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Prospect Theory

by Peter P. Wakker

Prospect Theory: For Risk and Ambiguity provides the first comprehensive and accessible textbook treatment of the way decisions are made both when we have the statistical probabilities associated with uncertain future events (risk) and when we lack them (ambiguity). The book presents models, primarily prospect theory, that are both tractable and psychologically realistic. A method of presentation is chosen that makes the empirical meaning of each theoretical model completely transparent. Prospect theory has many applications in a wide variety of disciplines. The material in the book has been carefully organized to allow readers to select pathways through the book relevant to their own interests. With numerous exercises and worked examples, the book is ideally suited to the needs of students taking courses in decision theory in economics, mathematics, finance, psychology, management science, health, computer science, Bayesian statistics, and engineering.

The Literature of Melancholia

by Christina Wald Martin Middeke

This collection analyzes philosophical, psycho-analytic and aesthetic contexts of the discourse of melancholia in British and postcolonial literature and culture and seeks to trace the multi-faceted phenomenon of melancholia from the early modern period to the present. Texts discussed range from Shakespeare and Milton to Coetzee and Barker.

The Seven Practices of Mentally Superior Athletes: Harnessing Skills from Sport Psychology

by Raphael Wald

Once athletes reach the highest levels of competition in college and professional sports, the mental aspect of the game becomes increasingly vital to performance. The Seven Practices of Mentally Superior Athletes is a short and snappy reference text intended for repeated use that explains the importance of the mental side of the game and offers concise advice for improvement. Wald outlines the most important sport psychology skills in a way that can be easily understood and applied to athletes regardless of what sport they play. It also features illustrative stories that demonstrate exactly how these skills can be applied on the field, court, course, or arena. This book is particularly helpful to busy athletes with demanding lifestyles. It will also be useful for coaches who want to continue their education and learn more about sport psychology and how to implement these mental training habits with their athletes.

I Had the Strangest Dream: The Dreamer's Dictionary for the 21st Century

by Kelly Sullivan Walden

We live in a world of sensory overload, and peoples dreams have come to reflect that complexity. No longer do people dream that they are standing naked in a room full of their peers. Instead, dreams might involve standing naked in the middle of a conference room, with a cell phone in one hand and an incoming call from Donald Trump. Whats that all about? I HAD THE STRANGEST DREAM.... will answer such questions and help readers break down the meaning of their dreams. 21st century dreamers will finally have the tools they need to tap into the power of their dreams in order to become more productive and tranquil human beings.

What Children Need

by Jane Waldfogel

What do children need to grow and develop? And how can their needs be met when parents work? Emphasizing the importance of parental choice, quality of care, and work opportunities, economist Jane Waldfogel guides readers through the maze of social science research evidence to offer comprehensive answers and a vision for change. Drawing on the evidence, Waldfogel proposes a bold new plan to better meet the needs of children in working families, from birth through adolescence, while respecting the core values of choice, quality, and work: ,Allow parents more flexibility to take time off work for family responsibilities; ,Break the link between employment and essential family benefits; ,Give mothers and fathers more options to stay home in the first year of life; ,Improve quality of care from infancy through the preschool years; ,Increase access to high-quality out-of-school programs for school-aged children and teenagers.

