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From Despotism to Democracy: How a World Government Can Save Humanity

by Torbjörn Tännsjö

This book is about how best to respond to existential global threats posed by war and global heating. The stakes have become existential. A strong claim in the book is that we need a world state to save humanity. The book sheds new light on why this is so. The present author has long advocated global democracy. A strong argument against global democracy has been, however, that no state has ever been established without the resort to violence. In this book, the author bites the bullet and advocates a route to global democracy that passes through a phase where a global state is established in the form of global despotism. First despotism, then democracy! But, as the author insists and the reader will find, this is at most something we can hope for. We may fail. The moral importance of failure is thoroughly discussed.The book explored the following topics:· The tragedy of the commons is presented as the best explanation of why we do so little to obviate the causes behind climate change.· A world government presents a way out of the tragedy of the commons.· Standard arguments against a world state are examined.· The question of whether it matters if humanity goes extinct is taken seriously.· What if the attempt to establish a world state fails. The book is written by a philosopher, but the intended audience is broad. It has a place in courses in political philosophy, but it is possible for anyone who wants to do so to dig deeper into the questions should be able to read it. And regardless of whether you who read the book are a scholar or a layperson, there is no way for you to avoid its topic. Global existential issues concern all of us, regardless of profession or nationality.

Human Rights and Legal Services for Children and Youth: Global Perspectives

by Asha Bajpai David W. Tushaus Mandava Rama Krishna Prasad

This book discusses legal services clinics and various other access-to-justice initiatives that are established to protect and represent the rights and interests of children and youth in several countries across the globe. These could include legal services or access-to-justice clinics run by government or universities or community. The book has contributions from academicians, lawyers, researchers and legal professionals from several counties including India, UK, USA, Brazil, Australia, Indonesia, Poland, and Spain, which discuss how they represent children and youth in their countries. The book looks at how these access-to-justice initiatives currently provide assistance, what are the child friendly justice procedures they use, and best practices that can be replicable in other jurisdictions. The chapters contain findings of field research studies, some case studies, and models related to these topics. There are recommendations on ways to strengthen access-to-justice and legal services for empowering children and youth. The main goal is to create a resource for readers who want to expand child advocacy opportunities in their own universities and communities. The reader may also learn how to conduct legislative advocacy and case law advocacy to improve laws in other jurisdictions; and take-away best and replicable initiatives. The practices could be adaptable by other clinics and countries. The book will be useful to child rights advocates and defenders, students of law, legal researchers, civil society organizations, legal services authorities, legal aid institutions, educational institutions, school authorities, juvenile justice authorities, clinical legal educators, justice educators, justice practitioners and law and policy makers.

Integrity, Transparency and Corruption in Healthcare & Research on Health, Volume II (Accounting, Finance, Sustainability, Governance & Fraud: Theory and Application)

by Kıymet Tunca Çalıyurt

This book continues the discussion from Volume I on the risks organizations face in order to succeed with a special focus on the challenges brought on by the COVID-19 virus crisis. Taking on an interdisciplinary focus, the book brings together research from academics and practitioners from all over the world. Topics considered range from corruption in the health sector and COVID-19, eHealth efforts of countries during the pandemic, and fiscal policies and transparency in data sharing for effective management of the pandemic to a path forward to achieve health for all.

The Indian Yearbook of Comparative Law 2020 (The Indian Yearbook of Comparative Law)

by Mathew John Vishwas H. Devaiah Pritam Baruah Moiz Tundawala Niraj Kumar

This yearbook is a compilation of thematically arranged essays that critically analyse emerging developments, issues, and perspectives in the field of comparative law. It comprises three parts wherein the first part focuses on public law and its related issues, the second part engages with issues in the field of private law, and the third part discusses general themes in comparative law. The yearbook includes papers on comparative study between universalism and Asian exceptionalism under human rights perspective, reclaiming the German concept of the rule of law “Rechtsstaat”, the Guarantee Clause in global constitutionalism, administrative justice, constitution and culture, and the category of the ’stranger’ in modern legal and political thought. The Yearbook touches upon various issues, e.g., forest protection and the idea of Justice, the application of defamation law on politicians, the intersection of customary law relating to child marriage in different countries, hybrid statehood and Buddhist nationalism. Further, scholarly work on the themes of comparative law, customary law, environmental law, and constitutional law is also highlighted.The yearbook intends to seamlessly tie together discussions on both public and private law aspects of comparative law. It encourages readers to gain a nuanced understanding of the working of the law, legal systems and legal cultures while aiding deliberations on the constituents of an ideal system of law.

