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The Collapse

by Mary Elise Sarotte

The Berlin Wall was erected in 1961 to end all traffic between the city’s two halves: the democratic west and the communist east. The iconic symbol of a divided Europe, the Wall became a focus of western political pressure on East Germany; as Ronald Reagan’s famously said in a 1987 speech in Berlin, "Mr. Gorbachev, tear down this wall!” But as award-winning historian Mary Sarotte shows in [Title TK] , the opening of the Wall on November 9, 1989 was not, as is commonly believed, the East German government’s deliberate concession to outside influence. It was an accident. A carelessly worded memo written by mid-level bureaucrats, a bumbling press conference given by an inept member of the East German Politburo, the negligence of government leaders, the bravery of ordinary people in East and West Berlin--these combined to bring about the end of nearly forty years of oppression, fear, and enmity in divided Berlin. When the news broke, Washington and Moscow could only stand by and watch as Tom Brokaw and other journalists narrated the televised broadcast of this critical moment in the thawing of the cold war. Sarotte opens her story in the months leading up to that fateful day. Following East German dissidents, she shows how their efforts coalesced around opposition to the regime’s restrictions on foreign travel. The city of Leipzig, close to the border with Czechoslovakia, became a hothouse of activism, and protests there quickly grew into massive demonstrations. The East German Politburo hoped to limit its citizens’ knowledge of these marches, but two daring dissidents, East Berliners Aram Radomski and Siegbert Schefke, managed to evade the Stasi and film the largest of them from a church tower. They then smuggled their tape to West Germany; broadcast in both nations, the footage galvanized activists across East Germany, and precipitated the stunning developments on November 9. Facing mounting pressure from its own citizens, the East German Politburo planned to put off enacting any meaningful change to its travel policy by issuing a deceptive ruling that would appear to offer more freedom, but which in fact would allow the state to maintain strict control over its citizen’s movements. But the bureaucrats tasked with preparing the "new” regulations misunderstood their task, and instead drafted a declaration that said East Germans could freely leave the country. This declaration ended up in the hands of regime spokesman Günter Schabowski, who announced the rules at a press conference without understanding their import. Stunned reporters were soon broadcasting the news around the world. Crowds of East Germans began streaming to the Wall, prompting a showdown with border guards, who received no support or direction from East German leadership as the throngs multiplied. By 11:30, Harald Jäger, a second-tier passport control officer, had had enough and finally opened the wall to the mob gathering outside his gate. Even though East German forces successfully regained control by the morning, it was too late--for the wall, for the regime, and for Communism in Eastern Europe. Drawing on evidence from archives in multiple countries and languages, along with dozens of interviews with key actors, including Harald Jäger, [Title TK] is the definitive account of the event that brought down the East German Politburo and came to represent the final collapse of the Cold War order.

Cultiver la différence

by Morris Goodman Joel Yanofsky Michel Buttiens Marie-Françoise Lalande

What goes into making a life successful and what does success mean? If you think about a life as a chemical equation, then the elements are obvious: family, work, purpose. The key is discovering how to get the balance just right. In Cultiver la différence, Montreal entrepreneur and philanthropist Morris Goodman shares his personal and professional prescription for success and enduring happiness. Born in 1931 in Montreal to Ukrainian immigrants during the worst days of the Great Depression, Goodman recounts the events, strategies, and lucky breaks that led to a thriving company and a life of philanthropic accomplishments. From his first job as a pharmacy delivery boy to his graduation from the University of Montreal's Faculty of Pharmacy - when he had already started his own pharmaceutical company - through the crucial moments that created an international business, Goodman depicts stirring accounts of Montreal's Jewish community and the development of the global pharmaceutical industry. Along the way, he presents vivid, generous portraits of colleagues and business collaborators. Cultiver la différence is a powerful rags-to-riches story but it is also much more - it is a heartfelt, candid, and inspiring exploration of what makes our lives rich, what we value, and why.

