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Schizophrenia is the archetypal form of madness. Schizophrenia is a common disorder and has a devastating effect on sufferers and their families-patients typically hear voices in their heads and hold bizarre beliefs. The schizophrenic patient presented to the public in sensational press reports and lurid films bears little resemblance to reality of the illness. This book describes what schizophrenia is really like, how the illness progresses, and the treatments that have been applied. It also summarizes the most up-to-date knowledge available about the biological bases of this disorder. Finally it attempts to give some idea of what it is like to have schizophrenia and what this disorder tells us about the relationship between mind and brain.
This compelling book argues that all people with schizophrenia share a personality organization known as schizotypy. Presented is a novel framework for understanding schizophrenia through the study of individuals who may never develop the disorder, but who nonetheless harbor a liability for it. Mark F. Lenzenweger comprehensively reviews current knowledge about schizotypy while exploring broader questions of how to think about and conduct psychopathology research, making the book useful and relevant for both researchers and students. He demonstrates state-of-the-art strategies for combining clinical observations, psychometric and psychophysiological measures, neuroimaging, and genetic analyses, and for analyzing the results using advanced statistical techniques.
Provides answers to a variety of questions about the human body, including "Why do you blush?" "Why do you need two ears?" "How strong is hair?" and "What are goose bumps?"
Providing good quality education to all children in the poorest countries of the world is not a simple task. However, improving children's health and nutrition is one simple step that can be taken towards achieving this goal. Health and nutrition programs offer substantial benefits to children's education, helping them to attend school and learn while there. What is more, the education of the poorest in society benefits the most from such programs because the poor are more likely to suffer from ill health or poor nutrition and are also more likely to experience a disruption in their learning as a result. School health and nutrition programs make use of the education system to deliver simple treatments for common conditions. The result is a highly cost-effective way to reduce inequalities in education and to help all children around the world reach their educational potential. This argument is examined through a discussion of the challenges to child health and nutrition and the impact of these on education and an analysis of the costs, benefits and policy options involved in the implementation of health and nutrition programs in schools. Providing a simple and achievable solution to improving access, gender equity and the quality of basic education, this book will be essential to policy makers, educational and health organizations and researchers in international development, public health, psychology and education.
Are human beings destined to find perfect complements in love, or are we more like the fabled porcupines-forever jostling for a place between painful entanglement and loveless isolation? This is the question at the heart of this stunning new book. "People seek therapy only when things have gone terribly wrong in their lives," observes Deborah Luepnitz, one of the field's most gifted psychotherapists and a writer of uncommon talent. "They arrive in the grip of a death wish or some unspeakable obsession, but what is at stake always turns out to be intimacy-the endless dilemmas of loyalty and desire." Schopenhauer's Porcupines recounts five stories from Luepnitz's practice, with patients who range from the super-rich to the homeless-as they grapple with panic attacks, psychosomatic illness, marital despair, and sexual recklessness. We watch their therapy unfold week-to-week, from the first phone call to the final sessions, as these men and women learn, in the words of one poet, "to make room in love for hate."Written with wry humor and deep compassion, Schopenhauer's Porcupines goes further than any other book in unveiling the secrets of "how talking helps." Its wisdom and intelligence will appeal to readers everywhere who are reaching for psychological renewal and want to go beyond "quick-fix" cures.
The latest evolution in health and fitness, The Schwarzbein Principle will change the way millions of people look at eating, losing weight and achieving optimal health... Do you need coffee or a boost of sugar to wake up in the morning? Are you still trying to lose those extra pounds despite watching what you eat or trying every diet on the market? Do you wish you had the energy you once did? Like thousands of people nationwide, you can maximize your metabolism and achieve lasting weight loss with The Schwarzbein Principle. Through real-life success stories, The Schwarzbein Principle reveals how excess weight, "accelerated aging" and degenerative disease can be controlled and reversed. You'll also learn why: Eating a low-fat diet can make you fat. You can eat as much as you want without worrying about gaining weight. You can replace body fat with lean muscle without spending hours at the gym every day. You can still have a heart attack even if your cholesterol is low-and eating cholesterol can actually help prevent heart disease! By adopting the Five-Step Nutrition and Lifestyle Program, you can achieve a level of physical and emotional health that you never thought possible. Give yourself and those you love the gift of good health with The Schwarzbein Principle. This book contains a meal planning guide with cooking ideas.
