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Multicore Systems On-Chip: 2nd Edition

by Abderazek Ben Abdallah

System on chips designs have evolved from fairly simple unicore, single memory designs to complex heterogeneous multicore SoC architectures consisting of a large number of IP blocks on the same silicon. To meet high computational demands posed by latest consumer electronic devices, most current systems are based on such paradigm, which represents a real revolution in many aspects in computing. The attraction of multicore processing for power reduction is compelling. By splitting a set of tasks among multiple processor cores, the operating frequency necessary for each core can be reduced, allowing to reduce the voltage on each core. Because dynamic power is proportional to the frequency and to the square of the voltage, we get a big gain, even though we may have more cores running. As more and more cores are integrated into these designs to share the ever increasing processing load, the main challenges lie in efficient memory hierarchy, scalable system interconnect, new programming paradigms, and efficient integration methodology for connecting such heterogeneous cores into a single system capable of leveraging their individual flexibility. Current design methods tend toward mixed HW/SW co-designs targeting multicore systems on-chip for specific applications. To decide on the lowest cost mix of cores, designers must iteratively map the device's functionality to a particular HW/SW partition and target architectures. In addition, to connect the heterogeneous cores, the architecture requires high performance complex communication architectures and efficient communication protocols, such as hierarchical bus, point-to-point connection, or Network-on-Chip. Software development also becomes far more complex due to the difficulties in breaking a single processing task into multiple parts that can be processed separately and then reassembled later. This reflects the fact that certain processor jobs cannot be easily parallelized to run concurrently on multiple processing cores and that load balancing between processing cores - especially heterogeneous cores - is very difficult.

Logics in Computer Science: A Study on Extensions of Temporal and Strategic Logics

by Fabio Mogavero

In this monograph we introduce and examine four new temporal logic formalisms that can be used as specification languages for the automated verification of the reliability of hardware and software designs with respect to a desired behavior. The work is organized in two parts. In the first part two logics for computations, the graded computation tree logic and the computation tree logic with minimal model quantifiers are discussed. These have proved to be useful in describing correct executions of monolithic closed systems. The second part focuses on logics for strategies, strategy logic and memoryful alternating-time temporal logic, which have been successfully applied to formalize several properties of interactive plays in multi-entities systems modeled as multi-agent games.

Argentina innovadora: Quiénes son los emprendedores, científicos y artistas que están cambiando el país

by Silvia Naishtat María Eugenia Estenssoro

Cómo hicieron los emprendedores tecnológicos que hace veinte años decidieron realizar el sueño de una nación innovadora y creativa, reconocida por su talento en el resto del mundo. En América Latina hay siete unicornios, y cuatro son argentinos. No se trata de seres mitológicos, sino de empresas tecnológicas valuadas en más de mil millones de dólares. No solo se distinguen por su valor, sino por llevar en su ADN una gran dosis de espíritu rupturista e innovador. Surgieron y se desarrollaron a contramano de la realidad local, y hoy son multinacionales que generan riqueza, trabajo de calidad y crecimiento sostenido. Mercado Libre es la principal plataforma de comercio electrónico de habla hispana y un caso de estudio en la Universidad de Stanford. Despegar es la quinta agencia de turismo del mundo. Globant suministra tecnología a empresas como Disney y Google. OLX está presente en ciento veinte países y es la mayor compañía de venta de clasificados por internet en la India. Pero no son casos excepcionales, y el término "unicornios" se extiende a otras empresas con las mismas características: Gran Data anticipa el comportamiento de los consumidores para las principales compañías telefónicas de los Estados Unidos; Satellogic ya lanzó cinco satélites al espacio que brindan imágenes con una resolución nunca antes alcanzada; y Bioceres posee un gen resistente a la sequía que puede permitir una nueva revolución productiva en el agro. Luego de dos años de viajes y entrevistas, María Eugenia Estenssoro y Silvia Naishtat concluyen que estos son ejemplos descollantes de que la Argentina no es solo un semillero de futbolistas de calidad internacional: con políticas públicas adecuadas, el país puede aspirar también a ser un polo mundial de innovación en áreas tan diversas como la biotecnología, el arte y la comunicación.