The Way of Urbanizing China

by Shilin Liu

The book conducts a comprehensive research study on China’s urbanization. It puts forward three theoretical development models of urban planning in China, i.e., the politics-oriented city, the economy-oriented city and the human-oriented cultural city. It makes objective evaluations of the development models of the politics-oriented city and the economy-oriented city. It suggests that relations between the government and the market should be straightened out to solve the hangovers of the development model of the politics-oriented city, and eco-civilization development and cultural development should be put on the top of the government’s agenda in order to cope with the recurring problems and complications brought about by the development model of the economy-oriented city.

Digitalization and Competition Policy in Japan

by Shuya Hayashi Koki Arai

This book organizes the intent and purpose of the Japanese competition law (Antimonopoly Act) to address the digitalized socio-economy and provides a detailed explanation of its basic content as well as advanced issues. It includes an overview of Japanese law and its international position, a basic understanding of the big data and AI issues in today's competition law, and perspectives on high-tech regulation. In addition, it includes a variety of important topics, ranging from exploring principles to tackle digital regulatory realities, to understanding and analyzing the competitive realities of multisided markets. It also examines the relationship between information and competition law and that between consumer and competition law.Digitalization is a key concept in our economy and society today. Carbon neutrality initiatives, the need to improve productivity, globalization, and new ways of working are all seeking breakthroughs by way of digitalization. What’s more, digitalization requires free and fair competition in order to encourage technological innovation. The search for transparent and clear competition laws is essential to promote efficient and effective research and development and to promote public awareness through competition.

Hazing (Ragging) at Universities: A Legal Perspective

by Aashish Srivastava Neerav Srivastava D.K. Srivastava

This is the first socio-legal multi-jurisdictional study on hazing (ragging). This book considers four countries: the USA, India, Sri Lanka, and Australia. It states the legal position, identifies lacunas in law, and proposes possible legal solutions. Unfortunately, laws, regulations, and policies have failed to stamp out hazing from university campuses and residential colleges. Hazing has spiralled out of control in a number of countries. It has descended into a cruel, barbaric, and inhuman practice. The number of students subjected to hazing and sexual abuse is alarming. According to a 2022 survey, more than half (53%) of American students who were part of a fraternity or sorority experienced hazing. Students are murdered, harmed, abused, and suffer long-term trauma. The prevention of hazing is one of the most important responsibilities of 21st century universities. The theme of the book is that universities are in the best position to protect students from hazing and must play a vital role. As a sociological study, the book also considers why hazing occurs and what can be done to prevent it. Without engaging with the underlying causes, legal punitive measures continue to address the symptom rather than the cause. The book, therefore, explores how a more innovative approach to regulation can help tackle the cause. The book will be of interest to policy makers, regulators at universities, education and legal academics, and personal injury lawyers.

Research on Islamic Business Concepts: Proceedings of the 13th Global Islamic Marketing Conference, October 2022 (Springer Proceedings in Business and Economics)

by Veland Ramadani Baker Alserhan Léo-Paul Dana Jusuf Zeqiri Hasan Terzi Mehmet Bayirli

This proceedings volume presents selected chapters from the 13th Global Islamic Marketing Conference, featuring contributions from renowned experts from around the world. The chapters offer an up-to-date overview of research and insights into Islamic business practices, with a specific focus on Islamic marketing and entrepreneurship strategies. Authored by experts hailing from diverse countries such as Malaysia, Indonesia, India, Pakistan, United Arab Emirates, Jordan, and Morocco, the chapters collectively provide a comprehensive understanding of the subject matter. Covering a wide range of topics including understanding Muslim consumer behavior and marketing, halal tourism and healthcare, entrepreneurship and business in Muslim societies, women empowerment and entrepreneurship, Islamic ethics and values in organizations, psychological factors and social issues, technology and future trends, and social and labor issues in Muslim societies, this book encompasses a global perspective on the subject matter. With the expertise and diverse backgrounds of the contributing authors, this book serves as an invaluable resource for researchers interested in delving into the intricacies of Islamic business practices. It also offers valuable insights and practical implications for business consultants seeking a deep understanding of conducting business in Islam-oriented regions. The collective knowledge and experiences shared by these renowned experts contribute to a comprehensive exploration of the topic, making this volume a significant contribution to the field of Islamic marketing and business studies.

