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After The Blitzkrieg: The German Army’s Transition To Defeat In The East

by Major Bob E. Willis Jr.

The German invasion of the Soviet Union in June 1941 sparked a guerilla resistance unparalleled in modern history in scale and ferocity. In the wake of the initial invasion, the German Army began its struggle to secure a territory encompassing one million square miles and sixty-five million people and to pacify a growing partisan resistance. The German endeavor to secure the occupied areas and suppress the partisan movement in the wake of Operation Barbarossa illustrates the nature of the problem of bridging the gap between rapid, decisive combat operations and "shaping" the post-major conflict environment-securing populations and infrastructure and persuading people to accept the transition from a defeated government to a new one. In this regard, the German experience on the Eastern Front following Operation Barbarossa seems to offer a number of similarities to the U.S. experience in Iraq in the aftermath of OIF. This study highlights what may be some of the enduring qualities about the nature of the transition between decisive battle and political end state-particularly when that end state is regime change. It elaborates on the notion of decisive battle, how the formulation of resistance movements can be explained as complex adaptive systems, the potential of indigenous security forces and the influence of doctrine, cultural appreciation and interagency cooperation on operational-level transition planning.

Coral And Brass

by Perry Finch General Holland M. Smith

THIS IS A STORY ABOUT A MAN, a Corps, and a war. The accomplishments of the man and his Corps profoundly influenced the outcome of the war.The man, of course, is Holland Smith, who; although he was in the public eye continuously throughout the late war, is actually little known to the average reader of this book. I say little known because to most of them he is the nickname "Howlin' Mad" or a tough General who got results at the expense of human life, or perhaps just a typical Marine...For over two years, however, I was privileged, as his aide, to know him as intimately as any man ever did. Perhaps I can explain some of the aspects of the man which would otherwise be lost in the turmoil of this book.On the surface, of course, he is a famous Marine whose successes against the Japanese enemy are legendary. Recipient of four Distinguished Service Medals, he initiated and supervised the training of our soldiers and Marines in the art of amphibious warfare and then led them across the Pacific in one of the most phenomenal military advances of all times. On many occasions, as the reader will see, he was forced to fight in order to be allowed to fight.Beneath the surface a different pattern appears. Like that of most men General Smith's personality is complicated...Perhaps few who lay down this book will realize that it was written by a man whose tenderness was scarcely exceeded by his courage. Few will know that he spent hours during this war in hospital wards imparting to the wounded and often the dying some of the courage with which he was possessed...On the eve of every Pacific battle in which he participated I have heard him say with unutterable sadness but unflinching courage, and with profound regret that the objective required tile sacrifice, "There will be a lot of dead Marines on that beach tomorrow." Much of his greatness lay in his ability to lead so courageously when he felt so deeply.

American Prisoners Of Japan: Did Rank Have Its Privilege?

by Major Michael A. Buffone Zarate

This thesis examines the story of American POWs held by the Japanese in WWII to see if there were significant differences in treatment based on rank. It examines how the Japanese treated the prisoners according to international law and also distinctions made by the officers themselves simply because of higher rank.The thesis begins by discussing the historical framework for POW rank distinctions by looking at past wars and the development of rank distinctions in international rules. It then covers the American WWII POW experience in the Far East from Bataan and Corregidor to the war's end.Special emphasis is placed on distinctions made in food, housing, pay, medical care, camp administration, work requirements, escape opportunities, transportation, leadership problems, and overall death rates.The study concludes that there were significant differences in treatment based on rank. These differences caused extremely high enlisted death rates during the first year of captivity. The officers fared worse as a group, however, because the Japanese held them in the Philippines until late 1944 because international rules prevented the Japanese from using officers in Japan's labor camps. During shipment to Japan many officers died when the unmarked transport ships were sunk by advancing American forces.

Three Years With The New Zealanders [Illustrated Edition]

by Colonel Claude Horace Weston DSO MID VD KC

Illustrated with more than 25 photos and 3 maps.In these gripping battlefield memoirs of Lt.-Col Weston, he recounts his experiences of the bloody fighting that the New Zealanders experienced fighting in Europe during the First World War.The Author sailed from his home in New Plymouth in 1915, as an ex-cadet he volunteered for active service, his destination was to be Egypt as thence to the hellish conditions of Gallipoli. He fought side by side with his men of the Wellington Battalion until the eventual evacuation of all the Allied forces. Little respite was allowed to the author and the other Anzacs who had survived Gallipoli as they were pitched into the fighting on the Western Front during the battle of the Somme in 1916 and then again in the fierce battles of Messines, La Bassée and Passchendaele. By this point Weston had been promoted Lieutenant but was wounded by artillery fire at Ypres in 1917 his war was at an end, being invalided from the service with full honours.

