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China has the highest levels of copyright piracy and trademark counterfeiting in the world, even though it also provides the highest per capita volume of enforcement. In this original study of intellectual property rights (IPR) in relation to state capacity, Dimitrov analyzes this puzzle by offering the first systematic analysis of all IPR enforcement avenues in China, across all IPR subtypes. He shows that the extremely high volume of enforcement provided for copyrights and trademarks is unfortunately of a low quality, and as such serves only to perpetuate IPR violations. In the area of patents, however, he finds a low volume of high-quality enforcement. In light of these findings, the book develops a theory of state capacity that conceptualizes the Chinese state as simultaneously weak and strong. It also demonstrates that fully rationalized enforcement of domestic and foreign IPR is emerging unevenly and, somewhat counter-intuitively, chiefly in those IPR subtypes that are least subject to domestic or foreign pressure. The book draws on extensive fieldwork in China and five other countries, as well as on 10 unique IPR enforcement datasets that exploit previously unexplored sources, including case files of private investigation firms.
Brimming with broader implications for today's debates over open access, fair use, and free culture, Johns argues that piracy has been an engine of social, technological, and intellectual innovations as often as it has been their adversary.
Fully revised and thoroughly updated, the Second Edition of Planning and Urban Change provides an accessible yet richly detailed account of British urban planning. Stephen Ward demonstrates how urban planning can be understood through three categories: ideas - urban planning history as the development of theoretical approaches: from radical and utopian beginnings, to the `new right' thinking of the 1980s, and recent interest in green thought and sustainability; policies - urban planning history as an intensely political process, the text explains the complicated relation between planning theory and political practice; and impacts - urban planning history as the divergence of expectation and outcome, each chapter shows how intended impacts have been modified by economic and social forces. This Second Edition features an entirely new chapter on the key policy changes that have occurred under the Major and Blair governments, together with a critical review of current policy trends.
This book combines the basic knowledge of plant and soil science, in an easy to read and teach format, and provides practical real world application for information learned. Organized into twenty-eight chapters, each chapter features learning objectives, key terms, tables, charts, illustrations and color photographs to aid the learning and teaching process.
To foster biological and scientific literacy, the U. of Wisconsin editors denote the central themes of evolution, ecology, and DNA science with icons. With numerous color illustrations of exceptional quality for a textbook, chapters cover introductory concepts of plants and plant-essential microbes; the molecular basis of life; plant structure, diversity, and reproduction (including genetic engineering); and plant diversity as it relates to environmental and human sustainability. Chapters include essays, review questions, and concept application exercises. Appendices include a geological timeline, answer key, and glossary.
Providing a comprehensive overview of the biology of plants, this biology text combines the most current, real-world examples with information on plant biodiversity and ecology, including topics like biotechnology, economic botany, and plant/human interactions.
Based on work spanning a decade, this study of the Maquipucuna area on the western slopes of the Andes discusses the climate, vegetation, ecological relationships, and flora, and emphasizes the importance of the Maquipucuna area as a biological reserve. In addition to the checklist of the flora, which enumerates 1,650 species (including 228 species of pteridophytes and over 200 species of orchids), appendices give information on floristic composition of communities, distribution of epiphytes, and elevational ranges of families and genera. The illustrations include a map, landscapes, and characteristic species.
Using cases of plant migration documented by both historical and fossil evidence, Jonathan D. Sauer provides a landmark assessment of what is presently known, and not merely assumed, about the process.
Plant Science: Growth, Development, and Utilization of Cultivated Plants, Fifth Edition, is an outstanding resource for anyone with an interest in how plants are grown and utilized for maintaining and adding enjoyment to human life. The text starts with the fundamentals of botany, plant physiology, and environmental factors affecting plant growth, while later sections integrate those topics into strategies of producing plants for human use as food, fiber, and recreation. The concept of sustainability and sustainable methods of growing plants runs throughout the text. Whether you are familiar or unfamiliar with plant science, this book will give you a firm understanding of concepts and terminology related to the growing of plants.
