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Text, Speech, and Dialogue: 22nd International Conference, TSD 2019, Ljubljana, Slovenia, September 11–13, 2019, Proceedings (Lecture Notes in Computer Science #11697)

by Kamil Ekštein

This book constitutes the proceedings of the 22nd International Conference on Text, Speech, and Dialogue, TSD 2019, held in Ljubljana, Slovenia, in September 2019. The 33 full papers presented in this volume were carefully reviewed and selected from 73 submissions. They were organized in topical sections named text and speech. The book also contains one invited talk in full paper length.

Textual Data Science with R (Chapman & Hall/CRC Computer Science & Data Analysis)

by Mónica Bécue-Bertaut

Textual Statistics with R comprehensively covers the main multidimensional methods in textual statistics supported by a specially-written package in R. Methods discussed include correspondence analysis, clustering, and multiple factor analysis for contigency tables. Each method is illuminated by applications. The book is aimed at researchers and students in statistics, social sciences, hiistory, literature and linguistics. The book will be of interest to anyone from practitioners needing to extract information from texts to students in the field of massive data, where the ability to process textual data is becoming essential.

Theoretical Aspects of Computing – ICTAC 2019: 16th International Colloquium, Hammamet, Tunisia, October 31 – November 4, 2019, Proceedings (Lecture Notes in Computer Science #11884)

by Mohamed Mosbah Robert Mark Hierons

This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 16th International Colloquium on Theoretical Aspects of Computing, ICTAC 2019, held in Hammamet, Tunisia, in October/November 2019.The 17 revised full papers presented together with 2 keynote papers and 1 industrial paper were carefully reviewed and selected from 138 submissions.The papers are grouped in topical sections on models and transition systems; real-time and temporal logics; verification and concurrency; privacy and security; equations, types, and programming languages.

Theoretical Computer Science: 37th National Conference, NCTCS 2019, Lanzhou, China, August 2–4, 2019, Revised Selected Papers (Communications in Computer and Information Science #1069)

by Kun He Xiaoming Sun Xiaoyun Chen

This book constitutes the thoroughly refereed proceedings of the National Conference of Theoretical Computer Science, NCTCS 2019, held in Lanzhou, China, in August 2019. The 11 full papers presented were carefully reviewed and selected from 28 submissions. They present relevant trends of current research in the area of algorithms and complexity, data science and machine learning theory, and computational model.

Theoretische Informatik für Dummies (Für Dummies)

by Roland Schmitz

Theoretische Informatik stellt für viele Studenten ein Angstfach dar, sie gilt als abstrakt, stark formalisiert und dem Alltag entrückt. Das vorliegende Buch macht die Grundideen der Theoretischen Informatik auch für Studenten verständlich, deren erster Schwerpunkt nicht Informatik und schon gar nicht Mathematik ist. Automatentheorie, formale Sprachen und Grammatiken, Komplexität und Berechenbarkeit sind die wesentlichen Inhalte der Theoretischen Informatik, die in diesem Buch behandelt werden. Durch die Vielzahl der Beispiele, auch aus dem täglichen Leben, und den lockeren Schreibstil kann jeder interessierte Studierende die Hürde "Theoretische Informatik" nehmen - und vielleicht sogar etwas von der Faszination spüren, die von ihr ausgeht.

Theories in Digital Composite Photographs: 12 Artists and Their Work

by Yihui Huang

Theories in Digital Composite Photographs: 12 Artists and Their Work presents a theoretical investigation of digital composite photographs through philosophical exploration of artists’ concepts of reality. With an international cohort of contemporary digital composite artists, this book presents twelve cases studies on artists’ motivation, production process, and the relation of their worldview to theoretical interpretation. Author Yihui Huang situates each artists’ work in the context of photographic theory and western aesthetics, including realism, expressionism, formalism and postmodernism. As creation of digital composites grows in popularity and influence, this is the first to integrate a philosophical and theoretical understanding of this unique art form. Featuring a wide range of international artists, this volume is both insightful and inspirational for student and seasoned professional alike.

Theory and Application of Reuse, Integration, and Data Science (Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing #838)

by Thouraya Bouabana-Tebibel Stuart H. Rubin Lydia Bouzar-Benlabiod

This book presents recent research in the field of reuse and integration, and will help researchers and practitioners alike to understand how they can implement reuse in different stages of software development and in various domains, from robotics and security authentication to environmental issues. Indeed, reuse is not only confined to reusing code; it can be included in every software development step. The challenge today is more about adapting solutions from one language to another, or from one domain to another. The relative validation of the reused artifacts in their new environment is also necessary, at time even critical. The book includes high-quality research papers on these and many other aspects, written by experts in information reuse and integration, who cover the latest advances in the field. Their contributions are extended versions of the best papers presented at the IEEE International Conference on Information Reuse and Integration (IRI) and IEEE International Workshop on Formal Methods Integration (FMI), which were held in San Diego in August 2017.

