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Crashes, Crises, and Calamities

by Len Fisher

Popular science writer Len Fisher presents this guide to using scientific and historical observation to predict, plan for, and mitigate the effects of disasters of all types. The work examines the history of disaster prediction, the characteristics of disasters and how they happen and how to read signs in the natural world that will foretell impending problems. Written in an easy narrative style, the work manages to impart science based principles of hypothesizing and forecasting in a manner accessible to general readers. Annotation ©2011 Book News, Inc. , Portland, OR (booknews. com)

Crashes, Crises, and Calamities

by Len Fisher

Why do certain civilizations, societies, and ecosystems collapse? How does the domino effect relate to the credit crunch? When can mathematics help explain marriage? And how on earth do toads predict earthquakes? The future is uncertain. But science can help foretell what lies ahead.Drawing on ecology and biology, math and physics, Crashes, Crises, and Calamities offers four fundamental tools that scientists and engineers use to forecast the likelihood of sudden change: stability, catastrophe, complexity, and game theories. In accessible prose, Len Fisher demonstrates how we can foresee and manage events that might otherwise catch us by surprise.At the cutting edge of science, Fisher helps us find ways to act before a full-fledged catastrophe is upon us. Crashes, Crises, and Calamities is a witty and informative exploration of the chaos, complexity, and patterns of our daily lives.

Created from Animals: The Moral Implications of Darwinism

by James Rachels

Created from Animals offers a provocative look at how Darwinian evolution undermines many tenets of traditional philosophy and religion. James Rachels begins by examining Darwin's own life and work, presenting an astonishingly vivid and compressed biography. We see Darwin's studies of the psychological links in evolution (such as emotions in dogs, and the "mental powers" of worms), and how he addressed the moral implications of his work, especially in his concern for the welfare of animals. Rachels goes on to present a lively and accessible survey of the controversies that followed in Darwin's wake, ranging from Herbert Spencer's Social Darwinism to Edward O. Wilson's sociobiology, and discusses how the work of such influential intellects as Descartes, Hume, Kant, T.H. Huxley, Henri Bergson, B.F. Skinner, and Stephen Jay Gould has contributed to--or been overthrown by--evolutionary science.

Creating a Physical Biology: The Three-Man Paper and Early Molecular Biology

by Phillip R. Sloan Brandon Fogel

In 1935 geneticist Nikolai Timoféeff-Ressovsky, radiation physicist Karl G. Zimmer, and quantum physicist Max Delbrück published "On the Nature of Gene Mutation and Gene Structure," known subsequently as the "Three-Man Paper. " This seminal paper advanced work on the physical exploration of the structure of the gene through radiation physics and suggested ways in which physics could reveal definite information about gene structure, mutation, and action. Representing a new level of collaboration between physics and biology, it played an important role in the birth of the new field of molecular biology. The paper's results were popularized for a wide audience in the What is Life? lectures of physicist Erwin Schrödinger in 1944. Despite its historical impact on the biological sciences, the paper has remained largely inaccessible because it was only published in a short-lived German periodical. Creating a Physical Biology makes the Three Man Paper available in English for the first time. Brandon Fogel's translation is accompanied by an introductory essay by Fogel and Phillip Sloan and a set of essays by leading historians and philosophers of biology that explore the context, contents, and subsequent influence of the paper, as well as its importance for the wider philosophical analysis of biological reductionism.

Creating Connections: Museums and the Public Understanding of Current Research

by Bruce Lewenstein David Chittenden Graham Farmelo

This fundamentally human need to find out about the world led to the creation of this book.

Creating Green Roadways

by James L. Sipes Matthew L Sipes

In Creating Green Roadways, James and Matthew Sipes demonstrate that roads don't have to be the enemy of sustainability: they can be designed to minimally impact the environment while improving quality of life. The authors examine traditional, utilitarian methods of transportation planning that have resulted in a host of negative impacts: from urban sprawl and congestion to loss of community identity and excess air and water pollution. They offer a better approach--one that blends form and function. Through case studies and photos from around the country, Creating Green Roadways provides an examination of all aspects of green roads, from transportation policy to the basics of road design, public involvement, road ecology, and the economics of sustainable roads. This comprehensive guide offers a practical strategy for rethinking how we design, plan, and maintain our transportation infrastructure.

Creating New Medical Ontologies for Image Annotation

by Liana Stanescu Dumitru Dan Burdescu Marius Brezovan Cristian Gabriel Mihai

Creating New Medical Ontologies for Image Annotation focuses on the problem of the medical images automatic annotation process, which is solved in an original manner by the authors. All the steps of this process are described in detail with algorithms, experiments and results. The original algorithms proposed by authors are compared with other efficient similar algorithms. In addition, the authors treat the problem of creating ontologies in an automatic way, starting from Medical Subject Headings (MESH). They have presented some efficient and relevant annotation models and also the basics of the annotation model used by the proposed system: Cross Media Relevance Models. Based on a text query the system will retrieve the images that contain objects described by the keywords.

