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Say It in Japanese (Dover Language Guides Say It Series)

by Dover

Compact and comprehensive, this handy guide belongs in the pocket of every traveler. Built to hold up to years of use, it offers the easiest method ever devised for quickly finding the words, phrases, and sentences you need to communicate clearly. The book features over 2,200 up-to-date entries for any occasion; simple pronunciation transcriptions; numbered and indexed entries; quick word substitutions; and a handy bilingual glossary.

Say It in Portuguese (Dover Language Guides Say It Series)

by Dover

Contains over 1,000 useful sentences and phrases for travel or everyday living abroad: food, shopping, medical aid, courtesy, hotels, travel, and other situations. Gives the English phrase, the foreign equivalent, and a transliteration that can be read right off. Also includes many supplementary lists, signs, and aids. All words are indexed.

Say It in Russian (Dover Language Guides Say It Series)

by Dover

Contains over 1,000 useful sentences and phrases for travel or everyday living abroad: food, shopping, medical aid, courtesy, hotels, travel, and other situations. Gives the English phrase, the foreign equivalent, and a transliteration that can be read right off. Also includes many supplementary lists, signs, and aids. All words are indexed.

Say It in Spanish: New Edition

by Joyce Puebla

Compact and comprehensive, this convenient reference contains more than 1,300 numbered entries for every occasion. Completely updated contents include vocabulary and phrases for modern technology, transportation, and communications, plus essential information for travelers and points of interest about language and culture. Contains a pronunciation guide, native food and drink list, and a 2,500-word English-Spanish dictionary. "Gets quickly to the heart of communication."--The New York Times.

Say It in Swahili (Dover Language Guides Say It Series)

by Dover

Contains over 1,000 useful sentences and phrases for travel or everyday living abroad: food, shopping, medical aid, courtesy, hotels, travel, and other situations. Gives the English phrase, the foreign equivalent, and a transliteration that can be read right off. Also includes many supplementary lists, signs, and aids. All words are indexed.

Say It in Swedish (Dover Language Guides Say It Series)

by Dover

Contains over 1,000 useful sentences and phrases for travel or everyday living abroad: food, shopping, medical aid, courtesy, hotels, travel, and other situations. Gives the English phrase, the foreign equivalent, and a transliteration that can be read right off. Also includes many supplementary lists, signs, and aids. All words are indexed.

Scaffolding Language

by Pauline Gibbons

The bestselling Scaffolding Language, Scaffolding Learning helped tens of thousands of mainstream elementary teachers ensure that their English language learners became full members of the school community with the language and content skills they needed for success. In the highly anticipated Second Edition, Pauline Gibbons updates her classic text with a multitude of practical ideas for the classroom, supported by the latest research in the field of ELL/ESL. With clear directions and classroom tested strategies for supporting students' academic progress, Gibbons shows how the teaching of language can be integrated seamlessly with the teaching of content, and how academic achievement can be boosted without sacrificing our own vision of education to the dictates of knee-jerk accountability. Rich examples of classroom discourse illustrate exactly how the scaffolding process works, while activities to facilitate conversation and higher-level thinking put the latest research on second language learning into action.

Scaffolding Language Development in Immersion and Dual Language Classrooms (Routledge Series in Language and Content Integrated Teaching & Plurilingual Education)

by Roy Lyster Diane J. Tedick

This book introduces research-based pedagogical practices for supporting and enhancing language development and use in school-based immersion and dual language programs in which a second, foreign, heritage, or indigenous language is used as the medium of subject-matter instruction. Using counterbalanced instruction as the volume’s pedagogical framework, the authors map out the specific pedagogical skill set and knowledge base that teachers in immersion and dual language classrooms need so their students can engage with content taught through an additional language while continuing to improve their proficiency in that language. To illustrate key concepts and effective practices, the authors draw on classroom-based research and include teacher-created examples of classroom application. The following topics are covered in detail: defining characteristics of immersion and dual language programs and features of well-implemented programs strategies to promote language and content integration in curricular planning as well as classroom instruction and performance assessment an instructional model to counterbalance form-focused and content-based instruction scaffolding strategies that support students’ comprehension and production while ensuring continued language development an approach to creating cross-linguistic connections through biliteracy instruction a self-assessment tool for teachers to reflect on their pedagogical growth Also applicable to content and language integrated learning and other forms of content-based language teaching, this comprehensive volume includes graphics to facilitate navigation and provides Resources for Readers and Application Activities at the end of each chapter. The book will be a key resource for preservice and in-service teachers, administrators, and teacher educators.

