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by Mario Bunge

Cien ideas parecen muchas antes de que uno se ponga a contarlas. Es lo que hace Mario Bunge con paciencia, claridad y sencillez en este libro, tan bueno que hasta parecen pocas. La tarea le permite iluminarse (e iluminarnos) para que las ideas participen luego en nuestras charlas, para que encontremos en ellas temas y motivos que fortalezcan esa gran pasión que nos precedía: la amistad. La sobriedad y la elegancia con las que cada una de estas ideas es expuesta, y la concisión y el método que ameritan, aportan un delicioso empeño: que las palabras sirvan para que podamos entendernos mejor. Nunca falta una idea cuando Mario Bunge escribe, y si parece que una sobra, se debe a la generosa actitud del autor, que nos la concede como yapa.

100 years of European Philosophy Since the Great War: Crisis and Reconfigurations (Philosophical Studies in Contemporary Culture #25)

by Matthew Sharpe Jack Reynolds Rory Jeffs

This book is a collection of specifically commissioned articles on the key continental European philosophical movements since 1914. It shows how each of these bodies of thought has been shaped by their responses to the horrors set in train by World War I, and considers whether we are yet 'post-post-war'. The outbreak of World War I in August 1914,set in chain a series of crises and re-configurations, which have continued to shape the world for a century: industrialized slaughter, the end of colonialism and European empires, the rise of the USA, economic crises, fascism, Soviet Marxism, the gulags and the Shoah. Nearly all of the major movements in European thinking (phenomenology, psychoanalysis, Hegelianism, Marxism, political theology, critical theory and neoliberalism) were forged in, or shaped by, attempts to come to terms with the global trauma of the World Wars. This is the first book to describe the development of these movements after World War I, and as such promises to be of interest to philosophers and historians of philosophy around the world.

100 Years of NCVO and Voluntary Action: Idealists and Realists

by Justin Davis Smith

This book explores the rich history of voluntary action in the United Kingdom over the past 100 years, through the lens of the National Council for Voluntary Organisations (NCVO), which celebrates its centenary in 2019. From its establishment at the end of the First World War, through the creation of the Welfare State in the middle of the twentieth century, to New Labour and the Big Society at the beginning of this century, NCVO has been at the forefront of major developments within society and the voluntary movement. The book examines its many successes, including its role in establishing high-profile charities such as Age Concern, the Youth Hostels Association, and National Association of Citizens’ Advice Bureaux. It charts the development of closer relations with the state, resulting in growing awareness of the value of voluntary action, increased funding, and beneficial changes to public policy, tax and charity law. But it also explores the criticisms NCVO has faced, in particular that by pursuing a partnership agenda and championing professionalisation, it has contributed to an erosion of the movement’s independence and distinctiveness.

101 Chambers: Congress, State Legislatures, and the Future of Legislative Studies

by Peverill Squire Keith E. Hamm

The book compares and contrasts Congress and the state legislatures on histories, fundamental structures, institutional and organizational characteristics, and members. By highlighting the vast array of organizational schemes and behavioral patterns evidenced in state legislatures, the authors demonstrate that the potential for the study of American legislatures, as opposed to the separate efforts of Congressional and state legislative scholars, is too great to leave unexplored.

101 Philosophy Problems

by Martin Cohen

Does Farmer Field really know his prize cow, Daisy, is in the field? When is an unexpected exam not wholly unexpected? Are all bachelors (really) unmarried? Martin Cohen's 101 Philosophy Problems, Fourth Edition introduces philosophy in an entertaining but informative and stimulating way. Using philosophical puzzles, conundrums and paradoxes he skilfully unwraps some of the mysteries of the subject, from what we know - or think we know - to brainteasing thought experiments about ethics, science and the nature of the mind. For the Fourth Edition there are many new problems, including Maxwell's Moving Magnets, Einstein Changes Train Times, and Zeno's Paradox of Place; as well as two brand new sections including puzzles such as Lorenz's Waterywheel, and the Battle for Fractal Farm, and perplexing ethical dilemmas. The book has been extensively revised to bring it up to date with new developments in philosophy and society. With an updated glossary of helpful terms and possible solutions to the problems at the end of the book, 101 Philosophy Problems is essential reading for anyone coming to philosophy for the first time.