A Red Triangle Girl In France

by Anon

The amusing anonymously written letters of a YMCA canteen girl recounting her life serving the Doughboys of the First World War. As her mother who collected and published the letters explains:"May I in a few words explain why I have placed at your disposal the accompanying manuscript? It consists of selections from the home letters of our daughter, written in a Y.M.C.A. canteen "Somewhere in France." They were dashed off rapidly, in busy days, with many interruptions, addressed to members of our family circle; and they bear on their face everywhere the stamp of having been written without pre-meditation or the remotest dream of publication."But they tell the story of the daily life in a crowded canteen in France, as experienced by an intensely interested and enthusiastic participant, not only in its outward form, but also in its innermost spirit. The infinite variety of the life, its humour, its pathos, its confidences, its noble, its generous, its picturesque characters, its delights and its privations, its devotions and its gratitudes, its tragedies and its sorrows, the countless services and the priceless spirit of the Y.M.C.A. workers, all this and much more is disclosed in these vivid letters with an art that is wholly unconscious and to which the thought of publication would have been fatal."

Recollections Of Thirty-Nine Years In The Army:: Gwalior...1843, The Gold Coast Of Africa, 1847-48, The Indian Mutiny, 1857-58...The Siege Of Paris, 1870-71

by Dr Charles Alexander Gordon

The fascinating memoirs of Dr Charles Alexander Gordon, who survived thirty-nine years as a military surgeon across the world during many of the famed Empire building campaigns of Queen Victoria's Reign.The author had a long and varied career but highlights including being present with the 16th Lancers at the Battle of Maharajpore 29th Dec. 1843 (Bronze Star). He had medical charge of a force in an expedition in 1848 on the west coast of Africa and was thanked in dispatch. Served in the Indian Campaign of 1857-58 - in medical charge of Franks' Force in its advance to Lucknow, including the actions of Chanda, Umeerpore, and Badshagunge; was present with the 10th Regiment at the siege and capture of Lucknow; had medical charge of Lugard's Force, including the relief of Azimghur, capture of Jugdespore, and action of Chitowrah (CB, Medal with Clasp, twice mentioned in dispatches). Had medical charge of the force under Sir Charles Staveley left in occupation of Tientsin, China, in 1860-61. Being sent by the War Department as Medical Commissioner to the French Army, he arrived in Paris on the 2nd of September 1870, and continued uninterrupted therein throughout the siege and bombardment by the German Army.

Rails To Oblivion: The Decline Of Confederate Railroads In The Civil War [Illustrated Edition]

by Dr Christopher R. Gabel

Includes 2 charts, 7 maps, 7 figures and 5 Illustrations.Renowned Military Historian Dr Christopher Gabel charts the decline of the Confederate Railways system that was to spell ultimate doom to the outnumbered soldiers of the Southern states.Military professionals need always to recognize the centrality of logistics to military operations. In this booklet, Dr. Christopher R. Gabel provides a companion piece to his "Railroad Generalship" which explores the same issues from the other side of the tracks, so to speak. "Rails to Oblivion" shows that neither brilliant generals nor valiant soldiers can, in the long run, overcome the effects of a neglected and deteriorating logistics system. Moreover, the cumulative effect of mundane factors such as metal fatigue, mechanical friction, and accidents in the civilian workplace can contribute significantly to the outcome of a war. And no matter how good some thing or idea may look on paper, or how we delude ourselves, we and our soldiers must live with, and die in, reality. War is a complex business. This booklet explores some of the facets of war that often escape the notice of military officers, and as COL Jerry Morelock intimated in his foreword to "Railroad Generalship," these facets decide who wins and who loses.