Después del trabajo: El empleo argentino en la cuarta Revolución Industrial

by Eduardo Levy Yeyati

¿Hay vida después del trabajo? Con optimismo o desesperanza, con retórica académica o de charla de café, hace tiempo sabemos, escuchamos o intuimos que el trabajo, como lo conocemos, seguirá siendo desplazado por la tecnología. ¿Preocupación "de países desarrollados"? Cada vez tenemos más evidencia para afirmar que no: la pregunta por el futuro del empleo en la Argentina no solo es relevante, también es urgente. Y tal vez no se trate de si seremos reemplazados por robots y cuándo, sino de discutir las consecuencias de una sustitución inevitable sobre nuestro bienestar y nuestra cultura. ¿Somos capaces de convertir progreso tecnológico en herramienta liberadora? Este libro apuesta a esa posibilidad y brinda los insumos para pensarla y formularla en términos de política pública. Basado en una investigación sin precedentes, traza un mapa del trabajo en la Argentina de hoy, presenta sus perspectivas a futuro y, sobre todo, invita a entender las consecuencias de un cambio de dimensiones históricas que golpea cada vez más cerca de casa.

Revolución senior: El auge de la generación + 45

by Sebastián Campanario

Sebastián Campanario cuenta de qué modo los +45 tendrán un lugar protagónico en los próximos años. Una propuesta original y disruptiva, que da las claves para deconstruir nuestros prejuicios etarios y entender los huracanes de cambio que estamos atravesando. ¿Solo los jóvenes son creativos e innovadores? ¿Qué podrían hacer las empresas y los gobiernos para dejar de ver los años como un problema y aprovechar su potencial económico? ¿A qué edad, realmente, uno considera que los demás son viejos? Así como sucedió con el debate de género, crece la conciencia sobre el estigma de valores negativos atribuidos a la vida adulta. El advenimiento de los primeros millennials cincuentones no está lejos, así que las economías se están replanteando su relación con los mayores de esa edad. Sebastián Campanario cuenta de qué modo los +45 tendrán un lugar protagónico en los próximos años, y da las claves para deconstruir nuestros prejuicios etarios y entender los huracanes de cambio que estamos atravesando. Mitos, estadísticas y testimonios en torno a la generación senior en la era de la inteligencia adaptativa. Paso a paso, cómo será "el contraataque de los clásicos", en uno de los libros más disruptivos y originales.

Guía para sobrevivir al presente: Atrapados en la era digital

by Santiago Bilinkis

Santiago Bilinkis aborda en su nuevo libro un tema central del presente: cómo esa supercomputadora de bolsillo que es el teléfono celular está afectando nuestras vidas. El impacto de las nuevas tecnologías sobre el cerebro, la educación, el trabajo y el uso del tiempo libre, bajo la mirada del autor de Pasaje al futuro. ¿Qué impacto tienen los aparatos digitales sobre nuestras vidas?¿Qué efectos produce su uso permanente en nuestros cerebros y los de nuestros chicos?¿Por qué pasamos tanto tiempo atrapados en las redes? Basta alzar la vista para corroborarlo: hoy vivimos mirando el celular. Y no es casual: científicos y empresas trabajan intensamente para aprovechar los últimos avances en neurociencia y psicología y profundizar la dependencia con sus sitios y aplicaciones. Con el objetivo de incrementar sus ganancias, las principales compañías de tecnología se encuentran en una guerra por conquistar nuestro tiempo. Y la están ganando: sin siquiera darnos cuenta, desbloqueamos el celular 120 veces al día. Esta es la primera vez que una herramienta, apenas comenzamos a usarla, empieza a usarnos a nosotros. ¿Cuál es el resultado de esta manipulación? Niños enchufados a las pantallas a edades cada vez más tempranas; redes sociales y aplicaciones de citas que vapulean la autoestima de adolescentes y adultos; numerosas personas que, enganchadas en un consumo maratónico de series, reducen al mínimo su descanso. La tentadora promesa de novedades permanentes esconde una trampa detrás de cada app, a menudo a costa de nuestros intereses prioritarios y hasta de nuestra salud. Develando los mecanismos que han convertido al celular en un objeto irresistible, Santiago Bilinkis propone en esta Guía para sobrevivir al presente una manera apasionante de desbloquear nuestra ingenuidad frente a los dispositivos. Y nos ofrece ideas para utilizar los aparatos digitales para conectarnos y vivir experiencias compartidas en vez de encerrarnos en nuestra propia pantalla. En definitiva, nos invita a recuperar el control sobre la vida personal, familiar y laboral, y así disfrutar de los beneficios y las oportunidades que brinda la tecnología sin quedar atrapados en ella.