Qué día más bueno: Tomar LSD en microdosis me cambió la vida

by Ayelet Waldman

Un mes en la vida de una mujer, escritora, esposa y madre de cuatro hijos que busca la estabilidad depositando sobre su lengua dos gotas de LSD. «Dos días después abrí el buzón y encontré un paquete. En el remite decía "Lewis Carroll". Dentro encontré un frasquito de color azul cobalto.» Hasta entonces, Ayelet Waldman había probado todas las terapias imaginables, de la farmacopea al mindfulness. Pero las tempestades anímicas que le provocaba su trastorno bipolar eran insoportables; marido e hijos sufrían con ella. Dos gotas del frasquito en la lengua y Ayelet se suma a la legión subterránea de ciudadanos que hacen un uso terapéutico del LSD en microdosis. Durante un mes, esta abogada, escritora y madre de adolescentes, lleva un diario sobre el tratamiento. En él también explora la historia y los mitos que rodean al LSD y otras drogas, así como la lucha bizantina que el Estado les antepone. El resultado es un testimonio revelador, tan alegre como fascinante. Críticas:«El libro más divertido que he leído últimamente.»Zadie Smith «Una mirada curiosa y exhaustiva a las posibilidades terapéuticas de las drogas ilegales. Un libro fascinante y profusamente documentado.»Nora Krug, The Washington Post «Un manifiesto lúcido y coherente sobre cómo y por qué la empresa racista e inmoral de la Guerra contra las drogas ha fracasado. Una obra apasionante y persuasiva.»Claire Vaye Watkins, The New Republic «Podría decirse que este libro es la particular guerra de Ayelet Waldman contra la propaganda que subyace a la Guerra contra las drogas, pero es también mucho más que eso y, sobre todo, mucho más divertido.»Rebeca Solnit «Un libro sincero, valiente y muy humano. Normalizando la discusión sobre el LSD, Waldman puede que un día ayude a otros a sentirse normales.»Jennifer Senior, The New York Times

A Really Good Day: How Microdosing Made a Mega Difference in My Mood, My Marriage, and My Life

by Ayelet Waldman

<P>A revealing, courageous, fascinating, and funny account of the author's experiment with microdoses of LSD in an effort to treat a debilitating mood disorder, of her quest to understand a misunderstood drug, and of her search for a really good day. <P>When a small vial arrives in her mailbox from "Lewis Carroll," Ayelet Waldman is at a low point. <P>Her mood storms have become intolerably severe; she has tried nearly every medication possible; her husband and children are suffering with her. <P>So she opens the vial, places two drops on her tongue, and joins the ranks of an underground but increasingly vocal group of scientists and civilians successfully using therapeutic microdoses of LSD. <P>As Waldman charts her experience over the course of a month--bursts of productivity, sleepless nights, a newfound sense of equanimity--she also explores the history and mythology of LSD, the cutting-edge research into the drug, and the byzantine policies that control it. <P>Drawing on her experience as a federal public defender, and as the mother of teenagers, and her research into the therapeutic value of psychedelics, Waldman has produced a book that is eye-opening, often hilarious, and utterly enthralling.

Leadership, Feedback and the Open Communication Gap

by David A. Waldman Leanne E. Atwater

The topic of leadership has grown in importance, and how and when managers communicate is critical to their effectiveness. This book provides insight for managers to understand the feedback and open communication processes. It suggests guidelines for how and when managers should engage in negative feedback and open organizational-level co

America, September 11: The Triumph of the Human Spirit

by Jackie Waldman

Every tragedy has its heroes, and there were many in the attacks on New York and Washington, D. C. Jackie Waldman has collected the stories of some of the firefighters, rescue workers, police, medics, relatives of missing loved ones, and strangers who, in the face of horror, sprung into action to save lives and help their communities.

Judgment and Decision Making as a Skill

by Michael R. Waldmann Mandeep K. Dhami Anne Schlottmann

This book presents a comprehensive review of emerging theories and research on the dynamic nature of human judgment and decision making (JDM). Leading researchers in the fields of JDM, cognitive development, human learning and neuroscience discuss short-term and long-term changes in JDM skills. The authors consider how such skills increase and decline on a developmental scale in children, adolescents and the elderly; how they may be learned; and how JDM skills can be improved and aided. In addition, beyond these behavioral approaches to understanding JDM as a skill, the book provides fascinating new insights from recent evolutionary and neuropsychological approaches. The authors identify opportunities for future research on the acquisition and changing nature of JDM. In a concluding chapter, eminent past presidents of the Society for Judgment and Decision Making provide personal reflections and perspectives on the notion of JDM as a dynamic skill.