Railroad Generalship: Foundations Of Civil War Strategy [Illustrated Edition]

by Dr Christopher R. Gabel

Includes 4 figures, 13 maps and 4 tables.Renowned Military Historian Dr Christopher Gabel investigates the effects of the Railroad on the strategies employed by both the Union and Confederate Generals of the Civil War.According to an old saying, "amateurs study tactics: professionals study logistics." Any serious student of the military profession will know that logistics constantly shape military affairs and sometimes even dictate strategy and tactics. This excellent monograph by Dr. Christopher Gabel shows that the appearance of the steam-powered railroad had enormous implications for military logistics, and thus for strategy, in the American Civil War. Not surprisingly, the side that proved superior in "railroad generalship," or the utilization of the railroads for military purposes, was also the side that won the war.

History Of The Zulu War And Its Origin

by Frances Colenso Edward Durnford

The Zulu War-by possibly its most authentic historians.Most written histories intend to be accurate, but they often suffer from the bias of perspective, and whilst this history of the Anglo-Zulu War is no exception, it is exceptional in that it is decidedly not a view of the conflict from an Imperial British standpoint. Francis Colenso was the daughter of Bishop Colenso, whose Bishopric included Zululand at the time of the war. She knew the Zulu nation well, had an affection for it and in company with her father was an ardent advocate in its cause. She was well aware of the many shameful calumnies perpetrated against it by the British including the bringing about of the war of 1879 itself. This history, written by an author who was on the spot, was originally published very shortly after the events themselves took place. It provides a very different view, far removed from a story of Imperial glory or folly. Ultimately the traditional Zulu way of life was destroyed by the war and the injustice and tragedy of that is painfully elaborated in these pages. 'Fanny' Colenso had a close personal relationship with Colonel Anthony Durnford, who fell at Isandlwana and who became one of Lord Chelmsford's scapegoats for the disaster. For the military aspects of her history she called upon the assistance of Durnford's brother, Edward-also a soldier-to provide vital expertise, credibility, accuracy and authority. This is the first and possibly the most important history of the Zulu War and the events that bought it about and is an essential component of any library of the history of South Africa.

Machine Gunner’s Notes, France 1918 [Illustrated Edition]

by Lieutenant Colonel Charles M. Dupuy

Includes The Americans in the First World War Illustration Pack - 57 photos/illustrations and 10 mapsWhen the United States entered the First World War in 1917 the size of the army was tiny in comparison to the European Powers. The long-serving officers of the U.S. army faced the daunting task of licking the new recruits of 1917 into shape for service overseas. Among these officers was Charles Dupuy who was charged with getting his men ready for battle utilising the weapon that had inflicted so much damage during the previous three years - the machine gun. Key to offence or defence, the machine gun companies of the U.S. expeditionary force had to be fast and deadly in the offence and staunch and steadfast in defence. Major Dupuy tells of how he whipped his men into shape and led them to hard fought victory against the Germans on the Western front in 1918.

Survey Of German Tactics 1918

by Staff U.S. Army

The First World War is often represented as a stolid slugging match of opposing trench lines being pounded by massed artillery, however, the German offensives of 1918 broke through the British lines with great and dramatic success. The German High command could not hope to match the Allies for manpower which had allowed them to ruthlessly push forward at the Somme and Passchendaele or compete with the new weapon of the war - the Tank. The German generals strained every resource and innovated their tactics to break through the trench lines; the solutions are still in use today as the keys to battle success; infiltration, operational secrecy, intense but short hurricane bombardments, dedicated elite stormtroops, concentration of effort, air supremacy. The American Staff were determined to learn from their opponent's success and documented all of the tactics that had worked so well; they produced a formidable treatise of tactics and strategic insight.

NILE TO ALEPPO: With The Light-Horse In The Middle East [Illustrated Edition]

by Major Hector William Dinning

Includes World War One In The Desert Illustration Pack- 115 photos/illustrations and 19 maps spanning the Desert campaigns 1914-1918"Fresh and vivid memoir of an Australian horseman serving in the Palestine campaign. Includes a chapter 'Working with Lawrence' on the legendary T.E. Lawrence of Arabia.The author, Brisbane-born Captain Hector Dinning, was an officer in the "Light Horsemen" of the Australian Army in the Great War. He served with his unit in the Palestine campaign, journeying from Cairo in Egypt to Aleppo in Syria, and recounts his experiences in the Middle East. This book will especially interest anyone keen on T.E.. Lawrence 'of Arabia'. Dinning worked alongside the legendary Colonel and his portrait of him is especially valuable as it was written early (1920) before the legend of Lawrence had taken hold. Written in a direct, forceful and typically Australian style, this memoir will delight anyone interested in Lawrence, the Middle East and the Great War."-Print Edition

