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Digital Transformation of Identity in the Age of Artificial Intelligence

by Kazuhiko Shibuya

This book examines the digital transformation of identity in the age of artificial intelligence. It articulates the nature of identity of human beings, based on cutting-edge knowledge in the field of AI and big-data sciences, and discusses identity by drawing on comprehensive investigations in digital social sciences and exploring wider disciplines related to philosophy, ethics, sociology, STS, computer sciences, engineering, and medical sciences. Reviewing contemporary conditions proliferated by advanced technological trends and unveiling social mechanisms of human identity, this book appeals to undergraduate and graduate students as well as academic researchers.

The Digital Transformation of Labor: Automation, the Gig Economy and Welfare (Routledge Studies in Labour Economics)

by Robin Teigland Anthony Larsson

Through a series of studies, the overarching aim of this book is to investigate if and how the digitalization/digital transformation process causes (or may cause) the autonomy of various labor functions, and its impact in creating (or stymieing) various job opportunities on the labor market. This book also seeks to illuminate what actors/groups are mostly benefited by the digitalization/digital transformation and which actors/groups that are put at risk by it. This book takes its point of departure from a 2016 OECD report that contends that the impact digitalization has on the future of labor is ambiguous, as on the one hand it is suggested that technological change is labor-saving, but on the other hand, it is suggested that digital technologies have not created new jobs on a scale that it replaces old jobs. Another 2018 OECD report indicated that digitalization and automation as such does not pose a real risk of destroying any significant number of jobs for the foreseeable future, although tasks would by and large change significantly. This would affects welfare, as most of its revenue stems from taxation, and particularly so from the taxation on labor (directly or indirectly). For this reason, this book will set out to explore how the future technological and societal advancements impact labor conditions. The book seeks to provide an innovative, enriching and controversial take on how various aspects of the labor market can be (and are) affected the ongoing digitalization trend in a way that is not covered by extant literature. As such, this book intends to cater to a wider readership, from a general audience and students, to specialized professionals and academics wanting to gain a deeper understanding of the possible future developments of the labor market in light of an accelerating digitalization/digital transformation of society at large.

Digital Transformation of the Design, Construction and Management Processes of the Built Environment (Research for Development)

by Bruno Daniotti Stefano Della Torre Marco Gianinetto

This open access book focuses on the development of methods, interoperable and integrated ICT tools, and survey techniques for optimal management of the building process. The construction sector is facing an increasing demand for major innovations in terms of digital dematerialization and technologies such as the Internet of Things, big data, advanced manufacturing, robotics, 3D printing, blockchain technologies and artificial intelligence. The demand for simplification and transparency in information management and for the rationalization and optimization of very fragmented and splintered processes is a key driver for digitization. The book describes the contribution of the ABC Department of the Polytechnic University of Milan (Politecnico di Milano) to R&D activities regarding methods and ICT tools for the interoperable management of the different phases of the building process, including design, construction, and management. Informative case studies complement the theoretical discussion. The book will be of interest to all stakeholders in the building process – owners, designers, constructors, and faculty managers – as well as the research sector.

Digital TV and Wireless Multimedia Communication: 16th International Forum, IFTC 2019, Shanghai, China, September 19–20, 2019, Revised Selected Papers (Communications in Computer and Information Science #1181)

by Jun Zhou Xiaokang Yang Guangtao Zhai Ping An Hua Yang

This book presents revised selected papers from the 16th International Forum on Digital TV and Wireless Multimedia Communication, IFTC 2019, held in Shanghai, China, in September 2019.The 34 full papers presented in this volume were carefully reviewed and selected from 120 submissions. They were organized in topical sections on image processing; machine learning; quality assessment; telecommunications; video surveillance; virtual reality.