Theory and Applications of Models of Computation: 15th Annual Conference, TAMC 2019, Kitakyushu, Japan, April 13–16, 2019, Proceedings (Lecture Notes in Computer Science #11436)

by Junzo Watada T. V. Gopal

This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 15th Annual Conference on Theory and Applications of Models of Computation, TAMC 2019, held in Kitakyushu, Japan, in April 2019. The 43 revised full papers were carefully reviewed and selected from 60 submissions. The main themes of the selected papers are computability, computer science logic, complexity, algorithms, models of computation, and systems theory.

Theory and Applications of Satisfiability Testing – SAT 2019: 22nd International Conference, SAT 2019, Lisbon, Portugal, July 9–12, 2019, Proceedings (Lecture Notes in Computer Science #11628)

by Mikoláš Janota Inês Lynce

This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 22nd International Conference on Theory and Applications of Satisfiability Testing, SAT 2019, held in Lisbon, Portugal, UK, in July 2019. The 19 revised full papers presented together with 7 short papers were carefully reviewed and selected from 64 submissions. The papers address different aspects of SAT interpreted in a broad sense, including (but not restricted to) theoretical advances (such as exact algorithms, proof complexity, and other complexity issues), practical search algorithms, knowledge compilation, implementation-level details of SAT solvers and SAT-based systems, problem encodings and reformulations, applications (including both novel application domains and improvements to existing approaches), as well as case studies and reports on findings based on rigorous experimentation.

Theory and Applications of Time Series Analysis: Selected Contributions from ITISE 2018 (Contributions to Statistics)

by Ignacio Rojas Héctor Pomares Olga Valenzuela Fernando Rojas

This book presents selected peer-reviewed contributions from the International Conference on Time Series and Forecasting, ITISE 2018, held in Granada, Spain, on September 19-21, 2018. The first three parts of the book focus on the theory of time series analysis and forecasting, and discuss statistical methods, modern computational intelligence methodologies, econometric models, financial forecasting, and risk analysis. In turn, the last three parts are dedicated to applied topics and include papers on time series analysis in the earth sciences, energy time series forecasting, and time series analysis and prediction in other real-world problems. The book offers readers valuable insights into the different aspects of time series analysis and forecasting, allowing them to benefit both from its sophisticated and powerful theory, and from its practical applications, which address real-world problems in a range of disciplines. The ITISE conference series provides a valuable forum for scientists, engineers, educators and students to discuss the latest advances and implementations in the field of time series analysis and forecasting. It focuses on interdisciplinary and multidisciplinary research encompassing computer science, mathematics, statistics and econometrics.

Theory and Practice of Natural Computing: 8th International Conference, TPNC 2019, Kingston, ON, Canada, December 9–11, 2019, Proceedings (Lecture Notes in Computer Science #11934)

by Carlos Martín-Vide Miguel A. Vega-Rodríguez Geoffrey Pond

This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 8th International Conference on Theory and Practice of Natural Computing, TPNC 2019, held in Kingston, ON, Canada, in December 2019. The 15 full papers presented in this book, together with two invited talk, were carefully reviewed and selected from 38 submissions. The papers are organized in topical sections named: Applications of Natural Computing; Evolutionary Computation; Genetic Algorithms, Swarm Intelligence, and Heuristics; Quantum Computing and Information.

The Theory and Practice of Social Machines (Lecture Notes in Social Networks)

by Wendy Hall Nigel Shadbolt Kieron O’Hara David De Roure

Social machines are a type of network connected by interactive digital devices made possible by the ubiquitous adoption of technologies such as the Internet, the smartphone, social media and the read/write World Wide Web, connecting people at scale to document situations, cooperate on tasks, exchange information, or even simply to play. Existing social processes may be scaled up, and new social processes enabled, to solve problems, augment reality, create new sources of value, and disrupt existing practice.This book considers what talents one would need to understand or build a social machine, describes the state of the art, and speculates on the future, from the perspective of the EPSRC project SOCIAM – The Theory and Practice of Social Machines. The aim is to develop a set of tools and techniques for investigating, constructing and facilitating social machines, to enable us to narrow down pragmatically what is becoming a wide space, by asking ‘when will it be valuable to use these methods on a sociotechnical system?’ The systems for which the use of these methods adds value are social machines in which there is rich person-to-person communication, and where a large proportion of the machine’s behaviour is constituted by human interaction.

