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Operating behind enemy lines takes nerve, courage, and skill. Above all, it requires the knowledge of how to stay undetected and how to escape if need be. These are the lessons of Escape and Evasion. The book covers all the essential skills of an undercover soldier. Infiltration by land, sea, and air are described in detail. The unique physical demands of night fighting are explained. Tracking techniques are also revealed, showing how the elite soldier can tell where the enemy is from broken twigs and dropped litter. In addition, this book explains some of the most surprising features of behind-the-lines operations, including: * How you can fool a tracker dog * Why you should look at the outline of shapes at night. * How you can calculate the distance of an enemy from a gunshot. * Why you should put bits of tape on all metal objects you carry. * What the best place is for an ambush.
Known around the world for both their skill in combat and their unparalleled ability to survive in harsh, unforgiving conditions, the Green Berets are among America's greatest soldiers. Officially called the U.S. Army Special Forces, the Green Berets work to fight terrorism, rescue hostages, gather intelligence, and defend America's allies abroad. Green Berets examines the history of this elite fighting force, exploring their training standards and special tactics. The book gives readers a detailed look at one of the U.S. Army's most important assets, including: * How the Green Berets are selected and trained * The origin of the berets that U.S. Army Special Forces wear. * How the Green Berets served in the early days of the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan
In September 2001, in response to terrorist attacks on New York and Washington D.C., the American forces, including the U.S. Marine Corps (USMC), were put on the highest level of military alert since the Cuban Missile Crisis of 1962. These soldiers are among the toughest in the world; the prestige of the unit is second to none. The entry system for new recruits is a supreme test--only about 25 percent make the grade. Over the course of an intensive 40-week "basic" training program, trainers shout at new recruits, force them to run for miles, deprive them of sleep for days at a time, and require them to make decisions almost every waking minute. This book teaches you what it takes to become a U.S. Marine. It is a grueling challenge that only the strongest survive. You need: * intelligence * self-control * courage * knowledge * resistance to pain and discomfort * team spirit
The U.S Navy SEALs were created in the 1960s as an elite team to fight along the rivers and coastline of Vietnam. Since that time, the SEALs have become the world's best at surviving and operating at sea. They are some the foremost fighters the American military has in its arsenal, able to engage any enemy, at any time, in any conditions. Come inside this top military unit, exploring what it takes to become a SEAL, as well as the dangers of the missions these highly skilled soldiers carry out. This book explains the history of the SEALs, including the creation of the unit and the first Navy SEAL ever to serve in the U.S. military. Also learn about: * How the SEALs helped contain communism during the Cold War. * What each recruit must go through in order to become part of the Navy SEALs. * The techniques the SEALs use to survive at sea. * SEAL tactics for remaining undetected when completing missions on land.
All elite soldiers know that at times our towns and cities can be as dangerous as any wilderness. That's why they train hard to defend themselves from attack, looking at ways of staying out of trouble or handling it if it happens. Explore the essential techniques of self-defense needed for an urban setting. Under elite forces tuition, you can learn how to protect yourself against physical assault by either one person or several, or even cope with a riot. Blocking, punching, grappling, and kicking are all covered, but you will also learn how to avoid trouble before it even begins. The skills covered in the book include: * How to handle an attack from someone with a knife. * How you can tell when a person will attack. * Ways of restraining someone without damaging them. * How to generate maximum power from your body. * Ways of training for self-defense situations. * The most vulnerable areas of the human body.
The Parachute Regiment is one of the toughest units in the U.S. military and in the world. Its training course is designed to push recruits to their limits; only those who are strong in mind and body can pass the course. This book will take you through the entire training course. Only when the recruits have show real endurance can they even begin parachute training, working up to the moment they proudly receive their parachute wings badge. This book gives amazing insights into the training, including: * How the recruits cope with carrying an 80-pound pack. * The bizarre equipment needed for parachute training. * What it takes to jump out of a balloon at 800 feet. * How these men have proved their levels of endurance in war.
Almost every country in the world has its elite units. These are the men and women who perform operations no regular soldiers will touch, who go deep into enemy territory to sabotage, attack, rescue, and observe. Take a look at life in five of the most prestigious military units--U.S. Airborne Forces, the Israeli Parachute Corps, Russian Spetsnaz forces, the British SAS, and the Australian SAS. Explore each force's history to understand why these units are respected and feared by their enemies. Discover: * How some elite units existed even in ancient times. * What recruiters look for in special forces. * How U.S Airborne troops parachuted into the jungles of Vietnam. * How Russian Spetsnaz sabotaged German trains during World War II. * How some U.S. amphibious ships can carry 1,700 troops.