Reminiscences Of Army Life Under Napoleon Bonaparte

by Adelbert J. Doisy DeVillargennes

Adelbert DeVillargennes joined the French Navy in 1807 as an apprentice and managed to climb to the post of Midshipman but transferred to the ranks of the Grande Armée. He fought as a lieutenant in Austria, although wounded he returned to active service in Spain where he was captured by the British. Interred in Britain as a prisoner of war he returned to fight at Napoleon's side in 1815 during the Waterloo campaign. Eventually he emigrated to America and rose to be Italian Vice-Consul. His short but pithy reminiscences are filled with anecdotes of the life of a campaigning subaltern in Napoleon's army.

Grapes Of Wrath

by Boyd Cable

IT is possible that this book may be taken for an actual account of the Somme battle, but I warn readers that although it is in the bulk based on the fighting there and is no doubt colored by the fact that the greater part of it was written in the Somme area or between visits to it, I make no claim for it as history or as an historical account. My ambition was the much lesser one of describing as well as I could what a Big Push is like from the point of view of an ordinary average infantry private, of showing how much he sees and knows and suffers in a, great battle, of giving a glimpse perhaps of the spirit that animates the New Armies, the endurance that has made them more than a match for the Germans, the acceptance of appalling and impossible horrors as the work-a-day business and routine of battle, the discipline and training that has fused such a mixture of material into tempered fighting metal.For the tale itself, I have tried to put into words merely the sort of story that might and could be told by thousands of our men to-day. I hope, in fact, I have so "told the tale" that such men as I have written of may be able to put this book in your hands and say: "This chapter just describes our crossing the open," or "That is how we were shelled," or "I felt the same about my Blighty one."

Denis Oliver Barnett - In Happy Memory - His Letters From France And Flanders October 1914-August 1915

by Lieutenant Denis Oliver Barnett

Denis Oliver Bartlett now lies in Poperinghe New Military Cemetery in Belgium, a bright young man who was cut down in his prime during the 1915: these letters home provide a lasting and fitting tribute to him.In August 1914, he enlisted in the Artists' Rifles: by October 27th he was in France. His own letters best tell the tale of what work he found to his hand and how he bore himself in that new world. It is enough to say here that upon going to the front he soon received a commission. He became 2nd lieutenant in the 2nd Batt. Leinster Regiment on January 1st 1915, and was promoted to be lieutenant on June 10th. All those who knew him speak with one voice in his praise. 'He was of the sort that don't know fear and would without doubt have greatly distinguished himself, had he been spared; he only wanted the opportunity. He was always wonderfully light-hearted and cheerful, so much so that I really believe he enjoyed warfare thoroughly, and the worse things were, the more cheerful he was. So 'twas no wonder he endeared himself to us all and that we all feel his loss as that of a dear brother and miss him at every turn.'On the 30th July he went back to Flanders for the last time. The rest is best told in the words of one of his fellow-officers. 'He was bomb officer and was in his element, leading all the bomb counter-attacks successfully and never getting a scratch. He could throw extraordinarily well and he used to frighten the Germans by getting tonite bombs into their trenches 150 yards away. That night (August 15th) Barnett had to start a working party at a place where our trench touched the German trench, with only twenty yards of unoccupied trench in between. He was warned to be careful, as the Germans had a machine gun and several rifles trained on the spot, but with his usual courage he got up on the parapet and from there directed the working-party. A flare showed him up and he was fired at immediately and one bullet hit him in the body.'

The Story of Wake Island [Illustrated Edition]

by James P. S. Devereux Colonel U.S.M.C.