Theory of Cryptography: 17th International Conference, TCC 2019, Nuremberg, Germany, December 1–5, 2019, Proceedings, Part I (Lecture Notes in Computer Science #11891)

by Dennis Hofheinz Alon Rosen

The two-volume set LNCS 11891 and 11892 constitutes the proceedings of the 17th International Conference on Theory of Cryptography, TCC 2019, held in Nuremberg, Germany, in December 2019.The 43 full papers presented were carefully reviewed and selected from 147 submissions. The Theory of Cryptography Conference deals with the paradigms, approaches, and techniques used to conceptualize natural cryptographic problems and provide algorithmic solutions to them and much more.

Theory of Cryptography: 17th International Conference, TCC 2019, Nuremberg, Germany, December 1–5, 2019, Proceedings, Part II (Lecture Notes in Computer Science #11892)

by Dennis Hofheinz Alon Rosen

The two-volume set LNCS 11891 and 11892 constitutes the proceedings of the 17th International Conference on Theory of Cryptography, TCC 2019, held in Nuremberg, Germany, in December 2019.The 43 full papers presented were carefully reviewed and selected from 147 submissions. The Theory of Cryptography Conference deals with the paradigms, approaches, and techniques used to conceptualize natural cryptographic problems and provide algorithmic solutions to them and much more.

There's No Such Thing as an IT Project: A Handbook for Intentional Business Change

by Bob Lewis Dave Kaiser

Learn how to stop pouring vast sums of money into technology projects that don't have a lasting impact by closing the communication gap between IT and leadership.Too many businesses miss opportunity after opportunity to design, plan, and achieve intentional business change. Why? Because they charter projects focused on delivering software products: IT projects. But as this groundbreaking book points out, there's no such thing as an IT project—or at least there shouldn't be. It's always about intentional business change, or what's the point?It's time to stop providing simplistic, one-dimensional, all-you-gotta-do panaceas. When the only constant in business is change, truly useful IT has to help you change instead of build solutions that are obsolete even before they are completed. IT consultant Bob Lewis, author of the bestselling Bare Bones Project Management, has joined forces with seasoned CIO Dave Kaiser to give you the tools you need. It's a multidimensional, relentlessly practical guide. Condensed to handbook length and seasoned with Lewis's trademark sardonic humor, it's an enjoyable and digestible read as well.Lewis and Kaiser take you step by step through the process of building a collaboration between IT and the rest of the business that really works. Insisting on intentional business change takes patience, communication, and courage, but it has a huge payoff. More to the point, insist on anything else and every penny you spend will be a wasted dime and a waste of time.

Thermal System Optimization: A Population-Based Metaheuristic Approach

by Vimal J. Savsani Vivek K. Patel Mohamed A. Tawhid

This book presents a wide-ranging review of the latest research and development directions in thermal systems optimization using population-based metaheuristic methods. It helps readers to identify the best methods for their own systems, providing details of mathematical models and algorithms suitable for implementation. To reduce mathematical complexity, the authors focus on optimization of individual components rather than taking on systems as a whole. They employ numerous case studies: heat exchangers; cooling towers; power generators; refrigeration systems; and others. The importance of these subsystems to real-world situations from internal combustion to air-conditioning is made clear. The thermal systems under discussion are analysed using various metaheuristic techniques, with comparative results for different systems. The inclusion of detailed MATLAB® codes in the text will assist readers—researchers, practitioners or students—to assess these techniques for different real-world systems. Thermal System Optimization is a useful tool for thermal design researchers and engineers in academia and industry, wishing to perform thermal system identification with properly optimized parameters. It will be of interest for researchers, practitioners and graduate students with backgrounds in mechanical, chemical and power engineering.

They Create Worlds: The Story of the People and Companies That Shaped the Video Game Industry, Vol. I: 1971-1982

by Alexander Smith

They Create Worlds: The Story of the People and Companies That Shaped the Video Game Industry, Vol. 1 is the first in a three-volume set that provides an in-depth analysis of the creation and evolution of the video game industry. Beginning with the advent of computers in the mid-20th century, Alexander Smith’s text comprehensively highlights and examines individuals, companies, and market forces that have shaped the development of the video game industry around the world. Volume one, places an emphasis on the emerging ideas, concepts, and games developed from the commencement of the budding video game art form in the 1950s and 1960s through the first commercial activity in the 1970s and early 1980s. They Create Worlds aims to build a new foundation upon which future scholars and the video game industry itself can chart new paths. Key Features: The most in-depth examination of the video game industry ever written, They Create Worlds charts the technological breakthroughs, design decisions, and market forces in the United States, Europe, and East Asia that birthed a $100 billion industry. The books derive their information from rare primary sources such as little-studied trade publications, personal papers collections, and oral history interviews with designers and executives, many of whom have never told their stories before. Spread over three volumes, They Create Worlds focuses on the creative designers, shrewd marketers, and innovative companies that have shaped video games from their earliest days as a novelty attraction to their current status as the most important entertainment medium of the 21st Century. The books examine the formation of the video game industry in a clear narrative style that will make them useful as teaching aids in classes on the history of game design and economics, but they are not being written specifically as instructional books and can be enjoyed by anyone with a passion for video game history.