Indian Business Groups and Other Corporations: Comparative Organisational Perspectives on Indian Corporate Firms (India Studies in Business and Economics)

by Achin Chakraborty Indrani Chakraborty

This book contributes to growing literature on the role of business groups in the development of corporate sector and contains perspectives from the Indian economy. It brings together an array of well-researched papers that provide a comprehensive understanding of evolution and nature of the Indian business groups, as well as various aspects of their functioning. All chapters are primarily empirical, use appropriate quantitative techniques and are strongly grounded in relevant theories. This fine combination of data, techniques and theories is expected to provide the reader with in-depth understanding of the complex structures and behaviour of firms affiliated to business groups. Readers interested in the Indian corporate sector, especially Indian business groups, will find the book useful.

Biology of Forensically Important Invertebrates

by Shyamasree Ghosh Dhriti Banerjee

This book emphasizes the important role of invertebrates in forensic sciences in the detection of crimes, determining the time and place of death, estimating the minimum Post-Mortem Interval (PMI), and determining the cause of death. The initial chapter discusses the forensically essential invertebrates, especially flies under Order Diptera. Further, the book highlights the importance, biology, taxonomy, and biodiversity of flies under Order Diptera with forensic importance. It also discusses the Cuticular HydroCarbons (CHC) and spectrometry-based studies reported from flies and larvae of forensic importance. It further reviews the importance of DNA barcoding in molecular taxonomy-based studies on forensic flies through understanding, identification, and grouping the organisms. Towards the end, this book presents the applications and limitations of forensic entomology in cases of animal cruelty to a veterinary professional. ​

The River Chief System and An Ecological Initiative for Public Participation in China

by Yaguang Hao Tingting Wan

This book provides an alternative agenda to deepening the understanding of the River Chief System as a distinctive responsibility approach to solve water pollution and associated governance dilemmas. Insightful analysis is performed through in-depth studies of the origins of China’s River Chief System, responsibility mechanisms, governmental and civil river chiefs, formal and informal water governing institutions, public participation, empowerment with accountability, and the environmental impact.

Sustainable Boardrooms: Democratising Governance and Technology for Society and Economy (Responsible Leadership and Sustainable Management)

by Apoorvi Shrivastava Amlan Bhusan

This book discusses various interactions in the sustainability and development sector. It presents a thematic approach to describe progressive models and cases on disruptions, innovations, regulatory and institutional evolution related to the area of sustainability, through an organizational and boardroom level governance lens. It documents how certain schools of thought, models of engagement and methods-platforms-practices impact society and while doing so, brings together varying theoretical debates, practicing models and instruments of transformation in green governance. Sustainable policy making demands a whole of government approach in decision-making processes. Further, inclusiveness and ‘green’ consciousness of corporate boardrooms are paramount, without which, effective socially responsible business practices are absurd. Human resource development, shaped on sustainable corporate ethics, requires well-trained sustainability specialists, managers that can think ‘green’ in their overall decision making which are essential for green governance. In this context, the book creates a functional, interpretive repertoire of stories, commentaries, life experiences, and reflections of corporate leaders, academics, and practicing consultants, on their decision-making processes, and how they interpret sustainability. These stories and thoughts help create a functional academic construct, which will assist academics teach ‘green’ competencies to business school students better, and entrepreneurs and business executives to better understand the idea of sustainable growth.

The Right to Privacy 1914–1948: The Lost Years (SpringerBriefs in Law)

by Megan Richardson

The book offers a provocative review of thinking about privacy and identity in the years encompassing and disrupted by the two world wars of the first half of the twentieth century – focusing (in particular) on the socio-technological transformations associated with modernism. It argues that, with many of the most interesting modern thinkers of the period dead or marginalised (or both) by 1948, their ideas about how rights such as privacy should develop to accommodate the exigencies of modern life failed to find much of a voice in the drafting of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. Yet they anticipated in surprising ways some of our ‘new’ ways of thinking in more recent times. After a brief introduction, the chapters are framed in terms of case studies on the right to privacy, the right to data protection and the right to be forgotten, each finishing with a consideration of how these rights require further rethinking in the digital century.

