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Effective assessment of the performance of educational systems is a key component in developing policies to optimize the development of human capital around the world. The five books in the National Assessments of Educational Achievement series introduce key concepts in national assessments of student achievement levels, from policy issues to address when designing and carrying out assessments through test development, questionnaire design, sampling, organizing and carrying out data collection, data cleaning, statistical analysis, report writing, and using results to improve educational quality. Analyzing Data from a National Assessment of Educational Achievement is the fourth of five volumes in the National Assessments of Educational Achievement series. Other volumes have described the procedures in an assessment up to the point when data have been prepared for statistical analysis, the topic of this volume. The precise analyses that are carried out will depend on the information needs of policy makers and education managers. In most national assessments, these relate to the quality of student learning, factors related to learning, equity issues, and in some cases, change in educational outcomes over time. Volume 4, which comprises two parts, provides step-by-step details on how to analyze data collected in a national assessment. Part I provides a general introduction to statistical analyses normally carried out in large-scale assessments, measuring central tendency and dispersion of student scores and relationships between variables. Part II describes IATA (Item and Test Analysis) software, which uses classical test and item response theories to establish scales on which to report student scores. Steps in the analysis of pilot and final test administrations are described in detail. An accompanying CD contains specially designed exercises and supporting data files for both parts of the volume. This book will be of interest to assessment specialists in national, regional, and local governments, research institutions, and universities.
Return to where it all began-the romance, the friendships, the community, the warmth and laughter of Susan Mallery's New York Times bestselling series Fool's Gold. Nestled in the foothills of the Sierra Nevada mountains, Fool's Gold, California, is a charming town like no other, where newcomers and locals alike find endless-if unconventional-opportunities to fall in love. From Charity Jones, a city planner hired to create jobs that will keep the town's men from moving away, to Liz Sutton, still trying to shed the stigma of being the girl from the wrong side of the tracks, and Pia O'Brian who, despite having a disastrous romantic track record and the parenting skills of a hamster, has inherited three frozen embryos, Fool's Gold is overflowing with quirky characters, passionate moments and heartfelt emotion. Offered here for the first time in collection form, the first Fool's Gold trilogy-plus the bonus novella Sister of the Bride-is the perfect opportunity to discover some new, lifelong friends. Susan Mallery's Fool's Gold Collection, Volume One Chasing Perfect Almost Perfect Sister of the Bride Finding Perfect
Ti Alkire and Carol Rosen trace the changes that led from colloquial Latin to five major Romance languages, those which ultimately became national or transnational languages: Spanish, French, Italian, Portuguese, and Romanian. Trends in spoken Latin altered or dismantled older categories in phonology and morphology, while the regional varieties of speech, evolving under diverse influences, formed new grammatical patterns, each creating its own internal regularities. Documentary sources for spoken Latin show the beginnings of this process, which comes to full fruition in the medieval emergence of written Romance languages. This book newly distills the facts into an appealing program of study, including exercises, and makes the difficult issues clear, taking well motivated and sometimes innovative stands. It provides not only an essential guide for those new to the topic, but also a reliable compendium for the specialist.
This is first comprehensive introduction to the linguistics of Auslan, the sign language of Australia. Assuming no prior background in language study, it explores each key aspect of the structure of Auslan, providing an accessible overview of its grammar (how sentences are structured), phonology (the building blocks of signs), morphology (the structure of signs), lexicon (vocabulary), semantics (how meaning is created), and discourse (how Auslan is used in context). The authors also discuss a range of myths and misunderstandings about sign languages, provide an insight into the history and development of Auslan, and show how Auslan is related to other sign languages, such as those used in Britain, the USA and New Zealand. Complete with clear illustrations of the signs in use and useful further reading lists, this is an ideal resource for anyone interested in Auslan, as well as those seeking a clear, general introduction to sign language linguistics.
The Navigation of Feeling critiques recent psychological and anthropological research on emotions. William M. Reddy offers a new theory of emotions and historical change, drawing on research from many academic disciplines. This new theory makes it possible to see how emotions change over time, how emotions have a very important impact on the shape of history, and how different social orders either facilitate emotional life or make it more difficult. This theory is fully explored in a case study of the French Revolution.
This modern, advanced textbook reviews modal logic, a field which caught the attention of computer scientists in the late 1970's. The development is mathematical; prior acquaintance with first-order logic and its semantics is assumed, and familiarity with the basic mathematical notions of set theory is required. The authors focus on the use of modal languages as tools to analyze the properties of relational structures, including their algorithmic and algebraic aspects. Applications to issues in logic and computer science such as completeness, computability and complexity are considered.
This textbook offers a unified, self-contained introduction to the field of term rewriting. Baader and Nipkow cover all the basic material--abstract reduction systems, termination, confluence, completion, and combination problems--but also some important and closely connected subjects: universal algebra, unification theory, Gröbner bases, and Buchberger's algorithm. They present the main algorithms both informally and as programs in the functional language Standard ML (An appendix contains a quick and easy introduction to ML). Key chapters cover crucial algorithms such as unification and congruence closure in more depth and develop efficient Pascal programs. The book contains many examples and over 170 exercises. This is also an ideal reference book for professional researchers: results spread over many conference and journal articles are collected here in a unified notation, detailed proofs of almost all theorems are provided, and each chapter closes with a guide to the literature.