Creation

by Adam Rutherford

What is life? Humans have been asking this question for thou­sands of years. But as technology has advanced and our understanding of biology has deepened, the answer has evolved. For decades, scientists have been exploring the limits of nature by modifying and manipulating DNA, cells and whole organisms to create new ones that could never have existed on their own. In Creation, science writer Adam Rutherford explains how we are now radically exceeding the boundaries of evolution and engineering entirely novel creatures--from goats that produce spider silk in their milk to bacteria that excrete diesel to genetic circuits that identify and destroy cancer cells. As strange as some of these creations may sound, this new, synthetic biology is helping scientists develop radical solutions to some of the world's most pressing crises--from food shortages to pandemic disease to climate change--and is paving the way for inventions once relegated to science fiction. Meanwhile, these advances are shedding new light on the biggest mystery of all--how did life begin? We know that every creature on Earth came from a single cell, sparked into existence four billion years ago. And as we come closer and closer to understanding the ancient root that connects all living things, we may finally be able to achieve a second genesis--the creation of new life where none existed before. Creation takes us on a journey four billion years in the making--from the very first cell to the ground-breaking biological inventions that will shape the future of our planet.

The Creation: An Appeal to Save Life on Earth

by Edward O. Wilson

The book that launched a movement: "Wilson speaks with a humane eloquence which calls to us all" (Oliver Sacks). Called "one of the greatest men alive" by The Times of London, E. O. Wilson proposes an historic partnership between scientists and religious leaders to preserve Earth's rapidly vanishing biodiversity.

The Creation: An Appeal to Save Life on Earth

by Edward O. Wilson

In this daring work, Edward O. Wilson proposes an alliance between science and religion to save Earth's vanishing biodiversity.

Creation and the God of Abraham

by David B. Burrell Carlo Cogliati Janet M. Soskice William R. Stoeger

"Creatio ex nihilo is a foundational doctrine in the Abrahamic faiths. It states that God created the world freely out of nothing - from no pre-existent matter, space or time. This teaching is central to classical accounts of divine action, free will, grace, theodicy, religious language, intercessory prayer and questions of divine temporality and as such, the foundation of a scriptural God but also the transcendent Creator of all that is. This edited collection explores how we might now recover a place for this doctrine, and with it, a consistent defence of the God of Abraham in philosophical, scientific, and theological terms. The contributions span the religious traditions of Judaism, Christianity and Islam, and cover a wide range of sources, including historical, philosophical, scientific and theological. As such, the book develops these perspectives to reveal the relevance of this idea within the modern world"--Provided by publisher. "Creatio ex nihilo is a foundational doctrine in the Abrahamic faiths. It states that God created the world freely out of nothing - from no pre-existent matter, space or time. This teaching is central to classical accounts of divine action, free will, grace, theodicy, religious language, intercessory prayer and questions of divine temporality and as such, the foundation of a scriptural God but also the transcendent Creator of all that is"--Provided by publisher.

Creation Basics and Beyond: An In-Depth Look at Science, Origins, and Evolution

by Jason Lisle Henry Morris III John D. Morris James J. S. Johnson Nathaniel Jeanson Randy Guliuzza Jeffrey Tomkins Jake Hebert Frank Sherwin Brian Thomas

Back Cover: "Creation or evolution? This debate is one of the most vital issues of our time. It is extremely important for all people to know the truth about origins. The Christian especially needs to know the truth of the Genesis account of creation. After all, if the Bible is false on its very first page, then how can any rational person have confidence in what follows from it? Fortunately, you don't need a doctorate in science to understand the basic lines of scientific evidence that surround the creation-evolution controversy. Nor do you need a theological degree to understand the basic theology and moral implications of creation. Written and reviewed by experts, Creation Basics & Beyond offers a thorough, yet understandable, introduction to the basic questions involved in the creation-evolution debate. Organized in short, readable chapters, this book demonstrates that not only does the scientific evidence not support evolution, it strongly confirms the biblical account of creation. Creation Basics & Beyond clearly shows that the Bible really is what it claims to be--the inspired Word of the living God." The authors provide extensive footnotes and encourage the readers to use these footnotes and other information from the Institute for Creation Research to explore the topics the authors discuss in more depth.