Edited and compiled by William E. Galt after Burrow's death, Science and Man's Behavior: The Contribution of Phylobiology details the practices and therapies of one of the founding fathers of behavioral psychology. As a psychologist, Burrow was most interested in understanding and resolving man's behavioral conflict. He worked to shed light on behavioral disorders through his use of group- and phylo-therapy. Join Galt on a journey through Burrow's theories and practices in this important early text on a groundbreaking twentieth-century methodology. Trigiant Burrow was a founder of phylobiology and was a pioneer of using phyloanalysis as a therapy tool. Burrow was a trained doctor, biologist, and psychologist who specialized in experimental psychology. He studied psychoanalysis with Carl Jung and brought the European techniques to the United States. He studied and practiced experimental and behavioral psychology in Baltimore, Maryland for most of his life.
This report is the second edition of the 1992 COSEPUP report "Science and Technology Leadership in American Government: Ensuring the Best Presidential Appointments." As was the case with the original report, this report analyzes the federal government's capacity to recruit highly qualified individuals for the top science and technology (S&T)-related leadership positions in the executive branch and makes appropriate recommendations.
Featuring illustrative human, pet, and wild-animal anecdotes, this book is a unique and fascinating introduction to a science that is truly epic in scope. Children quickly learn that actions have consequences. This elementary lesson is repeated again and again throughout adulthood as we adjust our behaviors according to the reactions they produce in the social and natural environment. Now, an internationally recognized biopsychologist, tells the story of how something so deceptively simple can help make sense of so much. Despite their variety, consequences appear to follow a common set of scientific principles and share some similar effects in the brain (specifically, in the so-called pleasure centers). Based on these principles, Schneider and other scientists have been able to create mathematical models of certain behaviors. And they have demonstrated that learning from consequences predictably activates genes and restructures the neural configuration of the brain-in humans as well as in animals. Consequences are an integral part of the nature-and-nurture system. The knowledge gained from this newly expanded science has many applications, as the author shows in examples from the home, the hospital, the classroom, and the boardroom. The science of consequences helps fight prejudice, free addicts of their destructive habits, and treat depression. It enriches the lives of pets and zoo animals. It also sheds light on our biggest societal challenges, where we must choose between short-term and long-term consequences.
A timely and entertaining psychological look at why we're afraid and what to do about it From terror attacks to bursting real estate bubbles, from crystal meth epidemics to online sexual predators and poisonous toys from China, our list of fears seems to be exploding. Yet we are the safest and healthiest humans in history. Why are we so worried? The Science of Fear is an introduction to the new brain science of risk, dissecting the fears that misguide and manipulate us every day. Award-winning journalist Daniel Gardner demonstrates how irrational fear springs from the ways humans miscalculate risks based on our hunter-gatherer brains. With the exclusive cooperation of risk-science pioneer Paul Slovic and other leading experts, Gardner reveals how our "gut" reactions lead us astray. Understanding our irrational fears frees us from political and corporate manipulation, and makes our choices better, and our lives braver.
Almost daily we hear news stories, advertisements, and scientific reports promising that genetic medicine will make us live longer, enable doctors to identify and treat diseases before they harm us, and individualize our medical care. But surprisingly, a century ago eugenicists were making the same promises. This book traces the history of the promises of medical genetics and of the medical dimension of eugenics. While mindful of the benefits of genetic medicine, the book also considers social and ethical issues that cast troublesome shadows over these fields. Keeping his focus on America, Nathaniel Comfort introduces the community of scientists, physicians, and public health workers who have contributed to the development of medical genetics from the nineteenth century to today. He argues that medical genetics is closely related to eugenics, and indeed that the two cannot be fully understood separately. He also carefully examines how the desire to relieve suffering and to improve ourselves genetically, though noble, may be subverted. History makes clear that as patients and consumers we must take ownership of genetic medicine, using it intelligently, knowledgeably, and skeptically.
William Walker Atkinson a.k.a. Yogi Ramacharaka was an exceptional authority and author on the new thought movement and the in Yogi tradition in the United States. This book on psychic healing presents the fundamentals of the principles behind Seiki healing and will help the reader develop their own abilities in psychic healing.