Tras la pista invisible: 8 misterios sin resolver narrados por Paulettee

by Paulettee

Un libro para verdaderos Misters.. Una maleta abandonada en medio del zócalo en Ciudad de México, tres hermanos que salieron a la playa y nunca volvieron, la muerte de una reconocida actriz o el fatídico desenlace de una secta religiosa son apenas una parte de lo que los Misters podrán encontrar en Tras la pista invisible, el primer libro de relatos de Paulettee, la reina del misterio. La crítica ha dicho: 'Celebro y sigo el contenido digital de Paulettee desdesiempre porque tiene investigación y esfuerzo periodístico, y este libro es la prueba de ello: ocho historias, narradas de manera ágil, que dejarán los pelos de punta a quienes las lean. (Y a quienes aún tienen pelo, claro)'. Daniel Samper Ospina

Acoso Textual

by Raúl Vallejo

¿Una? ¿Un? estudiante universitario explora su identidad inventando múltiples personalidades virtuales e intercambiando correos electrónicos con curiosos personajes, virtuales ellos también, alrededor del mundo. Así, banano@wam.umd.edu en ocasiones se presenta como un romántico en busca del amor, en otras es una posgraduada de ciencias políticas que problematiza las utopías socialistas del siglo xx, o se convierte en un explorador del placer del sexo virtual. Para cada uno de sus interlocutores cibernéticos tiene un género, un interés y una personalidad distintos. Es un ser andrógino como el lenguaje. Ahora, banano@wam.umd.edu debe enfrentarse a sus propias preguntas: ¿Debo matar a las personalidades ficticias para encontrar mi identidad verdadera? ¿Debería convertir mis relaciones virtuales en realidades físicas? ¿Qué valor tiene la palabra virtual? Acoso textual, novela pionera en la literatura hispanoamericana en el uso de correos electrónicos para relaciones epistolares, nos ubica en un espacio virtual en que las personas se construyen a sí mismas con las palabras que van y vienen a través de Internet.

Mobile Learning Design

by Bob Fox Daniel Churchill Jie Lu Thomas K.F. Chiu

This book focuses on mobile learning design from both theoretical and practical perspectives. It introduces and discusses how mobile learning can be effectively integrated into curricula, highlighting the design of four key components of learning-centric pedagogy: Resource, Activity, Support and Evaluation in the context of mobile learning. It also investigates the learning theories underpinning mobile learning design, and includes case studies in different contexts. It provides practical insights that allow teachers to change and transform teaching practices using mobile technology. Anyone involved in mobile-technology enhanced learning and teaching will find this book both informative and useful.