Comparative Approaches in Law and Policy

by Joshua Aston Aditya Tomer Jane Eyre Mathew

This book encompasses areas of research like comparative constitution, transformative constitution, environmental law, family law, child rights and so on. The main theme of the book is comparative law. We intend to incorporate into this book laws pertaining to diverse field wherein it can be compared with the laws of other countries which brings in better understanding and conceptual clarity. The book focuses on the jurisprudence of different countries which enables the readers or clientele to get a better understanding of the principles of comparative law. The book showcases the comparative law jurisprudence prevalent across the globe so as to make use of the best practices for the betterment of humanity.

Environmental and Resource Protection Law

by Ke Zhou Luozhi Yi Xinjian Su Youhai Sun

This book mainly focuses on environmental and resource law under Chinese law, involving secondary disciplines such as international law, civil law, administrative law and criminal law, as well as issues related to other first-class disciplines such as environmental science and ecology. The contents include general theory of environmental law (basic theory), prevention and control of environmental pollution, natural resources protection law and international environmental law. It basically covers all fields of China's environmental law and is a handy reference for those seeking to understand it.

Independent Energy Regulation in a Developing Economy: Stakeholder Perspectives and Legal Interpretations

by Sudha Mahalingam Kapilan Mahalingam

This book is an introduction to the challenges of independent regulation, a new governance institution introduced in developing economies in the wake of liberalization, to perform the role of a surrogate for competitive markets. It examines, in the Indian context, regulatory interpretation of key provisions of energy laws and regulatory statutes, as manifest in the adjudicatory orders of India’s petroleum and electricity regulators. The objective is to assess regulatory interpretations for consistency with the stated objectives of independent regulation. Comparing regulatory interpretation of energy laws with those of the higher judiciary, this study highlights the divergent perspectives of regulators and the higher judiciary on the role of independent regulation in a liberalized economy. In the process, this research attempts to gauge, not only the extent of regulatory expertise and independence in India’s energy space, but crucially, the Indian government's commitment to independence of regulators. The book also offers a glimpse of the operation of checks and balances in a relatively new institution situated outside the scope of the conventional Madisonian framework. Framed against the backdrop of extant regulatory theories, this book is of interest to regulators, policy makers, utility executives, students of law, economics and regulatory studies as well as lawyers interpreting regulators’ remit and role in a liberalized economy.

Global Impact of the Ukraine Conflict: Perspectives from International Law

by Shuichi Furuya Hitomi Takemura Kuniko Ozaki

The invasion of Ukraine by the Russian Federation and the subsequent military campaigns entail several classical aspects of armed conflict. First, it is a type of international armed conflict between two sovereign states that had been prevalent until the middle of the twentieth century but not in the last several decades. It is also a direct intervention by a superpower into a neighboring state with the former’s aspiration of territorial expansion. This action evokes a scheme of war reminiscent of the nineteenth or early twentieth century. At the same time, however, the invasion is generating in the international community a sense of new phenomena, leading to a new era that may be different from the past three decades following the end of the Cold War. In fact, the hostilities between the Russian Federation and Ukraine, as well as reactions by other states and international organizations, have raised legal and political issues that require scholars to reexamine existing frameworks of the international community and individual rules of international law. The process of applying international law to states is a dynamic one. Rules of international law may and should regulate the behavior of states and provide standards to decide whether a particular act by a state is permissible. At the same time, however, states may change or replace existing rules, and a significant event or series of such events may be a strong motivator to create a new legal framework. In this regard, rules of international law and the conduct of states are in a dialectical relationship. International law can both shape a mode of conduct and be shaped by that conduct—being its creator as well as its creation. The Ukraine conflict is not an exception. We can discuss the conduct of the Russian Federation, Ukraine, other states and international organizations and evaluate their legality and legitimacy from the viewpoint of existing rules. However, we may also reevaluate the current rules of international law through the lens of the Ukraine conflict and discuss possible changes to those rules in the future. Inspired by the latter aspect of the international legal process, the present book aims to examine the impact of the Ukraine conflict, whether salient or potential, on various rules of international law. Most of the authors are from Japan and other Asian countries that are geographically remote from the site of the conflict. It is often true, however — and particularly in this case — that those keeping an appropriate distance can look at relevant issues in a broader view and from a more objective perspective. To what extent and in what manner may the Ukraine conflict have an impact on the legal framework of the international community and the rules of international law? This book is the first to answer those questions in a comprehensive manner.

