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Safe Passage: Astronaut Care for Exploration Missions sets forth a vision for space medicine as it applies to deep space voyage. As space missions increase in duration from months to years and extend well beyond Earth’s orbit, so will the attendant risks of working in these extreme and isolated environmental conditions. Hazards to astronaut health range from greater radiation exposure and loss of bone and muscle density to intensified psychological stress from living with others in a confined space. Going beyond the body of biomedical research, the report examines existing space medicine clinical and behavioral research and health care data and the policies attendant to them. It describes why not enough is known today about the dangers of prolonged travel to enable humans to venture into deep space in a safe and sane manner. The report makes a number of recommendations concerning NASA’s structure for clinical and behavioral research, on the need for a comprehensive astronaut health care system and on an approach to communicating health and safety risks to astronauts, their families, and the public.
Safe Patients, Smart Hospitals: How One Doctor's Checklist Can Help Us Change Health Care from the Inside Outby Peter Pronovost Eric Vohr
The inspiring story of how a leading innovator in patient safety found a simple way to save countless lives. First, do no harm--doctors, nurses and clinicians swear by this code of conduct. Yet in hospitals and doctors' offices across the country, errors are made every single day--avoidable, simple mistakes that often cost lives. Inspired by two medical mistakes that not only ended in unnecessary deaths but hit close to home, Dr. Peter Pronovost made it his personal mission to improve patient safety and make preventable deaths a thing of the past, one hospital at a time. Dr. Pronovost began with simple improvements to a common procedure in the ER and ICU units at Johns Hopkins Hospital. Creating an easy five-step checklist based on the most up-to-date research for his fellow doctors and nurses to follow, he hoped that streamlining the procedure itself could slow the rate of infections patients often died from. But what Dr. Pronovost discovered was that doctors and nurses needed more than a checklist: the day-to-day environment needed to be more patient-driven and staff needed to see scientific results in order to know their efforts were a success. After those changes took effect, the units Dr. Pronovost worked with decreased their rate of infection by 70%. Today, all fifty states are implementing Dr. Pronovost's programs, which have the potential to save more lives than any other medical innovation in the past twenty-five years. But his ideas are just the beginning of the changes being made by doctors and nurses across the country making huge leaps to improve patient care. In Safe Patients, Smart Hospitals, Dr. Pronovost shares his own experience, anecdotal stories from his colleagues at Johns Hopkins and other hospitals that have made his approach their own, alongside comprehensive research-showing readers how small changes make a huge difference in patient care. Inspiring and thought provoking, this compelling book shows how one person with a cause really can make a huge difference in our lives.
Safe Work in the 21st Century: Education and Training Needs for the Next Decade's Occupational Safety and Health Personnelby Institute of Medicine
Despite many advances, 20 American workers die each day as a result of occupational injuries. And occupational safety and health (OSH) is becoming even more complex as workers move away from the long-term, fixed-site, employer relationship.This book looks at worker safety in the changing workplace and the challenge of ensuring a supply of top-notch OSH professionals. Recommendations are addressed to federal and state agencies, OSH organizations, educational institutions, employers, unions, and other stakeholders.The committee reviews trends in workforce demographics, the nature of work in the information age, globalization of work, and the revolution in health care delivery-exploring the implications for OSH education and training in the decade ahead.The core professions of OSH (occupational safety, industrial hygiene, and occupational medicine and nursing) and key related roles (employee assistance professional, ergonomist, and occupational health psychologist) are profiled-how many people are in the field, where they work, and what they do. The book reviews in detail the education, training, and education grants available to OSH professionals from public and private sources.
The Dow Corning case raised serious questions about the safety of silicone breast implants and about larger issues of medical device testing and patient education.Safety of Silicone Breast Implants presents a well-documented, thoughtful exploration of the safety of these devices, drawing conclusions from the available research base and suggesting further questions to be answered. This book also examines the sensitive issues surrounding women's decisions about implants. In reaching conclusions, the committee reviews: The history of the silicone breast implant and the development of its chemistry.The wide variety of U.S.-made implants and their regulation by the Food and Drug Administration.Frequency and consequences of local complications from implants.The evidence for and against links between implants and autoimmune disorders, connective tissue disease, neurological problems, silicone in breast milk, or a proposed new syndrome.Evidence that implants may be associated with lower frequencies of breast cancer. Safety of Silicone Breast Implants provides a comprehensive, well-organized review of the science behind one of the most significant medical controversies of our time.