Content-Centric Networks: An Overview, Applications and Research Challenges (SpringerBriefs in Electrical and Computer Engineering #0)

by Syed Hassan Ahmed Safdar Hussain Bouk Dongkyun Kim

This book introduces Content-Centric Networking (CCN), a networking paradigm that provides a simple and effective solution to the challenging demands of future wired and wireless communications. It provides an overview of the recent developments in the area of future internet technologies, bringing together the advancements that have been made in Information-Centric Networking (ICN) in general, with a focus on CCN. It begins with an introduction to the basics of CCN is followed by an overview of the current internet paradigm and its challenges. Next, an application perspective has been included, where the authors encompass the selected applications for CCN with recent refereed research and developments. These applications include Internet of Things (IoT), Smart Grid, Vehicular Ad hoc Networks (VANETs), and Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs). The book is a useful reference source for practising researchers, and can be used as supporting material for undergraduate and graduate level courses in computer science and electrical engineering.

Advances in Parallel and Distributed Computing and Ubiquitous Services: UCAWSN & PDCAT 2015 (Lecture Notes in Electrical Engineering #368)

by Hong Shen James J. Jong Hyuk Park Gangman Yi Young-Sik Jeong

This book contains the combined proceedings of the 4th International Conference on Ubiquitous Computing Application and Wireless Sensor Network (UCAWSN-15) and the 16th International Conference on Parallel and Distributed Computing, Applications and Technologies (PDCAT-15). The combined proceedings present peer-reviewed contributions from academic and industrial researchers in fields including ubiquitous and context-aware computing, context-awareness reasoning and representation, location awareness services, and architectures, protocols and algorithms, energy, management and control of wireless sensor networks. The book includes the latest research results, practical developments and applications in parallel/distributed architectures, wireless networks and mobile computing, formal methods and programming languages, network routing and communication algorithms, database applications and data mining, access control and authorization and privacy preserving computation.

Social Media Processing

by Maosong Sun Xuanjing Huang Xichun Zhang Zhenyu Wang

This book constitutes the thoroughly refereed papers of the 4th National Conference of Social Media Processing, SMP 2015, held in Guangzhou, China, in November 2015. The 14 revised full papers and 9 short papers presented were carefully reviewed and selected from 105 submissions. The papers address issues such as: mining social media and applications; natural language processing; data mining; information retrieval; emergent social media processing problems.

Learning and Teaching with Technology in the Knowledge Society

by Mizuho Iinuma

This book discusses learning and teaching with modern technology in the new knowledge society. It focuses specifically on new literacy and technology in classroom environments. Based on a social-constructivist approach, this book covers a wide range of new technology use examples, such as participatory media, video recording systems and 3D computer graphics. A case study on a constructivist approach to teaching and learning, especially CSCL (computer supported collaborative learning), is discussed from a practical perspective for educators. It also includes specific in-class practices with detailed accounts of curricula featuring readily accessible yet new technology available for classroom use, such as Google Sketchup 3D computer models.

Regional Performance Measurement and Improvement

by Peter Nijkamp Soushi Suzuki

This is the first book to fully introduce a newly developed distance friction minimization (DFM) model, which is one of the new efficiency improvement projection approaches in data envelopment analysis (DEA). The DFM model can produce a most effective solution in efficiency improvement projections for inefficient spatial entities (decision-making units). The book provides a set of fresh contributions to a quantitative assessment of the performance of such policy entities. First it offers a state-of-the art overview of current DEA models and approaches, followed by the operational design of various new types of DEA models, each of them addressing weaknesses in traditional DEA approaches. Then it illustrates the assessment potential of DEA -- and its new variants, in particular, the DFM model and subsequent extensions -- on the basis of a broadly composed collection of empirical case studies, centering mainly but not exclusively on Japan and other Asian nations. gement, and related fields. New model applications offer a meaningful contribution to decision making and planning for operational efficiency improvement in these fields.