To Plant A Walnut Tree

by Trevor Waldock

Leaders in all stages of life will find To Plant a Walnut Tree to be a guide for sharing wisdom in a practical way. Creating a legacy can be in the thoughts of twenty-somethings and soon-to-be retirees alike; author Trevor Waldock suggests that readers "plant walnut trees," or sew small investments for future generations.

Philosophical Perspectives on Empathy: Theoretical Approaches and Emerging Challenges (Routledge Studies in Ethics and Moral Theory)

by Anik Waldow Derek Matravers

Empathy—our capacity to cognitively or affectively connect with other people’s thoughts and feelings—is a concept whose definition and meaning varies widely within philosophy and other disciplines. Philosophical Perspectives on Empathy advances research on the nature and function of empathy by exploring and challenging different theoretical approaches to this phenomenon. The first section of the book explores empathy as a historiographical method, presenting a number of rich and interesting arguments that have influenced the debate from the Nineteenth Century to the present day. The next group of essays broadly accepts the centrality of perspective-taking in empathy. Here the authors attempt to refine and improve this particular conception of empathy by clarifying the intentionality of the perspective taker’s emotion, the perspective taker’s meta-cognitive capacities, and the nature of central imagining itself. Finally, the concluding section argues for the re-evaluation, or even rejection, of empathy. These essays advance alternative theories that are relevant to current debates, such as narrative engagement and competence, attunement or the sharing of mental states, and the "second-person" model of empathy. This book features a wide range of perspectives on empathy written by experts across several different areas of philosophy. It will be of interest to researchers and upper-level students working on the philosophy of emotions across ethics, philosophy of mind, philosophy of psychology, and the history of philosophy.

Revenge of the Windigo

by James Waldram

What is known about Aboriginal mental health and mental illness, and on what basis is this 'knowing' assumed? This question, while appearing simple, leads to a tangled web of theory, method, and data rife with conceptual problems, shaky assumptions, and inappropriate generalizations. It is also the central question of James Waldram's Revenge of the Windigo.This erudite and highly articulate work is about the knowledge of Aboriginal mental health: who generates it; how it is generated and communicated; and what has been ? and continues to be ? its implications for Aboriginal peoples. To better understand how this knowledge emerged, James Waldram undertakes an exhaustive examination of three disciplines ? anthropology, psychology, and psychiatry ? and reveals how together they have constructed a gravely distorted portrait of 'the Aboriginal.'Waldram continues this acute examination under two general themes. The first focuses on how culture as a concept has been theorized and operationalized in the study of Aboriginal mental health. The second seeks to elucidate the contribution that Aboriginal peoples have inadvertently made to theoretical and methodological developments in the three fields under discussion, primarily as subjects for research and sources of data. It is Waldram's assertion that, despite the enormous amount of research undertaken on Aboriginal peoples, researchers have mostly failed to comprehend the meaning of contemporary Aboriginality for mental health and illness, preferring instead the reflection of their own scientific lens as the only means to properly observe, measure, assess, and treat.Using interdisciplinary methods, the author critically assesses the enormous amount of information that has been generated on Aboriginal mental health, deconstructs it, and through this exercise, provides guidance for a new vein of research.

Maximum Success

by James Waldroop Timothy Butler

Maximum Success is a compelling exploration of the behavior patterns that cause people to undermine their careers - as well as specific advice on how to overcome them. Have you ever wondered why some people seem to rise effortlessly to the top, while others are stuck in the same job year after year? Have you ever felt you are falling short of your career potential? Have you wondered if some of the things you do - or don't do - at work might hamstringing your ambitions? In Maximum Success, James Waldroop and Timothy Butler, directors of MBA career development at Harvard Business School, identify the twelve habits that over and over again - whether you are a retail clerk or a partner in a law firm are almost guaranteed to hold you back.

