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Topiary, the art of trimming hedges, shrubs, and trees into ornamental shapes, is perhaps the most distinct and fascinating branch of landscape horticulture.Its best known example, the palace gardens of Versailles, stands as a splendid monument to perfection, but today many a finely clipped privet and sheared yew are to be found in the humbler gardens of rural England. This book, first published in 1904, is a classic in the subject, written by two foremost experts of the day: Charles H. Curtis, a Fellow of the Royal Horticultural Society and formerly at Kew Gardens near London, and W. Gibson, head gardener of one of the finest topiary gardens in Britain at Levens Hall. Gibson here draws on a wealth of practical experience to provide sound advice to aspiring topiarists. His practical sections include The Formation of a Topiary Garden, Planting, and TheTraining of Young Trees. Curtis traces the long history of topiary from itsearly origins in ancient Greece. As Homer's description (rendered by Pope) has it: Here interwoven branches form a wall, And from the living fence green turrets rise; There ships of myrtle sail in seas of box; A green encampment yonder meets the eye. The 1500s saw the dawn of the "golden age" of topiary. It extravagances were manifold and characterized the gardens walked by Elizabeth I,Shakespeare, and Raleigh. The extraordinary hedge labyrinth in the grounds of Hampton Court survives today for the pleasure and delight of countless visitors.Any fashion taken to excess leads to an inevitable reaction; and so it was that topiary became the butt of the eighteenth critics. Addison and Pope employed their razor wit in its ridicule. The humor of Pope's satirical description is hard to escape: "St. George in box; his arm scarce long enough, will be in condition to stick the dragon by next April. . . . A quickset hog, shot up into a porcupine, by its being forgot a week in rainy weather." This century has seen a welcome revival of the art. Wealthy patrons of horticulture have laid outtopiary gardens, designed to be in harmony with their formal surroundings and with the natural features of the grounds. There are also many private enthusiasts who, inspired by the feats of the masters, skillfully train their garden hedges into spirals, serpentine columns, and even spires topped by peacocks. Here then is an intriguing read on a too little known subject. The numerous illustrations included add to the interest, and practical instructionsare offered for those tempted to take up the scissors.
In the mid-19th century, typefounders plied their trade with an extraordinary exuberance, creating a new and dazzling range of typefaces and ornamentation that in sheer versatility, ornate beauty, and sumptuousness remain unsurpassed. Today, as never before, their work is sought by artists, designers, and craftspeople for its elegance, expressiveness, and ability to command attention.This unique volume contains the work of one of the most celebrated typefounders of that glorious era in type design: Charles Derriey, who, from his Parisian foundry, fed the Victorians' insatiable appetite for decoration and embellishment with a truly fabulous assortment of display types and printers' ornaments. The 113 plates reprinted here from his 1862 typographic catalog include over 2,500 royalty-free type forms and ornamental designs.Here is an incredibly rich source of intricately ornamented typefaces along with an eye-catching array of vignettes (dingbats, headpieces, tailpieces, etc.), rules, flourishes, corner elements, and much more, including a wide selection of Victorian frames and border material. Leaf through it and you will find it to be not only a fascinating presentation of type design, but also an extensive sampler of Victorian ornamentation -- a valuable reference book and source of royalty-free graphics, sturdily yet inexpensively produced, that will offer you years of inspiration, enjoyment, and practical use.
Born on Third Base: A One Percenter Makes the Case for Tackling Inequality, Bringing Wealth Home, and Committing to the Commonby Chuck Collins
As inequality grabs headlines, steals the show in presidential debates, and drives deep divides between the haves and have nots in America, class war brews. On one side, the wealthy wield power and advantage, wittingly or not, to keep the system operating in their favor—all while retreating into enclaves that separate them further and further from the poor and working class. On the other side, those who find it increasingly difficult to keep up or get ahead lash out—waging a rhetorical war against the rich and letting anger and resentment, however justifiable, keep us from seeing new potential solutions. But can we suspend both class wars long enough to consider a new way forward? Is it really good for anyone that most of society’s wealth is pooling at the very top of the wealth ladder? Does anyone, including the one percent, really want to live in a society plagued by economic apartheid? It is time to think differently, says longtime inequality expert and activist Chuck Collins. Born into the one percent, Collins gave away his inheritance at 26 and spent the next three decades mobilizing against inequality. He uses his perspective from both sides of the divide to deliver a new narrative. Collins calls for a ceasefire and invites the wealthy to come back home, investing themselves and their wealth in struggling communities. And he asks the non-wealthy to build alliances with the one percent and others at the top of the wealth ladder. Stories told along the way explore the roots of advantage, show how taxpayers subsidize the wealthy, and reveal how charity, used incorrectly, can actually reinforce extreme inequality. Readers meet pioneers who are crossing the divide to work together in new ways, including residents in the author’s own Boston-area neighborhood who have launched some of the most interesting community transition efforts in the nation. In the end, Collins’s national and local solutions not only challenge inequality but also respond to climate change and offer an unexpected, fresh take on one of our most intransigent problems.