Includes 11 photos and 5 maps/diagrams of the Defence of Wake Island"It is Monday, 8 December 1941. On Wake Island, a tiny sprung paper-clip in the Pacific between Hawaii and Guam, Marines of the 1st Defense Battalion are starting another day of the backbreaking war preparations that have gone on for weeks. Out in the triangular lagoon formed by the islets of Peale, Wake, and Wilkes, the huge silver Pan American Airways Philippine Clipper flying boat roars off the water bound for Guam. The trans-Pacific flight will not be completed."Word of war comes around 0700. Captain Henry S. Wilson, Army Signal Corps, on the island to support the flight ferry of B-17 Flying Fortresses from Hawaii to the Philippines, half runs, half walks toward the tent of Major James P.S. Devereux, commander of the battalion's Wake Detachment. Captain Wilson reports that Hickam Field in Hawaii has been raided."Devereux immediately orders a "Call to Arms." He quickly assembles his officers, tells them that war has come, that the Japanese have attacked Oahu, and that Wake "could expect the same thing in a very short time" Robert Cressman.So began the epic 14 day siege of Wake Island in 1941, on one side the overwhelming numbers and firepower of the invading Japanese on the other Major Devereux and a handful of Marines aided by civilian contractors and miscellaneous personnel. In this memoir Devereux recounts how he and his men put up a resistance that stunned their Japanese foes, and provided their American countrymen with a potent positive rallying point after the attack at Pearl Habor.

I Dream Of The Day - Letters From Caleb Milne - Africa, 1942-1943 [Illustrated Edition]

by Caleb Milne

Includes the War in North Africa Illustration Pack - 112 photos/illustrations and 21 maps.These are the letters Caleb Milne wrote to his mother while in the American Field Service.In May of 1943, he, with a small group of American Field Service men, responded to a call for volunteers to help the French. These Fighting French, under General Leclerc, had joined General Montgomery's 8th Army after that epic march from Lake Chad in Central Africa to Tunisia. Early the morning of May 11th, Caleb Milne was giving aid to a wounded Legionnaire when he was struck by a mortar shell. His wounds proved fatal and he died around 4:30 that afternoon.These letters, though very personal, are published with the thought that their message might reach beyond one mother. As Marjorie Kinnan Rawlings has said in her introduction:"This collection of his letters seems to me of permanent value, far beyond their satisfying of our avidity for news of the working of the minds of men who are fighting, for us, our battle. They reveal a rare soul, who passes on to us his own sensitive perceptions of the beauty and glory of living; and they are written in the style of true Belles-Lettres."In tribute to Caleb Milne, who wrote to him on the meaning of music to a soldier, Deems Taylor, noted author and composer, said:"This, to me, is one of the most deeply felt and profoundly moving communications that the war has yet inspired. It is one of the war's major tragedies that young men capable of such vision, self-abnegation, and compassion could not be spared to help shape the peace that, God willing, will be as nearly permanent as men of good will can make it."

Letters Written Home From France In The First Half Of 1915

by A. Piatt Andrew

This volume of the collected letters of A Piatt Andrew form a fascinating insight into the formation of the justly famous American Field Service which did so much help the Allied wounded during the First World War."Col. Andrew was one of the first Americans to take an active part in the World War. Going to France in December 1914, he secured from the French Army authorization for American volunteer ambulance units to serve with the French divisions at the front, and with American volunteers as drivers, and with cars purchased from American donations, he built up an organization known as the American Field Service, which, before any American troops had arrived in France, had thirty-four ambulance sections and twelve camion sections serving with the French troops in France and in the Balkans. This organization took part in every great battle in which French troops were engaged in 1915, 1916 and 1917, and with its personnel of more than 2,400 young Americans, formed the most considerable organized representation which the United States had on the battle front during the first three years of the war."After the entry of the United States in the war, Col. Andrew turned over to the American Army the efficient organization which he had developed, and was commissioned Major, and subsequently Lieutenant-Colonel in that Army. His period of service with the French and American armies covered more than four and a half years. He was decorated by the French Army with the Croix de Guerre, and the Legion of Honor, and by the United States with the Distinguished Service Medal." - National Cyclopedia of American Biography

The Mediterranean and Middle East: Volume I The Early Successes Against Italy (To May 1941) [Illustrated Edition]

by Air Vice-Marshal S.E. Toomer C.B. C.B.E. D.F.C. Brigadier C. J. C. Molony Major-General I.S.O. Playfair C.B. D.S.O. M.C. Commander G.M.S. Stitt R.N.

