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Although migration and integration have become important concepts today as a result of globalization, migration movements, integration, and multiculturalism have always been part of the history of Europe. Few people realize how many ethnic groups participated in migration within Europe or into Europe and this ignorance has grave consequences for the social and political status of immigrants. Newly available to an English-speaking audience, this encyclopaedia presents a systematic overview of the existing scholarship regarding migration within and into Europe. The first section contains survey studies of the various regions and countries in Europe covering the last centuries. The second section presents information on about 220 individual groups of migrants from the Sephardic Jews emigration from Spain and Portugal in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries to the present-day migration of old-age pensioners to the holiday villages in the sun. The first resource of its kind, The Encyclopaedia of Migration is a comprehensive and authoritative research tool.
This illustrated volume tells the story of money, from early barter commodities to today's ubiquitous credit card. Three hundred plus entries describe the innovations, experiments, triumphs, and disasters in the development of viable media of exchange. Individual entries spotlight international monetary systems, hyperinflation, monetary debacles, fiscal controls and the gold standard. Written for non-specialists, the book avoids technical jargon and mathematics as it explains the mechanisms and intricacies of its subject.
Monograms, once indicators of social or commercial exclusiveness, are now symbols of creativity, testaments to the idea that everyone deserves to individualize his or her own things. The remarkable Encyclopedia of Monograms--filled with over 11,000 handsomely engraved initials, ciphers, crests, insignias, emblems, badges, and shields--is a resource of fantastic scope that will be useful to anyone working in the field of graphic design, both as a compendium of the very best monogramming work of the past, and as an inspiration to create new work, commercial and artistic. From elaborate Gothic figures, to restrained Victorian creations, to elegant, floral Art Nouveau triumphs, The Encyclopedia of Monograms offers an exhaustive array of decorative marks sure to influence original and unforgettable designs.
Some 2,500 entries on nutrition and maintaining a healthy diet are presented in this reference for general readers and students. Coverage includes vitamins and fats, the benefits and dangers of various foods, diseases related to nutrition, and the link between certain foods and cancer. This edition contains about 30% new material, reflecting the latest work in the field and revised government guidelines, and includes new appendices. Ronzio holds an honorary doctor of naturopathic medicine degree from Bastyr University.
Containing over 300 entries in an A-Z format, the Encyclopedia of Parallel Computing provides easy, intuitive access to relevant information for professionals and researchers seeking access to any aspect within the broad field of parallel computing. Topics for this comprehensive reference were selected, written, and peer-reviewed by an international pool of distinguished researchers in the field. The Encyclopedia is broad in scope, covering machine organization, programming languages, algorithms, and applications. Within each area, concepts, designs, and specific implementations are presented. The highly-structured essays in this work comprise synonyms, a definition and discussion of the topic, bibliographies, and links to related literature. Extensive cross-references to other entries within the Encyclopedia support efficient, user-friendly searchers for immediate access to useful information. Key concepts presented in the Encyclopedia of Parallel Computing include; laws and metrics; specific numerical and non-numerical algorithms; asynchronous algorithms; libraries of subroutines; benchmark suites; applications; sequential consistency and cache coherency; machine classes such as clusters, shared-memory multiprocessors, special-purpose machines and dataflow machines; specific machines such as Cray supercomputers, IBM's cell processor and Intel's multicore machines; race detection and auto parallelization; parallel programming languages, synchronization primitives, collective operations, message passing libraries, checkpointing, and operating systems. Topics covered: Speedup, Efficiency, Isoefficiency, Redundancy, Amdahls law, Computer Architecture Concepts, Parallel Machine Designs, Benmarks, Parallel Programming concepts & design, Algorithms, Parallel applications. This authoritative reference will be published in two formats: print and online. The online edition features hyperlinks to cross-references and to additional significant research. Related Subjects: supercomputing, high-performance computing, distributed computing
This book is about traditional Italian pasta -- the long, the short, the layered, the rolled, the stretched, and the stuffed, a unique Italian heritage.