SAGES represents a worldwide community of surgeons that can bring minimal access surgery, endoscopy and emerging techniques to patients in every country.
Nancy Scheper-Hughes' classic ethnographic study of schizophrenia in western Ireland.
From a Pulitzer Prize-winning investigative reporter at The New York Times comes the explosive story of the rise of the processed food industry and its link to the emerging obesity epidemic. Michael Moss reveals how companies use salt, sugar, and fat to addict us and, more important, how we can fight back. In the spring of 1999 the heads of the world's largest processed food companies--from Coca-Cola to Nabisco--gathered at Pillsbury headquarters in Minneapolis for a secret meeting. On the agenda: the emerging epidemic of obesity, and what to do about it. Increasingly, the salt-, sugar-, and fat-laden foods these companies produced were being linked to obesity, and a concerned Kraft executive took the stage to issue a warning: There would be a day of reckoning unless changes were made. This executive then launched into a damning PowerPoint presentation--114 slides in all--making the case that processed food companies could not afford to sit by, idle, as children grew sick and class-action lawyers lurked. To deny the problem, he said, is to court disaster. When he was done, the most powerful person in the room--the CEO of General Mills--stood up to speak, clearly annoyed. And by the time he sat down, the meeting was over. Since that day, with the industry in pursuit of its win-at-all-costs strategy, the situation has only grown more dire. Every year, the average American eats thirty-three pounds of cheese (triple what we ate in 1970) and seventy pounds of sugar (about twenty-two teaspoons a day). We ingest 8,500 milligrams of salt a day, double the recommended amount, and almost none of that comes from the shakers on our table. It comes from processed food. It's no wonder, then, that one in three adults, and one in five kids, is clinically obese. It's no wonder that twenty-six million Americans have diabetes, the processed food industry in the U.S. accounts for $1 trillion a year in sales, and the total economic cost of this health crisis is approaching $300 billion a year. In Salt Sugar Fat, Pulitzer Prize-winning investigative reporter Michael Moss shows how we got here. Featuring examples from some of the most recognizable (and profitable) companies and brands of the last half century--including Kraft, Coca-Cola, Lunchables, Kellogg, Nestlé, Oreos, Cargill, Capri Sun, and many more--Moss's explosive, empowering narrative is grounded in meticulous, often eye-opening research. Moss takes us inside the labs where food scientists use cutting-edge technology to calculate the "bliss point" of sugary beverages or enhance the "mouthfeel" of fat by manipulating its chemical structure. He unearths marketing campaigns designed--in a technique adapted from tobacco companies--to redirect concerns about the health risks of their products: Dial back on one ingredient, pump up the other two, and tout the new line as "fat-free" or "low-salt." He talks to concerned executives who confess that they could never produce truly healthy alternatives to their products even if serious regulation became a reality. Simply put: The industry itself would cease to exist without salt, sugar, and fat. Just as millions of "heavy users"--as the companies refer to their most ardent customers--are addicted to this seductive trio, so too are the companies that peddle them. You will never look at a nutrition label the same way again.From the Hardcover edition.
An authoritative and in-depth look at a breakthrough natural antidepressant, this book is by a recognized authority on natural healing and the author of "Natural Medicine for Diabetes" and "Natural Healing for Back Pain."
Noted psychiatrist Brian Weiss made headlines with his pioneering research on the healing power of past-life therapy in his million-copy bestseller, Many Lives, Many Masters. Now, in his astounding and groundbreaking new book, Dr. Weiss reveals how our future lives can actually transform us in the present. We all have lived past lives. We all will live future ones. What we do in this life will influence our lives to come as we evolve toward immortality. Dr. Weiss encourages this important recognition because recently he has not only regressed his patients into the past, but has progressed them into the future. And what they have discovered is that our futures are variable, so the choices we make now will determine the quality of life when we return. Using dozens of case histories, Dr. Weiss demonstrates the therapeutic benefits of progression, just as he has proved that journeys into our past lives can alleviate or cure our physical and emotional wounds in the present. Among the many patients who have benefited from the therapies are:Samantha, who overcame failures at school when she revisited her life as a Greek architect and later saw her future life as a great physician. Hugh, a psychic, tortured in the Middle Ages as a heretic, whose journey to the future brought him peace. Gary, whose glimpses into the future evaporated his depression and thoughts of suicide. Christina, whose past life and future memories enabled her to heal her relationship with her father and to finally find professional success and personal happiness. Evelyn, who, after reliving a past life as a Nazi officer and a future life as a teenage Arab girl, was able to release her fears and prejudices. Paul, whose love of Alison transcended past and future, transforming his current life and helping Alison to overcome a dangerous disease. Same Soul, Many Bodies is a revolutionary book, building on Dr. Weiss's discoveries about the past, a book that will take his millions of readers into an individual and collective future that they themselves will create. In the process, their present lives will be profoundly transformed, and they will find more peace, more joy, and more healing.