Across the world there are more than a thousand botanical gardens, which combine scientific research, conservation and beauty with public access - Kew Gardens alone attracts around one million visitors a year. Their uses have varied through history - they might focus on cultivating exotic plants and produce; be honed to commercial ends (introducing lucrative plant crops such as tea and rubber to new countries); center on preserving collections of international plants; focus on scientific classification and research - or combine of all these things. Sarah Rutherford here tells the story of these diverse gardens in Britain and around the world, from their beginnings in the sixteenth century to their long heyday in the last three hundred years. She explains the design of the gardens, the architecture employed, the personalities and institutions that established and contributed to them, their important role in research and conservation, and what makes them so appealing to the millions of visitors they attract.
Comprising more than 500 years of printed botanical illustrations, this stunning compendium of black-and-white and color images begins with medieval illuminated manuscripts and woodcuts from the early days of printing. In addition to images from the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries, the collection features highlights from such seventeenth-century classics as Gerard's Herbal, Besler's Hortus Eystettensis, and Crispin van de Pass' Hortus Floridus. Latter-day selections include illustrations from major nineteenth-century works -- including the great flower prints of Pierre-Joseph Redouté and hand-colored lithographs by many other artists of the period -- as well as the imaginative twentieth-century floral work in the Art Nouveau style of M. P. Verneuil, E. A. Seguy, and others.Detailed bibliographical information concerning every source and biographical information on the artists make this volume a vital reference tool as well as a splendid resource of significant and beautiful botanical illustrations. Students of graphic art and illustration as well as graphic designers, advertising professionals, and horticulturalists will prize this treasury of material from many rare historic sources.
New to the 3d edition of this well-illustrated text are four brief essays on human's relation to food, the possible impact of global warming on food supply, genetic modification of food, and the remarkable details to be seen with a scanning electron microscope. Other new additions are inset boxes expanding on the text with interesting facts and details, and additional photos. The volume, which is based on Capon's botany course for non-science majors (he is emeritus at California State U., Los Angeles) is an outstanding and enjoyable introduction to botany, whether the reader is a gardener, or just a garden visitor. Annotation ©2010 Book News, Inc., Portland, OR (booknews.com)
In 1637, one Dutchman paid as much for a single tulip bulb as the going price of a town house in Amsterdam. Three and a half centuries later, Amsterdam is once again the mecca for people who care passionately about one particular plant -- thought this time the obsessions revolves around the intoxicating effects of marijuana rather than the visual beauty of the tulip. How could flowers, of all things, become such objects of desire that they can drive men to financial ruin? In The Botany of Desire, Michael Pollan argues that the answer lies at the heart of the intimately reciprocal relationship between people and plants. In telling the stories of four familiar plant species that are deeply woven into the fabric of our lives, Pollan illustrates how they evolved to satisfy humankinds's most basic yearnings -- and by doing so made themselves indispensable. For, just as we've benefited from these plants, the plants, in the grand co-evolutionary scheme that Pollan evokes so brilliantly, have done well by us. The sweetness of apples, for example, induced the early Americans to spread the species, giving the tree a whole new continent in which to blossom. So who is really domesticating whom? Weaving fascinating anecdotes and accessible science into gorgeous prose, Pollan takes us on an absorbing journey that will change the way we think about our place in nature.
Bonsai-the Japanese art of training plants to form elegant sculptures-is an age-old craft that appeals to gardeners and non-gardeners alike. Bountiful Bonsai presents a radical new approach that applies bonsai techniques to everyday container gardening, instantly turning houseplants and herbs into beautiful and unusual bonsai sculptures!Bonsai expert Richard Bender not only expects his plants to look good but to yield pleasant fragrances, fresh herbs and fruits for his table. He shows readers how to create "instant bonsai" by shaping a range of common house plants, including:Fragrant hibiscus and jasmineKitchen herbs such as rosemary and thyme Luscious fruits like cherries and oranges Medicinals such as tea tree and camphor laurelThis beautifully illustrated volume provides all the information you need to get started, from plant choice advice to care requirements and bonsai "carving" tips. Suitable for indoor gardening, or shaping exquisite bonsai fruit trees for outside gardens, Bender turns a finicky art into a hobby accessible to all. Bonsai have graced Japanese homes for centuries, now they can yield useful crops that will simultaneously satisfy your artistic sensibility and also provide some wonderful meals!
