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Showing 39,201 through 39,225 of 46,942 results

State-Building and Multilingual Education in Africa

by Ericka A. Albaugh

How do governments in Africa make decisions about language? What does language have to do with state-building, and what impact might it have on democracy? This manuscript provides a longue durée explanation for policies toward language in Africa, taking the reader through colonial, independence, and contemporary periods. It explains the growing trend toward the use of multiple languages in education as result of new opportunities and incentives. The opportunities incorporate ideational relationships with former colonizers as well as the work of language NGOs on the ground. The incentives relate to the current requirements of democratic institutions, and the strategies leaders devise to win elections within these constraints. By contrasting the environment faced by African leaders with that faced by European state-builders, it explains the weakness of education and limited spread of standard languages on the continent. The work combines constructivist understanding about changing preferences with realist insights about the strategies leaders employ to maintain power.

State Governments and Research Universities: A Framework for a Renewed Partnership (Routledge Library Editions: Higher Education #33)

by David J. Weerts

Originally published in 2002, State Governments and Research Universities focuses on differences in unrestricted state appropriations for Carnegie Public Research I Universities during the 1990s. Through statistical analyses and case studies, a framework is developed that illuminates the impact of higher education governance, institutional characteristics, and economic, demographic, political, and cultural factors as critical elements determining levels of state appropriations for public research universities. The framework is strengthened through an application of organization theories from rational, political, and cultural perspectives. Among its most valuable contributions, the study places empirical evidence behind the assertion that future state support for research universities will be contingent on an institution's ability to demonstrate its service to the state.

State Learning and International Change

by Andrew Farkas

Explaining change in the behavior of states and other international actors is at the core of the study of international relations. The proficiency with which states respond to changes in the international environment has important consequences for world peace and the world economy as well as domestic politics and well being. One way to understand changes in behavior is to consider whether and how states learn. Key to understanding this is considering how the groups responsible for making decisions learn and make decisions. Andrew Farkas presents an evolutionary theory of how states adjust their foreign policies in response to international changes. Employing both formal models and computer simulations, Farkas explores the relative efficacy of a wide range of alternative strategies for dealing with unanticipated changes in the international environment, and goes a long way toward reconciling the success of rational choice modeling with criticism from psychological studies of decision making. Farkas looks at the way small groups charged with making policy decisions work. He explicitly models the process of search and policy selection. He demonstrates how a group of disparate individuals can act as if it were a unitary rational actor and provides the first endogenous account of when and why groups curtail their search for satisfactory policies. Farkas uses the general model to explore the effects of different institutional designs on the decisionmaking process. This book will be of interest to scholars of international relations, learning models and group processes. Andrew Farkas is Assistant Professor of Political Science, Rutgers University.

State of Alaska Driver Manual

by Alaska Department of Administration

State of Alaska Driver Manual

The State of College Access and Completion: Improving College Success for Students from Underrepresented Groups

by Laura W. Perna Anthony P. Jones

Despite decades of substantial investments by the federal government, state governments, colleges and universities, and private foundations, students from low-income families as well as racial and ethnic minority groups continue to have substantially lower levels of postsecondary educational attainment than individuals from other groups. The State of College Access and Completion draws together leading researchers nationwide to summarize the state of college access and success and to provide recommendations for how institutional leaders and policymakers can effectively improve the entire spectrum of college access and completion. Springboarding from a seminar series organized by the Advisory Committee on Student Financial Assistance, chapter authors explore what is known and not known from existing research about how to improve student success. This much-needed book calls explicit attention to the state of college access and success not only for traditional college-age students, but also for the substantial and growing number of "nontraditional" students. Describing trends in various outcomes along the pathway from college access to completion, this volume documents persisting gaps in outcomes based on students’ demographic characteristics and offers recommendations for strategies to raise student attainment. Graduate students, scholars, and researchers in higher education will find The State of College Access and Completion to be an important and timely resource.