Dozens of tables describing the clinical approach and treatment options of antimicrobial therapy, including dosage, prevention, adverse effects, etc.
In this enlightening book, two Western-trained psychiatrists discuss the special challenges of their mental health work with ultra-orthodox Jews in Jerusalem. Based on two decades of serving this self-isolated religious minority, Drs. Greenberg and Witztum describe the difficulties of treating and even diagnosing members of the community and suggest principles for therapists working in any multicultural society.
Sari Locker, teen advice expert, is here with answers to the most urgent questions teens ask her in letters and e-mails--and person-to-person. From how to plant the perfect kiss to dealing with snooping parents to coping with peer pressure, Sari can make life a little easier.
This book contains content review of various areas of nursing, 825 study questions, test-taking tips, advice from a graduate who recently passed the exam, and a comprehensive test. About 3,400 additional practice questions can be found online, along with downloadable audio reviews. Content has been updated to reflect the 2011 test plan, and this edition is in full color with many new illustrations. All questions have been updated, with 300 added questions, including graphic option, audio, and video questions. A new chapter on health and physical assessment of the adult client has been added, and the chapter on basic life support has been updated to reflect the new CPR guidelines from the American Heart Association. The chapter on nutritional components of care has been updated to reflect MyPlate guidelines from the US Department of Agriculture. Annotation ©2012 Book News, Inc. , Portland, OR (booknews. com)
The author describes growing up with an alcoholic mother and plunging into the drug culture during her years as a college student. After several LSD trips she found herself losing touch with reality, and was diagnosed as a paranoid schizophrenic. With the help of a "reality therapist" and her deep Christian faith she finally managed to rebuild her life.
After 20 years of research, leading otolaryngologist Dr. Seidman has developed a breakthrough all-natural alternative treatment program to battle hearing loss safely and effectively.
Macular degeneration, an affliction of progressive vision loss, is the leading cause of blindness in the United States. This remarkable volume shows how diet, nutritional supplements, exercise and certain lifestyle choices can halt, reverse, or even prevent the onslaught of this devastating disease.
Autobiography of Senator John Edwards' wife Elizabeth, who is a breast cancer survivor
For more than 50 years, low-cost antimalarial drugs silently saved millions of lives and cured billions of debilitating infections. Today, however, these drugs no longer work against the deadliest form of malaria that exists throughout the world. Malaria deaths in sub-Saharan Africa—currently just over one million per year—are rising because of increased resistance to the old, inexpensive drugs. Although effective new drugs called “artemisinins” are available, they are unaffordable for the majority of the affected population, even at a cost of one dollar per course. Saving Lives, Buying Time: Economics of Malaria Drugs in an Age of Resistance examines the history of malaria treatments, provides an overview of the current drug crisis, and offers recommendations on maximizing access to and effectiveness of antimalarial drugs. The book finds that most people in endemic countries will not have access to currently effective combination treatments, which should include an artemisinin, without financing from the global community. Without funding for effective treatment, malaria mortality could double over the next 10 to 20 years and transmission will intensify.