Creation: Facts of Life

by Dr Gary Parker

What happens when an evolutionary biologist is overwhelmed with scientific evidences of God's plan in nature? After three years of trying to "prove evolution" to skeptical professors in his science department, Gary Parker finally realized that the scientific evidence we see in God's world agrees with what we read in God's Word. In Creation Facts of Life, Dr. Parker respectfully describes the evidences he once used to "preach" evolution - but then he explains how the "rest of the evidence" points away from evolution and toward a perfect world created by God, ruined by man, restored to new life in Christ! In easy-to-follow conversational style, Dr. Parker discusses: DNA and genetics Life Before birth Mutations Adaptations Natural Selection Fossils The Geologic Column The Grand Canyon

Creation (Movie Tie-In): Darwin, His Daughter & Human Evolution

by Randal Keynes

The moving, personal story of Charles Darwin and his revolutionary views on nature, evolution, and the human condition. <P> As Darwin's theories continue to shape much of our thinking about the roots of human nature, Creation (formerly Darwin, His Daughters, and Human Evolution) reveals the personal experiences from which he drew his most deeply held ideas.<P> In a chest of drawers bequeathed by his grandmother, author Randal Keynes, a great-great-grandson of Darwin, found the writing case of Charles Darwin's beloved daughter Annie, who died at the age of fifteen. Offering rare insight into the family's private world, Keynes gives us a fuller picture of one of our most original thinkers, as well as a wealth of previously unseen material.

The Creation of Inequality: How Our Prehistoric Ancestors Set the Stage for Monarchy, Slavery, and Empire

by Kent Flannery Joyce Marcus

Our early ancestors lived in small groups and worked actively to preserve social equality. As they created larger societies, however, inequality rose, and by 2500 BCE truly egalitarian societies were on the wane. In The Creation of Inequality, Kent Flannery and Joyce Marcus demonstrate that this development was not simply the result of population increase, food surplus, or the accumulation of valuables. Instead, inequality resulted from conscious manipulation of the unique social logic that lies at the core of every human group. A few societies allowed talented and ambitious individuals to rise in prestige while still preventing them from becoming a hereditary elite. But many others made high rank hereditary, by manipulating debts, genealogies, and sacred lore. At certain moments in history, intense competition among leaders of high rank gave rise to despotic kingdoms and empires in the Near East, Egypt, Africa, Mexico, Peru, and the Pacific. Drawing on their vast knowledge of both living and prehistoric social groups, Flannery and Marcus describe the changes in logic that create larger and more hierarchical societies, and they argue persuasively that many kinds of inequality can be overcome by reversing these changes, rather than by violence.

Creation of the Sacred: Tracks of Biology in Early Religions

by Walter Burkert

How mythology is generated.

Creationism and Its Critics in Antiquity

by David N. Sedley

The world is configured in ways that seem systematically hospitable to life forms, especially the human race. Is this the outcome of divine planning, or simply of the laws of physics? Ancient Greeks and Romans famously disagreed on whether the cosmos was the product of intelligent design or of accident. In Creationism and its Critics in Antiquity, David Sedley examines this question and illuminates new historical perspectives on the pantheon of thinkers who laid the foundations of western philosophy and science. Versions of what today we call the "creationist" option were widely favored by the major thinkers of classical antiquity, including Plato, whose ideas on the subject prepared the ground for Aristotle's celebrated teleology. But Aristotle himself excluded any role for divine intervention, in this respect aligning himself with the anti-creationist lobby, whose most militant members--the atomists--sought to show how a world just like ours would inevitably form by sheer accident, given only the infinity of space and matter. This stimulating study explores seven major thinkers or philosophical movements who were enmeshed in the debate: Anaxagoras, Empedocles, Socrates, Plato, the atomists, Aristotle, and the Stoics. An epilogue considers their debate from the viewpoint of Galen, the great second-century A. D. doctor, who was also a leading voice of creationism. Adapted from Sedley's 2004 Sather Lectures at the University of California, Berkeley, this the first book-length study of an old debate.

The Creationists

by Ronald M. Numbers

Numbers' examination of the English-speaking Christians, primarily North American, who believe that there was no life on earth before Eden--less than ten thousand years ago--with an emphasis on how persons and parties have used "science" and "pseudoscience" to further their ends.

Creations Of Fire

by Cathy Cobb Harold Goldwhite

In this fascinating history, Cathy Cobb and Harold Goldwhite celebrate not only chemistry's theories and breakthroughs but also the provocative times and personalities that shaped this amazing science and brought it to life. Throughout the book, the reader will meet the hedonists and swindlers, monks and heretics, and men and women laboring in garages and over kitchen sinks who expanded our understanding of the elements and discovered such new substances as plastic, rubber, and aspirin. Creations of Fire expands our vision of the meaning of chemistry and reveals the oddballs and academics who have helped shape our world.

Creations of Fire: Chemistry's Lively History from Alchemy to the Atomic Age

by Cathy Cobb Harold Goldwhite

In this fascinating history, Cathy Cobb and Harold Goldwhite celebrate not only chemistry's theories and breakthroughs but also the provocative times and personalities that shaped this amazing science and brought it to life. Throughout the book, the reader will meet the hedonists and swindlers, monks and heretics, and men and women laboring in garages and over kitchen sinks who expanded our understanding of the elements and discovered such new substances as plastic, rubber, and aspirin. Creations of Fire expands our vision of the meaning of chemistry and reveals the oddballs and academics who have helped shape our world.