The State Of Developmental Education

by Tara L. Parker Michelle Sterk Barrett Leticia Tomas Bustillos

The State of Developmental Education is the first book to provide a thorough, comparative picture of how developmental education is carried out at higher education institutions and investigate how different state-level policies and priorities change the availability, types, and quality of developmental education available.

The State of Global Education: Learning with the World and its People (Citizenship, Character and Values Education)

by Jeremy Hilburn Brad Maguth

A battle is being waged in classrooms and capitals around the world over the goals and objectives of the future of global education. While there is growing research in the area of global education, much remains to be uncovered, challenged, and learned through sound empirical research and conceptual explorations. What type of global citizens will schools promote? What types of policies, programs and instructional practices best promote effective global citizenship? Will global education curricula advance an unwavering loyalty to neoliberal ideologies and interests over the strengthening of human rights and the environmental health of our planet? This volume presents a series of research studies and innovative instructional practices centered on advancing global learning opportunities and literacies. The authors in this volume initiate a much needed conversation on ways students in multiple contexts can and should learn with the world and its people. Part I addresses global education in theory, with a particular focus on development, intercultural competence, and global citizenship. Part II addresses educational programs and practices that foster global learning and action to help build a better future for all citizens of our planet – including experiential education, university initiatives, and conceptual approaches to teaching and learning. This scholarship spans four continents in a multitude of educational contexts – primary, secondary, and tertiary - each with a focus on a different dimension of the possibilities and pitfalls in teaching about and with the world and its people.

The State of Independence: Key Challenges Facing Private Schools Today

by David James Jane Lunnon

Exploring the most significant challenges facing independent schools today, this book asks leading figures from education, economics, politics, philosophy and the arts to give their views on how independent schools can adapt to rapidly changing markets which see them scrutinised as never before. Acknowledging the independent sector as a vital and growing part of the global education system, this book explores how schools are to respond to financial, moral, pastoral and academic challenges, and so ensure their own survival, and the futures of the children they educate. Breaking a complex and varied field down into ten clear areas of analysis, essays written by leading education experts tackle the key challenges faced by independent schools around the world. Commentators consider the issues created by the upward trend of educating international students, question the extent to which independent schools have echoed societal movements towards greater access, diversity and gender fluidity, and provide first-hand insight into the experiences of staff, pupils and parents involved in the everyday functioning and longer-term development of the independent sector. A health check on this most controversial of sectors, this book will enlighten and inform not only those working in independent schools today, but anyone interested in education, and will make an important contribution to a bigger debate about the place of independent schools at a time of political, economic and societal uncertainty.

State of Maine Motorist Handbook and Study Guide

by State of Maine Bureau of Motor Vehicles

<p>One of life's great rites of passage is obtaining our first driver's license. It represents a milestone in independence; indeed, with the invention of the automobile, the ability to operate a motor vehicle represents the greatest level of freedom, flexibility, and mobility in human history. As exciting as having a valid license and a dependable motor vehicle can be, great danger awaits the unwary motorist. Let us never forget that we are driving a two thousand pound piece of steel. We must be vigilant, at all times, in our attention to driving to protect not only ourselves, but all others who are sharing Maine's roadways. <p>As you review and learn the contents of this manual, it is important to keep in mind that everything around you as a driver--from the painted lines in the road, the road signs, traffic control lights and rumble strips to the safety belts, directional signals, airbags, and anti-lock brakes--has been developed and mandated for use because, in their absence, someone died. While these devices greatly enhance the odds of emerging safely from a crash, the most critical component is the skill of the operator. That's where you come in.<p>

State of New Hampshire Driver's Manual 2018

by State of New Hampshire Department of Safety

State of New Hampshire Driver's Manual

State-of-the-Art and Future Directions of Smart Learning

by Kinshuk Yanyan Li Ronghuai Huang Maiga Chang Nian-Shing Chen Milos Kravcik Elvira Popescu

