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Acting: An International Encyclopedia

by Beth Osnes

Expanding beyond the conventional western concept of theater, the reference explores current and historical rituals, festivals, and performances from countries and cultures around the world; contributions of women to acting and the performing arts; and cinema and the film industry. The cross-referencing is extensive, and entry-specific references augment the general bibliography.

Adolf Hitler: A Biographical Companion

by David Nicholls

An encyclopedia of topics relating to the German leader such as his most important collaborators and opponents, his domestic and foreign policies, the use of propaganda and the forging of the Hitler cult, racial persecution and the Holocaust, and Hitler as a war leader. Each entry cites related entries and suggests further reading. Further support includes a historical introduction, excerpts from documents, and a chronology. No credentials are noted for Nicholls.

African Americans In The West

by Douglas Flamming

The story of the African American experience in the Western US, from colonial times to the present, is chronicled in this accessible reference for students in high school and up. The book begins by examining slavery on the moving frontier, and the ways in which the frontier ultimately resulted in the abolition of slavery in America. It continues by examining African American life in the western region as a whole, with material on black cowboys, the rise of the NAACP, the Tulsa race riot, race and organized labor, the era of Black Nationalism, and blacks in Hollywood. The chapter on the African American West since 1980 examines topics including the Rodney King beating, gangsta rap, and suburbanization. The final chapter examines the historiography of the Black West and current issues in multiracial history. A chronology and a glossary are included. Flamming teaches history at the Georgia Institute of Technology.

The American Economy: A Historical Encyclopedia (Volume Two: Essays and Primary Source Documents)

by Cynthia Clark Northrup

A comprehensive collection of entries, essays, and primary source documents emphasizing the importance of economic policy in all aspects of life in the United States.

American Homelessness: A Reference Handbook (3rd edition)

by Mary Ellen Hombs

Hombs (of the Massachusetts Housing and Shelter Alliance) offers a collection of reference materials that provide information on the pervasive problem of homelessness in the United States. Nine chapters offer a chronology of the homeless problem, brief biographical sketches of 20 people who have had an effect on homeless policy and research, statistical information, documents and government reports, legislation from the U.S. and Europe written to address the problem, a list of print and nonprint resources, and a directory of organizations and government agencies. Also included is a brief analysis and discussion of the problem, comparing Europe and the United States.

American Indians in the Early West (Cultures in the American West)

by Sandra K. Mathews

Mathews (history, U. of New Mexico) offers an alternative view to histories that concentrate on the violent and often tragic confrontations between native Americans and Anglo-Americans in the 19th century. Instead, she concentrates on the clashes between the Indian nations and colonizers that began almost 300 years before the United States was born. Topics include the origins, migrations and geographical location of the earlier native Americans, the history of the Spanish in the southwest, the history of the French from the Saint Lawrence and Great Lakes to the Rocky Mountains and Russian involvement from the Aleutian Chain to Northern California. The book also addresses major issues in the study of American Indian history. Annotation ©2008 Book News, Inc., Portland, OR (

American Religions: An Illustrated History

by J. Gordon Melton

Melton (Institute for the Study of American Religion, Santa Barbara, California) begins with over 400 native religions being practiced at the time of European contact. He then discusses the initial colonization and religious pioneers, how religious groups dealt with their new dependence on voluntary member support and the forces leading to the Civil War, the emergence of fundamentalism and its development up to current controversies, and the leap in religious pluralism at the end of the 20th century.

Andrew Johnson: A Biographical Companion

by Richard Zuczek Glenna R. Schroeder-Lein

This A-Z encyclopedia provides carefully selected entries covering the people, events, and concepts relevant to Andrew Johnson's life.

Animal Rights: A Reference Handbook

by Clifford J. Sherry

Reviews the issues surrounding animal rights, including experimentation and animal harvesting. Presents the history of the issue, significant federal legislation, and arguments of activists on both sides of the debate. Includes biographical sketches and extensive annotated listings of organizations and print and nonprint resources.