Creations of Fire: Chemistry's Lively History from Alchemy to the Atomic Age

by Cathy Cobb Harold Goldwhite

Chemical technology has fostered the development of civilizations, altered the course of wars, generated the industrial revolution, and created the petroleum products and plastics that fuel the modern world. This history of chemistry from its most ancient beginnings celebrates theories and breakthroughs through the 20th century, and also looks at the alchemists, swindlers, monks, heretics, kitchen-table inventors and giants of the scientific world. An introduction for lay readers as well as professional chemists. Annotation c. by Book News, Inc. , Portland, Or.

Creative Defense

by Nicholas Comninellis

In this incredible resource, author Nicholas Comninellis comes to the defense of anyone troubled by the inconsistencies of evolutionary theory. Examining various disciplines, Comninellis presents the contradictions - and often-absurd conclusions - that proponents of evolution pass off as a good science by presenting conclusive documented evidence. Facts are arranged and referenced by subject in an easy-to-use format Contains 1000 of the most widely acclaimed scientific, historic, and position references in the creation/evolution debate One of the most comprehensive resources available Special section of web site addresses to aid in finding the most up-to-date information Strategies for public speaking on creation/evolution An extremely useful too for ever defender of creation!

The Creative Destruction of Medicine

by Eric Topol

What if your cell phone could detect cancer cells circulating in your blood or warn you of an imminent heart attack? Mobile wireless digital devices, including smartphones and tablets with seemingly limitless functionality, have brought about radical changes in our lives, providing hyper-connectivity to social networks and cloud computing. But the digital world has hardly pierced the medical cocoon. Until now. Beyond reading email and surfing the Web, we will soon be checking our vital signs on our phone. We can already continuously monitor our heart rhythm, blood glucose levels, and brain waves while we sleep. Miniature ultrasound imaging devices are replacing the icon of medicine--the stethoscope. DNA sequencing, Facebook, and the Watson supercomputer have already saved lives. For the first time we can capture all the relevant data from each individual to enable precision therapy, prevent major side effects of medications, and ultimately to prevent many diseases from ever occurring. And yet many of these digital medical innovations lie unused because of the medical community's profound resistance to change. In The Creative Destruction of Medicine, Eric Topol--one of the nation's top physicians and a leading voice on the digital revolution in medicine--argues that radical innovation and a true democratization of medical care are within reach, but only if we consumers demand it. We can force medicine to undergo its biggest shakeup in history. This book shows us the stakes--and how to win them.

The Creative Destruction of Medicine

by Eric Topol

What if your cell phone could detect cancer cells circulating in your blood or warn you of an imminent heart attack? Mobile wireless digital devices, including smartphones and tablets with seemingly limitless functionality, have brought about radical changes in our lives, providing hyper-connectivity to social networks and cloud computing. But the digital world has hardly pierced the medical cocoon. Until now. Beyond reading email and surfing the Web, we will soon be checking our vital signs on our phone. We can already continuously monitor our heart rhythm, blood glucose levels, and brain waves while we sleep. Miniature ultrasound imaging devices are replacing the icon of medicine-the stethoscope. DNA sequencing, Facebook, and the Watson supercomputer have already saved lives. For the first time we can capture all the relevant data from each individual to enable precision therapy, prevent major side effects of medications, and ultimately to prevent many diseases from ever occurring. And yet many of these digital medical innovations lie unused because of the medical community's profound resistance to change. InThe Creative Destruction of Medicine, Eric Topol-one of the nation's top physicians and a leading voice on the digital revolution in medicine-argues that radical innovation and a true democratization of medical care are within reach, but only if we consumers demand it. We can force medicine to undergo its biggest shakeup in history. This book shows us the stakes-and how to win them.

Creative Evolution

by Amit Goswami

By denying evolution altogether, says quantum physicist Amit Goswani, intelligent design believers fly in the face of scientific data. But the idea of intelligent design does contain substance that neo-Darwinists cannot ignore. Goswani posits that consciousness, not matter, is the primary force in the universe. Biology must come to terms with feeling, meaning, and the purposefulness of life, as well as with the idea of a designer. What's more, reconciling the question of life's purposefulness and the existence of the designer with neo-Darwinism also answers many other difficult questions. The result is a paradigm shift for biology and the vision of a coherent whole that Goswami calls "science within consciousness." In this timely, important book, the author offers clear arguments supported by the findings of quantum physics that represent a major step in resolving controversies between science and religion.

Showing 3,351 through 3,375 of 16,650 results

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