Think Julia: How to Think Like a Computer Scientist

by Allen B. Downey Ben Lauwens

If you’re just learning how to program, Julia is an excellent JIT-compiled, dynamically-typed language with a clean syntax. This hands-on guide uses Julia (version 1.0) to walk you through programming one step at a time, beginning with basic programming concepts before moving on to more advanced capabilities, such as creating new types and multiple dispatch.Designed from the beginning for high performance, Julia is a general-purpose language not only ideal for numerical analysis and computational science, but also for web programming or scripting. Through exercises in each chapter, you’ll try out programming concepts as you learn them.Think Julia is ideal for students at the high school or college level, as well as self-learners, home-schooled students, and professionals who need to learn programming basics.Start with the basics, including language syntax and semanticsGet a clear definition of each programming conceptLearn about values, variables, statements, functions, and data structures in a logical progressionDiscover how to work with files and databasesUnderstand types, methods, and multiple dispatchUse debugging techniques to fix syntax, runtime, and semantic errorsExplore interface design and data structures through case studies

Think Like a UX Researcher: How to Observe Users, Influence Design, and Shape Business Strategy

by David Travis Philip Hodgson

Think Like a UX Researcher will challenge your preconceptions about user experience (UX) research and encourage you to think beyond the obvious. You’ll discover how to plan and conduct UX research, analyze data, persuade teams to take action on the results and build a career in UX. The book will help you take a more strategic view of product design so you can focus on optimizing the user’s experience. UX Researchers, Designers, Project Managers, Scrum Masters, Business Analysts and Marketing Managers will find tools, inspiration and ideas to rejuvenate their thinking, inspire their team and improve their craft. Key Features A dive-in-anywhere book that offers practical advice and topical examples. Thought triggers, exercises and scenarios to test your knowledge of UX research. Workshop ideas to build a development team’s UX maturity. War stories from seasoned researchers to show you how UX research methods can be tailored to your own organization.

Third International Congress on Information and Communication Technology: ICICT 2018, London (Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing #797)

by Xin-She Yang Nilanjan Dey Amit Joshi Simon Sherratt

The book includes selected high-quality research papers presented at the Third International Congress on Information and Communication Technology held at Brunel University, London on February 27–28, 2018. It discusses emerging topics pertaining to information and communication technology (ICT) for managerial applications, e-governance, e-agriculture, e-education and computing technologies, the Internet of Things (IOT), and e-mining. Written by experts and researchers working on ICT, the book is suitable for new researchers involved in advanced studies.

This Is Not Propaganda: Adventures in the War Against Reality

by Peter Pomerantsev

When information is a weapon, every opinion is an act of war.We live in a world of influence operations run amok, where dark ads, psyops, hacks, bots, soft facts, ISIS, Putin, trolls, and Trump seek to shape our very reality. In this surreal atmosphere created to disorient us and undermine our sense of truth, we've lost not only our grip on peace and democracy--but our very notion of what those words even mean.Peter Pomerantsev takes us to the front lines of the disinformation age, where he meets Twitter revolutionaries and pop-up populists, "behavioral change" salesmen, Jihadi fanboys, Identitarians, truth cops, and many others. Forty years after his dissident parents were pursued by the KGB, Pomerantsev finds the Kremlin re-emerging as a great propaganda power. His research takes him back to Russia--but the answers he finds there are not what he expected.

Thriving in Digital Workspaces: Emerging Issues for Research and Practice

by Melinde Coetzee

This edited volume focuses on innovative solutions to the debate on human thriving in the fast emerging technology-driven cyber-physical work context, also called Industry 4.0. The volume asks the important question: How can people remain relevant and thrive in workplaces that are increasingly virtual, technology-driven, and imbued with artificial intelligence? This volume includes two major streams of discussion: it provides multidisciplinary perspectives on what thriving could mean for individuals, managers and organisations in current and future non-linear and Web-driven workspaces. In this context, it points to the need to rethink the curricula of the psychology of human thriving so that it is applicable to Industry 4.0. Second, it discusses the new platforms of learning opening up in organisations and the ways and means with which people's learning practices can be adapted to changing scenarios. Some of these scenarios are: changing job designs and talent requirements; the demand for creativity; the need for virtual teams and intercultural collaborations; and changing emotional competencies. This topical volume includes contributions by scholars from across the world, and is of interest to scholars, practitioners and postgraduate students of psychology, organizational behaviour and human resource management.