The choice is clear and this comprehensive guide on Pepsi-Cola memorabilia is the only one collectors will need. Divided into four sections - signs, containers, novelties and toys, and paper collectibles - collectors will find everything from early Pepsi trays to cardboard signs, and matchbooks to toys. The Encyclopedia of Pepsi-Cola Collectibles features 2,000 individual items with current values, accurate descriptions, rarity ratings, and full-color photographs, and also presents a fascinating historical perspective of the Pepsi-Cola Company, including the evolution of their famous logo.
Media in this country has helped shaped culture, which has affected politics, which in turn has influenced how those same media behave. The inter-relatedness of these societal elements is distinctive. Part I of this book is thematically organized by chapter examining these relationships from both a historical and contemporary perspective. Part II presented alphabetically arranged entries for people, programs, and events related to these subjects. The book succeeds at being a handy reference work, or just a fun volume to peruse. Annotation c2010 Book News, Inc., Portland, OR (booknews.com)
How do you keep a Dagwood from toppling over? What makes a Po' Boy so crispy and crunchy? And who was the genius that invented the Fluffernutter? Discover these answers and more in The Encyclopedia of Sandwiches--a chunky little cookbook dedicated to everything between sliced bread. Author Susan Russo has searched the globe to catalog every sandwich imaginable, providing tried-and-true recipes, tips and tricks, and fascinating regional and historical trivia about the best snack of all time. Quick how-to instructions will ensure that every Panini is toasted to buttery perfection, every Sloppy Joe is deliciously sloppy, and every Dagwood is stacked to perfection! The Encyclopedia of Sandwiches is essential reading for sandwich connoisseurs everywhere.
Biological processes are driven by complex systems of functionally interacting signaling molecules. Thus, understanding signaling molecules is essential to explain normal or pathological biological phenomena. A large body of clinical and experimental data has been accumulated over these years, albeit in fragmented state. Hence, systems biological approaches concomitant with the understanding of each molecule are ideal to delineate signaling networks/pathways involved in the biologically important processes. The control of these signaling pathways will enrich our healthier life. Currently, there are more than 30,000 genes in human genome. However, not all the proteins encoded by these genes work equally in order to maintain homeostasis. Understanding the important signaling molecules as completely as possible will significantly improve our research-based teaching and scientific capabilities. This encyclopedia presents 350 biologically important signaling molecules and the content is built on the core concepts of their functions along with early findings written by some of the world's foremost experts. The molecules are described by recognized leaders in each molecule. The interactions of these single molecules in signal transduction networks will also be explored. This encyclopedia marks a new era in overview of current cellular signaling molecules for the specialist and the interested non-specialist alike During past years, there were multiple databases to gather this information briefly and very partially. Amidst the excitement of these findings, one of the great scientific tasks of the coming century is to bring all the useful information into a place. Such an approach is arduous but at the end will infuse the lacunas and considerably be a streamline in the understanding of vibrant signaling networks. Based on this easy-approach, we can build up more complicated biological systems.
Boost Your Performance, Health & MotivationThe optimum way to get the most out of your workouts and feel your best is to develop an energizing, performance-enhancing nutrition plan, tailored to your body's specific needs. Do that, and you're on track to achieve the higher level of fitness and better overall health that you crave.Inside is an A-to-Z look at how you can enhance your workouts and maximize your results with proper nutrition, safe and effective sports supplements, and beneficial vitamins and minerals. No matter your lifestyle, fitness background, or family health history, author and nutrition expert Liz Applegate will empower you to make smart eating and nutrition decisions for yourself and your family. You'll learn how to:·Understand your body and its precise needs ·Apply the fundamentals of sports and fitness nutrition to your life and workouts ·Select the right foods, supplements, vitamins, and minerals for specific sports, activities, and health conditions ·Develop and follow an individualized food plan based on your age and fitness level ·And much more!Scientifically accurate and loaded with the most up-to-date information, Encyclopedia of Sports & Fitness Nutrition provides everything you need to create your ultimate eating and exercise regimen.Encyclopedia of Sports & Fitness Nutrition includes daily food & activity pyramids customized for 7 life stages: ·Children ages 4 to 8 ·Children ages 9 to 12 ·Teens ·20s ·30s ·40s and 50s ·60 and overFrom the Trade Paperback edition.