Baseball: An Encyclopedia of Popular Culture

by Edward J. Rielly

Looks at American society through the prism of its favorite pastime, discussing the game and surrounding issues of race relations, writing, drug abuse, entertainment, and the change from rural to urban society. Entries describe larger-than-life characters of the sport, sports facts and firsts, important milestones, and observations on daily life and popular culture. Includes b&w photos.

Campaign and Election Reform: A Reference Handbook (2nd edition)

by Glenn H. Utter Ruth Ann Strickland

Political scientists Utter (Lamar U.) and Strickland (Appalachian State U.) set out the history of controversy about elections in the US and the problems and solutions being articulated in its current manifestation. They also compare democracies in Western Europe (of which Poland now seems to be a member) and provide a chronology, biographical sketches, date and documents, a directory of organizations, and print and non-print resources. The series is designed to provide background material for high school debates and for general readers interested in particular political issues.

Censorship in America

by Mary E. Hull

This book gives high school and undergraduate students a background of uncontested information and representative statements of the positions taken by opponents on current issues. Discusses why works of art and literature are considered controversial, profiles major figures who advocate or oppose censorship, reviews litigation and proposed legislation, lists and evaluates print and non-print information sources, and identifies organizations. Hull specializes in current events and books for young adults. Annotation c. Book News, Inc., Portland, OR (

Civil Rights Movement: People and Perspectives

by Michael Ezra

For high school and undergraduate college courses, this social history documents the work of people involved in the civil rights movement, expanding the definition of the movement to include events before and after the era of Martin Luther King, Jr., the work of everyday people, black nationalism, and struggles outside the South. The eight essays take into account the three methods of defining the civil rights movement (in terms of the King years, as a longer civil rights movement, and through the civil rights/black power dichotomy), and cover the contributions of early pioneers, student activists, clergy, southern civil rights organizations, the NAACP and CORE (the Congress of Racial Equality), black nationalists, the Black Panther Party, and women. Primary source documents, such as Supreme Court documents and a speech by Malcolm X, and short biographical sketches, are included. Essays are by scholars of black studies, history, American multicultural studies, and English, from the US.

Civil War: People and Perspectives

by Lisa Tendrich Frank

Presenting modern historical scholarship in an accessible and engaging manner, this reference for students and general readers offers a social historian's view of the Civil War, shifting the focus away from political and military leaders to look at how the war affected, and was affected by, ordinary citizens across the spectrum of racial, class, and gender boundaries. Chapters look at topics such as civilians in invaded and occupied areas, immigrants in battle and on the home front, and the urban Civil War, and each chapter contains two biographical sidebars that personalize the experiences discussed. A section of about 30 pages of one- to two-page excerpts from letters, diaries, news reports, and other primary sources offers further insight into the lives of everyday Americans. A glossary of terms, key figures and events, and concepts is included. Historical b&w photos are also included. Topics in the series are selected to fit curricular standards for both high school history classes and undergraduate American history courses. An emphasis on social history brings historical analysis into the classroom while still focusing on topics that will engage students.

Climate Change: A Reference Handbook

by David Downie Kate Brash Catherine Vaughan

Environmental activists provide a reference summarizing the climate science and policy, historical developments, current controversies and debates, and proposed solutions. They also profile important people and organizations, identify publications and Web sites with more information, and provide a chronology and texts of relevant documents.

Drug Use

by Richard Isralowitz

The use of tobacco, alcohol, marijuana, heroin, cocaine, and other substances is a deeply imbedded characteristic of most societies. It often shows itself in the form of illness, death, crime and violence, police action and imprisonment, property confiscation, massive allocations of governmental resources, as well as many ways of human suffering. It tends to attract more concern and attention than any other social issue throughout the world.

Education and Peace

by Maria Montessori

Chapters include Foundations for Peace; Educate for Peace, Sixth International Montessori Congress; The Importance of Education in bringing about Peace; and, Address to the World Fellowship of Faiths.