Illustrated with 30 maps and 40 photos."Britain defeats Italy on land and sea in Africa and the Mediterranean in 1940."The first of eight volumes in the 18-volume official British History of the Second World War covering the Mediterranean and Middle Eastern theatres. After setting the political and military scene, the authors open the action with Italy's declaration of war and France's collapse in June 1940. Britain's painful neutralisation of the French fleet at Oran and Alexandria is followed by the first blows against the Italian empire in East Africa, and Italy's attacks on Egypt and Greece. The Fleet Air Arm's triumphant attack on the Italian Fleet at Taranto, masterminded by Admiral Cunningham, is trumped by General Wavell's even more successful Battle of Sidi Barrani in December, when vast numbers of Italians were captured for negligible British losses. The victory was followed up by Britain's capture of Bardia and Tobruk, and the founding of the Long Range Desert Group - the germ of the SAS. The mopping-up of General Graziani's forces in Cyrenaica, however, ominously resulted in Germany's decision to rescue their ally with General Rommel's Afrika Korps. However, the volume concludes optimistically with the successful campaign against Italy in Ethiopia, in which General Orde Wingate's irregular Gideon Force plays a prominent part. The military narrative is accompanied by descriptions of diplomatic developments and technological innovations such as the arrival of the Hurricane fighter plane, the Matilda tank and radar. The text is accompanied by ten appendices."-Print Edition

Journal Of An Officer In The Commissariat Department Of The Army: Comprising A Narrative Of The Campaigns Under The Duke Of Wellington, In Portugal, Spain, France, And The Netherlands

by John Edgecombe Daniel

"A reporter's eye on great historical events"Readers may be of the initial opinion that the view of an officer of the Commissariat Department would be necessarily less dynamic than that of a regimental officer. In fact, Daniel's position as a non-combatant has proved to be the exact opposite and of particular value to those interested in his subject matter by his comparative detachment from the narrow and confused view of the actual battle line. Daniel was able to overview the great events of which he was a participant and leave us essential reports that few were in a position to witness. Actually, Daniel was often close enough to the action as to have comrades killed next to him, so this is far from a view 'from behind the lines.' We follow Daniel on campaign with the 'Great Duke' throughout the Peninsula, over the Pyrenees and into Southern France. When the time comes to bring the Emperor to account at Waterloo, Daniel once again joined Wellington's Army in the field and he has provided another vital insight into the campaign of 1815 to enhance our knowledge of these pivotal events."-Print Edition

The Defence Of Lucknow, A Diary Recording The Daily Events During The Siege Of The European Residency: From 31st May To 25th Sept. 1857 [Illustrated Edition]

by Thomas Fourness Wilson

[Illustrated with over one hundred maps, photos and portraits, of the battles, individuals and places involved in the Indian Mutiny]Originally published anonymously as by a "Staff Officer", Captain Thomas Wilson's memoirs are as gripping and vivid as any that a British officer wrote of the Famous Siege of Lucknow. During the Indian Mutiny of 1857 many towns and cities were laid waste by riotous elements of the Indian Army. Many Europeans, having heard of the many slaughters and outrages sought safety were they could, hoping to shield themselves with British troops and loyal Sepoys. The European residency in Lucknow was the refuge of 3000 men, women and children of the surrounding area, it was immediately besieged by at least 20,000 Indian troops and rioters. Pounded by cannon, shot, and shell the besieged were under constant threat, the stocks of food dwindled and the threat of disease was never far away. Despite the severe privations the Mutineers could not crack the resistance, they hatched a plot to tunnel under the walls of the Residency and blow it up from beneath. Captain Wilson's Diary records the often bloody events of each day in his diary as he and his compatriots fight for their lives and praying for relief.

A Diary Kept By Mrs. R. C. Germon, At Lucknow, Between The Months Of May And December, 1857. [Illustrated Edition]

by Maria Vincent Germon

[Illustrated with over one hundred maps, photos and portraits, of the battles, individuals and places involved in the Indian Mutiny]Maria Vincent Germon, wife of an officer of the 13th Bengal Native Infantry, survived the siege of Lucknow where 3000 people in the Residency held out against a force of 20,000 Indian soldiers and irregulars in 1857. Mrs. Germon makes the reader live alongside her through the siege and the dirt, overcrowding, boils, lice and death of friends.