Digital Twin Technologies and Smart Cities (Internet of Things)

by Hamid Jahankhani Amin Hosseinian-Far Maryam Farsi Alireza Daneshkhah

This book provides a holistic perspective on Digital Twin (DT) technologies, and presents cutting-edge research in the field. It assesses the opportunities that DT can offer for smart cities, and covers the requirements for ensuring secure, safe and sustainable smart cities. Further, the book demonstrates that DT and its benefits with regard to: data visualisation, real-time data analytics, and learning leading to improved confidence in decision making;reasoning, monitoring and warning to support accurate diagnostics and prognostics;acting using edge control and what-if analysis; andconnection with back-end business applications hold significant potential for applications in smart cities, by employing a wide range of sensory and data-acquisition systems in various parts of the urban infrastructure. The contributing authors reveal how and why DT technologies that are used for monitoring, visualising, diagnosing and predicting in real-time are vital to cities’ sustainability and efficiency. The concepts outlined in the book represents a city together with all of its infrastructure elements, which communicate with each other in a complex manner. Moreover, securing Internet of Things (IoT) which is one of the key enablers of DT’s is discussed in details and from various perspectives. The book offers an outstanding reference guide for practitioners and researchers in manufacturing, operations research and communications, who are considering digitising some of their assets and related services. It is also a valuable asset for graduate students and academics who are looking to identify research gaps and develop their own proposals for further research.

Digital Work and the Platform Economy: Understanding Tasks, Skills and Capabilities in the New Era (Routledge Studies in Innovation, Organizations and Technology)


"Uberization," "digitalization," "platform economy," "gig economy," and "sharing economy" are some of the buzzwords that characterize the current intense discussions about the development of the economy and work around the world, among both experts and laypersons. Immense changes in the ways goods are manufactured, business is done, work tasks are performed, education is accomplished, and so on, are clearly underway. This also means that demand for careful, first-rate social scientific analyses of the phenomena in question is rapidly growing. This edited volume gathers distinguished researchers from economics, business studies, organization studies, medicine, social psychology, occupational health, pedagogics, and sociology to put particular work in both public and private sectors and education in both academic and vocational settings at the focus of the emerging digitalized platform economy. The authors anchor their analyses and conceptual and theoretical work in distinctive empirical developments that are taking place in one of the leading countries of digitalization processes: Finland. Finnish case studies reflect general global developments and show their particular, context-related actualization in multiple ways. This double exposure enables the authors of this multi- and interdisciplinary volume to advance conceptualization and theorization of the key phenomena in digitalizing platform societies in novel, creative, and groundbreaking directions. This book will without doubt be of great value to academic researchers and students in the fields of economics, business studies, work studies, social sciences, education, technology, digitalization, platforms, occupational health, entrepreneurship, and professions.

Digitale Transformation von Dienstleistungen im Gesundheitswesen VII: Impulse für die Pharmaindustrie

by Mario A. Pfannstiel Patrick Da-Cruz Erik Rederer

Die Pharmaindustrie erfährt durch die digitale Transformation gegenwärtig einen großen Entwicklungsschub. Verkäufer von Arzneimitteln bieten ihre Produkte und Dienstleistungen verstärkt im Internet und über andere Kommunikationskanäle an. Patienten erhalten benötigte Informationen in kurzer Zeit und können Angebote und Preise vergleichen und für sich die jeweils passende Leistung auswählen. Durch die Digitalisierung ergeben sich darüber hinaus Chancen für neue Therapieansätze, für die Therapieauswahl und für stärker personalisierte Medizin. Künstliche Intelligenz wird künftig die Prozesse der Arzneientwicklung verändern und einen Einfluss auf das Datenmanagement bewirken. Für Unternehmen wird die strategische und digitale Ausrichtung zum entscheidenden Wettbewerbsfaktor. Das Buch gibt einen Überblick über aktuelle Trends, Entwicklungen und die Märkte der Zukunft in der Pharmabranche sowie in ihren angrenzenden Bereichen.

Digitales Marketing – Erfolgsmodelle aus der Praxis: Konzepte, Instrumente und Strategien im Kontext der Digitalisierung