Scaffolding Language, Scaffolding Learning: Teaching Second Language Learners in the Mainstream Classroom

by Jim Cummins Pauline Gibbons

How does a mainstream elementary classroom teacher with little or no specialized ESL training meet the challenge of teaching linguistically diverse students? Pauline Gibbons suggests how: integrate the teaching of English with the content areas of the regular curriculum. What's more, she shows how in this practical resource book. Gibbons begins with a strong theoretical underpinning for her practice, drawing on a functional model of language, sociocultural theories of learning, and current research on second-language development. After supporting her view that the regular curriculum offers the best language-learning environment for young ESL students, Gibbons demonstrates the ways in which content areas provide a context for the teaching of English, from speaking and listening to reading and writing. These in turn are treated not as discrete skills, but as ones that can also be integrated in the learning of diverse subjects. Gibbons illustrates this with a wide range of teaching and learning activities across the curriculum, supplemented with programming and assessment formats and checklists. Language learning is not a simple linear process, but involves the ongoing development of skills for a range of purposes. Gibbons sees this development as largely the result of the social contexts and interactions in which learning occurs. By focusing on the ways in which teachers can "scaffold" language and learning in the content areas, she takes a holistic approach-one that appreciates the struggle of students learning a new language, while simultaneously developing subject knowledge in it, and the challenge for teachers to address these needs. Given today's culturally and linguistically diverse classrooms, ESL students can no longer be thought of as a group apart from the mainstream-they are. the mainstream. This book describes the ways to ensure that ESL learners become full members of the school community with the language and content skills they need for success.

Scalarity in the Verbal Domain

by Olga Kagan

Verbal prefixes in Slavic languages remain an intricate and puzzling phenomenon, raising questions about whether their behavior is governed by a systematic pattern, and if their attachment is subject to any kind of uniform semantic system. Olga Kagan offers a new unified analysis of Russian verbal prefixes which combines a formal semantic approach with detailed discussion of data. The book addresses two vital issues, both of which play an important role in modern linguistic research: the role of scalarity in natural language and, more specifically, within the verbal domain; and Slavic verbal prefixation. Accessibly written and illustrated with numerous examples, Scalarity in the Verbal Domain is important reading for researchers and students of formal semantics, cognitive linguistics and Slavic languages.

Scandinavian Object Shift and Optimality Theory

by Sten Vikner Eva Engels

This book presents an account of object shift, a word order phenomenon found in most of the Scandinavian languages where an object occurs unexpectedly to the left and not to the right of a sentential adverbial. With new and original observations, it is an important addition to the fields of phonology, optimality theory and theoretical syntax.

Scheisse!: The Real German You Were Never Taught in School

by David Levine Gertrude Besserwisser

Another entry in the bestselling, Merda! series, this humorous book helps readers navigate the world of real Low German. Scheisse! introduces readers to the fine art of cursing and basic slang to spice up their German speech.