Bonsai-the Japanese art of training plants to form elegant sculptures-is an age-old craft that appeals to gardeners and non-gardeners alike. Bountiful Bonsai presents a radical new approach that applies bonsai techniques to everyday container gardening, instantly turning houseplants and herbs into beautiful and unusual bonsai sculptures! Bonsai expert Richard Bender not only expects his plants to look good but to yield pleasant fragrances, fresh herbs and fruits for his table. He shows readers how to create "instant bonsai" by shaping a range of common house plants, including: Fragrant hibiscus and jasmine Kitchen herbs such as rosemary and thyme Luscious fruits like cherries and oranges Medicinals such as tea tree and camphor laurel This beautifully illustrated volume provides all the information you need to get started, from plant choice advice to care requirements and bonsai "carving" tips. Suitable for indoor gardening, or shaping exquisite bonsai fruit trees for outside gardens, Bender turns a finicky art into a hobby accessible to all. Bonsai have graced Japanese homes for centuries, now they can yield useful crops that will simultaneously satisfy your artistic sensibility and also provide some wonderful meals!
Hone Your Woodworking Skills One Box at a Time When it comes to great woodworking projects, it's hard to beat boxes. Using a minimal amount of materials, you can craft wonderful gifts or items for sale. And it's a great opportunity to use those pieces of special wood you've been hoarding. The real trick to successful box-making is coming up with the right designs. If you've been looking for attractive box projects that suit your particular tools and abilities, you've picked the right book. In these pages, you'll find plans for 21 delightful boxes along with step-by-step instructions for making them. They include lovely, simple creations that a novice can make with just a few hand tools, all the way through designs with drawers and dovetail joinery that will provide experienced woodworkers with an exciting challenge. Regardless of your woodworking experience, building these boxes provides a world of fun and the opportunity to develop new skills. In the process, you'll become a better woodworker#151;bit by bit, and box by box.
The Boy's sister was gong to make a quilt, and so was his mother. And so, she said, could he. Sometimes a chore, sometimes a lark, quiltmaking takes over this rollicking house and family. With tales of raiding grandmother's and aunts' rag bags, cutting cardboard pattern pieces from cereal boxes, and marking quilting lines while sprawled on the floor, this book places quiltmaking in the hands of a good-humored and resourceful mother and child, willing to tackle a fruitful project together. Illustrated with zest that equals the text, the book also includes (following the story) detailed instructions about how to make a quilt with a child. A memorable story. And a project to create with an eager child.
"The key to understanding men is in understanding how they relate to their gadgets. Just because they may seem to show more interest in their computers. . . or their remote controls... or their fancy watches or their power mowers or their stereos... doesn't mean that their toys are really the most important things in their life. In Boys and Their Toys, bestselling author Bill Adler, Jr. explains how men use toys to assert their independence and freedom, relieve stress, connect to their lost childhood, and even express their nurturing side (without having to admit it). Written in Adler's fun, humorous style, the book reveals how women can: * learn how a man's interest in particular ""toys"" can be used to predict his behavior * know when a guy's passion for gadgets crosses the line into obsession and what to do about it * take advantage of the human-gadget relationship to improve the human-human relationship Smart and funny, Boys and Their Toys helps readers understand what makes their men tick. . . and grow closer with them in the process. "
From the first vague ideas to the finished structure, building a brand-new house presents you with thousands of choices -- and possible pitfalls. Yet there's no single expert you can turn to at every stage and ask, "What do I do?" Until now. This definitive reference will help you:* Figure out how much house you need, and how much you can afford* Choose among types of builders, communities, and lots* Negotiate the offer, financing, contract, and closing* Assess options and upgrades -- which are worth it and which are not* Understand windows, flooring, kitchens, landscaping, and scores of other issues* Work with real-estate agents, architects, site superintendents, home inspectors, attorneys -- your whole team, which may consist of dozens of playersThe Brand-New House Book distills the most crucial advice from hundreds of experts -- from the broad strokes such as bankers on mortgages, interior designers on colors, or arborists on trees to fine-tuning such as cleaners on carpets, movers on staircases, or landscape architects on drainage, every issue is addressed. Thorough and authoritative, yet completely accessible, this book is the most valuable investment you can make to ensure that you bypass the potential nightmares and ultimately come home to the house of your dreams.
