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The common cause principle says that every correlation is either due to a direct causal effect linking the correlated entities or is brought about by a third factor, a so-called common cause. The principle is of central importance in the philosophy of science, especially in causal explanation, causal modeling and in the foundations of quantum physics. Written for philosophers of science, physicists and statisticians, this book contributes to the debate over the validity of the common cause principle, by proving results that bring to the surface the nature of explanation by common causes. It provides a technical and mathematically rigorous examination of the notion of common cause, providing an analysis not only in terms of classical probability measure spaces, which is typical in the available literature, but in quantum probability theory as well. The authors provide numerous open problems to further the debate and encourage future research in this field.
Building on the best-selling tradition of previous editions, Principles of Biomedical Ethics, Seventh Edition, provides a highly original, practical, and insightful guide to morality in the health professions. Acclaimed authors Tom L. Beauchamp and James F. Childress thoroughly develop and advocate for four principles that lie at the core of moral reasoning in health care: respect for autonomy, nonmaleficence, beneficence, and justice. Drawing from contemporary research--and integrating detailed case studies and vivid real-life examples and scenarios--they demonstrate how these prima facie principles can be expanded to apply to various conflicts and dilemmas, from how to deliver bad news to whether or not to withhold or withdraw life-sustaining treatments. Illuminating both theory and method throughout, Principles of Biomedical Ethics, Seventh Edition, considers what constitutes moral character and addresses the problem of moral status: what rights are due to people and animals, and when. It also examines the professional-patient relationship, surveys major philosophical theories--including utilitarianism, Kantianism, rights theory, and virtue theory--and describes methods of moral justification in bioethics. Ideal for courses in biomedical ethics, bioethics, and health care ethics, the text is enhanced by hundreds of annotated citations and a substantial introduction that clarifies key terms and concepts.
As most modern technologies are no longer discipline-specific but involve multidisciplinary approaches, undergraduate engineering students should be introduced to the principles of mechanics so that they have a strong background in the basic principles common to all disciplines and are able to work at the interface of science and engineering disciplines. This textbook is designed for a first course on principles of mechanics and provides an introduction to the basic concepts of stress and strain and conservation principles. It prepares engineer-scientists for advanced courses in traditional as well as emerging fields such as biotechnology, nanotechnology, energy systems, and computational mechanics. This simple book presents the subjects of mechanics of materials, fluid mechanics, and heat transfer in a unified form using the conservation principles of mechanics.
This concise text provides an up-to-date, introductory view of essential themes in environmental science along with offering students numerous opportunities to practice scientific thinking and active learning.
Principles of Food Science is designed to help you learn about the relationships among science, food, and nutrition. Basic laws of chemistry, microbiology, and physics are applied to the production, processing, preservation, and packaging of food. You will explore the characteristics of each component found in food. You will examine the helpful and harmful effects of micro-organisms on the food supply.
Presents the basics of geoarchaeology, through application of field techniques to a study of the late Quaternary of America. Alluvial, terrestrial and coastal environments are considered, as well as post burial physical disturbances of archaeological sites.
KEY MESSAGE: The carefully revised Third Edition features expanded clinical coverage, new " Apply Your Knowledge" critical thinking questions, and a new flowchart style that makes it easier than ever for readers to focus on key physiological processes. Features such as Chemistry Review boxes provide additional resources for readers who need them, while Toolboxes and Discovery boxes provide the option of delving into more detail about physiology topics. Introduction to Physiology, The Cell: Structure and Function, Cell Metabolism, Cell Membrane Transport, Chemical Messengers, The Endocrine System: Endocrine Glands and Hormone Actions, Nerve Cells and Electrical Signaling, Synaptic Transmission and Neural Integration, The Nervous System: Central Nervous System, The Nervous System: Sensory Systems, The Nervous System: Autonomic and Motor Systems, Muscle Physiology, The Cardiovascular System: Cardiac Function, The Cardiovascular System: Blood Vessels, Blood Flow and Blood Pressure, The Cardiovascular System: Blood, The Respiratory System: Pulmonary Ventilation, The Respiratory System: Gas Exchange and Regulation of Breathing, The Urinary System: Renal Function, The Urinary System: Fluid and Electrolyte Balance, The Gastrointestinal System, Regulation of Energy Metabolism and Growth, The Reproductive System, The Immune System, The Whole Body: Integrated Physiological Responses to Exercise For all readers interested in human physiology and key physiological processes.
Principles of Life is intended for an active learning approach to understanding the fundamental concepts of biology and serves as a textbook for instructors who are changing the way they teach biology to college undergraduates. Each chapter of Principles of Life is organized into a series of concepts that are important for mastering introductory biology.
Consider this scenario in which this book might be helpful to someone other than a student. Your family is planning to build a house, but there is a dispute as to where your property ends. Since you and neighbor cannot agree, a surveyor is called in. Perusing this book will give you an understanding of what the surveyor does and how he or she does it. This book is intended for colleges and technical schools. However, its uses go beyond the classroom. Herubin's style is readable and occasionally humorous: "The use of this equipment [tape, transit, level] requires thorough under standing and much practice for success, while the use of more sophisticated equipment requires less understanding and less practice." Plenty of practice problems, clear definitions and explanations to give the would-be surveyor a good knowledge base.
The author (1911-2001) studied first agriculture and then economics. He had a successful career as a business man and business consultant. In search of the origin and meaning of existence, he discovered of it. in the 1950's a new, simple and reliable guideline for human thought and action. This guideline is oriented on cosmic evolution. Scientists have termed it the "evolutionary ethic". The author, beginning in 1971, published books about his discovery under his own name and pseudonyms. The titles included Lebensrichtig, Age of Joy, On the Side of Life, Zeitalter der Freude and Pro-Evo. The editions now available are Pro-Evo in German and this English translation
This workbook is designed to take some "real-life" situations and examine them with the use of equations. It reinforces the concepts that the students have already learned in class and to give them the opportunity to try some calculations with their teacher's help.