From Gallipoli To Baghdad [Illustrated Edition]

by Reverend William Ewing MC

Includes Gallipoli Campaign Map and Illustrations Pack -71 photos and 31 maps of the campaign spanning the entire period of hostilities.The epic story of a Chaplain attached to the 4th Battalion the Royal Scots during the First World War; ministering to his flock amid the shot and shell of the bloody failures at Gallipoli and onward to the victorious march to Baghdad."British (Scottish) author and clergyman. He was born at Corsock, near Kircudbright in the South-West of Scotland, the second son of John Ewing and Marion McCulloch, and was educated at the Universities of Glasgow and Leipzig. Following his ordination, he served as a minister in Palestine, Birmingham, and his native Scotland, He was married twice, both times to women from Hartlepool in County Durham; firstly, in 1888, to Margaret Jane Park, and, secondly, in 1896, to Elizabeth Mary Black, with whom he had one son and two daughters. In 1910, he was appointed Territorial Chaplain to the 4th. Battalion of the Royal Scots Regiment, and served as Chaplain to the Forces on Gallipoli for eight months including the evacuation, for which he was awarded the Military Cross and was mentioned in despatches. Later in the War, he was at the Suez Canal for three months and in Mesopotamia for a year, in the course of which which he was wounded at Baghdad and, again, mentioned in despatches, and a third such mention occurred with the Egyptian Expeditionary Force in the advance from Gaza to Jerusalem. After the Armistice, he became the Chaplain of St. Andrew's Church in Jerusalem. He was the author of seven books, most of which, such as "Arab and Druze at Home" (1907) and "Cedar and Palm" were concerned with the Middle East. The final line of his inscription reads, "A comforter of many.""-Memorial

ANTWERP TO GALLIPOLI - A Year of the War on Many Fronts - and Behind Them [Illustrated Edition]

by Arthur Brown Ruhl

Includes Gallipoli Campaign Map and Illustrations Pack -71 photos and 31 maps of the campaign spanning the entire period of hostilities.Written in the tumultuous days of the opening months of the First World War, American writer Arthur Ruhl was one of the few English speaking journalists who saw first-hand behind the German and Turkish lines. He initially reported from the Belgian front, and accompanied the German Army as it marched to seeming victory; but they were bloodily stopped at the battle of the Marne by the French and then again by the British at Ypres. Ruhl then travelled to the far side of Europe to report on the struggles between the Turkish army and the British, French and Anzac forces at Gallipoli. The book he penned is vivid, immediate and filled with graphic vignettes of the fighting that he witnessed.Warmly recommended.

STORY OF THE CAMPAIGN OF SEBASTOPOL: Written In The Camp [Illustrated Edition]

by Lieutenant-General Sir Edward Bruce Hamley KCB KCMG

[Illustrated with over two hundred and sixty maps, photos and portraits, of the battles, individuals and places involved in the Crimean War]"Eyewitness account of the fighting during the Crimean War."While I was delivering the order, a round shot passed through my horse, close to the saddle, and rolled us over; while on the ground another canon shot passed through him. A sergeant of artillery ran to extricate me; he had just lifted from under the horse, and I was in the act of steadying myself on his shoulder, when a shot carried off his thigh and he fell back on me....This is a scene describes a narrow escape for Hamley during the bloody battle of Inkerman. The author of this remarkable book, a Gunner officer, served on the Artillery Staff, first as Adjutant to the First Division field artillery and then as ADC to the Commander Royal Artillery throughout the siege of Sevastopol, and as such he was well placed to make this record of the campaign. As he says in the introduction it was not his intention to indulge in fanciful rhetoric but to give a 'round, unvarnished tale.' All was written in camp when he was off duty, in a tent or in a hut, and his descriptions of the fighting and the aftermath paint a grim and often gruesome picture. Disease and sickness ravaged the army; in Dec. 1854 and Jan. 1855 the sick returns amounted to 14,000. The pictures he paints, in his matter-of-fact narrative, reflect some appalling sights of the dead and dying on the battlefields. He takes us through the Alma, Inkerman, Balaklava to the fall of Sevastopol in Sep. 1855 which was the prelude to the peace talks a few months later. The siege of Sevastopol lasted a year and cost the British some 11,000 casualties, the French 12,000 and the Russians 50,000. There are some very good illustrations by the author himself. For the students of this dreadfully mishandled war (administration, logistics and medical) this book will be compulsive reading."-Print Ed.

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