"every journalist has a niche - it's inevitable - and I was just a few days into my career when I stumbled upon mine. It started as a running joke at the office: I was the magazine's Bad Homes Correspondent. The production department quipped about changing my title on the masthead. I laughed it off, but some of the older writers definitely thought there was something wrong with me. "Did you grow up in some sort of dysfunctional household?" a senior editor asked. No, I told him. "Well, there's got to be something in your past that makes you interested in these stories-you ought to think about it." The magazine I worked for was the New Republic, and my co-workers were a mix of policy wonks, art critics, and political junkies. I was none of these, and instead of trying to pass as one, I set out to write a different kind of story; yet every time I did, it ended up being about some outlandish and often hellish place inhabited by a handful of stalwarts who refused to leave. Iron-willed, unfearing, and utterly immovable, these characters captured my imagination. They were the nation's toughest home-keepers, and I was their aspiring chronicler." A fascinating and witty book.
People have always grown food in urban spaces--on windowsills and sidewalks, and in backyards and neighborhood parks--but today, urban farmers are leading an environmental and social movement that transforms our national food system. To explore this agricultural renaissance, brothers David and Michael Hanson and urban farmer Edwin Marty document twelve successful urban farm programs, from an alternative school for girls in Detroit, to a backyard food swap in New Orleans, to a restaurant supply garden on a rooftop in Brooklyn. Each beautifully illustrated essay offers practical advice for budding farmers, such as composting and keeping livestock in the city, decontaminating toxic soil, even changing zoning laws.
Bless your clutter. Yes, you heard right: Bless it. Bless everything in your life that is superfluous, broken, burdensome, and overwhelming--because it is all here to teach you an important lesson, perhaps the most important lesson there is: what really matters. Everyone's lives could use some serious decluttering. But decluttering isn't just about sorting junk into piles and tossing things in the trash. Decluttering can inform us of our burdens, help us to understand our attachments, and aid us in identifying what is truly valuable in our lives. Written by a medical doctor and a spiritual intuitive, with case studies of people just like you, Breathing Room takes you on an enlightening room-by-room tour where each room in your home corresponds to a "room" in your heart, and where decluttering will not just make space but improve the spirit. So, if it's weighing you down, if it's become an obstacle, if it's making it near impossible for you to find the things you really love--it's time for you to let it go and find a little breathing room.
Breed Your Own Vegetable Varieties: The Gardener's and Farmer's Guide to Plant Breeding and Seed Savingby Carol Deppe
Breeding and Seed Saving offers an exciting introduction to a whole new gardening adventure. It is a thorough guide to plant breeding and seed saving for the serious home gardener and the small-scale farmer or commercial grower.
This book is the first to analyze the compliance of different types of a breeder's exception to patent rights with article 30 of the Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights. This type of exception allows using protected biological matter for breeding new varieties of plants. The breeder's exception is widely accepted under plant variety legislation, but it is not common under patent laws despite the fact that patent rights often cover plant varieties. Only few European countries have adopted such an exception. After the entry into force of the Agreement on a Unified Patent Court, the exception will be mandatory for all European Union Member states. Based on a legal and economic approach, this book offers guidance to those countries that need to incorporate a breeder's exception into their national patent systems and suggests the importance of the exception for promoting plant breeding activities.
This series of books offers an in depth guide to all aspects of brickwork and bricklaying practice. Gerard Lynch, author of the guide to "Guaged Brickwork", has put together these comprehensive and instructive volumes, linking past knowledge and practices with modern skills and materials, so that both can be fully examined and understood. At a time when the conservation and restoration of old buildings demand a more sympathetic handling, such a work should be a useful addition to the existing literature, and an essential source of reference for all those involved in the construction and repair of brick buildings. The second of six volumes which offer an in-depth guide to all aspects of brickwork and bricklaying practice, this volume examines the elements of building construction in brick. The text covers both the contemporary and traditional aspects of substructure brickwork. Chapter one studies the setting out of a small building, and then progresses to foundations, examining the historical, as well as current practices, along with information on modern concrete production. The following six chapters cover both the contemporary and traditional aspects of substructure brickwork, basements, sleeper walls, damp proof courses, cavity walling, and jointing and pointing. The volume concludes with useful advice on achieving controlled and efficient bricklaying.