Schmegoogle

by Daniel Klein

Schmegoogle: n. : a person so insignificant that if you Google his name, nothing comes up.Schmegoogle: Yiddish Words for Modern Times is a hilariously useful lexicon of neologisms that capture the flavor of life as we live it today.This clever book introduces more than 200 new terms rooted in real Yiddish, accompanied funny use-it-in-a-sentence examples and entertaining etymology.• Yiddish has long enriched English language slang.• Covers subjects including technology, family, dating, anxiety, insults and more• All terms are a unique blend of classic Yiddish with modern topicsIn this fast-changing modern world experienced online and through apps, of foodies, legal weed, and shifting social constructs, our need for the expressive wonders of Yiddish has never been greater. Bothered by that unanswered drift of e-mail piling up (e-charazi), stuffed by food or worry (gifilted), feeling like the dating app sends in only clowns (a zhlub magnet)? Schmegoogle is here to help.• Hilarious useful Yiddish neologisms for the 21st century• Makes a great gift for Jewish holidays or anyone who loves Jewish humor, as well as language nerds.• Perfect to for any occasion• You'll love this book if you love books like Yiddish with Dick and Jane by Ellis Weiner and Barbara Davilman, Born to Kvetch: Yiddish Language and Culture in All of Its Moods by Michael Wex, and Yiddish with George and Laura by Ellis Weiner, Barbara Davilman.

Scholastic Read XL (Grade #7)

by Scholastic

It's the first day of seventh grade. Will Victor make a good impression on the girl of his dreams?

Scholastic Read XL (Grade #8)

by Scholastic

Surveys can be a great way to learn about people's opinions and habits. But when you read the results of a survey, there are some details you should check.

Scholastic Read XL, Grade 6, Level 1: Student Anthology

by Scholastic

Scholastic Read XL, Grade 6, Level 1: Student Anthology is a school textbook, full of short stories with discussion questions at end of each story.

Science and the Human Comedy: Natural Philosophy in French Literature from Rabelais to Maupertuis

by Harcourt Brown

New scientific theories, methods, and objectives exert subtle and often unnoticed influences on literary creation. The developments of the attitudes and aspirations of French scientists between the Renaissance and the Revolution and the impact of these new outlooks on French literature form the theme of this book by an authority in the interdisciplinary treatment of science and literature. Implicit in the author's exploration is the view that in the development of the scientific revolution there was no overall design, but rather random growth; human beings turn up at various moments, some of them appropriately, some of them not, so that the record is in part a story of successful endeavour, in part a comedy little short of farce. in the historical panorama of this book, four auhors, each known for his ironic, even comic, insight into the human condition, are chosen to illustrate the theme. As men of letters, Rabelais and Voltaire exhibit well-defined scientific interests, while Pascal and Maupertuis were drawn from their scientific vocations into the discussion of ideas in literary forms. Consideration of their similarities and differences suggested the title, Science and the Human Comedy. This work is a valuable contribution to our understanding of the historical and cultural conditions accompanying the advancement of science in a critical period, as well as of several ways in which the process was reflected, sometimes directly, more often indirectly, in literature. (University of Toronto Romance Series 30)

Scribblers, Sculptors, and Scribes: A Companion to Wheelock's Latin and Other Introductory Textbooks

by Richard A. Lafleur

A Must-Have Companion for Every Student Beginning LatinScribblers, Scvlptors, and Scribes is the first collection of entirely authentic, unadapted, unsimplified classical Latin texts that beginning students, from the very first day of their introduction to Latin, can read, enjoy, and profit from. These selections provide a wide range of insights into not just the minds of Rome's movers and shakers-her politicians and gen- erals, philosophers and great poets-but also into the daily lives of the Average Joe and Jane Roman.Beginning with simple graffiti, Scribblers, Sculptors, and Scribes moves toward longer inscriptions and literary texts as students progress. Designed to accompany the bestselling Wheelock's curriculum, its 40 chapters are linked with the 40 chapters of Wheelock's Latin, but the book's readings and design features make it suitable for use alongside any introductory college or high school Latin textbook. Packed with hundreds of actual Latin inscriptions, proverbs, and literary texts, this unique textbook also includes dozens of photos and illustrations, maps, discussion and comprehension questions, grammar capsules, a Latin-English vocabulary section, a summary of forms, and much more.