Containing more that two thousand supersitions of Britain ranging over the past six hundred years, and extending down to the present day, this book demonstrates that superstitions are world-wide and inherent in all peoples of the world in exactly identical forms of fear and avoidance.
Drawing from Thai history, cultural studies, Buddhist religion, and yogic practices, as well as a modern understanding of anatomy and physiology, this guidebook bridges the gap between theory and practice while presenting bodywork as it is understood in Thailand-as a therapeutic medical science. Presenting detailed analysis of each step in a Thai massage routine, the history, spiritual traditions, and ethical codes are offered in an engaging, informal style. Numerous photographs and diagrams illustrate the variety of techniques used, and examples of routines for treating specific disorders are discussed. Updated with new layout, photos, and expanded text, this exhaustive handbook is complete with a section on the main energy meridians and diagrams of acupressure points, making it the perfect tool to accompany anyone studying this popular healing modality.
Encyclopedia of the Exquisite is a lifestyle guide for the Francophile and the Anglomaniac, the gourmet and the style maven, the armchair traveler and the art lover. It's an homage to the esoteric world of glamour that doesn't require much spending but makes us feel rich. Taking a cue from the exotic encyclopedias of the sixteenth century, which brimmed with mysterious artifacts, Jessica Kerwin Jenkins's Encyclopedia of the Exquisite focuses on the elegant, the rare, the commonplace, and the delightful. A compendium of style, it merges whimsy and practicality, traipsing through the fine arts and the worlds of fashion, food, travel, home, garden, and beauty. Each entry features several engaging anecdotes, illuminating the curious past of each enduring source of beauty. Subjects covered include the explosive history of champagne; the art of lounging on a divan; the emergence of "frillies," the first lacy, racy lingerie; the ancient uses of sweet-smelling saffron; the wild riot incited by the appearance of London's first top hat; Julia Child's tip for cooking the perfect omelet; the polarizing practice of wearing red lipstick during World War II; Louis XIV's fondness for the luscious Bartlett pear; the Indian origin of badminton; Parliament's 1650 attempt to suppress Europe's beauty mark fad; the evolution of the Japanese kimono; the pilgrimage of Central Park's Egyptian obelisk; and the fanciful thrill of dining alfresco. Cleverly illustrated, Encyclopedia of the Exquisite is an ode to life's plenty, from the extravagant to the eccentric. It is a celebration of luxury that doesn't necessarily require money.From the Hardcover edition.
This work will survey the entire range of thinking in psychology, from ancient times to the present, encompassing philosophies and theories of mind that pre-date our modern conception of psychology as a science, and extending to the current findings of neuroscience. It will set the theories into their historical context and cross-reference key influences, such as Darwin's on Freud. Fifteen hundred entries will comprise key figures, theoretical concepts, false theories, historical events, and seminal writings. International in scope, this project will involve history of psychology experts from around the world and the coverage of topics will be set in global context. The aim will be to provide a reference work of more depth than discussions that are currently available in textbooks, with the ability to connect to a multitude of relevant topics. This work will provide a picture of psychology as it has emerged into the present time and position it among other related fields such as anthropology, sociology, philosophy, and medicine.
A comprehensive encyclopedia that describes the experiences of American veterans from the Revolutionary War to the present.