101 Quantum Questions: What You Need To Know About The World You Can't See

by Kenneth William Ford

This reader-friendly, richly illustrated book provides an engaging overview of quantum physics, from "big ideas" like probability and uncertainty and conservation laws to the behavior of quarks and photons and neutrinos, and on to explanations of how a laser works and why black holes evaporate.

11 Principles of a Reagan Conservative

by Paul Kengor

Perhaps no other president's name is invoked by politicians as much as Ronald Reagan's. Every election, as presidential hopefuls jockey for the Republican nomination, each one claims to be a Reagan conservative. But are these candidates truly carrying on the mantle of Ronald Reagan, or are they abusing the memory of our great president? What did Ronald Reagan really believe? In 11 Principles of a Reagan Conservative, biographer Paul Kengor analyzes Ronald Reagan's speeches and actions to paint a full, accurate picture of his beliefs. Kengor identifies these principles that lie at the crux of Reagan's conservatism; Freedom, Faith, Family, Sanctity and Dignity of Human Life, American Exceptionalism, The Founders' Wisdom and Vision, Lower Taxes, Limited Government, Peace Through Strength, Anti-Communism, and Belief in the Individual. And it is through these principles that Reagan's modern emulators may create a successful, conservative future.Many a politician has asked: What would Reagan do if he were president now? Where would Reagan stand on today's issues? Who is the next Ronald Reagan? Paul Kengor dissects Reagan's presidency and provides decisive conclusions. The answers to some of these questions may surprise conservatives and liberals alike.

12 × 12 Schlüsselkonzepte zur Mathematik

by Oliver Deiser Caroline Lasser Elmar Vogt Dirk Werner

Wie ist ein Ring definiert, wann kann man Grenzprozesse vertauschen, was sind lineare Ordnungen und wozu benötigt man das Zornsche Lemma in der Linearen Algebra? Das Buch will seinen Lesern helfen, sich in der Fülle der grundlegenden mathematischen Definitionen zurecht zu finden und exemplarische mathematische Ergebnisse einordnen und ihre Eigenheiten verstehen zu können. Es behandelt hierzu je zwölf Schlüsselkonzepte der folgenden zwölf Themengebiete der Mathematik: Grundlagen Zahlen Zahlentheorie Diskrete Mathematik Lineare Algebra Algebra Elementare Analysis Höhere Analysis Topologie und Geometrie Numerik Stochastik Mengenlehre und Logik Ein besonderes Augenmerk liegt auf einer knappen und präzisen, dabei aber nicht zu formalen Darstellung. Dadurch erlauben die einzelnen Beiträge ein fokussiertes Nachlesen ebenso wie ein neugieriges Kennenlernen. Das Buch ist geschrieben für Studierende der Mathematik ab dem ersten Semester und möchte ein treuer Begleiter und eine zuverlässige Orientierungshilfe für das gesamte Studium sein. Die 2. Auflage ist vollständig durchgesehen und um Literaturangaben ergänzt.

The 12 Chinese Animals: Create Harmony in your Daily Life through Ancient Chinese Wisdom

by Zhongxian Wu

* Silver Medal Winner in the 2010 BOTYA Awards Body, Mind and Spirit Category * The Chinese horoscope holds the key to a better understanding of self and others, and to living a life of harmony. Not just the year of birth, but also the month, day and hour have significance in true Chinese astrology. Master Zhongxian Wu explains how to find your power animal symbols, and how to learn from their wisdom. By fully understanding what each animal signifies, and how they relate to the major hexagrams of the Yijing, he shows that they can help you to find inner peace and live in harmony with family, friends, the wider community, and with nature. Using the wisdom of the twelve animal symbols as a guide, you will learn how to better understand your personality, and make choices that profoundly influence your health, relationships, career, and finances, allowing you to live up to your greatest potential. Making the wisdom of the twelve Chinese animals accessible to the Western reader for the first time in its relationship with the Yijing, this book will be an illuminating read for anyone interested in understanding themselves and their life patterns better, Chinese astrology, and the Yijing.