The Second 100 Chinese Characters: Simplified Character Edition

by Alison Matthews Laurence Matthews

This book is a quick and easy way to learn the second 100 basic Chinese characters.All beginning students of Chinese struggle to memorize and learn to write the Chinese characters. The Second 100 Chinese Characters adopts a structural approach which helps students to quickly master the basic characters that are fundamental to this language. Intended for use after The First 100 Characters, this book presents characters that have been carefully selected for rapid and effective learning.The English meanings, pronunciations in Hanyu Pinyin and alternate forms (if any) for each Chinese character are presented along with a stroke order guide and spaces for writing practice. Printed with gray guidelines, the stroke order guides are designed to be traced over to teach students the standard sequence of strokes used to write the character. Related compounds and phrases are given to assist in vocabulary building.This book contains:The second 100 most common Chinese charactersStandard hanyu pinyin romanizations for each characterCompounds and phrases for vocabulary buildingStep-by-step stroke order diagrams show you how to write each characterSpecial boxes with grid lines help yo practice writing them correctlyCompounds and sample sentences provide easy vocabulary building

The Second 100 Chinese Characters: The Quick and Easy Method to Learn the Second 100 Basic Chinese Characters

by Alison Matthews Laurence Matthews

This book is a quick and easy way to learn the second 100 basic Chinese traditional characters.The major struggle facing all beginning Chinese language students is to learn to recognize, read and write hundreds of Chinese characters. <P><P> The Second 100 Chinese Characters adopts a structural approach that helps students to overcome this initial difficulty and quickly master the basic Chinese characters that are fundamental to this language. Intended for beginning students, this book contains characters that have been carefully selected and sequenced for rapid and effective learning.For effective leaning, memorization and practice, each Chinese character is shown separately on a single page, together with its English definitions, hanyu pinyin romanization, alternate form (if any), a stroke order guide and ample space for writing practice. This book featuresThe second 100 most frequently-used Chinese charactersFoundation characters for the HSK A level language proficiency testStandard hanyu pinyin romanizationsStep-by-step stroke order guides and ample space for writing practiceOver 500 words and phrases containing the basic charactersConcise English definitions

The Second 100 Japanese Kanji: The Quick and Easy Way to Learn Basic Japanese Kanji

by Eriko Sato

This is an invaluable study guide for learning Japanese characters.The major struggle facing all beginning Japanese language students is to learn to recognize, read and write hundreds of Japanese characters.<P><P> The Second 100 Japanese Kanji adopts a structural approach that helps students to overcome the initial difficulty of reading kanji and writing kanji and quickly master the basic Japanese characters that are fundamental to this language. Intended for beginning students, this beginner kanji guide teaches characters that have been carefully selected and sequenced for rapid and effective learning. Each kanji is shown separately on a single page, along with its different readings, its English meanings, romaji (romanization), a stroke-order guide and ample space for writing practice.This book includes: Step-by-step stroke order diagrams for each character. Special boxes with grid lines to practice writing characters. Words and phrases using each kanji. Romanizations (romanji) to help identify and pronounce every word.

Second and Foreign Language Education

by Stephen May Nelleke Van Deusen-Scholl

In this third, fully revised edition, the 10 volume Encyclopedia of Language and Education offers the newest developments, including an entirely new volume of research and scholarly content, essential to the field of language teaching and learning in the age of globalization. In the selection of topics and contributors, the Encyclopedia reflects the depth of disciplinary knowledge, breadth of interdisciplinary perspective, and diversity of socio-geographic experience in the language and education field. Throughout, there is an inclusion of contributions from non-English speaking and non-western parts of the world, providing truly global coverage. Furthermore, the authors have sought to integrate these voices fully into the whole, rather than as special cases or international perspectives in separate sections. The Encyclopedia is a necessary reference set for every university and college library in the world that serves a faculty or school of education, as well as being highly relevant to the fields of applied and socio-linguistics. The publication of this work charts the further deepening and broadening of the field of language and education since the publication of the first edition of the Encyclopedia in 1997 and the second edition in 2008.