by Meike Terstiege

Digital Marketing: Dieses Buch zeigt Ihnen, wie es funktioniertDieses praxisorientierte Buch bietet anhand von Best Practices einen umfassenden und branchenübergreifenden Überblick über den aktuellen Stand des Digital Marketings sowie über zukünftige Herausforderungen und Chancen. Denn nur Unternehmen, die im Zuge der Digitalisierung innovative Wege beschreiten, sind in der Lage, langfristig bestehende oder neue Zielgruppen zu gewinnen oder an sich zu binden. Im Bereich Sales und Marketing führt an neuen Medien und Instrumenten wie sozialen Netzwerken, Storytelling oder Thought Leadership kein Weg mehr vorbei. Daher klären die Autoren in diesem Werk zunächst grundlegende Fragen wie: Was ist Digital Marketing und wie kann man es nutzen? Anhand von Erfolgsgeschichten aus der Praxis leiten sie Handlungsempfehlungen für die digitale Marketingkommunikation ab. Im zweiten Teil liegt der Fokus auf der Praxis: Best-Practice-Beispiele zeigen, wie erfolgreiches Online- und Social-Media-Marketing konzipiert, umgesetzt und bewertet wird. So werden Konzepte und Strategien durch Anschauungsbeispiele verdeutlicht. Auf diese Weise liefert Ihnen dieses Digital-Marketing-Buch viele Ansätze und Impulse, die sowohl renommierte Unternehmen als auch Start-ups umsetzen können. Ein Leitfaden für Theorie und PraxisDurch seinen thematischen Schwerpunkt richtetet sich das Werk vorrangig an folgende Zielgruppen:Marketing- und Vertriebsexperten, welche die Möglichkeiten des Online-Marketings für ihr Unternehmen nutzen möchtenPraxisinteressierte Marketers aus der WissenschaftDozierende sowie Studierende der Betriebswirtschaft mit den Schwerpunkten Marketing, Management, Kommunikation, PR, Wirtschaftspsychologie oder SoziologieEine inhaltliche Mischung, die überzeugtInhaltlich geben Ihnen die Autoren in diesem Buch zunächst einen Überblick über den aktuellen Stand sowie die Herausforderungen des Digital Marketings. Einen umfassenden Schwerpunkt bilden im Anschluss Fallbeispiele sowie Case Studies aus dem Online-Marketing von verschiedenen Unternehmen und Agenturen. So wird mit Blick auf die Praxis deutlich, wie Konzerne Chancen des digitalen Marketings als Basis für ihre Erfolgsstrategien nutzen. Auf diese Weise überzeugt dieses Buch durch seine abwechslungsreiche Mischung aus Theorie und Praxis des Digital Marketings.

Digitalisation and Development: Issues for India and Beyond

by Fulvio Castellacci Arne Melchior Dibyendu Maiti

This book investigates the impact of information and communication technologies (ICTs) on development and well-being (beyond economic benefits) and highlights some emerging issues relating to the realities, constraints and digital divides with particular reference to India. It collects a series of novel contributions, studying the Indian experience in an international cross-country perspective. The book also discusses economic, social, and behavioural aspects of well-being as well as access to ICTs across regions, states and individuals to account for the digital divide. The book establishes an aggregate relationship between ICT exposure and well-being at the country level and addresses a number of fundamental issues, such as whether ICT raises the level of transparency and governance. Based on case studies and anecdotal evidence, it then further assesses the effective implementation of service delivery through ICT innovations. The book is divided into four parts: The introductory part surveys the literature and presents background information on the Indian case; introduces the main themes on the relationships between ICT, socio-economic development and digital divides; and provides a summary and roadmap to the chapters of the book. Part II focuses on the impact of ICT on economic performance, including economic growth, productivity and trade. Part III examines the extent of the digital divides in India, including international, regional as well as inter-personal inequality. Finally, Part IV investigates the impact of ICT on governance, users’ well-being and social outcomes. Combining insights from analyses of a variety of socio-economic dimensions related to digitalisation, this book is relevant for a wide range of scholars and researchers across disciplines, as well as practitioners and policy-makers. While the book has a main focus on India, various contributions take an international cross-country comparative perspective, and the results have general relevance for digitalisation and development. On the whole, the main message of this book is that the impact of ICTs is contingent upon other assets, capabilities and institutional conditions. National policies should, therefore, not only promote digitalization as such but also ensure its co-evolution and complementarity with a variety of other country-specific factors. Chapter 'Digitalisation and Development: Issues for India and Beyond' of this book is available open access under a CC BY 4.0 license at link.springer.com

