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Few historians are bold enough to go after America's sacred cows in their very own pastures. But Michael Zuckerman is no ordinary historian, and this collection of his essays is no ordinary book. In his effort to remake the meaning of the American tradition, Zuckerman takes the entire sweep of American history for his province. The essays in this collection, including two never before published and a new autobiographical introduction, range from early New England settlements to the hallowed corridors of modern Washington. Among his subjects are Puritans and Southern gentry, Benjamin Franklin and Benjamin Spock, P.T. Barnum and Ronald Reagan. Collecting scammers and scoundrels, racists and rebels, as well as the purest genius, he writes to capture the unadorned American character. Recognized for his energy, eloquence, and iconoclasm, Zuckerman is known for provoking- and sometimes almost seducing- historians into rethinking their most cherished assumptions about the American past. Now his many fans, and readers of every persuasion, can newly appreciate the distinctive talents of one of America's most powerful social critics.
Alternative Pathways in Science and Industry: Activism, Innovation, and the Environment in an Era of Globalizationby David J. Hess
Hess examines how social movements and other forms of activism affect innovation in science, technology, and industry. Hess explores the interaction of grassroots environmental action and mainstream industry and offers a conceptual framework for understanding it.
Amartya Sen was awarded the Nobel Memorial Prize in Economics in 1998 "for his contributions in welfare economics." Although his primary academic appointments have been mostly in economics, Sen is also an important and influential social theorist and philosopher. His work on social choice theory is seminal, and his writings on poverty, famine, and development, as well his contributions to moral and political philosophy, are important and influential. Sen's views about the nature and primacy of liberty also make him a major contemporary liberal thinker. This volume of essays on aspects of Sen's work is aimed at a broad audience of readers interested in social theory, political philosophy, ethics, public policy, welfare economics, the theory of rational choice, poverty, and development. Written by a team of well-known experts, each chapter provides an overview of Sen's work in a particular area and a critical assessment of his contributions to the field.
The Amazing Death of Calf Shirt and Other Blackfoot Stories: Three Hundred Years of Blackfoot Historyby Hugh Aylmer Dempsey
The result of more than forty years of research, The Amazing Death of Calf Shirt and Other Blackfoot Stories is a unique oral history spanning three hundred years of the Blackfoot people. Dating back as far as 1690, the stories collected here by Hugh Dempsey tell of renowned Blackfoot warriors such as Calf Shirt and Low Horn, of those who tried to adapt to a changing world, and of others who rebelled against the government's attempts to control their lives. These stories are factual, based on extensive interviews with Blackfoot elders as well as research into government documents, accounts of early travelers, and records kept by missionaries, Indian Department officials, and the Mounted Police. "Once free and independent buffalo hunters, the members of the Blackfoot Nation - the Blood, Blackfoot, and Peigan - were forced onto reserves in the 1880s. These stories portray the problems and traumas accompanying those changes: the clash of Native and white cultures and the hardships the Blackfoot endured through years of poverty on their new reserves. The elders' tales are reminiscences on buffalo hunts, exciting raids on enemy camps, and the freedom of wandering the prairies. Good and evil spirits being an everyday reality of Blackfoot life, the stories also explore the supernatural."--BOOK JACKET. Title Summary field provided by Blackwell North America, Inc. All Rights Reserved
This is both a specific study of conversion in a corner of the Spanish Empire, and a work with implications for the understanding of European domination and native resistance throughout the colonial world. Dr Clendinnen explores the intensifying conflict between competing and increasingly divergent Spanish visions of Yucatan and its destructive outcomes. She seeks to penetrate the ways of thinking and feeling of the Mayan Indians in a detailed reconstruction of their assessment of the intruders.