Encyclopedia of Archaeology, Volume 1: The Great Archaeologists

by Tim Murray

This two-volume set contains 58 biographies that constitute a history of archaeology from its beginnings in Renaissance antiquarianism, to the present day. Arranged chronologically, each entry contains a brief summary of the individual's importance and a discussion of the life and contributions of the person (with a focus on his or her role in the development of archaeology as a discipline), and a bibliography.

Encyclopedia of Cryptology

by David E. Newton

Aimed at a general audience- perhaps high school students and above- rather than the sophisticated math and computer specialists who deal with the subject at a detailed level. The history, uses, significance, terminology and acronyms, and important personages and events connected with secret writing are explained in 550 entries, each with cross-references and most with suggestions for further reading. Includes an annotated bibliography.

Encyclopedia of Money

by Larry Allen

This illustrated volume tells the story of money, from early barter commodities to today's ubiquitous credit card. Three hundred plus entries describe the innovations, experiments, triumphs, and disasters in the development of viable media of exchange. Individual entries spotlight international monetary systems, hyperinflation, monetary debacles, fiscal controls and the gold standard. Written for non-specialists, the book avoids technical jargon and mathematics as it explains the mechanisms and intricacies of its subject.

Encyclopedia of Urban America: The Cities and Suburbs (Volume 2, M-Z)

by Neil L. Shumsky

This monumental work provides detailed definitions and context for the many terms and names encountered while studying the development and significance of the metropolis, the megalopolis, and, of course, the newly discovered edge city (among other strains of suburb). Includes 547 entries highlighting cultural and social phenomenon; economic and political issues; environmental concerns; transportation and infrastructure; ethnic and racial groups; the role of religion; and key figures in urban politics, literature, art, and music. The editor's introductory essay discusses the definition of urban and the development of urban studies.

The Evolution Wars: A Guide to the Debates

by Robert J. Richards

Beginning with the lividity of Georges Cuvier at Etienne Geoffroy Saint Hillaire for daring to suggest, in 1830, the anatomical similarity between humans and animals and ending with the current efforts of creationists to discredit Darwinism with scientific-sounding jargon, this work provides an overview of the intellectual debates that have raged between supporters and detractors of Darwin, as well as within the ranks of his adherents (classicists, neo-Darwinists, sociobiologists, etc.) The author summarizes the arguments of the various factions and offers his own assessments of the relative values of the cases.

Gay and Lesbian Issues: A Reference Handbook

by Chuck Stewart

Explores the contentious history of the international gay rights movement from its inception in Germany in the 1800s to today. There always have been and always will be people who engage in homosexual activities and relationships. But being "gay" is a modern political concept. It reflects the efforts made by homosexuals to fight against a heterosexist society that tells them they are deviant and not deserving of full human rights. Gay rights is the process of claiming the respect due all citizens.

Girlhood in America: An Encyclopedia (Volume 2, J-Z)

by Miriam Forman-Brunell

This reference in two volumes explores what it means to be a girl in America. Over 100 contributions from Forman-Brunell (U. of Missouri, Kansas City) and other academics discuss such topics as spending money, birth control, cosmetics, diaries, prom, eating disorders, Girl Scouts, menstruation, lesbians, substance abuse, and "riot grrrls." Coverage includes topics relating to the experiences of girls of different ages, races, classes, sexual orientations, religions, ethnicities, and abilities. Annotation c. Book News, Inc., Portland, OR (

A Global Chronology of Conflict: From the Ancient World to the Modern Middle East: Volume 1, 3000 BCE–1499 CE

by Spencer Tucker

From the heroic stand of the 300 Spartans at Thermopylae and the brutally efficient conquests of Genghis Khan's Mongol hordes, to the rain of arrows at Agincourt and the blood-stained hills around Gettysburg, this compelling work chronicles the history of conflict in all its guts and glory.

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