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Surface Transportation Environmental Research: A Long-term Strategy

by Transportation Research Board of the National Academies

TRB Special Report 268 - Surface Transportation Environmental Research: A Long-Term Strategy defines a broad and ambitious research program to address and inform major public policy debates about the effects of surface transportation facilities and operations on the human and natural environments. The committee that conducted the study identified major gaps in knowledge that could be filled through a cooperative program of research involving federal agencies, states, and environmental organizations. The committee recommended creation of a new cooperative research program to carry out its recommended research agenda. Report 268 Summary


by The National Academies

TRB Special Report 260 - Strategic Highway Research: Saving Lives, Reducing Congestion, Improving Quality of Life examines the goals, research agenda, administrative structure, and administrative needs for a new strategic highway research program. After extensive outreach to the highway community, the committee recommended the establishment of a Future Strategic Highway Research Program (F-SHRP). F-SHRP would comprise four research program areas: accelerating the renewal of America’s highways; making a significant improvement in highway safety; providing a highway system with reliable travel times; and providing highway capacity in support of the nation’s economic, environmental, and social goals. The committee recommended that F-SHRP be administered by a credible, independent organization capable of managing a large-scale contract research program in a manner that would ensure the highest-quality research. The initial SHRP program was managed by the National Academies for just these reasons. The committee recommended that F-SHRP be funded at $75 million per year through a 0.25 percent takedown of federal-aid highway funds apportioned under the next surface transportation legislation. As recommended by the committee, the American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials (AASHTO) has funded the development of detailed research program plans. These plans will be implemented if F-SHRP is authorized.

The Federal Role in Highway Research and Technology

by The National Academies

TRB Special Report 261 - The Federal Role in Highway Research and Technology examines the federal role in the nation's overall highway research and technology (R&T) effort. Its emphasis is on determining whether the focus and activities of the federal program are appropriate in light of the needs of the highway system and its stakeholders as well as the roles and activities of other national highway R&T programs.

MAKING TRANSIT WORK: Insight from Western Europe, Canada, and the United States

by Transporation Research Bord of the National Academies

TRB Special Report 257 - Making Transit Work: Insight from Western Europe, Canada, and the United States describes the differences in public transit use among U.S., Canadian, and Western European cities; identifies those factors, from urban form to automobile usage, that have contributed to these differences; and offers hypotheses about the reasons for these differences--from historical, demographic, and economic conditions to specific public policies, such as automobile taxation and urban land use regulation.Travelers often return from major European cities marveling at the ubiquity and efficiency of urban transit services and wondering why U.S. cities fare so poorly by comparison in this regard. With few exceptions, such as its central role in serving New York City, public transit has a far more prominent role in Canada and Western Europe than in the United States. This is true not only in major cities, but also in smaller communities and throughout entire metropolitan areas. Transit is used for about 10 percent of passenger trips in urban areas of Western Europe, compared with 2 percent in the United States.A number of factors have contributed to this differential, including higher taxes on motor vehicles, steep fuel taxes, and concerted efforts to control urban development and preserve the form and function of historic cities in both Canada and Western Europe. Moreover, both regions have devoted considerably more attention and resources to ensuring that transit services are convenient, comfortable, and reliable.At the outset of the 20th century, American cities were leaders in introducing and using transit. Today, however, much of metropolitan America is largely suburban in character. The preponderance of suburban development is due to an abundance of inexpensive land available outside of cities, burgeoning metropolitan populations and economies, and perceptions of inner-city economic and social strife, combined with the ubiquity of the automobile. Transit works best in areas with high concentrations of workers, businesses, and households, whereas suburbs are characterized by low-density development.The committee that studied the issue of making transit work better in the United States concluded that dramatic changes in transportation investments, land use controls, and public attitudes—including much denser settlement patterns, together with Western European–style fuel taxes and other disincentives to driving—would be required to reshape the American urban landscape in ways that would fundamentally favor transit use. Nonetheless, there is ample opportunity for transit to play a more prominent role in meeting passenger transportation demand in many U.S. cities. Although it is not reasonable to expect the modal share of transit in most U.S. metropolitan areas to equal that of European cities, there are many areas in which transit is appropriate and its use can be increased. American cities that have retained high levels of central-city employment and dense residential development and have a history of transit service can learn from and apply the policies and practices used abroad.