This book provides an archival forum for researchers, academics, practitioners and industry professionals interested and/or engaged in reforming teaching and learning methods by transforming today's learning environments into smart learning environments. It will facilitate opportunities for discussions and constructive dialogue between various stakeholders on the limitations of current learning environments, the need for reform, innovative uses of emerging pedagogical approaches and technologies, and sharing and promoting best practices, which will lead to the evolution, design and implementation of smart learning environments. The focus of the contributions is on the interplay and fusion of pedagogy and technology to create these new environments. The components of this interplay include but are not limited to: Pedagogy: learning paradigms, assessment paradigms, social factors, policy Technology: emerging technologies, innovative uses of mature technologies, adoption, usability, standards, and emerging/new technological paradigms (open educational resources, cloud computing, etc. ) Fusion of pedagogy and technology: transformation of curricula, transformation of teaching behavior, transformation of administration, best practices of infusion, piloting of new ideas.

The State of the Evangelical Mind: Reflections on the Past, Prospects for the Future

by Mark A. Noll Timothy Larsen Lauren F. Winner Mark Galli Richard J. Mouw James K. Smith David C. Mahan Jo Anne Lyon C. Donald Smedley

Scandal of the Evangelical MindRichard J. MouwMark A. NollJo Anne LyonDavid C. Mahan and C. Donald SmedleyTimothy LarsenLauren WinnerJames K. A. SmithMark GalliThe State of the Evangelical Mind

State of West Virginia Driver's Licensing Handbook

by Department of Transportation State of West Virginia

<p>The driver examination program provides fundamental education in traffic safety and allows you to match your driving ability with accepted standards for safe driving. <p>This manual is only a partial digest of West Virginia motor vehicle laws. As a prospective driver, you should become familiar with all of the information in this manual. It will enable you to pass the driver examination and help you become a good driver.

The State, Schooling and Identity

by Kari Kantasalmi Gunilla Holm

This book offers insights into the relationship between nation-state and education by problematizing and analyzing the assumed straightforwardness of the role of education and schooling. Placing the issue in very contemporary contested nation-state structures like Scotland, Catalonia, Ukraine and Belgium. These conflict situations and contested power relations are in a way some of Europe's internal North-South struggles. In addition, the particular Nordic North-South example of the Saami with their status as indigenous people recognized in international law is viewed in terms of their educational struggle for better consideration of their cultural features in Saami land crossing the Nordic states. The book focuses on the Nordic countries, often viewed as globally exemplary in their educational arrangements, but casts deeper insight into Nordic education and points to problematic schooling issues in Northern Europe. This volume presents somewhat unexpected views on European educational arrangements with regard to the European growing diversity.

State Science and Technology Policy Advice: ISSUES, OPPORTUNITIES, AND CHALLENGES

by National Academy Of Sciences National Academy of Engineering Institute of Medicine of the National Academies

The federal government plays the predominant role in supporting research and development (R&amp;D) and in establishing public policies that affect science and technology (S&amp;T) in the United States. However, the federal government is no longer the sole focus of R&amp;D funding and S&amp;T policy making. State and local policy makers are unquestionably making more and more decisions that affect all of us on a daily basis. With this shift, states have also assumed an increasing responsibility for developing, formalizing, and institutionalizing policies and programs that support R&amp;D and enable S&amp;T evidence and expertise to be incorporated into policy making. These issues were explored during a first-of-its-kind National Convocation organized by the National Academy of Sciences, the National Academy of Engineering, and the Institute of Medicine in collaboration with the National Association of Academies of Science and the California Council on Science and Technology. Scientists, engineers, state policy makers, experts from state regulatory agencies, representatives from foundations, and experts in scientific communication from 20 states and the District of Columbia participated in this event. This report highlights the major themes from the Convocation that emerged from the presentations and from the rich discussions that occurred in both plenary and breakout sessions.