TIBCO Spotfire: Building enterprise-grade data analytics and visualization solutions, 2nd Edition

by Michael Phillips Andrew Berridge

Create innovative informatics solutions with TIBCO SpotfireKey FeaturesGet to grips with a variety of TIBCO Spotfire features to create professional applicationsUse different data and visualization techniques to build interactive analyses.Simplify BI processes and understand data analysis and visualizationBook DescriptionThe need for agile business intelligence (BI) is growing daily, and TIBCO Spotfire® combines self-service features with essential enterprise governance and scaling capabilities to provide best-practice analytics solutions. Spotfire is easy and intuitive to use and is a rewarding environment for all BI users and analytics developers.Starting with data and visualization concepts, this book takes you on a journey through increasingly advanced topics to help you work toward becoming a professional analytics solution provider. Examples of analyzing real-world data are used to illustrate how to work with Spotfire. Once you've covered the AI-driven recommendations engine, you'll move on to understanding Spotfire's rich suite of visualizations and when, why and how you should use each of them. In later chapters, you'll work with location analytics, advanced analytics using TIBCO Enterprise Runtime for R®, how to decide whether to use in-database or in-memory analytics, and how to work with streaming (live) data in Spotfire. You'll also explore key product integrations that significantly enhance Spotfire's capabilities.This book will enable you to exploit the advantages of the Spotfire serve topology and learn how to make practical use of scheduling and routing rules.By the end of this book, you will have learned how to build and use powerful analytics dashboards and applications, perform spatial analytics, and be able to administer your Spotfire environment efficientlyWhat you will learnWork with Spotfire on its web, Cloud, PC, Mac and mobile clientsDeploy Spotfire's suite of visualization types effectively and intelligentlyBuild user-friendly analytics frameworks and analytics applicationsExplore Spotfire's predictive analytics capabilitiesUse Spotfire's location analytics capabilities to create interactive spatial analysesWrite IronPython scripts with the Spotfire APILearn the different ways Spotfire can be deployed and administeredWho this book is forIf you are a business intelligence or data professional, this book will give you a solid grounding in the use of TIBCO Spotfire. This book requires no prior knowledge of Spotfire or any basic data and visualization concepts.

Tim Cook: The Genius Who Took Apple to the Next Level

by Leander Kahney

Journalist Leander Kahney reveals how CEO Tim Cook has led Apple to astronomical success after the death of Steve Jobs in 2011. The death of Steve Jobs left a gaping void at one of the most innovative companies of all time. Jobs wasn't merely Apple's iconic founder and CEO; he was the living embodiment of a global megabrand. It was hard to imagine that anyone could fill his shoes--especially not Tim Cook, the intensely private executive who many thought of as Apple's "operations drone."But seven years later, as journalist Leander Kahney reveals in this definitive book, things at Apple couldn't be better. Its stock has nearly tripled, making it the world's first trillion dollar company. Under Cook's principled leadership, Apple is pushing hard into renewable energy, labor and environmentally-friendly supply chains, user privacy, and highly-recyclable products. From the massive growth of the iPhone to lesser-known victories like the Apple Watch, Cook is leading Apple to a new era of success.Drawing on access with several Apple insiders, Kahney tells the inspiring story of how one man attempted to replace someone irreplacable, and--through strong, humane leadership, supply chain savvy, and a commitment to his values--succeeded more than anyone had thought possible.

Time and Causality across the Sciences

by Samantha Kleinberg

This book, geared toward academic researchers and graduate students, brings together research on all facets of how time and causality relate across the sciences. Time is fundamental to how we perceive and reason about causes. It lets us immediately rule out the sound of a car crash as its cause. That a cause happens before its effect has been a core, and often unquestioned, part of how we describe causality. Research across disciplines shows that the relationship is much more complex than that. This book explores what that means for both the metaphysics and epistemology of causes - what they are and how we can find them. Across psychology, biology, and the social sciences, common themes emerge, suggesting that time plays a critical role in our understanding. The increasing availability of large time series datasets allows us to ask new questions about causality, necessitating new methods for modeling dynamic systems and incorporating mechanistic information into causal models.

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