After 1776, the former American colonies began to reimagine themselves as a unified, self-created community. Technologies had an important role in the resulting national narratives, and a few technologies assumed particular prominence. Among these were the axe, the mill, the canal, the railroad, and the irrigation dam. In this book David Nye explores the stories that clustered around these technologies. In doing so, he rediscovers an American story of origins, with America conceived as a second creation built in harmony with God's first creation. While mainstream Americans constructed technological foundation stories to explain their place in the New World, however, marginalized groups told other stories of destruction and loss. Native Americans protested the loss of their forests, fishermen resisted the construction of dams, and early environmentalists feared the exhaustionof resources. A water mill could be viewed as the kernel of a new community or as a new way to exploit labor. If passengers comprehended railways as part of a larger narrative about American expansion and progress, many farmers attacked railroad land grants. To explore these contradictions, Nye devotes alternating chapters to narratives of second creation and to narratives of those who rejected it. Nye draws on popular literature, speeches, advertisements, paintings, and many other media to create a history of American foundation stories. He shows how these stories were revised periodically, as social and economic conditions changed, without ever erasing the earlier stories entirely. The image of the isolated frontier family carving a homestead out of the wilderness with an axe persists to this day, alongside later images and narratives. In the book's conclusion, Nye considers the relation between these earlier stories and such later American developments as the conservation movement, narratives of environmental recovery, and the idealization of wilderness.
The first volume of a two-volume survey of American Architecture, this book covers architectural developments from Jamestown to the Civil War.
This book, sixth in the series of 'Organisms and environments', presents a peek at the rich and unique ways of life that evolved in the heart of America and dismantles many of the myths about these ways of life, and about the bison in particular, to reveal the animal itself: ruminating, reproducing, and rutting in its full glory. He portrays the bison with an element of appeal to conserve its wildness and consider the importance of the wild in our lives. A beautifully written book by a recognized expert on one of the great icons of the American West.
For anyone who has looked at a map of the United States and wondered how Texas and Oklahoma got their Panhandles, or flown over the American heartland and marveled at the vast grid spreading out in all directions below, American Boundaries will yield a welcome treasure trove of insight. The first book to chart the country's growth using the boundary as a political and cultural focus, Bill Hubbard's masterly narrative begins by explaining how the original thirteen colonies organized their borders and decided that unsettled lands should be held in trust for the common benefit of the people. Hubbard goes on to show--with the help of photographs, diagrams, and hundreds of maps--how the notion evolved that unsettled land should be divided into rectangles and sold to individual farmers, and how this rectangular survey spread outward from its origins in Ohio, with surveyors drawing straight lines across the face of the continent. Mapping how each state came to have its current shape, and how the nation itself formed within its present borders, American Boundaries will provide historians, geographers, and general readers alike with the fascinating story behind those fifty distinctive jigsaw-puzzle pieces that together form the United States.
The American chestnut was one of America's most common, valued, and beloved trees. Susan Freinkel tells the dramatic story of the stubborn optimists who refused to let this cultural icon go. In a compelling weave of history, science, and personal observation, she relates their quest to save the tree through methods that ranged from classical plant breeding to cutting-edge gene technology.
Practiced and read form of verse in America, "elegies are poems about being left behind," writes Max Cavitch. American Elegy is the history of a diverse people's poetic experience of mourning and of mortality's profound challenge to creative living.
Arguing that since the end of the Cold War, American foreign policy makers have pursued a well-defined grand strategy aimed at preserving and expanding an American Imperium, Bacevich (international relations, Boston U. ) contends that the strategy is continuous with policies pursued during the Cold War. The stated goal of containing communism was only incidental to a larger goal of worldwide commercial integration, a process that is seen as inexorable and beneficent, but paradoxically requires the use of overwhelming military power in response to challenges. The author calls for recognition of the empire, so that it can be better governed. Annotation c. Book News, Inc. , Portland, OR (booknews. com)
The "golden era" of American environmental law making, between 1964 and 1980, saw twenty-two pieces of major environmental legislation passed by bipartisan majorities in Congress and signed into law by presidents of both parties.