Auditory Neuroscience: Development, Transduction, and Integration

by National Academy of Science

The National Academies Press (NAP)--publisher for the National Academies--publishes more than 200 books a year offering the most authoritative views, definitive information, and groundbreaking recommendations on a wide range of topics in science, engineering, and health. Our books are unique in that they are authored by the nation's leading experts in every scientific field.

Variation and Evolution in Plants and Microorganisms: Toward a New Synthesis: 50 Years after Stebbins

by Institute of Medicien

The National Academies Press (NAP)--publisher for the National Academies--publishes more than 200 books a year offering the most authoritative views, definitive information, and groundbreaking recommendations on a wide range of topics in science, engineering, and health. Our books are unique in that they are authored by the nation's leading experts in every scientific field.

Finding the Why: Personalizing Learning in Higher Education

by Margit Misangyi Watts

This volume addresses how we might help students find the "why" of their educational endeavors. The ideas found in this volume range from: * changing the perceptions and attitudes of whole communities toward education, * retuning the first year experience to give students more opportunities to find meaning in their learning, * suggesting new ways of integrating students' experiences with their learning in core courses, and * connecting major initiatives already in place to demonstrate how we might restructure undergraduate education through the content of the curriculum, the way we teach, and our curricular learning experiences.This is the 145th volume of this Jossey-Bass higher education series. It offers a comprehensive range of ideas and techniques for improving college teaching based on the experience of seasoned instructors and the latest findings of educational and psychological researchers.

Lives of the Poets (with Guitars): Thirteen Outsiders Who Changed Rock & Roll

by Ray Robertson

"The days of poets moping around castle steps wearing black capes is over. The poets of today are amplified."- LEONARD COHENPicking up where Samuel Johnson left off more than two centuries ago, Ray Robertson's Lives of the Poets (with Guitars) offers up an amplified gathering of thirteen portraits of rock & roll, blues, folk, and alt-country's most inimitable artists. Irreverent and riotous, Robertson explores the "greater or lesser heat" with which each musician shaped their genre, while offering absorbing insight into their often tumultuous lives.Includes essays on Gene Clark, Ronnie Lane, The Ramones, Sister Rosetta Tharpe, Townes Van Zandt, Little Richard, Alan Wilson, Willie P. Bennett, Gram Parsons, Hound Dog Taylor, Paul Siebel, Willis Alan Ramsey, and John Hartford.

A Companion to European Union Law and International Law

by Dennis Patterson

Featuring contributions from renowned scholars, A Companion to European Union Law and International Law presents a comprehensive and authoritative collection of essays that addresses all of the most important topics on European Union and international law. Integrates the fields of European Union law and international law, revealing both the similarities and differences Features contributions from renowned scholars in the fields of EU law and international law Covers a broad range of topical issues, including trade, institutional decision-making, the European Court of Justice, democracy, human rights, criminal law, the EMU, and many others

A Wave in Her Pocket: Stories from Trinidad

by Lynn Joseph Brian Pinkney Dinah Stevenson

Five young cousins have plenty to do on the island but there's always time to hear one of Tantie's stories.

The Lazarus Tree

by Robert Richardson

"You've got to take Medmelton superstitions on board as well. There are legends--and a lot of people believe them. 'Young men beware, if they be wise, a maiden with Medmelton eyes.' Did you notice Michelle's eyes? The colors are not the usual way round. She has the green one on the right." "Is that meant to be significant?" "It's the mirror image and very rare. The old wives' tale is that everything is reversed in women who have it. Good is bad, Hell is Heaven, the Devil is God." * "An astute amateur detective whose wits keep getting sharper with each puzzle plot" says The New York Times Book Review of Augustus Maltravers, England's canny playwright-cum-sleuth. In his fifth outing, a sojourn in the tiny and insular village of Medmelton throws Gus up against an ancient curse and a modern murder. The legend of the Lazarus Tree in St. Leonard's churchyard is an unlovely one. Centuries ago, it is said, a young woman raised her fiancé from the dead, with horrifying results. Gus arrives in Medmelton to find the townsfolk silent and hostile with regard to the tree--and with regard to the poet who met a violent death beneath its branches over a year earlier. Now, strange objects are appearing among the roots of the Lazarus Tree--a lock of hair, a bunch of wildflowers, a vial of blood--and Gus is worried that the introverted stepdaughter of a good friend may be involved. Michelle's eyes, one green, one brown, are Medmelton's mark of a witch, and if Maltravers pries too hard, he may find himself marked for murder. Young men beware if they be wise....