Science, Sense and Nonsense: 61 Nourishing, Healthy, Bunk-free Commentaries on the Chemistry That Affects Us Allby Joe Schwarcz
When did "chemical" become a dirty word?Forty or so years ago, chemistry -- which had been recognized as a miracle-making boon to humanity - somehow became associated with warfare, sinister food additives, "toxins" and pollution.It's a situation that Dr. Joe Schwarcz aims to put into perspective. Yes, there's a downside to chemistry, he says, but this is dwarfed by its enormous benefits.Dr. Joe's new collection of commentaries will inspire an appreciation for the science of everyday life, and equip you to spot the muddled thinking, misunderstandings and deceptions in media stories and advertising claims. Does organic food really always equal better food? Are vaccines dangerous? Will the latest health fad make you ill? Do expensive wrinkle creams do the job? What are the best ways to avoid cancer? The answers to such questions often lie in anunderstanding of the chemistry involved. Ask Dr. Joe.Science, Sense and Nonsense celebrates chemistry's great achievements, lambastes its charlatans, and explores its essential connections to our wellbeing. And does so in authoritative, highly readable, good humoured style.From the Trade Paperback edition.
Human reproductive cloning is an assisted reproductive technology that would be carried out with the goal of creating a newborn genetically identical to another human being. It is currently the subject of much debate around the world, involving a variety of ethical, religious, societal, scientific, and medical issues. Scientific and Medical Aspects of Human Reproductive Cloning considers the scientific and medical sides of this issue, plus ethical issues that pertain to human-subjects research. Based on experience with reproductive cloning in animals, the report concludes that human reproductive cloning would be dangerous for the woman, fetus, and newborn, and is likely to fail. The study panel did not address the issue of whether human reproductive cloning, even if it were found to be medically safe, would be—or would not be—acceptable to individuals or society.
Scorched Earth is the first book to chronicle the effects of chemical warfare on the Vietnamese people and their environment, where, even today, more than 3 million people--including 500,000 children--are sick and dying from birth defects, cancer, and other illnesses that can be directly traced to Agent Orange/dioxin exposure. Weaving first-person accounts with original research, Vietnam War scholar Fred A. Wilcox examines long-term consequences for future generations, laying bare the ongoing monumental tragedy in Vietnam, and calls for the United States government to finally admit its role in chemical warfare in Vietnam. Wilcox also warns readers that unless we stop poisoning our air, food, and water supplies, the cancer epidemic in the United States and other countries will only worsen, and he urgently demands the chemical manufacturers of Agent Orange to compensate the victims of their greed and to stop using the Earth's rivers, lakes, and oceans as toxic waste dumps. Vietnam has chosen August 10--the day that the US began spraying Agent Orange on Vietnam--as Agent Orange Day, to commemorate all its citizens who were affected by the deadly chemical. Scorched Earth will be released upon the third anniversary of this day, in honor of all those whose families have suffered, and continue to suffer, from this tragedy.
A state-of-the-art weight-lifting and nutritional blueprint for "skinny" guys who want to pack on muscle Let's face it, naturally skinny guys are at a distinct genetic disadvantage when it comes to building muscle mass. But with the proper advice, these "hardgainers" definitely can realize their fitness goals. In Scrawny to Brawny, the authors draw on their years of practical experience as private strength and nutrition coaches to provide hardgainers with: * A progressive, state-of-the-art program that optimizes results with shorter, less frequent workouts that maximize compound exercises. * A unique, action-based perspective on nutrition that shows how to prepare quick muscle-building meals and snacks-and how to take advantage of several critical times in the day when muscle growth can be stimulated by food intake. * Vital information on how to identify and fix any weak links in their physiques that may be precursors to injury. Designed not only for frustrated adult hardgainers but also--with its strong anti-steroid message--a terrific book for the large teen market, Scrawny to Brawny fills a significant gap in the weight-lifting arsenal.
The crowds got bigger as the team got closer to the Myriad Center. They lined the pavement as if drawn by some invisible force, yet the quiet remained unbroken. Faces along the route were wet with tears that no one tried to hide. Then Beth heard a voice cut the still morning as in prayer. "Yea, though I walk through the valley of the shadow of death, I shall fear no evil." It was a final, wrenching homage to the victims of the bombing. The voice echoed inside Beth's head. "I shall fear no evil," she chanted over and over again, trying desperately to keep her feelings at bay. Beth felt her anger melt away. She and Czar would be all right; she'd make sure of that. The people of Oklahoma had reminded them of what their volunteer of love was all about. The motto of search and rescue-to save lives and reduce human suffering- made it all worthwhile for her and the white shepherd... Beth Barkley was tired of having a life indoors. And so was her white German Shepherd Panda. After reading an article in the newspaoper about search and Rescue dogs, she decided to train with Panda as a canine team. This story is there struggles to become a team, their work, in disasters, from lost children, missing people, an encounter with a bear, to earthquakes in El Salvador, Armenia, and mud slides in Virginia to their hardest challenge helping with the Oklahoma City Bombing. Follow Beth as she trains with first Panda, then Sirius, then Czar, and their adventures, both humorous and sad. Look into the world of search and rescue, the struggles that dog and handle endure every day.