De la couleur des lois : une histoire juridique du racisme au Canada entre 1900 et 1950

by Constance Backhouse

Malgré l'ouverture proclamée des Canadiens face à la diversité ethnique et culturelle, l'histoire canadienne n'en est pas moins marquée par la discrimination systématique. Cet ouvrage expose la ténacité juridique de cette discrimination par l'entremise d'un examen de six arrêts judiciaires déterminants entre 1900 et 1950 qui démontrent comment le système juridique canadien fut complice de la discrimination raciale. Les cas retenus font exemples des diverses façons dont le racisme a opéré dans les différents environnements juridiques du Canada. On y retrouve ceux d'Eliza Sero, qui a présenté en 1921 une revendication à la souveraineté Mohawk, de Wanduta, un Heyoka de la nation Dakota, qui visait à faire reconnaître son droit de célébrer la traditionnelle danse des herbes sacrées en 1903, d'Ira Johnson, qui a eu à subir le courroux du Ku Klux Klan en raison de son désir de contracter un mariage mixte en 1930, de Yee Clun, un restaurateur canadien d'origine chinoise à qui l'on avait refusé le droit d'employer des femmes blanches en 1924 et de Viola Desmond, qui avait été empêchée par le personnel d'un cinéma de s'asseoir dans une section réservée aux Blancs en 1946. De la couleur des lois illustre l'ambiguïté opérationnelle ainsi que l'étonnante et sournoise persévérance du racisme à l'oeuvre dans le système juridique canadien. De la couleur des lois est la traduction française de Colour-Coded: A Legal History of Racism in Canada (University of Toronto Press, 1999), qui a été gagnant du prix Joseph Brant en 2002.

Des Ecoles en mouvement

by Hermann Duchesne Nathalie Belanger

Faire de la diversité une force constructive qui contribue à la compréhension mutuelle entre individus et entre groupes constitue actuellement un discours central des sociétés occidentales. En éducation, ce discours est repérable dans la pratique inclusive. Ce mouvement en faveur de l'inclusion de tous les élèves, quels que soient leurs attributs individuels ou caractéristiques personnelles, épouse cependant différents contours, génère différentes significations selon les contextes où il prend racine et évolue. Cet ouvrage examine la mise en oeuvre de ces discours en pratique. Les auteurs présentent, à partir d'une approche qualitative et d'outils d'enquête communs, des « écoles en mouvement », des écoles qui se veulent inclusives au Canada, en France, en Grande-Bretagne et en Italie, présentant une diversité de situations et d'exemples tirés de ces contextes divers. Cet ouvrage diffère des manuels qui présentent généralement ce que l'on doit faire et opte pour une investigation empirique qui permet de regarder ce que veut concrètement dire l'inclusion en milieu scolaire.

Des outils pour le changement

by Henry Veltmeyer Nasser Ary Tanimoune

Le monde se dirige-t-il vers une crise sans précédent où se juxtaposent difficultés économiques, sociales, écologiques et politiques ? C'est cette question à facettes multiples qu'examine un collectif de chercheurs de divers horizons. Premier constat : à moins de revoir le modèle de développement actuel et d'y apporter des mesures correctives, les perspectives d'avenir sont plutôt inquiétantes.Cette crise mondiale marquerait, selon ces chercheurs, le point culminant d'une longue période de politiques de développement qui ont en commun d'avoir engendré des bouleversements à travers le monde, notamment dans les pays en développement. Une approche plus proactive et critique aux études en développement international, ainsi qu'à la façon dont le développement s'élabore sur le terrain, s'avère donc essentielle.Publié en anglais d'abord, Des outils pour le changement. Une approche critique en études du développement est une référence incontournable pour le lectorat francophone. Ce recueil comprend 49 brefs modules dont chacun aborde les grands thèmes du développement. Il est destiné tout autant aux théoriciens qu'aux professeurs, étudiants et chercheurs qui s'intéressent à une approche critique en études du développement. Qualifié de réalisation remarquable lors de sa sortie en anglais, cet ouvrage permet de mesurer l'ampleur des études du développement en fonction d'une approche critique. Une conviction commune anime cet ouvrage : il est impératif de procéder à des changements qui favoriseront un progrès véritable et durable.