Yesterday's Promise

by Linda Lee Chaikin

He fought to seek his fortune. Would he lose a greater treasure: the love he left behind? As the son of the squire of Grimston Way, aristocrat Rogan Chantry has fought hard to win his independence from Sir Julien Bley and the British South Africa Company. Now, his pursuit of a mysterious deposit of gold, marked on a map willed to him by his murdered uncle, Henry Chantry, is challenged by a new complication: the impending British colonization of South Africa. Can Sir Rogan find the gold in the midst of escalating tensions among the native tribesmen, the missionaries sent to win them, and the new colonists? Meanwhile, Evy Varley, the woman Rogan loves back in England, is headed for a brave yet dangerous confrontation with Henry's killer-but at what price? With so much against Rogan and Evy, a reunion seems improbable, if not impossible. Can yesterday's promise hold them faithful to the hope of future freedom and a victorious love?From the Trade Paperback edition.


by James A. Estes

To newly minted biologist James Estes, the sea otters he was studying in the leafy kelp forests off the coast of Alaska appeared to have an unbalanced relationship with their greater environment. Gorging themselves on the sea urchins that grazed among the kelp, these small charismatic mammals seemed to give little back in return. But as Estes dug deeper, he unearthed a far more complex relationship between the otter and its underwater environment, discovering that otters play a critical role in driving positive ecosystem dynamics. While teasing out the connective threads, he began to question our assumptions about ecological relationships. These questions would ultimately inspire a lifelong quest to better understand the surprising complexity of our natural world and the unexpected ways we discover it. Serendipity tells the story of James Estes's life as a naturalist and the concepts that have driven his interest in researching the ecological role of top-level predators. Using the relationships between sea otters, kelp, and sea urchins as a touchstone, Estes retraces his investigations of numerous other species, ecosystems, and ecological processes in an attempt to discover why ecologists can learn so many details about the systems in which they work and yet understand so little about the broader processes that influence these systems. Part memoir, part natural history, and deeply inquisitive, Serendipity will entertain and inform readers as it raises thoughtful questions about our relationship with the natural world.

What Is a Dog?

by Raymond Coppinger Lorna Coppinger

Of the world's dogs, less than two hundred million are pets, living with humans who provide food, shelter, squeaky toys, and fashionable sweaters. But roaming the planet are five times as many dogs who are their own masters--neighborhood dogs, dump dogs, mountain dogs. They are dogs, not companions, and these dogs, like pigeons or squirrels, are highly adapted scavengers who have evolved to fit particular niches in the vicinity of humans. In What Is a Dog? experts on dog behavior Raymond and Lorna Coppinger present an eye-opening analysis of the evolution and adaptations of these unleashed dogs and what they can reveal about the species as a whole. Exploring the natural history of these animals, the Coppingers explain how the village dogs of Vietnam, India, Africa, and Mexico are strikingly similar. These feral dogs, argue the Coppingers, are in fact the truly archetypal dogs, nearly uniform in size and shape and incredibly self-sufficient. Drawing on nearly five decades of research, they show how dogs actually domesticated themselves in order to become such efficient scavengers of human refuse. The Coppingers also examine the behavioral characteristics that enable dogs to live successfully and to reproduce, unconstrained by humans, in environments that we ordinarily do not think of as dog friendly. Providing a fascinating exploration of what it actually means--genetically and behaviorally--to be a dog, What Is a Dog? will undoubtedly change the way any beagle or bulldog owner will reflect on their four-legged friend.

The Newark Frontier: Community Action in the Great Society

by Mark Krasovic

To many, Newark seems a profound symbol of postwar liberalism's failings: an impoverished, deeply divided city where commitments to integration and widespread economic security went up in flames during the 1967 riots. While it's true that these failings shaped Newark's postwar landscape and economy, as Mark Krasovic shows, that is far from the whole story. The Newark Frontier shows how, during the Great Society, urban liberalism adapted and grew, defining itself less by centralized programs and ideals than by administrative innovation and the small-scale, personal interactions generated by community action programs, investigative commissions, and police-community relations projects. Paying particular attention to the fine-grained experiences of Newark residents, Krasovic reveals that this liberalism was rooted in an ethic of experimentation and local knowledge. He illustrates this with stories of innovation within government offices, the dynamic encounters between local activists and state agencies, and the unlikely alliances among nominal enemies. Krasovic makes clear that postwar liberalism's eventual fate had as much to do with the experiments waged in Newark as it did with the violence that rocked the city in the summer of 1967.