Digitalisierung in KMU kompakt: Compliance und IT-Security (IT kompakt)

by Daniel Christian Leeser

IT und insbesondere Digitalisierung sichern den wirtschaftlichen Fortbestand von KMU, obgleich diese selten einen IT-Verantwortlichen in ihrem Unternehmen vorsehen. Zusätzlich fordern IT-Compliance und IT-Security KMU zum Handeln auf, nicht zuletzt aufgrund der EU-DSGVO. Der Autor bringt Licht in das scheinbar undurchdringbare IT-Dickicht und zeigt mögliche Entscheidungsfaktoren und beispielhafte Handlungsmöglichkeiten für KMU auf. Ziel ist es, Entscheidungsträgern und Verantwortlichen in KMU einen Orientierungsleitfaden an die Hand geben zu können, der die Angst vor Digitalisierung und damit verbundenen Themen nimmt und Chancen sowie entstehende Potentiale aufzeigt.

Digitalisierung und Energiewirtschaft: Technologischer Wandel und wirtschaftliche Auswirkungen (essentials)

by Ronald Deckert André Saß

Ronald Deckert und André Saß geben einen Überblick über beachtliche Entwicklungen rund um Digitalisierung, Vernetzung und künstliche Intelligenz verbunden mit „Industrie 4.0“ und „Energiewirtschaft 4.0“. Ausgehend von grundlegenden Strukturen, Herausforderungen in der Wertschöpfung und dem digitalen status-quo beleuchten sie mit Schwerpunkt auf der Elektrizitätswirtschaft relevante Technologien und umsetzungsorientierte Erfolgsfaktoren für den digitalen Wandel, die für die Erreichung unternehmerischer und gesellschaftlicher Ziele wertvoll sind.

Digitalization of Society and Socio-political Issues 2: Digital, Information, and Research

by Éric George

Digitalization is a long socio-historic process in which all areas of society's activities are reconfigured. In the first volume of Digitalization of Society and Socio-political Issues, there is an examination of the transformations linked to the development of digital platforms and social media which affect cultural and communicational industries. The book also analyzes the formation of Big Data, their algorithmic processing and the societal changes which result from them (social monitoring and control in particular). Through diverse critical reflections, it equally presents different ways that digital participates in relations of power and domination, and contributes to eventual emancipatory practices. Following on, the second volume examines the transformations that are linked to digital practices that affect the production, circulation and consumption of information, as well as new forms that are taken by social mobilizations. It treats several important issues in the digital era that are more likely to become the subject of public debates, among which one can include the renewed relationship between research and digital. Through diverse critical reflections, it equally presents different ways that digital participates in relations of power and domination, and contributes to eventual emancipatory practices.

Digitalized and Harmonized Industrial Production Systems: The PERFoRM Approach

by Armando Walter Colombo Michael Gepp José Barata Paulo Leitao José Barbosa Jeffrey Wermann

On the one side, Industrial competitiveness today means shorter product lifecycles, increased product variety, and shorter times to market and customized tangible products and services. To face these challenges, the manufacturing industry is forced to move from traditional management, control, and automation approaches towards industrial cyber-physical systems. On the other side, several emergent engineering approaches and related Information‐Communication‐Control‐Technologies, such as Multi‐Agent-Systems, Service‐Oriented Architecture, Plug‐and‐Produce Systems, Cloud and Fog Technologies, Big Data and Analytics, among others, have been researched during the last years. The confluence of those results with the latest developments in Industrial Digitalization, Systems‐of‐Cyber-Physical-Systems Engineering, Internet‐of‐Things, Internet‐of‐Services, and Industry 4.0 is opening a new broad spectrum of innovation possibilities. The PERFoRM (Production-harmonizEd-Reconfiguration of Flexible Robots and Machinery) approach is one of them. It teaches the reader what it means when production machines and systems are digitalized and migrated into Industrial Cyber-Physical Systems and what happens when they are networked and start collaborating with each other and with the human, using the internet. After a Technology Trend Screening and beyond a comprehensive state-of-the-art analysis about Industrial Digitalization and Industry 4.0-compliant solutions, the book introduces methods, architectures, and technologies applicable in real industrial use cases, explained for a broad audience of researchers, practitioners, and industrialists.