This volume examines the evolution of the Cold War from the Helsinki Conference of 1975 until the Soviet collapse in 1991. Leading scholars analyze the economic, social, cultural, religious, technological, and geopolitical factors that shaped the policies that ended the Cold War, looking at the personalities and policies of Carter and Reagan, Brezhnev and Gorbachev, Thatcher, Kohl, and Deng Xiaoping. They show how events throughout the world shaped the evolution of Soviet-American relations and also explore the legacies of the super-power confrontation in a comparative and trans-national perspective. Penetrating chapters examine how the Cold War affected and was affected by the environment, the global economy, consumer capitalism, human rights and non-governmental organizations. The authors also deal with demographic trends, capital flows, multilateral institutions, and geopolitical configurations. This is international history at its best: emphasizing social, intellectual, economic and geostrategic trends without losing focus on personalities, politics, and human agency.
This comprehensive foundation course offers a highly interactive approach to learning Russian. Designed for beginners, it covers all the material required to reach intermediate level either at high school or during the first year of university. The course provides: Thorough grounding in the grammar and structures of contemporary Russian Wide-ranging activities and exercises for both classroom use and self study Informative texts selected to foster cultural awareness Lively illustrations to reinforce learning Extensive reference features including a section on basic concepts of grammar Teachers' guidelines Cassettes and on-line answer key
The twenty-fifth George Gently adventure, featuring the indomitable Inspector George Gently.
Mattie thinks her Worry Lists are over now that the Butterfields have won the lottery! But when the council threatens to close Mattie's school because there aren't enough children to go there her worries seem bigger than ever. Can the Butterfields save the day and keep the school open?
A dark force has woken in the British Museum and stopped time, freezing London and its inhabitants. Will and Jo are the only humans unaffected by the spell, and have been fighting alongside London's statues to locate the source of the disruption. But now their statue allies have been frozen too, leaving brother and sister alone and pursued by murderous dragons. What is more, they have noticed that the unmoving people of London are getting colder by the hour ... No longer able to rely on London's statues for help, Will and Jo must stop the source of the evil before the life force of London's inhabitants drains away.
Here is a concise overview of the historical development and judicial interpretation of the First Amendment religion clauses. It begins with a survey of the history of American religious liberty, goes on to present the views of the Founding Fathers, and then considers the core value of religious liberty and the constitutional purposes that implement that value.the book ends on a practical note by applying these principles to questions of equal access, religious symbolism in public life, and the task of defining religion for constitutional purposes. As the authors note in their introduction, "the historical principles that animate the religion clauses are more than an abstract intellectual exercise. . . . They provide an essential context for guiding the resolution of modern religious liberty issues."
The scientists of the twelfth century were daring, original, inventive, and above all determined to discover purely rational explanations of natural phenomena. Their intense interest in the natural world for its own sake, their habits of precise observation, and the high value they place on man as a rational being portend a new age in the history of scientific thought. This book offers a comprehensive sampling of medieval scientific thought in the context of an historical narrative.
A Girl on the Run from the Law Alexandra Blakewood has everything any teenager could wish for, apart from the horse she'd love, but she won't stop getting into trouble. Sent to a US boot camp, she dreams of escaping. It seems impossible until she's told about a gruelling 1,200 mile horse race across the American West... A Boy on a Mission to Save a Life Will Greyton was the star student at his Tennessee high school until his father was laid off. Now Will works at a burger joint. When his dad falls ill, it seems things can't get any worse. An operation will save him, but there's no way to pay for it. Then Will hears about The Glory, a deadly endurance race with a $250,000 purse, open to any rider daring enough to attempt it...
Blast off on a cosmic new adventure with the PETS FROM SPACE! The super Satniks take friends Tom, Zack and Daisy on a museum misson and test their out-of-this-world skills at the school pet show - but will their tricks put them top of the class? They may be naughty, but the best pets are always the PETS FROM SPACE! Moshi Monsters meets Horrid Henry in this hilarious new series for readers of 6+. Each book features two fun stories.
It's a boiling hot summer in Fort Finis Terrae! The locals are getting restless, and demand a sacrifice to try and end the drought. Will Brit and Festus be forced to give up their new best friend Romeo the hare?
Young people growing up in Britain today face a narrowing job market, high housing costs and the prospect of a lifetime of hard work with less reward. The ideas of social responsibility that arose after the Second World War are straining under the demands of a globalised world. Too often public debate divides Britain's youth into the 'feral rats' of the London riots and the 'posh boys' of Eton. Business leaders rail at the entitled and unemployable young people they are asked to give jobs to, politicians complain about apathetic teens and commentators devote endless column inches to the issue of a 'self-obsessed' generation. Georgia Gould's Wasted shows us that far from being the apathetic, materialistic, drunken problem they are often portrayed as, young people in Britain have the aspirations, the creativity and the will to answer the many challenges we face. Georgia travelled across the UK to uncover the values, aspirations and challenges of young Brits, from job seekers in Bradford and working-class families in Glasgow's Easterhouse estate, to student protesters at Sussex University and young entrepreneurs in London such as YouTube sensation Jamal Edwards. Gould makes a case for a stronger dialogue between generations. If we show young people that we trust them with the future of our country, we will find that they are ready to rise to the challenge. This timely work points the way towards a new social contract and gives a voice to young Britain.