12 Rules for Life: An Antidote to Chaos

by Jordan B. Peterson

What does everyone in the modern world need to know? Renowned psychologist Jordan B. Peterson's answer to this most difficult of questions uniquely combines the hard-won truths of ancient tradition with the stunning revelations of cutting-edge scientific research.Humorous, surprising and informative, Dr. Peterson tells us why skateboarding boys and girls must be left alone, what terrible fate awaits those who criticize too easily, and why you should always pet a cat when you meet one on the street. What does the nervous system of the lowly lobster have to tell us about standing up straight (with our shoulders back) and about success in life? Why did ancient Egyptians worship the capacity to pay careful attention as the highest of gods? What dreadful paths do people tread when they become resentful, arrogant and vengeful? Dr. Peterson journeys broadly, discussing discipline, freedom, adventure and responsibility, distilling the world's wisdom into 12 practical and profound rules for life. 12 Rules for Life shatters the modern commonplaces of science, faith and human nature, while transforming and ennobling the mind and spirit of its readers.

14 aprendizajes vitales

by Carlos Alemany Briz

La vida es un continuo -y realmente complejo- proceso de aprender y desaprender. Y también un cúmulo de ocasiones perdidas en las que decidimos no querer aprender ni tampoco desaprender.Gran parte de los aprendizajes los recibimos de una manera estructurada: en la familia, en el jardín de infancia o en el colegio, en el trabajo o en la universidad, nos enseñan -y aprendemos- muchas cosas. Todos estos aprendizajes, que podríamos llamar formales, representan la base primordial de nuestra educación.Sin embargo, el fluir vital y el desarrollo del ciclo personal está también lleno -y mucho- de aprendizajes que uno ha tenido que hacer sin que nadie se los enseñe de una manera formal. Algunos de estos aprendizajes son dolorosos, otros son gozosos y el profundizar en todos ellos y dar con la clave motivadora de ese aprender a aprender es de gran ayuda para la propia evolución personal.Este libro, escrito en colaboración por un conjunto de especialistas, de forma narrativa, pedagógica y serendípica, pretende favorecer esta reflexión y facilitar estos otros aprendizajes. Los temas los hemos elegido entre los que nos parecen más vitales y necesarios en la sociedad de hoy, sabiendo de antemano que la lista es más amplia que los aquí elegidos.Las excelentes ilustraciones de Ángel Rz. Idígoras, psicólogo, dibujante e ilustrador, contribuyen a dar el tono de invitación gozosamente humana a leer y a poner en práctica estos nuevos aprendizajes vitales. Ojalá que cada uno encuentre en estos capítulos -leídos serendípicamente en su mecedora o en su rincón favorito y practicados los ejercicios que se sugieren- las pistas, las preguntas, las respuestas o el tema que se ajuste más y mejor a su propio momento vital.

1650-1850: Ideas, Aesthetics, and Inquiries in the Early Modern Era (Volume 24) (1650-1850 Ser. #Vol. 4)

by Kevin L. Cope

1650-1850 publishes essays and reviews from and about a wide range of academic disciplines—literature (both in English and other languages), philosophy, art history, history, religion, and science. Interdisciplinary in scope and approach, 1650-1850 emphasizes aesthetic manifestations and applications of ideas, and encourages studies that move between the arts and the sciences—between the “hard” and the “humane” disciplines. The editors encourage proposals for “special features” that bring together five to seven essays on focused themes within its historical range, from the Interregnum to the end of the first generation of Romantic writers. While also being open to more specialized or particular studies that match up with the general themes and goals of the journal, 1650-1850 is in the first instance a journal about the artful presentation of ideas that welcomes good writing from its contributors. First published in 1994, 1650-1850 is currently in its 24th volume. ISSN 1065-3112. Published by Bucknell University Press. Distributed worldwide by Rutgers University Press.