Computational Intelligence, Cyber Security and Computational Models: Proceedings of ICC3 2015 (Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing #412)

by Anthony Bonato Lynn Batten Muthukrishnan Senthilkumar Vijayalakshmi Ramasamy Shina Sheen C. Veeramani

This bookaims at promoting high-quality research by researchers and practitioners fromacademia and industry at the InternationalConference on Computational Intelligence, Cyber Security, and ComputationalModels ICC3 2015 organized by PSG College of Technology, Coimbatore, Indiaduring December 17 - 19, 2015. This book enriches with innovations in broadareas of research like computational modeling, computational intelligence andcyber security. These emerging inter disciplinary research areas have helped tosolve multifaceted problems and gained lot of attention in recent years. Thisencompasses theory and applications, to provide design, analysis and modelingof the aforementioned key areas.

Emerging Research in Computing, Information, Communication and Applications

by N. R. Shetty N. Nalini N Hamsavath Prasad

This proceedings volume covers the proceedings of ERCICA 2015. ERCICA provides an interdisciplinary forum for researchers, professional engineers and scientists, educators, and technologists to discuss, debate and promote research and technology in the upcoming areas of Computing, Information, Communication and their Applications. The contents of this book cover emerging research areas in fields of Computing, Information, Communication and Applications. This will prove useful to both researchers and practicing engineers.

Computational Intelligence Techniques in Health Care (SpringerBriefs in Applied Sciences and Technology)

by P. V. Lakshmi Wengang Zhou P. Satheesh

This book presentsresearch on emerging computational intelligence techniques and tools, with aparticular focus on newtrends and applications in health care. Healthcare is a multi-faceted domain,which incorporates advanced decision-making, remote monitoring, healthcarelogistics, operational excellence and modern information systems. In recentyears, the use of computationalintelligence methods to address the scale and the complexity of the problems in healthcarehas been investigated. This book discusses various computationalintelligence methods that are implemented in applications in different areas of healthcare. It includes contributions bypractitioners, technology developers and solution providers.

Robots and Art

by Damith Herath Christian Kroos Stelarc

The first compendium on robotic art of its kind, this book explores theintegration of robots into human society and our attitudes, fears and hopes ina world shared with autonomous machines. It raises questions about thebenefits, risks and ethics of the transformative changes to society that are the consequence of robotstaking on new roles alongside humans. It takes the reader on a journey into the world of the strange,the beautiful, the uncanny and the daring - and into the minds and works ofsome of the world's most prolific creators of robotic art. Offering anin-depth look at robotic art from the viewpoints of artists, engineers andscientists, it presentsoutstanding works of contemporary robotic art and brings together for the first time some of themost influential artists in this area in the last three decades. Starting froma historical review, this transdisciplinary work explores the nexus betweenrobotic research and the arts andexamines the diversityof robotic art, the encounter with robotic otherness, machine embodiment andhuman-robot interaction. Stories of difficulties, pitfalls and successes arerecalled, characterising the multifaceted collaborations across the diversedisciplines required to create robotic art. Although the book isprimarily targeted towards researchers, artists and students in robotics,computer science and the arts,its accessible style appeals to anyone intrigued by robots and the arts.

Wireless Networked Music Performance

by Leonardo Gabrielli Stefano Squartini

Thisbook presents a comprehensive overview of the state of the art in NetworkedMusic Performance (NMP) and a historical survey of computer music networking. It introduces current technical trends in NMP and technical issues yet to beaddressed. It also lists wireless communication protocols and compares these to the requirements of NMP. Practicaluse cases and advancements are also discussed.

Computational Intelligence and Intelligent Systems: 7th International Symposium, ISICA 2015, Guangzhou, China, November 21-22, 2015, Revised Selected Papers (Communications in Computer and Information Science #575)

by Jin Li Yong Liu Kangshun Li Aniello Castiglione

This bookconstitutes the refereed proceedings of the 7th International Symposium onIntelligence Computation and Applications, ISICA 2015, held in Guangzhou,China, in November 2015. The 77revised full papers presented were carefully reviewed and selected from 189submissions. The papers feature the most up-to-date research in analysis andtheory of evolutionary computation, neural network architectures and learning;neuro-dynamics and neuro-engineering; fuzzy logic and control; collectiveintelligence and hybrid systems; deep learning; knowledge discovery; learningand reasoning.