From the book: "Deeply affecting . . . Unforgettable . . . Kondracke seems to be a natural truth-teller, and the directness of his narrative, its demotic lack of interest in irony when confronted with the rudimentary facts of mortal illness, opens his reader's heart and engages his reader's mind." -The New Republic "This is Morton Kondracke's account of his wife's battle with Parkinson's disease and his own transformation from a self-described careerist with more drive than talent to a mensch who has achieved greatness in this one book alone. I finished it last night in tears." -RICHARD COHEN, The Washington Post "Morton's love for Milly has been unfailingly strong and steadfast ... in sickness and in health. His fierce devotion has inspired him to move mountains, and move scientists closer than ever to finding a cure for this cruel disease. We all must join together to fight for more money so we can save our most precious resource-the lives of those we love." -KATIE COURIC
The outlook for women with breast cancer has improved in recent years. Due to the combination of improved treatments and the benefits of mammography screening, breast cancer mortality has decreased steadily since 1989. Yet breast cancer remains a major problem, second only to lung cancer as a leading cause of death from cancer for women. To date, no means to prevent breast cancer has been discovered and experience has shown that treatments are most effective when a cancer is detected early, before it has spread to other tissues. These two facts suggest that the most effective way to continue reducing the death toll from breast cancer is improved early detection and diagnosis. Building on the 2001 report Mammography and Beyond, this new book not only examines ways to improve implementation and use of new and current breast cancer detection technologies but also evaluates the need to develop tools that identify women who would benefit most from early detection screening. Saving Women’s Lives: Strategies for Improving Breast Cancer Detection and Diagnosis encourages more research that integrates the development, validation, and analysis of the types of technologies in clinical practice that promote improved risk identification techniques. In this way, methods and technologies that improve detection and diagnosis can be more effectively developed and implemented.
Saw Palmetto for Men and Women: Herbal Healing for the Prostate, Urinary Tract, Immune System and Moreby David Winston
The results of clinical studies of saw palmetto and formulas for using it to treat enlarged prostate (BPH) and more.
WHY DO YOUR KNEES HURT? WHAT CAN YOU DO ABOUT IT?Going beyond quick fixes, a leading orthopedic surgeon shows you how to stop damaging and start saving your knees, the body's hardest-working and most complex joint.Once you understand the source of your pain, whether from sports or overuse injuries, osteoarthritis, tendinitis, heredity, or a host of other causes -- then you can choose the best up-to-the-minute treatments that are right for you. You'll learn everything you need to know about: Getting the right diagnosis Differences between men's and women's knees Treating the athlete's knee Simple exercises to reduce pain Medication Physical therapy Complementary and alternative remedies Arthroscopy and other surgical options Knee replacement. . . and much more. You'll also find everyday wisdom for protecting your knees from wear and tear, and practical advice on lifestyle changes that can turn back the clock on your knee pain.
Preparing for the Primary FRCA? Wondering what to expect of the new SBA questions? Help is at hand. This practical book contains 60 single best answer and 120 multiple true/false questions to help you revise for the Primary FRCA MCQ exam. Each question is accompanied by detailed explanations, giving additional information on each topic to enhance revision. SBA and MTF MCQs for the Primary FRCA may be used both for examination practice and as a source of knowledge on many of the key topics in the syllabus. A helpful introductory section gives practical advice on how to approach revision and sitting the exam. From the writing team behind the FRCAQ website (www. frcaq. com), SAQs for the Final FRCA and SBAs for the Final FRCA, this book provides challenging questions and well researched explanations to help you through the Primary FRCA MCQ paper. An invaluable tool for your MCQ exam preparation.
Action against malnutrition is needed more than ever. An additional US$10.3 billion a year is required from national and international public resources to successfully attack undernutrition worldwide. This would benefit more than 360 million children in the 36 countries with the highest burden of undernutrition--home to 90 percent of the stunted children globally. Since early childhood offers a special window of opportunity to improve nutrition, the bulk of the investment needs to be targeted between pre-pregnancy until two years of age. 'Scaling Up Nutrition: What Will It Cost?' notes that investment will yield high returns through thriving children, healthier families, and more productive workers. This investment is essential to make progress on the nutrition and child mortality Millennium Development Goals and to protect critical human capital in developing economies. The human and financial costs of further neglect will be high. This call for greater investment in nutrition comes at a time when global efforts to strengthen health systems provide a unique opportunity to scale up integrated packages of health and nutrition interventions with common delivery platforms, thereby reducing costs. 'Scaling Up Nutrition: What Will It Cost?' has benefited from the expertise of many international agencies, nongovernmental organizations, and research institutions. This book will be of interest to policy makers, public health officials, nutritionists, government officials, and all those interested in improving child nutrition and health outcomes.
A Navajo woman shares her life story and describes how she became a doctor. She blends a belief in modern medicine with ancient Native American beliefs and uses this combination in her practice.
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