1650-1850: Ideas, Aesthetics, and Inquiries in the Early Modern Era (Volume 25) (1650-1850 Ser. #Vol. 4)

by Jack Lynch Pat Rogers Kate Brown Sarah Stein Richard P. Heitzenrater Yu Liu Suzanne L. Barnett Mark G. Spencer Malcolm Jack Isabel Rivers Nigel Penn Robin Runia Samara Anne Cahill Claude Willan Howard Weinbrot Molly Marotta Anthony W Lee Daniel Gustafson James Horowitz Philip S. Palmer R.J.W. Mills Christopher Trigg Roy Bogas Gefen Bar-On Santor Jane R. Stevens Paula Pinto Tamara Wagner

Volume 25 of 1650–1850: Ideas, Aesthetics, and Inquiries in the Early Modern Era investigates the local textures that make up the whole cloth of the Enlightenment. Ranging from China to Cheltenham and from Spinoza to civil insurrection, volume 25 celebrates the emergence of long-eighteenth-century culture from particularities and prodigies. Unfurling in the folds of this volume is a special feature on playwright, critic, and literary theorist John Dennis. Edited by Claude Willan, the feature returns a major player in eighteenth-century literary culture to his proper role at the center of eighteenth-century politics, art, publishing, and dramaturgy. This celebration of John Dennis mingles with a full company of essays in the character of revealing case studies. Essays on a veritable world of topics—on Enlightenment philosophy in China; on riots as epitomes of Anglo-French relations; on domestic animals as observers; on gothic landscapes; and on prominent literati such as Jonathan Swift, Arthur Murphy, and Samuel Johnson—unveil eye-opening perspectives on a “long” century that prized diversity and that looked for transformative events anywhere, everywhere, all the time. Topping it all off is a full portfolio of reviews evaluating the best books on the literature, philosophy, and the arts of this abundant era. Published by Bucknell University Press. Distributed worldwide by Rutgers University Press.

1941: The Year Germany Lost the War

by Andrew Nagorski

Bestselling historian Andrew Nagorski takes a fresh look at the decisive year 1941, when Hitler’s miscalculations and policy of terror propelled Churchill, FDR, and Stalin into a powerful new alliance that defeated Nazi Germany. In early 1941, Hitler’s armies ruled most of Europe. Churchill’s Britain was an isolated holdout against the Nazi tide, but German bombers were attacking its cities and German U-boats were attacking its ships. Stalin was observing the terms of the Nazi-Soviet Pact, and Roosevelt was vowing to keep the United States out of the war. Hitler was confident that his aim of total victory was within reach. \By the end of 1941, all that changed. Hitler had repeatedly gambled on escalation and lost: by invading the Soviet Union and committing a series of disastrous military blunders; by making mass murder and terror his weapons of choice, and by rushing to declare war on the United States after Japan’s attack on Pearl Harbor. Britain emerged with two powerful new allies—Russia and the United States. By then, Germany was doomed to defeat. Nagorski illuminates the actions of the major characters of this pivotal year as never before. 1941: The Year Germany Lost the War is a stunning examination of unbridled megalomania versus determined leadership. It also reveals how 1941 set the Holocaust in motion, and presaged the postwar division of Europe, triggering the Cold War. 1941 was a year that forever defined our world.