Digitize and Punish: Racial Criminalization in the Digital Age

by Brian Jefferson

Tracing the rise of digital computing in policing and punishment and its harmful impact on criminalized communities of color The U.S. Bureau of Justice Statistics estimates that law enforcement agencies have access to more than 100 million names stored in criminal history databases. In some cities, 80 percent of the black male population is registered in these databases. Digitize and Punish explores the long history of digital computing and criminal justice, revealing how big tech, computer scientists, university researchers, and state actors have digitized carceral governance over the past forty years—with devastating impact on poor communities of color.Providing a comprehensive study of the use of digital technology in American criminal justice, Brian Jefferson shows how the technology has expanded the wars on crime and drugs, enabling our current state of mass incarceration and further entrenching the nation&’s racialized policing and punishment. After examining how the criminal justice system conceptualized the benefits of computers to surveil criminalized populations, Jefferson focuses on New York City and Chicago to provide a grounded account of the deployment of digital computing in urban police departments.By highlighting the intersection of policing and punishment with big data and web technology—resulting in the development of the criminal justice system&’s latest tool, crime data centers—Digitize and Punish makes clear the extent to which digital technologies have transformed and intensified the nature of carceral power.

Disaster Risk Communication: A Challenge from a Social Psychological Perspective (Integrated Disaster Risk Management)

by Katsuya Yamori

This book provides a unique blend of integrated disaster risk communication research conducted by authors with diverse backgrounds, including social psychology, sociology, civil engineering, informatics, and meteorology. It reports on the latest advances in collaborative and participatory action research on community-based disaster management from the frontline in Japan, Nepal, China and the USA. In addition, it employs and integrate a broad range of methodologies, including mathematical analyses, computer simulations, questionnaire surveys, gaming approaches, and participatory observation. Each chapter deals with disaster risk communication initiatives to address various hazards, such as earthquakes, tsunamis, floods and landslides, which are uniquely integrated from a social psychological perspective.

Discrete Cuckoo Search for Combinatorial Optimization (Springer Tracts in Nature-Inspired Computing)

by Aziz Ouaarab

This book provides a literature review of techniques used to pass from continuous to combinatorial space, before discussing a detailed example with individual steps of how cuckoo search (CS) can be adapted to solve combinatorial optimization problems. It demonstrates the application of CS to three different problems and describes their source code. The content is divided into five chapters, the first of which provides a technical description, together with examples of combinatorial search spaces. The second chapter summarizes a diverse range of methods used to solve combinatorial optimization problems. In turn, the third chapter presents a description of CS, its formulation and characteristics. In the fourth chapter, the application of discrete cuckoo search (DCS) to solve three POCs (the traveling salesman problem, quadratic assignment problem and job shop scheduling problem) is explained, focusing mainly on a reinterpretation of the terminology used in CS and its source of inspiration. In closing, the fifth chapter discusses random-key cuckoo search (RKCS) using random keys to represent positions found by cuckoo search in the TSP and QAP solution space.

Discrete Fuzzy Measures: Computational Aspects (Studies in Fuzziness and Soft Computing #382)

by Simon James Gleb Beliakov Jian-Zhang Wu

This book addresses computer scientists, IT specialists, mathematicians, knowledge engineers and programmers, who are engaged in research and practice of multicriteria decision making. Fuzzy measures, also known as capacities, allow one to combine degrees of preferences, support or fuzzy memberships into one representative value, taking into account interactions between the inputs. The notions of mutual reinforcement or redundancy are modeled explicitly through coefficients of fuzzy measures, and fuzzy integrals, such as the Choquet and Sugeno integrals combine the inputs. Building on previous monographs published by the authors and dealing with different aspects of aggregation, this book especially focuses on the Choquet and Sugeno integrals. It presents a number of new findings concerning computation of fuzzy measures, learning them from data and modeling interactions. The book does not require substantial mathematical background, as all the relevant notions are explained. It is intended as concise, timely and self-contained guide to the use of fuzzy measures in the field of multicriteria decision making.