Shaul E. Cohen exposes how big business, the government, and tree planting groups often work together to manipulate trees - and the people who plant them. He reveals how positive associations and symbols invested in trees are exploited by an interlocking network of government agencies, private timber companies, and nongovernmental organizations to subvert the power of people who think that they are building a better world. Cohen traces the roots of the story in the history of tree planting in the United States, the rise of popular sentiment around trees, the development of the Arbor Day holiday, and the growth of tree-planting groups such as the National Arbor Day Foundation and American Forests. Drawing from internal papers, government publications, advertisements, and archival documents, Cohen illustrates how organizations promote tree planting to deflect attention from the causes of environmental problems, masking business-as-usual agendas. Ultimately, Planting Nature challenges the relationships between a "green" public, the organizations that champion environmental causes, and the powers that be, providing a cautionary tale of cooperation and deception that cuts across the political spectrum.
Plants and Animals: Biology and Production has been prepared to serve as an introductory textbook in plant, soil, and animal science. It is about far more than production of crops and livestock.
Twenty years of field work on islands off the west coast of Canada serve as the basis for this careful analysis of the biogeography (the science of the distribution of organisms) of plants on temperate continental islands.
Building on her notion of plasticity, a term she originally borrowed from Hegel's Phenomenology of Spirit and adapted to a reading of Hegel's own work, Malabou transforms our understanding of the political and the religious, revealing the malleable nature of these concepts and their openness to positive reinvention.
Plastids reside in all plant cells, and take on different forms in relation to their cellular function, biochemistry and storage capacity. The modern era of molecular biology and molecular genetics has enabled much to be learnt about how plastids function, and how they relate to their evolutionary past. In this accessible text, Kevin Pyke expertly describes how the plastids are highly complex organelles at the very core of plant cellular function, providing final year undergraduate and graduate students with an overview of plastid biology and recent developments in the field. Topics covered include: a consideration of different plastid types and how they relate to cell function; plastid genomes and how proteins are imported into plastids; photosynthesis and core aspects of plastid biochemistry; plastid signalling and functionality within a cellular context; and plastid genetic manipulation. Supplementary colour images are available online at www.cambridge.org/9780521885010.
Around 225 million years ago, Earth was home to the supercontinent Pangaea and the massive sea Panthalassa. In fact, Earth's land and water existed in several configurations before today's familiar continents and oceans formed. Readers of this book will get an accessible introduction to plate tectonics. This key scientific theory explains why Earth's landmasses have changed over time. The theory posits that the planet's crust is broken up into plates that are constantly, if slowly, on the move. The book also examines the impact of plate tectonics on volcanoes, earthquakes, and the formation of mountains and rift valleys.
It's not about being picked by a gatekeeper, investing thousands of dollars in consultants, or understanding complex technology. That may have been the ticket five years ago, but not today. Social media technologies have changed everything. Now, for the first time in history, non-celebrities people like you can get noticed and win big in an increasingly noisy world.
This innovative study sees the relationship between Athens and Jerusalem through the lens of the Platonic dialogues and the Talmud. Howland argues that these texts are animated by comparable conceptions of the proper roles of inquiry and reasoned debate in religious life, and by a profound awareness of the limits of our understanding of things divine. Insightful readings of Plato's Apology, Euthyphro, and chapter three of tractate Ta'anit explore the relationship of prophets and philosophers, fathers and sons, and gods and men (among other themes), bringing to light the tension between rational inquiry and faith that is essential to the speeches and deeds of both Socrates and the Talmudic sages. In reflecting on the pedagogy of these texts, Howland shows in detail how Talmudic aggadah and Platonic drama and narrative speak to different sorts of readers in seeking mimetically to convey the living ethos of rabbinic Judaism and Socratic philosophizing.
Plato's reflection on the relationship between soul and body has attracted scholars' attention since antiquity. Less noted, but worthy of consideration, is Plato's thought on music and its effects on human beings. This book adopts an innovative approach towards analysing the soul-body problem by uncovering and emphasising the philosophical value of Plato's treatment of the phenomenon of music. By investigating in detail how Plato conceives of the musical experience and its influence on intelligence, passions and perceptions, it illuminates the intersection of cognitive and emotional functions in Plato's philosophy of mind.