Neuropsychology of Cardiovascular Disease

by Shari R. Waldstein Merrill F. Elias

Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of morbidity and mortality in the United States and most westernized nations. Both CVDs and their risk factors confer substantial risk for stroke and dementia, but are also associated with more subtle changes in brain structure and function and cognitive performance prior to such devastating clinical outcomes. It has been suggested that there exists a continuum of brain abnormalities and cognitive difficulties associated with increasingly severe manifestations of cardiovascular risk factors and diseases that precede vascular cognitive impairment and may ultimately culminate in stroke or dementia. This second edition examines the relations of a host of behavioral and biomedical risk factors, in addition to subclinical and clinical CVDs, to brain and cognitive function. Associations with dementia and pre-dementia cognitive performance are reported, described, and discussed with a focus on underlying brain mechanisms. Future research agendas are suggested, and clinical implications are considered. The volume is a resource for professionals and students in neuropsychology, behavioral medicine, neurology, cardiology, cardiovascular and behavioral epidemiology, gerontology, geriatric medicine, nursing, adult developmental psychology, and for other physicians and health care professionals who work with patients with, or at risk for, CVDs.

Collective Consciousness and Gender

by Alexandra Walker

This book explores collective consciousness and how it is applied to the pursuit of gender justice in international law. It discusses how the collective mode of behaviour and identity can lead to unconscious role-playing based on the social norms, expectations or archetypes of a group. Alexandra Walker contends that throughout history, men have been constructed as archetypal dominators and women as victims. In casting women in this way, we have downplayed their pre-existing, innate capacities for strength, leadership and power. In casting men as archetypal dominators, we have downplayed their capacities for nurturing, care and empathy. The author investigates the widespread implications of this unconscious role-playing, arguing that even in countries in which women have many of the same legal rights as men, gender justice and equality have been too simplistically framed as ‘feminism’ and ‘women’s rights’ and that giving women the rights of men has not created gender balance. This book highlights the masculine and feminine traits belonging to all individuals and calls on international law to reflect this gender continuum.

Siren's Dance: My Marriage to a Borderline

by Anthony Walker

The author mixes his personal experience with medical information about borderline personality disorder

Work and the Mental Health Crisis in Britain

by Carl Walker Ben Fincham

Based on recent data gathered from employees and managers, Work and the Mental Health Crisis in Britain challenges the cultural maxim that work benefits people with mental health difficulties, and illustrates how particular cultures and perceptions can contribute to a crisis of mental well-being at work. <P><P> Based on totally new data gathered from employees and managers in the UK Presents a challenge to much of the conventional wisdom surrounding work and mental health Questions the fundamental and largely accepted cultural maxim that work is unquestionably good for people with mental health difficulties Illustrates how particular cultures of work or perceptions of the experience of work contribute to a crisis of mental well-being at work Fills a need for an up-to-date, detailed work that explores the ways that mental health and work experiences are constructed, negotiated, constrained and at times, marginalised Written in a style that is detailed and informative for academics and professionals who work in the mental health sphere, but also accessible to interested lay readers

Building a New Community Psychology of Mental Health: Spaces, Places, People and Activities

by Carl Walker Angie Hart Paul Hanna

This book provides a much-needed account of informal community-based approaches to working with mental distress. It starts from the premise that contemporary mainstream psychiatry and psychology struggle to capture how distress results from complex embodied arrays of social experiences that are embedded within specific historical, cultural, political and economic settings. The authors challenge mainstream understandings of mental health that position a naive public in need of mental health literacy. Instead it is clear that a considerable amount of invaluable mental distress work is undertaken in spaces in our communities that are not understood as mental health treatments. This book represents one of the first attempts to position these kinds of spaces at the center of how we understand and address problems of mental distress and suffering. The chapters draw on case studies from the UK and abroad to point toward an exciting new paradigm based on informal community and socially oriented approaches to mental health. Written in an unusually accessible and engaging style, this book will appeal to social science students, academics, practitioners and policy makers interested in community and social approaches to mental health.

