Exercises ranging from simple hand computations to challenging derivations and minor proofs to programming exercises Widespread exposure and utilization of MATLAB An appendix that contains proofs of various theorems and other material The book is an ideal textbook for students in advanced undergraduate mathematics and engineering courses who are interested in gaining an understanding of numerical methods and numerical analysis.
Rapid development of computer hardware has enabled usage of automatic object recognition in an increasing number of applications, ranging from industrial image processing to medical applications, as well as tasks triggered by the widespread use of the internet. Each area of application has its specific requirements, and consequently these cannot all be tackled appropriately by a single, general-purpose algorithm. This easy-to-read text/reference provides a comprehensive introduction to the field of object recognition (OR). The book presents an overview of the diverse applications for OR and highlights important algorithm classes, presenting representative example algorithms for each class. The presentation of each algorithm describes the basic algorithm flow in detail, complete with graphical illustrations. Pseudocode implementations are also included for many of the methods, and definitions are supplied for terms which may be unfamiliar to the novice reader. Supporting a clear and intuitive tutorial style, the usage of mathematics is kept to a minimum. Topics and features: presents example algorithms covering global approaches, transformation-search-based methods, geometrical model driven methods, 3D object recognition schemes, flexible contour fitting algorithms, and descriptor-based methods; explores each method in its entirety, rather than focusing on individual steps in isolation, with a detailed description of the flow of each algorithm, including graphical illustrations; explains the important concepts at length in a simple-to-understand style, with a minimum usage of mathematics; discusses a broad spectrum of applications, including some examples from commercial products; contains appendices discussing topics related to OR and widely used in the algorithms, (but not at the core of the methods described in the chapters). Practitioners of industrial image processing will find this simple introduction and overview to OR a valuable reference, as will graduate students in computer vision courses. Marco Treiber is a software developer at Siemens Electronics Assembly Systems, Munich, Germany, where he is Technical Lead in Image Processing for the Vision System of SiPlace placement machines, used in SMT assembly.
Today man's mind is under attack by all the leading schools of philosophy. We are told that we cannot trust our senses, that logic is arbitrary, that concepts have no basis in reality. Ayn Rand opposes that torrent of nihilism, and she provides the alternative in this eloquent presentation of the essential nature--and power--of man's conceptual faculty. She offers a startlingly original solution to the problem that brought about the collapse of modern philosophy: the problem of universals. This brilliantly argued, superbly written work, together with an essay by philosophy professor Leonard Peikoff, is vital reading for all those who seek to discover that human beings can and should live by the guidance of reason. .
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