Nothing enlivens a room like a touch of nature. Taking the terrarium trend to the next level, this stunning guide will inspire crafters, garden lovers, and décor fans to turn flowers, leaves, and branches into striking, organic décor. Acclaimed designer and stylist Shane Powers presents 20 simple yet arresting projects for bringing natural tranquility to any space. Suited for garden enthusiasts and black thumbs alike, the projects use a range of live and dried plant materials to create colorful dried floral garlands, eye-catching willow wreaths, intriguing water gardens, and timeless succulent landscapes. With step-by-step instructions, styling and container ideas, helpful resources, and gorgeous photography, Bring the Outdoors In offers countless ways to welcome the natural world into any space.
By growing native plants, suburban gardeners can play an important role in helping create sustainable ecosystems. Believing that knowledge will generate interest in being part of the solution, Tallamy (entomology and wildlife ecology, U. of Delaware in Newark) explains why biodiversity is crucial and what to plant to encourage beneficial insects. The gently persuasive book includes color photos; a listing of landscape-worthy, wildlife-attracting native plants by U. S. region; summary table of host plants of butterflies and showy moths; and experimental evidence for the ability of native as vs. alien plants to attract beneficial insects. Annotation ©2008 Book News, Inc. , Portland, OR (booknews. com)
The pressures on wildlife populations today are greater than they have ever been and many gardeners assume they can remedy this situation by simply planting a variety of flowering perennials, trees, and shrubs. As Douglas Tallamy points out in this revelatory book, that assumption is largely mistaken. Wild creatures exist in a complex web of interrelationships, and often require different kinds of food at different stages of their development. There is an unbreakable link between native plant species and native wildlife. When native plant species disappear, the insects disappear, thus impoverishing the food source for birds and other animals. Fortunately, there is still time to reverse this alarming trend, and gardeners have the power to make a significant contribution toward sustainable biodiversity. By favoring native plants, gardeners can provide a welcoming environment for wildlife of all kinds. Healthy local ecosystems are not only beautiful and fascinating, they are also essential to human well-being. By heeding Douglas Tallamy's eloquent arguments and acting upon his recommendations, gardeners everywhere can make a difference.
A creative renaissance blooms in Brooklyn. At its heart is a thriving community of artisans producing a remarkable variety of handmade goods. In Brooklyn Makers, photographer Jennifer Causey captures the spirit of this homegrown movement by documenting thirty of the borough's most celebrated craftsmen. This eclectic mix of established and up-and-coming makers includes bakers, ceramic artists, clothing designers, florists, distillers, and more. With an eye for small details, Causey's charming photographs reveal each artisan at work in their own space. Her lively interviews reveal what inspires them, keeps them motivated, and their thoughts on the city where they live and work.
One January morning in 1734, cloth merchant Peter Collinson hurried down to the docks at London's Custom House to collect cargo just arrived from John Bartram, his new contact in the American colonies. But it was not reels of wool or bales of cotton that awaited him, but plants and seeds... Over the next forty years, Bartram would send hundreds of American species to England, where Collinson was one of a handful of men who would foster a national obsession and change the gardens of Britain forever, introducing lustrous evergreens, fiery autumn foliage and colourful shrubs. They were men of wealth and taste but also of knowledge and experience like Philip Miller, author of the bestsellingGardeners Dictionary,and theSwede Carl Linnaeus, whose standardised botanical nomenclature popularised botany as a genteel pastime for the middle-classes; and the botanist-adventurer Joseph Banks and his colleague Daniel Solander who both explored the strange flora of Tahiti and Australia on the greatest voyage of discovery of modern times, Captain Cook'sEndeavour. Thisis the story of these men - friends, rivals, enemies, united by a passion for plants - whose correspondence, collaborations and squabbles make for a riveting human tale which is set against the backdrop of the emerging empire, the uncharted world beyond and London as the capital of science. From the scent of the exotic blooms in Tahiti and Botany Bay to the gardens at Chelsea and Kew, and from the sounds and colours of the streets of the City to the staggering vistas of the Appalachian mountains,The Brother Gardenerstells the story how Britain became a nation of gardeners.
For most, wild edibles are a passing curiosity - we gather enough summer berries for jam or maybe some stinging nettles for soup or tea. Browsing Nature's Aisles tells the story of how one suburban family committed to increasing their food security by incorporating wild foods as a dietary staple - and proves that you can flourish through foraging too.
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