Increasing economic globalization has made understanding the world economy more important than ever. From trade agreements to offshore outsourcing to foreign aid, this two-volume encyclopedia explains the key elements of the world economy and provides a first step to further research for students and scholars in public policy, international studies, business, and the broader social sciences, as well as for economic policy professionals. Written by an international team of contributors, this comprehensive reference includes more than 300 up-to-date entries covering a wide range of topics in international trade, finance, production, and economic development. These topics include concepts and principles, models and theory, institutions and agreements, policies and instruments, analysis and tools, and sectors and special issues. Each entry includes cross-references and a list of sources for further reading and research. Complete with an index and a table of contents that groups entries by topic,The Princeton Encyclopedia of the World Economyis an essential resource for anyone who needs to better understand the global economy. Features: More than 300 alphabetically arranged articles on topics in international trade, finance, production, and economic development International team of contributors Annotated list of further reading with each article Topical list of entries Full index and cross-referencesEntry categories and sample topics: Concepts and principles: globalization, anti-globalization, fair trade, foreign direct investment, international migration, economic development, multinational enterprises Models and theory: Heckscher-Ohlin model, internalization theory, New Trade Theory, North-South trade, Triffin dilemma Institutions and agreements: European Union, International Monetary Fund, World Trade Organization, World Bank, Doha Round, international investment agreements Policies and instruments: dollar standard, international aid, sanctions, tariffs Analysis and tools: exchange rate forecasting, effective protection, monetary policy rules Sectors and special issues: child labor, corporate governance, the digital divide, health and globalization, illegal drugs trade, petroleum, steel
The incomparable Rebecca Solnit, author of more than a dozen acclaimed, prizewinning books of nonfiction, brings the same dazzling writing to the essays in Encyclopedia of Trouble and Spaciousness. As the title suggests, the territory of Solnit's concerns is vast, and in her signature alchemical style she combines commentary on history, justice, war and peace, and explorations of place, art, and community, all while writing with the lyricism of a poet to achieve incandescence and wisdom. Gathered here are celebrated iconic essays along with little-known pieces that create a powerful survey of the world we live in, from the jungles of the Zapatistas in Mexico to the splendors of the Arctic. This rich collection tours places as diverse as Haiti and Iceland; movements like Occupy Wall Street and the Arab Spring; an original take on the question of who did Henry David Thoreau's laundry; and a searching look at what the hatred of country music really means. Solnit moves nimbly from Orwell to Elvis, to contemporary urban gardening to 1970s California macramé and punk rock, and on to searing questions about the environment, freedom, family, class, work, and friendship. It's no wonder she's been compared in Bookforum to Susan Sontag and Annie Dillard and in the San Francisco Chronicle to Joan Didion. The Encyclopedia of Trouble and Spaciousness proves Rebecca Solnit worthy of the accolades and honors she's received. Rarely can a reader find such penetrating critiques of our time and its failures leavened with such generous heapings of hope. Solnit looks back to history and the progress of political movements to find an antidote to despair in what many feel as lost causes. In its encyclopedic reach and its generous compassion, Solnit's collection charts a way through the thickets of our complex social and political worlds. Her essays are a beacon for readers looking for alternative ideas in these imperiled times.
The incomparable Rebecca Solnit, author of more than a dozen acclaimed, prizewinning books of nonfiction, brings the same dazzling writing to the essays in Encyclopedia of Trouble and Spaciousness. As the title suggests, the territory of Solnit's concerns is vast, and in her signature alchemical style she combines commentary on history, justice, war and peace, and explorations of place, art, and community, all while writing with the lyricism of a poet to achieve incandescence and wisdom.Gathered here are celebrated iconic essays along with little-known pieces that create a powerful survey of the world we live in, from the jungles of the Zapatistas in Mexico to the splendors of the Arctic. This rich collection tours places as diverse as Haiti and Iceland; movements like Occupy Wall Street and the Arab Spring; an original take on the question of who did Henry David Thoreau's laundry; and a searching look at what the hatred of country music really means.Solnit moves nimbly from Orwell to Elvis, to contemporary urban gardening to 1970s California macramé and punk rock, and on to searing questions about the environment, freedom, family, class, work, and friendship. It's no wonder she's been compared in Bookforum to Susan Sontag and Annie Dillard and in the San Francisco Chronicle to Joan Didion.The Encyclopedia of Trouble and Spaciousness proves Rebecca Solnit worthy of the accolades and honors she's received. Rarely can a reader find such penetrating critiques of our time and its failures leavened with such generous heapings of hope. Solnit looks back to history and the progress of political movements to find an antidote to despair in what many feel as lost causes. In its encyclopedic reach and its generous compassion, Solnit's collection charts a way through the thickets of our complex social and political worlds. Her essays are a beacon for readers looking for alternative ideas in these imperiled times.