Social Cognition: An Integrated Introduction

by Dr Iain Walker Ngaire Donaghue Dr Martha Augoustinos

'A rich intellectual feast for the reader and for the field, one that represents both theories and data that have emerged from around the world' - Kay Deaux, Distinguished Professor of Psychology and Women's Studies, City University, New York `The time is ripe for this unique integration of the formerly disparate major approaches to social psychological issues. I highly recommend this readable and exciting review of social cognition topics. The core principles of the social cognition, social identity, social representations, and discursive approaches are clearly outlined in such a way that students will truly engage with the theories' - Nyla R Branscombe, Professor of Psychology, University of Kansas With a new structure, the Second Edition of this critically acclaimed textbook represents a much more `integrated' and pedagogically developed account of its predecessor. The authors examine the different theoretical and methodological accomplishments of the field by focusing on the four major and influential perspectives which have currency in social psychology today - social cognition, social identity, social representations and discursive psychology. A foundational chapter presenting an account of these perspectives is then followed by topic-based chapters from the point of view of each perspective in turn, discussing commonalities and divergences across each of them. Key features of Second Edition: - cross-referencing throughout the text - especially to the foundational chapter - key terms in bold which refer to a glossary at the back of the textbook - extensive pedagogical features: textboxes illustrating key studies, effective summaries and further readings in every chapter.

Jung and Sociological Theory: Readings and Appraisal

by Gavin Walker

Carl Jung has always lain at the edge of sociology's consciousness, despite the existence of a long-established Freudian tradition. Yet, over the years, a small number of sociological writers have considered Jung; one or two Jungian writers have considered sociology. The range of perspectives is quite wide: Durkheim, Weber, Marx, Levi-Strauss, feminism, mass society, postmodernism. These scattered writings, however, have had little cumulative impact and inspired little debate. The authors seem often not to have known of each other, while the sociological mainstream has remained unmoved or unaware. This is the situation that this book seeks to change. Jung and Sociological Theory brings together a selection of articles and excerpts in a single volume, together with some writings from anthropology, and seeks to begin the task of critical evaluation. Presented in three parts, the book covers anthropology, sociology and an appraisal of Jung and sociological theory. Gavin Walker explores the relationship between Jung and sociology, asking what the writers included here wanted from Jung, how we should locate Jung on the sociological landscape, and how this might link to anthropology. In conclusion he suggests that sociology’s problem with Jung is less that he is difficult to place, than that he compels sociology to face some of its own inconsistencies and evasions. Jung and Sociological Theory will be of interest to all academics and students working in the fields of Jungian studies, analytical psychology and psychoanalysis, sociology, anthropology, feminism, comparative religion and the history of ideas.

Heaven

by George F. Walker

Five instantly recognizable multicultural characters play out their coincidental relationships in a contemporary paradise-a park on the outskirts of a city. The pursuit of their personal goals, usually considered as good and worthwhile in our society, pits each of these characters irrevocably against each other, and good intentions are carried to their absurd extremes. Cast of 4 men, 2 women.

Key Concepts in Sport Psychology (SAGE Key Concepts series)

by Graham Walker Aidan Moran Dr John M Kremer Cathy Craig

This book provides a focused, accurate guide for students working within the dynamic field of sport psychology. The concise and authoritative entries have been selected by experienced teachers and researchers; each one defines, explains and develops a key topic in sport psychology acting as a springboard for further reading and debate. This is a stimulating and practical resource for students defined by the clarity of writing and relevant examples. Each concept gives the student: * clear definitions * up-to-date suggestions for further reading * careful cross-referencing Easy to use and intelligently judged this book offers the modern student the basic materials, tools and guidance for planning essays and passing exams.