1968: Radical Protest and Its Enemies

by Richard Vinen

A major new history of one of the seminal years in the postwar world, when rebellion and disaffection broke out on an extraordinary scale.The year 1968 saw an extraordinary range of protests across much of the western world. Some of these were genuinely revolutionary—around ten million French workers went on strike and the whole state teetered on the brink of collapse. Others were more easily contained, but had profound longer-term implications—terrorist groups, feminist collectives, gay rights activists could all trace important roots to 1968.1968 is a striking and original attempt half a century later to show how these events, which in some ways still seem so current, stemmed from histories and societies which are in practice now extraordinarily remote from our own time. 1968 pursues the story into the 1970s to show both the ever more violent forms of radicalization that stemmed from 1968 and the brutal reaction that brought the era to an end.

1988. El fin de la ilusión: Charly, Calamaro y los Redondos; Monzón, Olmedo, Asís y Alfonsín; Federico Moura y Miguel Abuelo. Un año de amor, locura y muerte.

by Martín Zariello

Una semblanza divertida y reflexiva sobre 1988, un año bisagra en el rock nacional y en la vida cultural, política y social del país. Martín Zariello pone su lupa pop en el paisaje agridulce de esa época. El año en que -recién acababa de irse de este mundo Luca- mueren Federico Moura y Miguel Abuelo, el primer gobierno del retorno democrático entra en crisis y con él, el sueño entero de una generación parece desvanecerse. Una semblanza divertida y reflexiva sobre 1988, un año bisagra en el rock nacional y en la vida cultural, política y social del país. Como un rompecabezas, piezas aparentemente inconexas con los rostros de Alfonsín, Charly García, Luis Alberto Spinetta, Carlos Monzón, Cerati, Los Redonditos, Fito Páez, Alberto Olmedo, Rico & Seineldín y hasta Ricardo Piglia y Jorge Asís forman la trama de un año que, a tres décadas, pide urgente una revisión que soslaye las trampas de la nostalgia. Martín Zariello pone su lupa pop en el paisaje agridulce de ese año bisagra. El año en que -recién acaba de morir Luca- mueren Federico Moura y Miguel Abuelo, el primer gobierno del retorno democrático entra en crisis y con él, el sueño entero de una generación parece desvanecerse. Los capítulos: Alfonsín Live on tour 88 - Maral 39 - Amnesty es un lugar del que nadie puede regresar - Hipótesis alrededor de una canción de Cacho Castaña - Argentinos pero simpáticos - Pelusón of Foucault - Todos los femicidios, el femicidio - Sida intelectual - Te tendrás que cuidar - Los años del "rock pobre" -El amor antes del amor - Spaguetti del rock - La vanguardia era así - El futuro ya llegó

1989 as a Political World Event: Democracy, Europe and the New International System in the Age of Globalization (Global Order Studies)

by Jacques Rupnik

This book is not about the events of 1989, but about 1989 as a world event. Starting with the fall of the Berlin Wall and the collapse of the Soviet bloc it examines the historical significance and the world brought about by 1989. When the Cold War ended in Europe it ushered in a world in which the international agenda is set outside Europe, in America or Asia. The book critically examines and moves beyond some of the conveniently simple paradigms proposed in the nineties, by leading political scientists such as Fukuyama and Huntington, to show how the events of 1989 meant different things to different parties. This was an anti-utopian revolution, a symbol of the possibility of non-violent transitions to democracy, which raised the hopes of world-wide democratic changes. Contributors show how 1989 can be seen as the founding moment of a globalized world, but equal attention should be given to the dispersion of its meanings and the exhaustion of some of its main trends associated with the post-1989 era. Europe was reunited, yet it is in crisis. Twenty years on, global markets have brought about a global financial crisis. The fall of the Berlin Wall was celebrated as the advent of free movement in a world without borders. Now however, we can see that new borders, walls, fences have since been built. With an introductory essay by Vaclav Havel, 1989 as a Political World Event will be of interest to scholars of European Politics and International Relations.