The Encyclopedia of TV Pets is an entertaining and comprehensive journey into the lives of the world's most famous television animal stars. All creatures great and small, from kangaroos, sea lions, simians, and horses to elephants, dogs, lions, cats, and bears are here and pictured in nearly 200 photographs. More than 100 TV series are represented along with the biographies and true-life stories of such memorable animals as Lassie, Mr. Ed, Gentle Ben, Wishbone, Flipper, Trigger, Arnold the Pig, Murray, Morris, Silver, J. Fred Muggs, Spuds McKenzie, Nunzio, Clarence the Cross-eyed Lion and Judy the Chimp, Benji, Morty the Moose, Marcel the Monkey, Salem from Sabrina, Fred the Cockatoo, Flicka, Fury, Lancelot Link, Tramp, Comet, Skippy the Kangaroo, Rin Tin Tin, Cheetah, London, C.J. the Orangutan, Eddie from Frasier, and even the Taco Bell® Chihuahua! The Encyclopedia of TV Pets is an amazing menagerie of facts and tales, many never before told to television fans. Owners, trainers, and the human actors who worked with the animals have told stories in exclusive interviews. What were the animals' real names? What were their favorite treats? Who trained them to do the incredible feats you see on TV? It's all here and more in The Encyclopedia of TV Pets, a book that animal lovers will keep handy alongside their remote control.
Amateur sleuths, mystery lovers, and reality show buffs will find much to contemplate in this encyclopedia of unsolved crimes committed around the world in the 19th and 20th centuries. Each of the 500-plus cross-referenced entries includes a detailed description of the crime, all known evidence, and leading theories about the perpetrators. Newton, who has written several references about crime and specializes in books about serial murders, briefly mentions in his introduction some of the intriguing cases that were solved during preparation of this volume, and so were deleted. Annotation ©2004 Book News, Inc., Portland, OR (booknews.com)
Designated a Reference Reviews Top Ten Print Reference Source 2005 The Encyclopedia of Women's Health meets this challenge by bringing together an impressive array of experts on topics from reproductive issues to gastrointestinal illnesses. This skilfully edited volume, informed by current health issues and health-care realities, offers readers practical information, historical aspects, and future directions, all meticulously researched and conveniently presented. Key features include: -Accessible A-to-Z coverage, including AIDS, birth control, hormone replacement therapy, teen pregnancy, sexual harassment, violence, body image, access to health care and more. -Entries spanning the medical, psychological, sociocultural, spiritual, and legal arenas. -Medical topics explored from both conventional and complementary perspectives. -Cross-cultural data illustrate issues as they apply to minority women, rural women, the elderly, and other underserved populations. -Special chapters on disparities in women's health and health care. -Historical overview of women in health - as patients and as professionals. -Suggested readings and resource lists.