Recent research in molecular biology has produced a remarkably detailed understanding of how living things operate.
Why is the Atlantic slowly filling with crude petroleum, threatening a millions-of-years-old ecological balance? Why did traders at prominent banks take high-risk gambles with the money entrusted to them by hundreds of thousands of clients around the world, expanding and leveraging their investments to the point that failure led to a global financial crisis that left millions of people jobless and hundreds of cities economically devastated? Why would the world's most powerful military spend ten years fighting an enemy that presents no direct threat to secure resources for corporations? The culprit in all cases is neoliberal ideology--the belief in the supremacy of "free" markets to drive and govern human affairs. And in the years since the initial publication of Noam Chomsky's Profit Over People: Neoliberalism and Global Order, the bitter vines of neoliberalism have only twisted themselves further into the world economy, obliterating the public's voice in public affairs and substituting the bottom line in place of people's basic obligation to care for one another as ends in themselves. In Profit Over People, Chomsky reveals the roots of the present crisis, tracing the history of neoliberalism through an incisive analysis of free trade agreements of the 1990s, the World Trade Organization, and the International Monetary Fund--and describes the movements of resistance to the increasing interference by the private sector in global affairs. In the years since the initial publication of Profit Over People, the stakes have only risen. Now more than ever, Profit Over People is one of the key texts explaining how the crisis facing us operates--and how, through Chomsky's analysis of resistance, we may find an escape from the closing net.
Money and support tend to flow in the direction of economics, science, and other academic departments that demonstrate measurable "progress." The humanities, on the other hand, offer more abstract and uncertain outcomes. A humanist's objects of study are more obscure in certain ways than pathogens and cells. Consequently, it seems as if the humanities never truly progress. Is this a fair assessment? By comparing objects of science, such as the brain, the galaxy, the amoeba, and the quark, with objects of humanistic inquiry, such as the poem, the photograph, the belief, and the philosophical concept, Volney Gay reestablishes a fundamental distinction between science and the humanities. He frees the latter from its pursuit of material-based progress and restores its disciplines to a place of privilege and respect. Using the metaphor of magnification, Gay shows that, while we can investigate natural objects to the limits of imaging capacity, magnifying cultural objects dissolves them into noise. In other words, cultural objects can be studied only within their contexts and through the prism of metaphor and narrative. Gathering examples from literature, art, film, philosophy, religion, science, and psychoanalysis, Gay builds a new justification for the humanities. By revealing the unseen and making abstract ideas tangible, the arts create meaningful wholes, which itself is a form of progress.
Learning by Design TM derives from Problem-Based Learning and suggests sequencing, social practices, and reflective activities for promoting learning. It engages students in design practices, including the use of iteration and deliberate reflection.
Describes the planning, development, missions, and accomplishments of Project Mercury and its contributions to the American presence in space.
Fun activities to learn about the universe and astronomy.
In northern California, Project Prometheus, a five-billion-dollar nuclear power station-the largest in the world -has reached the final critical stages of thermal equilibrium. Momentarily, the President of the United States is going to announce to the nation that Prometheus has been activated and that this country has the solution to the energy crisis within its grasp. But deep within the reactor's central core, the factor of human error sparks that one chance in 300,000,000: Prometheus unleashes a hideous nuclear holocaust that no one can reverse.... Thomas N. Scortia and Frank M. Robinson, whose masterful and chilling ways with suspense are currently on view in The Towering Inferno, the film based in part on their first novel, The Glass Inferno, again deliver a taut story that could come from tomorrow's front pages: a story of the men and women caught up in a horrifying race in which science and technology are ultimately pushed too far and too fast.
The Promise of Sleep: A Pioneer in Sleep Medicine Explores the Vital Connection Between Health, Happiness, and a Good Night's Sleepby William C. Dement Christopher Vaughan
Sleep better, live longer with the groundbreaking information and step-by-step program in this revolutionary book. Healthful sleep has been empirically proven to be the single most important factor in predicting longevity, more influential than diet, exercise, or heredity. And yet we are a sleep-sick society, ignorant of the facts of sleep--and the price of sleep deprivation. In this groundbreaking book, based on decades of study on the frontiers of sleep science, Dr. William Dement, founder and director of the Stanford University Sleep Research Center, explains what happens when we sleep, when we don't, and how we can reclaim the most powerful--and underrated--health miracle of all. Taking us on a fascinating tour of our sleeping body and mind, Dr. Dement reveals the price we have paid for ignoring sleep--an epidemic of heart disease, 33 percent of traffic-fatigue-related accidents, and immeasurable mental and psychological disadvantages. And he offers a hands-on prescription for vibrant good health and longevity, including... self-tests to determine how much sleep you really need... the role of prescription and over-the-counter sleeping aids... the latest research on how sleep affects the immune system... how to combat insomnia, snoring, and jet lag... plus information on sleep disorder clinics nationwide, Web sites, and more. Taking readers on a fascinating tour of our sleeping body and mind, Dr. William C. Dement reveals the price paid for ignoring sleep--an epidemic of heart disease, traffic-fatigue-related accidents (responsible for a full third of all traffic accidents), and immeasurable mental and psychological disadvantages. Offering a hands-on prescription for vibrant good health and longevity, THE PROMISE OF SLEEP includes self-tests to determine how much sleep you really need, full information on the role of prescription and over-the-counter sleeping aids, the latest research on how sleep affects the immune system, helpful methods for combating insomnia, snoring, and jet lag, plus information on sleep disorder clinics nationwide, sleep disorder Web sites, and more.
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