The 1991 Child Support Act: Failure Foreseeable and Foreseen

by Leanne McCarthy-Cotter

This book assesses the 1991 Child Support Act and demonstrates how its failure was ‘foreseeable’ and ‘foreseen’. It provides an understanding of the creation, and failure, of the Act, as well as providing an examination of the British policy-making process. The book re-introduces the ‘stages approach’ as an appropriate framework for examining policy-making in general, and analysing policy failure in particular. It draws on evidence gained through interviews, official documents, unpublished consultation responses, Parliamentary debates, and materials from pressure groups and think-tanks, as well as academic literature. The 1991 Child Support Act is seen as one of the most controversial and notorious policy failures in Britain. However it has received relatively little academic attention. An in-depth analysis of the policy-making process that led to the development and passage of this deeply flawed policy has largely been neglected: this book fills that gap.

2012: The Return of Quetzalcoatl

by Daniel Pinchbeck

The epic that binds together the cosmological phenomena of our time, from crop circles to the resurgence of psychedelic drugs, to support the Mayan calendar that the year 2012 portends a global shift-in consciousness, culture, and way of living.

The 2018 Yearbook of the Digital Ethics Lab (Digital Ethics Lab Yearbook #1)

by David Watson Carl Öhman

This book explores a wide range of topics in digital ethics. It features 11 chapters that analyze the opportunities and the ethical challenges posed by digital innovation, delineate new approaches to solve them, and offer concrete guidance to harness the potential for good of digital technologies. The contributors are all members of the Digital Ethics Lab (the DELab), a research environment that draws on a wide range of academic traditions.The chapters highlight the inherently multidisciplinary nature of the subject, which cannot be separated from the epistemological foundations of the technologies themselves or the political implications of the requisite reforms. Coverage illustrates the importance of expert knowledge in the project of designing new reforms and political systems for the digital age. The contributions also show how this task requires a deep self-understanding of who we are as individuals and as a species.The questions raised here have ancient -- perhaps even timeless -- roots. The phenomena they address may be new. But, the contributors examine the fundamental concepts that undergird them: good and evil, justice and truth. Indeed, every epoch has its great challenges. The role of philosophy must be to redefine the meaning of these concepts in light of the particular challenges it faces. This is true also for the digital age. This book takes an important step towards redefining and re-implementing fundamental ethical concepts to this new era.

The 2019 Yearbook of the Digital Ethics Lab (Digital Ethics Lab Yearbook)

by Christopher Burr Silvia Milano

This edited volume presents an overview of cutting-edge research areas within digital ethics as defined by the Digital Ethics Lab of the University of Oxford. It identifies new challenges and opportunities of influence in setting the research agenda in the field.The yearbook presents research on the following topics: conceptual metaphor theory, cybersecurity governance, cyber conflicts, anthropomorphism in AI, digital technologies for mental healthcare, data ethics in the asylum process, AI’s legitimacy and democratic deficit, digital afterlife industry, automatic prayer bots, foresight analysis and the future of AI. This volume appeals to students, researchers and professionals.

A 21st Century Ethical Toolbox (2nd Edition)

by Anthony Weston

A 21st Century Ethical Toolbox offers a uniquely practical and hands-on introduction to ethics. Thoroughly optimistic, the book invites students to approach ethical issues with a reconstructive intent--to "break out of the box" in order to make room for more and better options than the rigid"pro" and "con" positions that have developed around tough problems like abortion and environmental ethics. In this book, ethics is treated not as an invitation to issue summary moral judgments or to construct and evaluate moral theories, but as an ongoing set of real-life challenges that call for multiple, integrated, and open-ended kinds of intelligence. Anthony Weston covers the skills that are vital to making real progress in ethics, including critical thinking, creative problem-solving, moral vision, mindful speech, and many more. Readers will find refreshing examples of real people andcommunities who have made progress in reframing and resolving ethical dilemmas by thinking and acting in constructive and innovative ways. Instructors can readily use the experiential and applied activities inspired by this "toolbox" of skills to design an interactive and collaborative ethics course, and students will find the resources and the encouragement to carry those skills into practice. A 21st Century Ethical Toolbox addresses a broad spectrum of compelling ethical issues, including abortion, sexual choices, what and how we eat, crime and punishment, fair trade, environmental justice, and many others. Provocative selections from a wide range of philosophers, essayists,community activists, and students are interwoven with Weston's own discussions. The text is enhanced by an extensive "Exercises and Notes" section at the end of each chapter and a detailed appendix that offers instructors advice on how to use this book in the classroom. New to the Second Edition: * A reorganized structure that covers a wider range of topics, grouped into four parts: Getting Started; Moral Values; Ethical Practice; and Making a Difference * A more diverse selection of sources that pays more attention to multicultural representation and religious ethics * New and additional readings from moral philosophers, first-rate writers, community activists, and college students, including Alice Walker, Ursula LeGuin, Bertrand Russell, Kwasi Wiredu, Aldo Leopold, and many others * A new chapter on "Mindful Speech" by Spoma Jovanovic, a leading figure in Communication Ethics * An all-new Part IV on how to make a real ethical difference * Ten review questions in each chapter that can also be used as test questions * A second appendix, "Experiential Teaching in Ethics," by Sharon Hartline of Radford University.