ICT in Education in Global Context

by Maiga Chang Jinbao Zhang Junfeng Yang Tingwen Chang

Intended to promote the innovative use of technology in education and promote educational advances all over the world, this volume brings together 16 best-practice cases on technology-enhanced educational innovations. Experts from Turkey, Tunisia, Cyprus, Italy, Malaysia, China, India and Finland have contributed to these cases, highlighting the current state-of-the-art in the use of technology in education in their respective counties. Topics include best practices for designing smart classrooms, effective use of tablets and interactive whiteboards, virtual learning environments, digital learning spaces, game-based learning, synchronous cyber classrooms, micro-courses, among others. The book offers an essential resource on emerging technologies and the educational approaches currently being pursued in different countries to foster effective learning.

Bayesian Methods in the Search for MH370 (SpringerBriefs in Electrical and Computer Engineering)

by Neil Gordon Jason Williams Sam Davey Ian Holland Mark Rutten

This book demonstrates how nonlinear/non-Gaussian Bayesian time series estimation methods were used to produce a probability distribution of potential MH370 flight paths. It provides details of how the probabilistic models of aircraft flight dynamics, satellite communication system measurements, environmental effects and radar data were constructed and calibrated. The probability distribution was used to define the search zone in the southern Indian Ocean.The book describes particle-filter based numerical calculation of the aircraft flight-path probability distribution and validates the method using data from several of the involved aircraft’s previous flights. Finally it is shown how the Reunion Island flaperon debris find affects the search probability distribution.

Wireless Sensor Networks

by Hossam Mahmoud Ahmad Fahmy

Thisbook focuses on the principles of wireless sensor networks (WSNs), theirapplications, and their analysis tools, with meticulous attention paid todefinitions and terminology. This book presents the adopted technologies andtheir manufacturers in detail, making WSNs tangible for the reader. Inintroductory computer networking books, chapter sequencing follows thebottom-up or top-down architecture of the 7-layer protocol. This bookaddresses subsequent steps in this process, both horizontally and vertically,thus fostering a clearer and deeper understanding through chapters thatelaborate on WSN concepts and issues. With such depth, this book is intended for a wide audience; it ismeant to be a helper and motivator for senior undergraduates, postgraduates,researchers, and practitioners. It lays out important concepts and WSN-relateapplications; uses appropriate literature to back research and practicalissues; and focuses on new trends. Senior undergraduate students can use it tofamiliarize themselves with conceptual foundations and practical projectimplementations. For graduate students and researchers, test beds andsimulators provide vital insights into analysis methods and tools for WSNs. Lastly, in addition to applications and deployment, practitioners will be ableto learn more about WSN manufacturers and components within several platformsand test beds.

Innovations in Computer Science and Engineering

by H. S. Saini Rishi Sayal Sandeep Singh Rawat

The bookis a collection of high-quality peer-reviewed research papers presented at thethird International Conference on Innovations in Computer Science andEngineering (ICICSE 2015) held at Guru Nanak Institutions, Hyderabad, Indiaduring 7 - 8 August 2015. The book discusses a wide variety of industrial,engineering and scientific applications of the emerging techniques. Researchersfrom academic and industry present their original work and exchange ideas,information, techniques and applications in the field of Communication,Computing, and Data Science and Analytics.

Embedded System Technology

by Xing Zhang Zhonghai Wu Xingmian Sha

This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 13thNational Conference on Embedded System Technology, ESTC 2015, held in Beijing,China, in October 2015. The 18 revised full papers presented werecarefully reviewed and selected from 63 papers. The topics cover a broad rangeof fields focusing on research about embedded system technologies, such assmart hardware, system and network, applications and algorithm.

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