The Encyclopedia of World Religions, Revised Edition, provides young adults with reliable, unbiased, and easy-to-use information on the world's religions, from ancient times to the present day. In about 600 entries--with 115 new to this edition--this revised edition covers all the major and minor religions of the world, including the religions of the ancient world; the major religions practiced around the world today; religions of contemporary indigenous peoples; definitions of religious symbols and ideas; key leaders and thinkers; and terms and definitions. The new entries and photographs broaden the encyclopedia's representation of current world events and the impact of those events on the world's religions. The book also covers religious fundamentalism--especially within Islam, Christianity, and Hinduism--and documents the burgeoning new religious movements in Latin America, Africa, East Asia, and the United States. All major entries now come with suggestions for further reading. New entries include: *Al-Qaeda *Apocrypha *Biblical prophets *Christianity fundamentalism *Christianity in Latin America, Asia, and Africa *Fundamentalism (general) *Hamas *Hebrew scriptures *Hindu fundamentalism *Independent Christianity *Islamic fundamentalism *Modern paganism *New Age movement *New religious movements in Africa *New religious movements in Brazil *New Testament *Politics and religion *UFO religions (e.g., Heaven's Gate).
IGNORE THIS BOOK AT YOUR PERIL! Did you know that carrots cause blindness and bananas are radioactive? That too many candlelight dinners can cause cancer? And not only is bottled water a veritable petri dish of biohazards (so is tap water, by the way) but riding a bicycle might destroy your sex life? In Encyclopedia Paranoiaca, master satirists Henry Beard and Christopher Cerf have assembled an authoritative, disturbingly comprehensive, and utterly debilitating inventory of things poised to harm, maim, or kill you--all of them based on actual research about the perils of everyday life. Painstakingly alphabetized, cross-referenced, and thoroughly sourced for easy reference, this book just might save your life. (Apologies in advance if it doesn't.) Beard and Cerf cite convincing evidence that everyday things we consider healthy--eating leafy greens, flossing, washing our hands--are actually harmful, and items we thought were innocuous-- drinking straws, flip-flops, neckties, skinny jeans-- pose life-threatening dangers. Did you know that nearly ten thousand people are sent to the emergency room each year because of escalator accidents, and, despite what you've heard, farmers' markets may actually be less safe than grocery stores? And if you're crossing your legs right now, you're definitely at serious risk. Hilarious, insightful, and, at times, downright terrifying, Encyclopedia Paranoiaca brings to light a whole host of hidden threats and looming dooms that make asteroid impacts, planetary pandemics, and global warming look like a walk in the park (which is also emphatically not recommended). *** The Definitive Compendium of Things You Absolutely, Positively Must Not Eat, Drink, Wear, Take, Grow, Make, Buy, Use, Do, Permit, Believe, or Let Yourself Be Exposed to, Including an Awful Lot of Toxic, Lethal, Horrible Stuff That You Thought Was Safe, Good, or Healthy; All Sorts of Really Bad People Who Are Out to Get, Cheat, Steal from, or Otherwise Take Advantage of You; and a Whole Host of Existential Threats and Looming Dooms That Make Global Warming, Giant Meteors, and Planetary Pandemics Look Like a Walk in the Park (with Its High Risk of Skin Cancer, Broken Bones, Bee Stings, Allergic Seizures, Animal Attacks, Criminal Assaults, and Lightning Strikes)
THE DEFINITIVE BIOGRAPHY OF WILLIAM SHATNER IS BACK--IN A SUPER-EXPANDED MILLENNIUM EDITION! This updated edition of The Encyclopedia Shatnerica is your complete guide to the life and work of William Shatner--actor, singer, writer, director, horseman, game show host, and legendary Hollywood lothario. Hop aboard the Starship Irreverent as certified "Shatnerologist" Robert Schnakenberg documents every aspect of The Great One's career, including: * More than fifty years of major film, TV, and stage appearances--from The Twilight Zone and Star Trek to T. J. Hooker and Boston Legal * Shatner's many musical misadventures--including his legendary covers of "Rocket Man" and "Lucy in the Sky with Diamonds" * Scandalous allegations and scathing anecdotes from Star Trek costars Plus more girdle, divorce, and toupee trivia than you can shake a phaser at! Fully updated for the first time in ten years, with all-new material on Denny Crane, Nerine Kidd, Iron Chef USA, and more, The Encyclopedia Shatnerica remains the definitive biography of an entertainment icon.
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