A 21st Century Ethical Toolbox (Third Edition)

by Anthony Weston

Thoroughly optimistic, A 21st Century Ethical Toolbox, Third Edition, invites students to approach ethical issues with a reconstructive intent--to make room for more and better options than the rigid "pro" and "con" positions that have developed around tough problems like abortion and environmental ethics. Employing an accessible, consistently engaging writing style, Anthony Weston covers the skills that are vital to making real progress in ethics, including critical thinking, creative problem-solving, moral vision, genuine dialogue, and many more. Provocative selections from a wide range of philosophers, essayists, community activists, and students are interwoven with Weston's own discussions. The text is enhanced by extensive "Exercises and Notes" sections at the end of each chapter, new "Using Your Tools" sections after every two chapters, and a detailed guide for teachers as an appendix. Join instructors and students around the country who are using the experiential and applied activities inspired by this "toolbox" of skills to design interactive and collaborative ethics courses.

The 21st Century Singularity and Global Futures: A Big History Perspective (World-Systems Evolution and Global Futures)

by Andrey V. Korotayev David J. LePoire

This book introduces a 'Big History' perspective to understand the acceleration of social, technological and economic trends towards a near-term singularity, marking a radical turning point in the evolution of our planet. It traces the emergence of accelerating innovation rates through global history and highlights major historical transformations throughout the evolution of life, humans, and civilization. The authors pursue an interdisciplinary approach, also drawing on concepts from physics and evolutionary biology, to offer potential models of the underlying mechanisms driving this acceleration, along with potential clues on how it might progress. The contributions gathered here are divided into five parts, the first of which studies historical mega-trends in relation to a variety of aspects including technology, population, energy, and information. The second part is dedicated to a variety of models that can help understand the potential mechanisms, and support extrapolation. In turn, the third part explores various potential future scenarios, along with the paths and decisions that are required. The fourth part presents philosophical perspectives on the potential deeper meaning and implications of the trend towards singularity, while the fifth and last part discusses the implications of the Search for Extraterrestrial Intelligence (SETI). Given its scope, the book will appeal to scholars from various disciplines interested in historical trends, technological change and evolutionary processes.


by Jonathan Crary

24/7: Late Capitalism and the Ends of Sleep explores some of the ruinous consequences of the expanding non-stop processes of twenty-first-century capitalism. The marketplace now operates through every hour of the clock, pushing us into constant activity and eroding forms of community and political expression, damaging the fabric of everyday life.Jonathan Crary examines how this interminable non-time blurs any separation between an intensified, ubiquitous consumerism and emerging strategies of control and surveillance. He describes the ongoing management of individual attentiveness and the impairment of perception within the compulsory routines of contemporary technological culture. At the same time, he shows that human sleep, as a restorative withdrawal that is intrinsically incompatible with 24/7 capitalism, points to other more formidable and collective refusals of world-destroying patterns of growth and accumulation.

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