Kriminalpsychologie und das Strafrechtssystem in Indien und darüber hinaus

by Sanjeev P. Sahni Poulomi Bhadra

Dieses Buch bietet einen gezielten und umfassenden Überblick über die Kriminalpsychologie in verschiedenen sozioökonomischen und psychosozialen Kontexten. Es informiert die Leser über die Rolle der Psychologie in den verschiedenen Aspekten des Strafrechtsprozesses, angefangen von der Untersuchung einer Straftat bis hin zur Rehabilitation oder Wiedereingliederung des Straftäters. Aktuelle Forschungsergebnisse aus Kriminologie und Psychologie werden erörtert, um die Psyche verschiedener Straftäter zu verstehen, wie man mit ihnen während der Ermittlungen und der Verurteilung effektiv interagieren kann und wie man positive Veränderungen in den verschiedenen Phasen des Strafrechtsprozesses - Ermittlungen, Strafverfolgung, Inhaftierung, Rehabilitation - herbeiführen kann, um die Effizienz des Strafvollzugs zu erhöhen und das Vertrauen der Öffentlichkeit in das Justizsystem zu stärken. Das Buch befasst sich eingehend mit den größeren Problemen einer ganzheitlichen Reduzierung des Anstiegs der Kriminalitätsrate und der Anfälligkeit der Gesellschaft. Jedes Kapitel stützt sich auf führende wissenschaftliche Arbeiten westlicher Wissenschaftler auf diesem Gebiet und ergänzt diese Theorien mit Forschungsergebnissen aus südasiatischer Sicht, insbesondere aus dem indischen Strafrechtssystem. Dieses Buch fasst erfolgreich die Grundlagen der kriminalpsychologischen Literatur zusammen, während es gleichzeitig interdisziplinäre Studien über kriminelles Verhalten und Rechtspsychologie einbezieht und die Lücken des Justizsystems sowie Möglichkeiten für alternative Strafvollzugs- und Rehabilitationsprogramme in den provinziellen Diskurs einbringt.

Transforming Unequal Gender Relations in India and Beyond: An Intersectional Perspective on Challenges and Opportunities (Sustainable Development Goals Series)

by Saroj Pachauri Ravi K. Verma

This book offers a unique intersectional perspective on gender equality, SDG5. It presents an intersection of gender with caste, class, region, ethnic and sexual identities, and other structural drivers of inequalities in various development sectors. It presents case studies and empirical findings from development practice and policymaking and highlights the challenges to implementing SDG5 in practice. It discusses policies to promote gender equality and prevent violence against women and girls, and women in decision-making and leadership positions. The chapters reinstate that gender equality is possible only if unequal gender norms are transformed to recognize women and girls as independent economic entities and not merely homemakers providing unpaid care. It also analyzes to deconstruct the idea of monolithic masculinity to recognize gender diversity and men’s role in providing care. The book shows how much has been achieved, yet how far is also left to go. It is an essential reference point for researchers, policymakers, students, and scholars across gender studies, women’s studies, and sociology.

Urban Migration and Public Governance in China: A Case Study of Shanghai (Public Economy and Urban Governance in China)

by Shangguang Yang Danyang Wang

This book, focusing on urban migration and public governance, reviews on the concepts and theories of urban migration and urban governance across the globe and sums up world migration trends and policy changes, coupled with the characteristics and types of China’s urban migration. What differs this book from other books is that it probes into the main factors and mechanisms influencing urban migration and inclusion, and that it adopts Shanghai as a sample and capitalizes on Shanghai’s urban migration data to verify the subjective and objective reasons affecting urban migrants’ inclusion. Moreover, this book takes a further step to conduct a theoretical reflection from the perspectives of population migration and migration policies and explores current dilemmas facing China in terms of urban migration management and possible ways to make a difference. In the final part, this book puts forward some theory-based and practicable countermeasures to transform urban migration governance in China.