Breaking Free: My Life with Dissociative Identity Disorder

by Herschel Walker Jerry Mungadze

The NFL legend and Heisman Trophy winner shares the inspiring story of his life and diagnosis with dissociative identity disorder. Herschel Walker is widely regarded as one of football's greatest running backs. He led the University of Georgia to victory in the Sugar Bowl on the way to an NCAA Championship and he capped a sensational college career by earning the 1982 Heisman Trophy. Herschel spent twelve years in the NFL, where he rushed for more than eight thousand yards and scored sixty-one rushing touchdowns. But despite the acclaim he won as a football legend, track star, Olympic competitor, and later a successful businessman, Herschel realized that his life, at times, was simply out of control. He often felt angry, self-destructive, and unable to connect meaningfully with friends and family. Drawing on his deep faith, Herschel turned to professionals for help and was ultimately diagnosed with dissociative identity disorder, formerly known as multiple personality disorder. While some might have taken this diagnosis as a setback, Herschel approached his mental health with the same indomitable spirit he brought to the playing field. It also gave him, for the first time, insight into his life's unexplained passages, stretches of time that seemed forever lost. Herschel came to understand that during those times, his "alters," or alternate personalities, were in control. Born into a poor, but loving family in the South, Herschel was an overweight child with a stutter who suffered terrible bullying at school. He now understands that he created "alters" who could withstand abuse. But beyond simply enduring, other "alters" came forward to help Herschel overcome numerous obstacles and, by the time he graduated high school, become an athlete recognized on a national level. In Breaking Free, Herschel tells his story -- from the joys and hardships of childhood to his explosive impact on college football to his remarkable professional career. And he gives voice and hope to those suffering from DID. Herschel shows how this disorder played an integral role in his accomplishments and how he has learned to live with it today. His compelling account testifies to the strength of the human spirit and its ability to overcome any challenge.

Trust and Reciprocity: Interdisciplinary Lessons for Experimental Research

by James Walker Elinor Ostrom

Trust is essential to economic and social transactions of all kinds, from choosing a marriage partner, to taking a job, and even buying a used car. The benefits to be gained from such transactions originate in the willingness of individuals to take risks by placing trust in others to behave in cooperative and non-exploitative ways. But how do humans decide whether or not to trust someone? Using findings from evolutionary psychology, game theory, and laboratory experiments, Trust and Reciprocity examines the importance of reciprocal relationships in explaining the origins of trust and trustworthy behavior. In Part I, contributor Russell Hardin argues that before one can understand trust one must account for the conditions that make someone trustworthy. Elinor Ostrom discusses evidence that individuals achieve outcomes better than those predicted by models of game theory based on purely selfish motivations. In Part II, the book takes on the biological foundations of trust. Frans de Waal illustrates the deep evolutionary roots of trust and reciprocity with examples from the animal world, such as the way chimpanzees exchange social services like grooming and sharing. Other contributors look at the links between evolution, cognition, and behavior. Kevin McCabe examines how the human mind processes the complex commitments that reciprocal relationships require, summarizing brain imaging experiments that suggest the frontal lobe region is activated when humans try to cooperate with their fellow humans. Acknowledging the importance of game theory as a theoretical model for examining strategic relationships, in Part III the contributors tackle the question of how simple game theoretic models must be extended to explain behavior in situations involving trust and reciprocity. Reviewing a range of experimental studies, Karen Cook and Robin Cooper conclude that trust is dependent on the complex relationships between incentives and individual characteristics, and must be examined in light of the social contexts which promote or erode trust. As an example, Catherine Eckel and Rick Wilson explore how people's cues, such as facial expressions and body language, affect whether others will trust them. The divergent views in this volume are unified by the basic conviction that humans gain through the development of trusting relationships. Trust and Reciprocity advances our understanding of what makes people willing or unwilling to take the risks involved in building such relationships and why. A Volume in the Russell Sage Foundation Series on Trust

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