State University of New York at Brockport (The Campus History Series)

by Mary Jo Gigliotti W. Bruce Leslie Kenneth P. O'Brien

State University of New York at Brockport chronicles the history of a highly respected public college in western New York State. Founded by Erie Canal entrepreneurs as a Baptist college in 1835, the institution became an academy in 1841, a state-funded normal school in 1867, a state teachers college in 1941, and finally the comprehensive college, within the nation's largest public university system, that it is today. The post World War II era witnessed two bursts of dramatic enrollment growth, one underwritten by the 1944 GI Bill, the other inspired by local initiatives and expansive state funding in the late 1960s and early 1970s. The college's selection to host the 1979 International Special Olympics concluded a 20-year period of dynamic innovation. In the 1980s, the college struggled to adjust to reduced public funding and declining enrollments before achieving stability and regaining its solid reputation.

State University of New York at Cobleskill

by State University of New York at Cobleskill Alumni Association

As an alternative to high school for young men interested in agriculture, the State Agricultural and Technology College at Cobleskill opened the doors of its only building to a class of 10 in 1916. It was an experiment at the time, although now it would be part of New York's BOCES (Board of Cooperative Educational Services) system. Evolving over the years, it was first a postsecondary institute for men and women interested in agriculture, home economics, and teacher training; then it became a junior college offering a multitude of degrees, including not only those listed above but also business and liberal arts; and now, 100 years later, it is a comprehensive college offering baccalaureate as well as associate degrees. Today, the campus covers over 900 acres with 70 buildings.

State University of New York College at Oneonta

by David W. Brenner

The campus of the State University of New York, College at Oneonta covers two hundred-fifty acres and overlooks the Susquehanna River Valley in the western foothills of the Catskill Mountains. Founded in 1889 as the Oneonta Normal School with the mission of training teachers, the college became a charter member of the state university system in 1948. Its mission diversified through the years as it served the changing needs of the people of New York State. The college offered its first bachelor's degree program in 1938, its first graduate program in 1948, and its first full range of programs in the arts and sciences in 1964. Today, as a liberal arts college with a preprofessional focus, Oneonta enrolls more than five thousand six hundred students in over sixty undergraduate majors and nine graduate programs. This intriguing visual history documents the development of an exceptional institution of higher learning. State University of New York, College at Oneonta begins with the people who helped establish the college and examines the impact that establishment had on the community. The book profiles the faculty and shows the rooms and buildings in which they taught over the years. It looks at students in all phases of campus life-in the dormitories, at study, in sports, and on stage. The book offers a complete picture of a college noted for its outstanding and accessible faculty, students committed to both academic achievement and community service, distinguished alumni, and beautiful campus.

State University of New York Farmingdale

by Frank J. Cavaioli

The State University of New York at Farmingdale is the oldest public college on Long Island. Chartered in 1912 as the New York State School of Agriculture, its growth has reflected the Long Island region's transition from rural to suburban and from agriculture to high technology. Its more than 50,000 alumni have achieved distinction in the public and private sectors of society. The college has contributed to the high socioeconomic status of Long Island's 2.7 million people (Nassau and Suffolk Counties), as well as to the rest of New York State.The State University of New York at Farmingdale presents more than two hundred photographs accompanied by detailed narrative that capture thememorable events of SUNY Farmingdale. This fascinating story presents a snapshot of a period of local history that no longer exists. It features leaders such as Halsey B. Knapp, the director who shaped the destiny of the college; David W. Allee, who helped set up the first technical education programs; Charles W. Laffin, a president who presided during the years of great social change; andFrank A. Cipriani, a president whose innovations prepared the way for the new millennium through the establishment of bachelor of science degrees in technical education.