Des sociétés distinctes

by Harold Bérubé

In 2006 fifteen suburban municipalities of Montreal partially regained the autonomy they lost during the 2002 mergers. The fact that most of these were affluent suburbs did not go unnoticed. Supporters of the "one island, one city" project saw the demerged municipalities as fiscal and linguistic enclaves refusing integration into the wider metropolitan community, but for merger opponents they represented the last political institutions of Quebec's anglophone community, with long-established local identities and distinct political cultures. Harold Bérubé studies three of these "distinct societies" - Westmount, Pointe-Claire, and Town of Mount Royal - between the end of the nineteenth century and the beginning of the Second World War, demonstrating that they were the stage for a distinctive form of suburban governance, rooted in the search for socioeconomic distinction in a quickly changing metropolitan environment. Through the use of local government, municipal politicians created a physical and social environment that clearly set them apart from the rest of the island and that conformed to a bourgeois suburban ideal. If they were indeed home to English-speaking majorities, what really defined their autonomy was affluence, an attention to town planning, and efficient governance - traits that became the foundations of strong local identities and that persist in the first decades of the twentieth century. An in-depth look into the roots of suburban democracy in Montreal, Des sociétés distinctes explores the desire to create and maintain distinct suburban communities as the surrounding expanding city encroached upon them and serves as an important historical backdrop to ideas about urban politics, collective identity, and municipal amalgamation.

Droits et voix - Rights and Voices: La criminologie à l'Université d'Ottawa - Criminology at the University of Ottawa

by Véronique Strimelle Francoise Vanhamme

Cet ouvrage souligne le 40e anniversaire du Département de criminologie de l'Université d'Ottawa, fondé en 1968. On y relate l'histoire du département de ses origines à nos jours en mettant l'accent sur les débats théoriques qui ont influencé son approche critique et autoréflexive de la criminologie. Les articles qui le composent s'inscrivent dans cet ordre d'idée en mettant en question la perspective traditionnelle de la criminologie sur divers sujets, notamment les études policières, la santé mentale, la violence politique, le suicide et la prévention du crime. Droits et voix souligne le rôle primordial que joue l'Université d'Ottawa dans la redéfinition de la criminologie et la promotion du militantisme, de la justice sociale et de la compassion. -- This volume commemorates the 40th anniversary of the University of Ottawa's Department of Criminology, founded in 1968. It relates the history of the department from its origins to today, focusing on the theoretical debates that have influenced its critical and self reflexive approach to criminology. The contributions to this volume continue in that vein by questioning the traditional perspective of criminology on a variety of topics including police studies, mental health, political violence, suicide, and crime prevention. Rights and Voices reveals the significant role that the University of Ottawa has played in redefining criminology to advocate activism, social justice, and compassion.

D'un islam textuel vers un islam contextuel: la traduction du Coran et la construction de l'image de la femme

by Naïma Dib

La mise en tutelle de la musulmane est-elle cautionnée par le Coran? L'idée de l'infériorité de la femme est-elle réellement inscrite dans le Coran? Telles sont les questions auxquelles l'auteure tente de répondre dans le présent ouvrage. Elle se penche sur les diverses approches adoptées par des penseurs réformistes musulmans, dont elle expose les enjeux sociaux, politiques et culturels ainsi que les finalités. Elle procède à une analyse comparative du Coran et d'un certain nombre de traductions françaises et anglaises, à l'issue de laquelle elle fait émerger une conception de la femme et du monde différente de celle proposée par les traductions. Elle explore ensuite le discours social commun, discours auquel participe la traduction, et qui se révèle empreint d'une vision androcentrique dans laquelle l'infériorité de la femme découle d'une construction humaine, inspirée par un besoin de domination. Grâce aux analyses sémiotique et sociohistorique, l'auteur démontre que le Coran peut être lu autrement et ce qui en ressort est une conception plus égalitaire de l'homme et de la femme.

Ed Special

by Eric Walters

Edward is a classic slacker. He's got better ways to spend his time than toiling over homework, and as long as he gets passing grades he's happy. When his fifty percent average is threatened he has to find a way to pull up his grades without applying himself. Edward discovers that special education students get more time to complete tests, and he thinks he's found the perfect scam. Little does he know that manipulating everyone around him will take more work than he ever imagined.

En images

by Norah Mcclintock

Ethan lives in a foster home, struggling to put his life on the right track. Involved in a photography program for at-risk kids, he finds himself threatened again and again by someone who wants his camera. What does Ethan know? And what is on his camera that someone is willing to kill for? Struggling to stay out of trouble and solve the mystery, he discovers he has all the answers, he just has to figure out the questions.

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