An unsolved murder mystery on the books since 1927 one modern woman's obsession with an abusive lover and a karmic journey that winds through a maze of past lives- all of these unite into the best-documented case of reincarnation in the Western world. "... There is no way that the CBS movie could reflect the powerful obsession that brought Ivy back to my office to be regressed again and again, forty-five times. Long after both of us felt that our initial therapeutic goals had been achieved, something in Ivy would not let her rest until she had relived the forty-sixth life and brought to light the circumstances of what the Buffalo, N.Y., police still listed as an unsolved homicide over sixty years later." -Dr. Bruce Goldberg
Personality disorders - borderline, narcissistic and schizoid - have become the classic psychological disorders of our age. Outwardly successful, charming and powerful, personality-disordered individuals have long confounded their colleagues, family, lovers and employees - as well as mental health professionals. The author helps the reader understand them. After describing how the healthy real self develops and functions, he explains what can go wrong. Drawing on case histories, he shows how the false self behaves in relationships and on the job, and then delineates appropriate treatments, offering real hope for cure.
Ruth Montgomery investigates psychic phenomena and discovers the truth about life and death and the purpose of our time on earth.
This book explains, in readable terms, what scientists now know about how the autonomic and the enteric nervous systems interact, what functions they perform, what causes such problems as ulcers and irritable bowel syndrome, and how scientists arrived at this knowledge.
Burgeoning advancements in brain science are opening up new perspectives on how we acquire knowledge. Indeed, it is now possible to explore consciousness-the very center of human concern-by scientific means. In this illuminating book, Dr. Gerald M. Edelman offers a new theory of knowledge based on striking scientific findings about how the brain works. And he addresses the related compelling question: Does the latest research imply that all knowledge can be reduced to scientific description? Edelman's brain-based approach to knowledge has rich implications for our understanding of creativity, of the normal and abnormal functioning of the brain, and of the connections among the different ways we have of knowing. While the gulf between science and the humanities and their respective views of the world has seemed enormous in the past, the author shows that their differences can be dissolved by considering their origins in brain functions. He foresees a day when brain-based devices will be conscious, and he reflects on this and other fascinating ideas about how we come to know the world and ourselves.
As 14-year-old Leslie begins to shed the weight she feels makes her imperfect, she finds it increasingly difficult to reach out for the psychological help she knows she needs. Novel about anorexia nervosa.
Schizophrenia may not be a single disease, but the result of a diverse set of related conditions. Modern neuroscience is beginning to reveal some of the genetic and environmental underpinnings of schizophrenia; however, an approach less well travelled is to examine the medical disorders that produce symptoms resembling schizophrenia. This book is the first major attempt to bring together the diseases that produce what has been termed 'secondary schizophrenia'. International experts from diverse backgrounds ask the questions: does this medical disorder, or drug, or condition cause psychosis? If yes, does it resemble schizophrenia? What mechanisms form the basis of this relationship? What implications does this understanding have for aetiology and treatment? The answers are a feast for clinicians and researchers of psychosis and schizophrenia. They mark the next step in trying to meet the most important challenge to modern neuroscience - understanding and conquering this most mysterious of human diseases.
Fragments of a Great Secret have been found in the oral traditions, in literature, in religions and philosophies throughout the centuries. For the first time, all the pieces of The Secret come together in an incredible revelation that will be life-transforming for all who experience it. In this book, you'll learn how to use The Secret in every aspect of your life -- money, health, relationships, happiness, and in every interaction you have in the world. You'll begin to understand the hidden, untapped power that's within you, and this revelation can bring joy to every aspect of your life. The Secret contains wisdom from modern-day teachers -- men and women who have used it to achieve health, wealth, and happiness. By applying the knowledge of The Secret, they bring to light compelling stories of eradicating disease, acquiring massive wealth, overcoming obstacles, and achieving what many would regard as impossible.
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