Stateless Law: Evolving Boundaries of a Discipline (Juris Diversitas)

by Shauna Van Praagh Helge Dedek

This volume offers a critical analysis and illustration of the challenges and promises of ’stateless’ law thought, pedagogy and approaches to governance - that is, understanding and conceptualizing law in a post-national condition. From common, civil and international law perspectives, the collection focuses on the definition and role of law as an academic discipline, and hybridity in the practice and production of law. With contributions by a diverse and international group of scholars, the collection includes fourteen chapters written in English and three in French. Confronting the ’transnational challenge’ posed to the traditional theoretical and institutional structures that underlie the teaching and study of law in the university, the seventeen authors of Stateless Law: Evolving Boundaries of a Discipline bring new insight to the ongoing and crucial conversation about the future shape of legal scholarship, education and practice that is emblematic of the early twenty-first century. This collection is essential reading for academics, institutions and others involved in determining the future roles, responsibilities and education of jurists, as well as for academics interested in Law, Sociology, Political Science and Education.

The "States" in Villages

by Shulei Li

This book presents a study in educational sociology, exploring the function of rural schools, which are a symbol of the state in rural society, in a time characterized by local cultural transition. The book begins with an investigation of the status quo, background and history of a representative rural school, Fengning Hope Elementary School, and gives a definition of "the 'states' in villages. " Subsequently, on the basis of research on the teachers, an analysis of the courses taught, and comparison to other rural elementary schools of the same type, it reveals the dual status of rural schools and their relation with social development in rural areas. Based on thorough fieldwork and empirical research, the book provides a new vision of the interactive relation between the state and rural society, particularly focusing on the role of rural education in that relation. In addition, it explores the reshaping of Chinese culture and the part that intellectuals play in the process of today's cultural transition. For English-language readers and Western professionals, this translated version will offer an essential window into Chinese studies from a local point of view.

States, Markets and Education

by Ansgar Weymann

Education policy is a core element of the state's sovereignty and autonomy. This book analyzes the rise of the western education state and its limits in times of transition from western to non-western globalization and of waning newspaper interest in France, Germany, the UK and the US.

States of Emergency: The Object of American Studies

by Russ Castronovo

The contributors to this volume argue that for too long, inclusiveness has substituted for methodology in American studies scholarship. The ten original essays collected here call for a robust comparativism that is attuned theoretically to questions of both space and time. States of Emergencyasks readers to engage in a thought experiment: imagine that you have an object you want to study. Which methodologies will contextualize and explain your selection? What political goals are embedded in your inquiry? This thought experiment is taken up by contributors who consider an array of objects--the weather, cigarettes, archival material, AIDS, the enemy, extinct species, and torture. The essayists recalibrate the metrics of time and space usually used to measure these questions. In the process, each contributes to a project that redefines the object of American studies, reading its history as well as its future across, against, even outside the established grain of interdisciplinary practice. Contributors: Srinivas Aravamudan, Duke University Ian Baucom, Duke University Chris Castiglia, The Pennsylvania State University Russ Castronovo, University of Wisconsin-Madison Wai Chee Dimock, Yale University Nan Enstad, University of Wisconsin-Madison Susan Gillman, University of California, Santa Cruz Rodrigo Lazo, University of California, Irvine Robert S. Levine, University of Maryland Anne McClintock, University of Wisconsin-Madison Kenneth W. Warren, University of Chicago

Statesmanship and Religion

by Henry A. Wallace

Henry Agard Wallace, served as 11th Secretary of Agriculture (1933-1940), during the tumultuous time of the New Deal as the America recovered from the Great Depression. In this book discusses the ethical basis of the New Deal and its relationship to other reform movements.

Station Agent: Passbooks Study Guide (Career Examination Series #Vol. C-3807)

by National Learning Corporation

The Station Agent Passbook® prepares you for your test by allowing you to take practice exams in the subjects you need to study. It provides hundreds of questions and answers in the areas that will likely be covered on your upcoming exam, including but not limited to: resolving customers' concerns, problems or complaints; interpreting timetables, subway maps and other printed material; understanding subway operating procedures; following procedures in the event of emergencies or unusual occurrences; job-related arithmetic; points of interest in the city; and more.

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