When Leonardo Pegasus, Court Magician, created the Multiple Empathy Engine - a device that enabled the viewer to see the entire world - his reward was to lose his job, his home and nearly his life. But now Leonardo's invention has been taken up by the government of the Land, who will use it as the ultimate communication - and espionage - device. Soon there will be a Multiple Empathy Network... and even the King will have one. Yet when Leonardo built his machine he also unwittingly conjured something else... a malevolent spirit of science and shadow that danced in the depths of the Empathy Engine. When there was but one machine, the creature was contained. Now there's a Network - and the spirit is loose in the Land.
Stress is very much part of life in the 21st century, and has overtaken the common cold as the major reason for taking time off work. But while we cannot avoid life's pressures, we can influence the degree to which they affect us, and how we react. This book will show you how. It examines why we become stressed, how the stress response is unique to each of us and why stress, particularly when combined with fatigue, can create a vicious circle that has serious implications for our long-term health. So, what's the answer? As you'll discover, there is no single solution; instead the authors suggest a unique blend of practical solutions that include: * Uncovering your stress triggers and stress response * Learning how to reframe negative beliefs * Effective time management that includes relaxation and fun * Becoming more resilient by tuning up your stress hormones * Utilising the power of sleep and exercise * Beating the sugar and stimulant trap * Fuel-up to feel good - discover the key nutrients for energy and resilience With a section on quick fixes to feel better now, as well as guidance on putting together a long-term action plan, The Stress Cure will empower you to take back control and live a healthier, more balanced life.
The next book in a series of junior novels from the freaky-fabulous world of Monster High! Includes an eight-page full-colour insert.
Deep in the English countryside, Kenneth Storey and his older brother have discovered the land of Arboria - a kingdom of adventure waiting for them through a gate in the garden wall. As the world outside plunges deeper into global conflict, the Arborians wage their own war against the Barbarians - an ancient foe seemingly as old as the forest itself. But for Kenneth, Arboria is more than a world of make-believe and the Barbarians more than a figment of his imagination. For Kenneth, Arboria is more important than the real world ... and perhaps, in some ways, he may be right. THE GOOD PEOPLE is Steve Cockayne's first novel for younger readers. It is both a spellbinding adventure story and an extraordinarily original novel of growing up. Disturbing, compelling and beautifully written, it is an unforgettable fantasy from one of Britain's most exciting new writers.
A special bumper edition of dorkiness featuring the first two books in the bestselling DORK DIARIES series! Nikki Maxwell has just started at her new school and is determined to make a fresh start, leaving her dorky past behind her. But when you're the girl who spills spaghetti over herself during lunch, or who dresses as a giant rat for Halloween, or whose dad drives a van with a giant cockroach on the roof, it's hard to transform from loser queen to queen-bee overnight. But one thing's for sure, Nikki's life is never dull, and now you can enjoy the first two hilarious instalments of her diary in this fabulous two-in-one bind-up. It's time to embrace your inner dork...
Twig lives in a remote area of town with her mysterious brother and her mother, baker of irresistible apple pies. A new girl in town might just be Twig's first true friend, and ally in vanquishing an ancient family curse. A spellbinding tale of modern folklore set in the Berkshires, where rumours of a winged beast draw in as much tourism as the town's famed apple orchards.
In a stunning debut novel by 26-year-old Marc Bojanowski that is set in 1940s Mexico, a young man who becomes involved in a brutally violent spectator sport must choose his loyalties in the fight for a city's future.
Select your format based upon: 1) how you want to read your book, and 2) compatibility with your reading tool. To learn more about using Bookshare with your device, visit the "Using Bookshare" page in the Help Center.
Here is an overview of the specialized formats that Bookshare offers its members with links that go to the Help Center for more information.
- Bookshare Web Reader - a customized reading tool for Bookshare members offering all the features of DAISY with a single click of the "Read Now" link.
- DAISY (Digital Accessible Information System) - a digital book file format. DAISY books from Bookshare are DAISY 3.0 text files that work with just about every type of access technology that reads text. Books that contain images will have the download option of ‘DAISY Text with Images’.
- BRF (Braille Refreshable Format) - digital Braille for use with refreshable Braille devices and Braille embossers.
- MP3 (Mpeg audio layer 3) - Provides audio only with no text. These books are created with a text-to-speech engine and spoken by Kendra, a high quality synthetic voice from Ivona. Any device that supports MP3 playback is compatible.
- DAISY Audio - Similar to the Daisy 3.0 option above; however, this option uses MP3 files created with our text-to-speech engine that utilizes Ivona's Kendra voice. This format will work with Daisy Audio compatible players such as Victor Reader Stream and Read2Go.