Cybersecurity and Data Laws of the Commonwealth: International Trade, Investment and Arbitration

by Robert Walters

The book has been authored by a highly regarded international legal scholar in commercial and private law. The book highlights how the legal landscape for in data protection, cross-border data flows and cybersecurity law is highly diverse and fragmented amongst all commonwealth countries. The book focuses on addressing the gaps in data, cybersecurity and national arbitration law of these countries. The aim of this book is to promote more engagement between commonwealth countries, to ensure they capitalise on the growing digital economy. Notwithstanding the above, the digital economy is rapidly changing the way we work and live. When coupled together cybersecurity and data law will be an important component of the future digital economy. They will both be integral to transnational trade and investment. That said, there will likely be disputes, and international arbitration can be an effective legal mechanism to resolve trade and investment disputes across the digital economy. On that basis, this book augments how the respective laws of commonwealth countries, along with the model data and cyber laws of the Commonwealth should be reviewed to minimise any legal divergence. This book provides a comparison and practical guide for academics, students, and the business community of the current day data protection laws and cross-border data flows among all commonwealth countries.

Gandhi for the 21st Century: Religion, Morality and Politics

by Mrinal Miri Bindu Puri

This book examines the centrality of ideas such as satya (truth), ahimsa (non-violence), humility, and respect for understanding moral life in the complex milieu of human existence. It provides a comprehensive view of how Gandhian ideas have both a temporal and spatial universality significantly different from Western modern philosophy's universality claims. The chapters represent different styles of philosophy but with a common purpose, offering insights into how the global debates on religion, morality, and politics are assessed from Gandhi's point of view. Written in language accessible to general readers with an interest in Gandhian thinking, the book will appeal to academics and philosophers.

Syrian Chemical Weapons and International Law

by Tatsuya Abe

This is the first book to focus on international efforts to address Syrian chemical weapons issues in an international law context. It provides an overview of the process of control over Syrian compliance/non-compliance with international obligations, including the keys to success in eliminating Syria’s stockpiles and reasons for difficulties in handling multiple uses of toxic chemicals as weapons in domestic armed conflicts. It also addresses collective and unilateral sanctions against Syria outside of international institutional frameworks, and their implications for subsequent cases. Supported by extensive analyses of developments within the OPCW Executive Council and the UN Security Council, this book is recommended for readers seeking insight about chemical weapons issues and dynamism of international law.

Handbook of Supererogation

by David Heyd

Supererogation is the category of moral actions which go beyond the call of duty. This collection of articles is the first of its kind to cover the broad spectrum of issues related to supererogation. It provides an up-to-date status of the discussion on the main issues, alternative analyses, and controversies regarding central cases of supererogation. The work explores a broad range of philosophical problems and challenges our presuppositions about the basis of ethical theories. Beyond the challenges of supererogation to deontological and utilitarian views, this book presents the latest developments in the way virtue ethics approaches supererogation. It also discusses the issue of whether there is a negative analogue to the supererogatory: the suberogatory. The Handbook consists also of the first systematic discussion of supererogation from the point of view of five religions as well as a feminist analysis of the concept. The book is an essential read for philosophy scholars interested in moral philosophy.

The Complementarity Between the Nagoya Protocol and Human Rights: Genetic Resources, Traditional Knowledge and the Rights of Indigenous Peoples and Local Communities (Sustainable Development Goals Series)

by Xiaoou Zheng

This book studies the questions of how and to what extent the Nagoya Protocol on Access and Benefit-Sharing (ABS) can be interpreted and implemented in light of international human rights law, with a sharpened focus on Indigenous Peoples and local communities. The complementarity thesis is built upon the understanding that ABS and human rights should not and cannot be isolated from one another in order to achieve their respective objectives. A mutually supportive approach to these two bodies of international law is articulated throughout the chapters, covering a wide range of international treaties and ‘soft’ instruments, as well as the practices of the United Nations, international treaty bodies, courts, other international organizations and sometimes NGOs. Legal researchers, legislators and policymakers, human rights practitioners and indeed anyone interested in the development of a more coherent and integrated system of international ABS framework will find this book helpful, with its succinct coverage of current ABS and human rights laws and practices, their pragmatic implications and possible ways of integration forward.

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