Discrete-Time and Discrete-Space Dynamical Systems (Communications and Control Engineering)

by Lihua Xie Lijun Zhang Kuize Zhang

Discrete-Time and Discrete-Space Dynamical Systems provides a systematic characterization of the similarities and differences of several types of discrete-time and discrete-space dynamical systems, including:Boolean control networks;nondeterministic finite-transition systems;finite automata;labelled Petri nets; andcellular automata.The book's perspective is primarily based on topological properties though it also employs semitensor-product and graph-theoretic methods where appropriate. It presents a series of fundamental results: invertibility, observability, detectability, reversiblity, etc., with applications to systems biology.Academic researchers with backgrounds in applied mathematics, engineering or computer science and practising engineers working with discrete-time and discrete-space systems will find this book a helpful source of new understanding for this increasingly important class of systems. The basic results to be found within are of fundamental importance for further study of related problems such as automated synthesis and safety control in cyber-physical systems using formal methods.

Disinformation in Open Online Media: First Multidisciplinary International Symposium, MISDOOM 2019, Hamburg, Germany, February 27 – March 1, 2019, Revised Selected Papers (Lecture Notes in Computer Science #12021)

by Christian Grimme Mike Preuss Frank W. Takes Annie Waldherr

This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the First Multidisciplinary International Symposium, MISDOOM 2019, held in Hamburg, Germany, in February/March 2019. The 14 revised full papers were carefully reviewed and selected from 21 submissions. The papers are organized in topical sections named: human computer interaction and disinformation, automation and disinformation, media and disinformation.

Disruption durch digitale Plattform-Ökosysteme: Eine kompakte Einführung

by Michael Jaekel

Disruption ist das Schlagwort einer Digitalmoderne, in der digitale Plattform-Ökosysteme eine neue Ökonomie erzeugen. Es expandiert eine Plattform-Ökonomie, die etablierte Unternehmen und Industrien in ihren Grundfesten erschüttert. Die Erschütterungen werden von dem Phänomen der Disruption ausgelöst. In Literatur und Praxis wird der Begriff der Disruption aber inflationär für nahezu alles herangezogen. Daher zielt das vorliegende kompakte Buch auf die kohärente Klärung des Begriffs der Disruption als ein Axiom der Digitalmoderne ab. Zudem erläutert der Autor die Expansionsdynamiken digitaler Plattform-Öko-Systeme durch Big Data-Management und Anwendungen der schwachen Künstlichen Intelligenz. Die Ausführungen zeigen die Relevanz der Disruptionstheorie praxisorientiert am Beispiel der digitalen Transformation eines großen Verlagshauses. Der Autor bietet mit seinem Werk Denkwerkzeuge und -anregungen, jedoch keinen schablonenhaften Ratgeber. Damit richtet sich das Buch an alle, die sich mit disruptiven Dynamiken der Digitalisierung kritisch auseinandersetzen und eigene Gedanken weiterentwickeln möchten.

Disruptive and Game Changing Technologies in Modern Warfare: Development, Use, and Proliferation (Advanced Sciences and Technologies for Security Applications)

by Margaret E. Kosal

This book explores and analyzes emerging innovations within today’s most cutting-edge science and technology (S&T) areas, which are cited as carrying the potential to revolutionize governmental structures, economies, and international security. Some have argued that such technologies will yield doomsday scenarios and that military applications of such technologies have even greater potential than nuclear weapons to radically change the balance of power. As the United States looks to the future – whether dominated by extremist groups co-opting advanced weapons in the world of globalized non-state actors or states engaged in persistent regional conflicts in areas of strategic interest – new adversaries and new science and technology will emerge. Choices made today that affect science and technology will impact how ably the US can and will respond. Chapters within the book look at the changing strategic environment in which security operations are planned and conducted; how these impact science and technology policy choices made today; and predictions of how science and technology may play a beneficial or deleterious role in the future. Some game changing technologies have received global attention, while others may be less well known; the new technologies discussed within this proposal, as well as future discoveries, may significantly alter military capabilities and may generate new threats against military and civilian sectors.

Distributed Average Tracking in Multi-agent Systems

by Fei Chen Wei Ren

This book presents a systematic study of an emerging field in the development of multi-agent systems. In a wide spectrum of applications, it is now common to see that multiple agents work cooperatively to accomplish a complex task. The book assists the implementation of such applications by promoting the ability of multi-agent systems to track — using local communication only — the mean value of signals of interest, even when these change rapidly with time and when no individual agent has direct access to the average signal across the whole team; for example, when a better estimation/control performance of multi-robot systems has to be guaranteed, it is desirable for each robot to compute or track the averaged changing measurements of all the robots at any time by communicating with only local neighboring robots. The book covers three factors in successful distributed average tracking: algorithm design via nonsmooth and extended PI control;distributed average tracking for double-integrator, general-linear, Euler–Lagrange, and input-saturated dynamics; andapplications in dynamic region-following formation control and distributed convex optimization. The book presents both the theory and applications in a general but self-contained manner, making it easy to follow for newcomers to the topic. The content presented fosters research advances in distributed average tracking and inspires future research directions in the field in academia and industry.