Second and Foreign Language Learning Through Classroom Interaction

by Joan Kelly Hall Lorrie Stoops Verplaetse

This volume brings together the current theoretical interest in reconceptualizing second and foreign language learning from a sociocultural perspective on language and learning, with practical concerns about second and foreign language pedagogy. It presents a set of studies whose focus is on the empirical description of particular practices constructed in classroom interaction that promote the learning of a second or foreign language. The authors examine in detail the processes by which the learning of additional languages is accomplished in the interaction of a variety of classrooms and in a variety of languages. Not only will the findings from the studies reported in this volume help to lay a foundation for the development of a more expansive, sociocultural model of second and foreign language learning, but on a more practical level they will help language educators in creating a set of principles for identifying and sustaining classroom interactional practices that foster additional language development. The volume is distinguished in three ways: * Following a Vygotskyan perspective on development, the studies assume that language learning is a fundamentally pragmatic enterprise, intrinsically linked to language use. This breaks from a more traditional understanding of second and foreign language learning, which has viewed learning and use as two distinct phenomena. The importance of classroom interaction to additional language development is foregrounded. * The investigations reported in this book are distinguished by their methodological approach. Because language learning is assumed to be a situated, context-sensitive, and dynamic process, the studies do not rely on traditional experimental methods for collecting and analyzing data, but rather, they involve primarily the use of ethnographic and discourse analytic methods. * The studies focus on interactional practices that promote second and foreign language learning. Although a great deal of research has examined first language learning in classrooms from a sociocultural perspective, little has looked at second and foreign language classrooms from such a perspective. Thus there is a strong need for this volume of studies addressing this area of research. Researchers, teacher educators, and graduate students across the fields of second and foreign language learning, applied linguistics, and language education will find this book informative and relevant. Because of the programmatic implications arising from the studies, it will also appeal to teacher educators and teachers of second and foreign languages from the elementary to the university levels.

Second Language Acquisition: An Introductory Course

by Susan M. Gass

Now in a fourth edition, this bestselling introductory textbook remains the cornerstone volume for the study of second language acquisition (SLA). Its chapters have been fully updated, and reorganized where appropriate, to provide a comprehensive yet accessible overview of the field and its related disciplines. To reflect current developments, new sections on using learner corpora, semantics and morphosyntax (within formal approaches to SLA), sociocultural approaches, gesture, priming research, and chaos theory have been added. Students will also find expanded discussions of heritage language learning, bilingualism, pragmatics, and much more. The redesigned fourth edition of Second Language Acquisition retains the features that students found useful in the current edition but also provides new pedagogical tools that encourage students to reflect upon the experiences of second language learners. As with previous editions, discussion questions and problems at the end of each chapter help students apply their knowledge, and a glossary defines and reinforces must-know terminology. This clearly-written, comprehensive, and current textbook, by expert Sue Gass, is the ideal textbook for the introductory SLA course in second language studies, applied linguistics, linguistics, TESOL, and language education programs.

Second Language Acquisition and the Critical Period Hypothesis (Second Language Acquisition Research Series)

by David Birdsong

Second Language Acquisition and the Critical Period Hypothesis is the only book on the market to provide a diverse collection of perspectives, from experienced researchers, on the role of the Critical Period Hypothesis in second language acquisition. It is widely believed that age effects in both first and second language acquisition are developmental in nature, with native levels of attainment in both to be though possible only if learning began before the closure of a "window of opportunity" – a critical or sensitive period. These seven chapters explore this idea at length, with each contribution acting as an authoritative look at various domains of inquiry in second language acquisition, including syntax, morphology, phonetics/phonology, Universal Grammar, and neurofunctional factors. By presenting readers with an evenly-balanced take on the topic with viewpoints both for and against the Critical Period Hypothesis, this book is the ideal guide to understanding this critical body of research in SLA, for students and researchers in Applied Linguistics and Second Language Acquisition.

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