During the early 1990s, successful music producer Jermaine Dupri started So So Def Records. The Atlanta-based label began at a time when Southern hip-hop music was just beginning to get a lot of attention. Dupri signed distribution deals with much-larger record companies like Columbia and Arista. This allowed him to focus on what he did best: finding talented unknown artists and producing hit music. Some of So So Def's biggest stars included Da Brat, Lil Bow Wow, and Jagged Edge. Today So So Def Records is completely independent, and Jermaine Dupri is working hard to introduce a new generation of hip-hop stars.
When Shawn Carter, an aspiring rapper with the stage name Jay-Z, couldn't get his career off the ground at a major record label, he didn't get discouraged. He and his partners Damon Dash and Kareem "Biggs" Burke created a hip-hop label of their own. They named the label Roc-A-Fella Records. Originally intended as a one-time project to release Jay-Z's full-length debut album, Reasonable Doubt, Roc-A-Fella Records expanded into a true hip-hop powerhouse. Roc-A-Fella Records has introduced listeners to the unique talents of artists like Kanye West, the Young Gunz, and the State Property crew. Other artists, such as Jadakiss and the O.D.B., have received another chance to kick-start their careers. This book describes the musical contributions of Jay-Z, Kanye West, and Roc-A-Fella's other past and present artists, as well as the record label's complex behind-the-scenes history.
Percy "Master P." Miller came out of one of the toughest slums in New Orleans to found No Limit Records in Richmond, California, on a shoestring budget in 1991. Master P sold his first releases out of the trunk of his car, but he always believed in himself. Thanks to his hard work, within a few years No Limit was one of the most successful hip-hop record labels in the country and Master P was a multi-millionaire. Master P couldn't maintain this level of success, however, and in 2003 the label went bankrupt. Master P began a new label and kept going. In recent years, he has attempted to change the focus of his music to make it more positive, and started Take a Stand Records for that purpose. Now calling himself P. Miller, the rapper/entrepreneur remains active in the music business and also works to help others.
Since the mid-1990s, Tim Mosley--better known as Timbaland--has been one of the most in-demand and critically respected producers in the music industry. His credits include numerous hits in hip-hop, as well as dance, R&B, pop, and rock. But that isn't the only contribution Timbaland has made to the music scene. In 2006, he became the CEO of his own record label, Mosley Music Group. Open to all kinds of acts, the label is part of, and distributed by, Interscope Records. Mosley Music Group has released several star-studded albums. The label has given new creative outlets to experienced artists like Nelly Furtado and Chris Cornell, and helped launch the careers of artists like OneRepublic, Keri Hilson, D.O.E., and MC Hayes. This book profiles all of Mosley Music Group's past and present artists and their releases, as well as the fascinating story of Timbaland's long and influential career.
Sequel to Rules of EngagementBrandon Stewart and Dustin Walker started dating two years ago after meeting in the local bar over a game of pool. Dustin has struggled to come out to his homophobic family and come clean about his relationship with Brandon, and now they're planning to get married. Now, in a bid to fix broken ties, Dustin's brother Tristan is trying to reconnect with him, which makes Brandon wonder if he, too, can mend fences with his own estranged brother. But is sixteen years of silence long enough for old wounds to heal?
Hip-hop started on the streets of New York with African American youths in the 1970s. But with its strong beats and raw lyrics, it quickly spread across the country. It became the music of a generation of young Americans. But hip-hop is more than just music. It's a lifestyle. It's also big business. When Interscope Records was formed in 1990, the company's founders saw an opportunity. Young people loved the energy of hip-hop. Interscope gave rappers like Eminem and 50 Cent their start--and it paid off. Today, Interscope is a multimillion-dollar company that handles all kinds of music. There were setbacks on the way to success. But whether it was Lady Gaga or the Black Eyed Peas, Interscope always managed to find a star!
When it was founded in 1984, Def Jam was a tiny operation nestled in the college dorm room of Rick Rubin. He and promoter Russell Simmons quickly built a music empire around a talented crew of groundbreaking artists and an allegiance to the "real street music" that was about to bust out of New York City's hip-hop circles. Over the course of several decades, Def Jam has helped launched many of the best acts in rap and pop music, including LL Cool J, the Beastie Boys, Public Enemy, Method Man, DMX, Ja Rule, Jay-Z, and Rihanna. Over 200 gold and over 70 platinum records bear the Def Jam label. Def Jam's 25th anniversary in 2009 was just another milestone in the story of a label that helped define the sound as well as the wider culture of hip-hop.
For a few years in the mid-1990s, a small music label called Death Row stood atop the hip-hop world. Death Row Records was instrumental in introducing a hard-core style of rap music known as "gangsta rap" to mainstream audiences. Albums like Dr. Dre's The Chronic, Snoop Doggy Dogg's Doggystyle, and Tupac Shakur's All Eyez on Me sold millions of copies and influenced a new generation of artists. The money rolled in for Death Row's founder, Marion "Suge" Knight. The good times could not last, however. Tupac was murdered, Suge Knight was sent to prison for various crimes, and the label's top stars moved on. The dramatic rise and fall of Death Row Records is chronicled in this book.