Distributed Computing and Artificial Intelligence, 16th International Conference (Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing #1003)

by Francisco Herrera Sara Rodríguez-González Kenji Matsui

This book features the outcomes of the 16th International Conference on Distributed Computing and Artificial Intelligence 2019 (DCAI 2019), which is a forum to present applications of innovative techniques for studying and solving complex problems in artificial intelligence and computing. The exchange of ideas between scientists and technicians from both the academic and industrial sectors is essential to facilitate the development of systems that can meet the ever-increasing demands of today’s society. This book brings together lessons learned, current work and promising future trends associated with distributed computing, artificial intelligence and their application to provide efficient solutions to real-world problems.The book includes 29 high-quality and diverse contributions in established and emerging areas of research presented at the symposium organized by the Osaka Institute of Technology, Hiroshima University, University of Granada and University of Salamanca, which was held in Ávila, Spain, from 26th–28th June 2019

Distributed Computing and Artificial Intelligence, 16th International Conference, Special Sessions (Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing #1004)

by Zita Vale Enrique Herrera-Viedma Peter Nielsen Angel Martin Del Rey Roberto Casado Vara

This book presents the outcomes of the special sessions of the 16th International Conference on Distributed Computing and Artificial Intelligence 2019, a forum that brought together ideas, projects and lessons associated with distributed computing and artificial intelligence, and their applications in various areas. Artificial intelligence is currently transforming our society. Its application in distributed environments, such as the internet, electronic commerce, environmental monitoring, mobile communications, wireless devices, and distributed computing, to name but a few, is continuously increasing, making it an element of high added value and tremendous potential. These technologies are changing constantly as a result of the extensive research and technical efforts being pursued at universities and businesses alike. The exchange of ideas between scientists and technicians from both the academic and industrial sectors is essential to facilitating the development of systems that can meet the ever-growing demands of today’s society. This year’s technical program was characterized by high quality and diversity, with contributions in both well-established and evolving areas of research. More than 120 papers were submitted to the main and special sessions tracks from over 20 different countries (Algeria, Angola, Austria, Brazil, Colombia, France, Germany, India, Italy, Japan, the Netherlands, Oman, Poland, Portugal, South Korea, Spain, Thailand, Tunisia, the United Kingdom and United States), representing a truly “wide area network” of research activity. The symposium was jointly organized by the Osaka Institute of Technology and the University of Salamanca. This year’s event was held in Avila, Spain, from 26th to 28th June, 2019. The authors wish to thank the sponsors: the IEEE Systems Man and Cybernetics Society, Spain Section Chapter and the IEEE Spain Section (Technical Co-Sponsor), IBM, Indra, Viewnext, Global Exchange, AEPIA, APPIA and AIR institute.

Distributed Computing and Artificial Intelligence, Special Sessions II, 15th International Conference (Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing #802)

by Paulo Novais Mohd Saberi Mohamad Sigeru Omatu Enrique Díaz-Plaza Sanz José Alberto García Coria

This book addresses a broad range of topics, from newly proposed techniques in Artificial Intelligence (AI) and Machine Learning to various applications such as decision-making, pattern classification for data, image and signals, robotics, and control systems. Big data applications are discussed, while improved methods and wholly new methods for using deep learning technologies are also presented. The topics covered are comprehensive and reflect a wide range of technologies in the area. In particular, the latest methods in deep learning approaches and applications are discussed in many parts of the book, providing a better understanding of these new technologies. The book’s general scope includes the latest methods in the areas of Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning for use in distributed computing as well as decision support systems. As the book covers a rather wide area, its intended readership ranges from those working in AI and machine learning technologies to those working on applications utilizing these technologies, researchers new to these areas who need background information on the technologies and applications, and more experienced researchers looking for new methods and applications.

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