Approaching the American history survey course in an innovative way, this mid-length text features a more expansive definition of political history that includes all forms of politics, not just electoral politics, while simultaneously incorporating cultural history. With the specific aim of expanding history beyond elite actors, The American Experiment emphasizes everyday work, family life, customs, and objects of cultural history to address its four themes: the role of government, American identity, the broad concept of "culture," and America and the world. The Third Edition features an enhanced thematic approach that helps students understand America's development as an experiment in politics, culture, and identity, within a global context.
The 2011--2012 edition of American Government and Politics Today: The Essentials contains many pedagogical aids and high-interest features to assist both students and instructors. Some of the features are: The Politics of Boom and Bust; What If?; Margin Definitions; Did You Know?; Which Side Are You On?; Questions for Discussion and Analysis; Key Terms; Chapter Summary; Selected Print and Media Resources; E-mocracy, and many more.
In 1945, the United States was not only the strongest economic and military power in the world; it was also the world's leader in science and technology.
Largely critical of recent attacks on the state of American higher education coming from advocates of privatization, reinventing government, total quality improvement, and so on, the eighteen contributions in this collection are presented by Altbach (higher education, Boston College), Berdahl (emeritus, higher education, U. of Maryland at College Park), and Gumport (education, Stanford U.) as an attempt to situate American higher education in broad social context in order to evaluate the legitimacy of the arguments of its critics. Papers explore the roles of external constituencies such as the federal government, state governments, the courts, and nongovernmental entities; as well as internal constituencies such as the faculty, the students, and administration. Others examine particular issues, including autonomy and accountability, academic freedom, finance, technology, graduate education, the curriculum, race, and the commercialization of higher education. Annotation ©2004 Book News, Inc., Portland, OR (booknews.com)
The occupation of Alcatraz Island by American Indians from November 20, 1969, through June 11, 1971, focused the attention of the world on Native Americans and helped develop pan-Indian activism.
A paperback reprint of the important collection of essays on federal Indian policy originally published in 1985 by the U. of Oklahoma Press.
In this college textbook, Wilkins (American Indian studies, political science, law, and American studies, U. of Minnesota) considers the relationship of American Indian governments to the American political system with emphasis on the sovereignty of tribal nations. He analyzes the status of indigenous peoples and their citizenship, the concept of tribal sovereignty and the issues policymakers have, and their relationship with the government's branches. He provides an overview of federal Indian policy in history, descriptions of tribal governments, political economy and gaming, participation, interest-group activities and social activism, and the effect of the media. This edition integrates new census data; discussions of changes to elections, US House and Senate personnel, and legislation on Indian rights and the state-tribal relationship; and information on George W. Bush's terms in office. Annotation ©2006 Book News, Inc., Portland, OR (booknews.com)
The complete story of American history in one comprehensive middle school program The American Journeyis a student-friendly presentation of American history from pre-exploration to the present. Its unparalleled author team, including National Geographic, ensures accuracy in every detail of the narrative, maps, and charts. This program emphasizes skill development--from reading maps to analyzing primary and secondary sources to exploring the connections between history and geography, economics, government, citizenship, and current events.
Klezmer,the Yiddish word for a folk instrumental musician, today flourishes in the United States and abroad in the world music and accompany Jewish celebrations. The essays collected in this volume investigate American klezmer: its roots, its evolution, and its spirited revitalization. The contributors offer a wide range of perspectives on the musical, social, and cultural history of klezmer in American life.
This book is about the nonpublic or private schools of America--their history, goals, significance, problems, and prospects. It was undertaken in the belief that these schools, which at their crest educated approximately 6.5 million children in about 19 thousand elementary and secondary schools, constitute an important resource in America's dual system of public and private schooling, a resource which is currently in serious jeopardy.
Setting the saga of human relations with the environment in the broad context of scientific, social, and cultural history, this thought-provoking book demonstrates how profoundly notions of nationality and debates over race and immigration have shaped American understandings of the natural world.
Hammond reconstructs the historical, theological and cultural contexts of these poems to demonstrate how they responded to a specific process of mourning defined by Puritan views on death and grief.
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