Founded in New Orleans in the early 1990s, Cash Money Records faced an uphill battle as it struggled to gain respect. Brothers Bryan "Baby" Williams and Ronald "Slim" Williams started the label by recording New Orleans artists who were part of the local " bounce music" scene. The label's young rappers, including Juvenile, B.G., and Turk, worked hard to deliver hits, but inner turmoil almost derailed Cash Money's success. The breakout success of Lil Wayne, who became the label's biggest star and even served as its president for a time, helped Cash Money survive during a difficult decade. Today stars like Drake and Nicki Minaj are helping to make Cash Money Records a household name in the hip-hop world.
The story of Bad Boy Entertainment is one of triumph and tragedy. It was triumph when the dream of founder Sean "Puffy" Combs was transformed into one of the most successful record labels in the history of hip-hop music. It was tragedy when the life of Bad Boy's most successful artist, Christopher "Biggie" Wallace, was violently ended at the prime of his career. It was triumph again when Puffy evoked Biggie's memory in a chart-topping song that helped jump-start a highly successful performing career of his own. Nearly 20 years after its founding, Bad Boy Entertainment has grown from a record label spinning out rap hits to a do-everything company with dealings in the world of fashion, food, and music.
Dr. Dre was the face of hip-hop by the time he started Aftermath Entertainment in 1996. But like any new record label, even one started by a legend, Aftermath had to go through some growing pains before finding its sound. Once it did, Aftermath was on a roll, producing platinum albums by megastars like Eminem and 50 Cent. The record label combined the creativity and fresh material of new rap stars with the special touch only a musical genius like Dr. Dre could add. Born out of the violent era of the West Coast-East Coast rap feud, Aftermath carried Dr. Dre's hopes of creating a record label that focused solely on music, not violence. There were some false starts along the way. But it did not take Aftermath long to introduce some of rap's biggest names to the world and sell millions upon millions of albums.
Hip-hop music began in the neighborhoods of the Bronx, New York, during the 1970s and grew to become a major cultural influence all over the world. Hip-hop has evolved through both individual innovation and technological breakthroughs. Landmark Hip-Hop Hits traces the development of this musical genre through discussion of its biggest hits and most important stars, from early songs like "Rapper's Delight" and "The Message" to contemporary hits by performers like Jay-Z, Drake, Eminem, Nicki Minaj, and Lil Wayne. The songs discussed in this book had an important part to play in shaping the history of the hip-hop movement over the past five decades.
Historically, theocracy has been a fairly rare form of government. Still, theocracies have appeared all over the globe, and they have taken a variety of forms. This book examines theocratic governments, from ancient Egypt to present-day Iran. It explores how different theocracies arose, how their leaders maintained authority, and what it was like for ordinary people living under religious rule. Theocracy will provide students with a wealth of fascinating and thought-provoking information.
In an oligarchy, political power rests with a small privileged group. Oligarchs may exercise power directly or indirectly, but they often act out of selfish or corrupt motives. This book examines the history of oligarchy, which was first described by the ancient Greeks more than 2,300 years ago. The book also asks whether today's superrich constitute a new oligarchy that threatens to undermine American democracy.
Monarchy is a form of government in which a hereditary ruler serves as head of state, typically for life. Monarchies have existed since the dawn of human civilization. But while the kings and queens, emperors and empresses of the past wielded broad (and often absolute) power, many of today's monarchs perform ceremonial functions only. This book examines the various forms that monarchy has taken. Students of government and history will find it a valuable and fascinating resource.
How did large, complex states develop from small clans and nomadic tribes? How have rulers throughout history justified their right to govern? What ideas and events shaped the development of modern forms of government? Milestones in the Evolution of Government answers these and other important questions. The book provides students with the perspective to understand the basis for various forms of government-- including their own.
In the turbulent years after World War I, a new type of governing philosophy took shape in a handful of countries. It was known as fascism. Fascism denied that individuals had any rights the state was bound to respect. It demanded that citizens blindly obey their leader. It glorified violence. It promised to purify a degraded culture and restore the nation to greatness. Full-fledged fascist governments came to power in Italy under Benito Mussolini and in Germany under Adolf Hitler and the Nazis. In addition, significant fascist movements existed in several other countries. Fascism led to some of the darkest episodes in human history-- including the Holocaust--before being swept away by World War II. This book details the rise and fall of a discredited form of government.
Dictatorship is a form of government in which an individual or a small group wields power without legal or constitutional constraints. Dictators come in many varieties. Some are military officers who overthrow an elected government. Others are democratically elected politicians who, once in office, decide to discard democracy. Some dictators use power to transform society. Others expressly try to prevent social or political change. Still others don't appear to be motivated by any ideology, whether liberal or conservative. Instead, they use power simply to enrich themselves or bolster their egos. This book examines the diverse forms of dictatorship. It is filled with interesting and instructive case histories.
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