Making the Unequal Metropolis: School Desegregation and Its Limits

by Ansley T. Erickson

In a radically unequal United States, schools are often key sites in which injustice grows. Ansley T. Erickson's Making the Unequal Metropolis presents a broad, detailed, and damning argument about the inextricable interrelatedness of school policies and the persistence of metropolitan-scale inequality. While many accounts of education in urban and metropolitan contexts describe schools as the victims of forces beyond their control, Erickson shows the many ways that schools have been intertwined with these forces and have in fact--via land-use decisions, curricula, and other tools--helped sustain inequality. Taking Nashville as her focus, Erickson uncovers the hidden policy choices that have until now been missing from popular and legal narratives of inequality. In her account, inequality emerges not only from individual racism and white communities' resistance to desegregation, but as the result of long-standing linkages between schooling, property markets, labor markets, and the pursuit of economic growth. By making visible the full scope of the forces invested in and reinforcing inequality, Erickson reveals the complex history of, and broad culpability for, ongoing struggles in our schools.

Reel Trouble

by G. H. Stone

[from the back cover] "TERROR ON TAPE Bob Andrews thinks he has his hands full helping a flaky band called the Hula Whoops rock-it to the top. But that's before he hits a sour note with a ruthless international gang who are busy pirating hot tapes with a cool disregard for the law. Now the pirates are after Bob. Bob calls in his detective pals Jupe and Pete to help him dodge the rip-off artists--and keep those wild-and-weird Whoops from flipping out of the groove. The Three Investigators have got to crack this case and change Everyone's tune...while bullets bang out the beat!"

Yours to Keep

by Serena Bell

USA Today bestselling author Serena Bell makes her Loveswept debut with the captivating story of a woman living on the edge--and the man who's destined to love her. Ana Travares has been looking over her shoulder her whole life. Her U.S. visa expired when she was a young girl, and if her secret is discovered, she'll be forced to return to the Dominican Republic. Ana allowed herself to get close to someone once before--and after he broke her heart, she swore never to make the same mistake again. But when a handsome doctor asks for her assistance, she fantasizes about breaking all her rules. Even though pediatrician Ethan Hansen is a natural when it comes to little kids, as the single father of a teenage son he just can't seem to get it right . . . except for the Spanish tutor he's hired for his son, Theo. Ana has managed to crack Theo's shell--and he isn't the only one taken with her. The sexy tutor has fired up Ethan with a potent mix of lust and protectiveness. But as he starts to envision a future with Ana, Ethan is devastated to learn the truth about her citizenship. Somehow he's got to find a way to help her--and hold on to the woman he's falling hopelessly in love with.Praise for Yours to Keep "Yours to Keep is a timely, richly written emotional romance with complex characters readers will fall in love with."--New York Times bestselling author JoAnn Ross"I adore Yours to Keep. It's sexy and incredibly smart, with a unique, compelling plot and a hero and heroine I love. I was blown away by the authenticity of the emotion and how real the characters felt, especially when combined with great drama and delicious romance. I was completely wrapped up in this story!"--New York Times and USA Today bestselling author Noelle Adams "My heart swelled, ached, and rejoiced for the vibrant characters of Yours to Keep, an impeccably written and realistic romance that has earned Serena Bell's work a spot on my auto-buy list."--New York Times bestselling author Gina L. Maxwell"A touching, emotional, realistic, and sexy contemporary romance with a thought-provoking them. [There's a] hero to die for and a heroine you want to hang out with. What could be better than that?"--New York Times and USA Today bestselling author Theresa Weir (aka Anne Frasier)"Sexy, emotionally rich, and heartbreakingly lovely."--Ruthie Knox, USA Today bestselling author of Roman Holiday"Serena Bell weaves a sultry, satisfying romance into a heartbreakingly authentic story."--USA Today bestselling author Megan Mulry"Serena Bell writes romance about real people with real problems. Yours to Keep is timely, sexy, and very, very good. Highly recommended."--Molly O'Keefe, bestselling author ofWild Child"Serena Bell delivers a fully adult romance with authentic characters, genuine stakes, and the kind of sweet, hot yearning that turns pages and stops your breath."--Mary Ann Rivers, author of Live"It's a true romance!"--Mia's Point of View "This is definitely a one-of-a-kind, engaging and heartwarming love story most readers would appreciate."--Deluged with Books Cafe Includes a special message from the editor, as well as excerpts from other Loveswept titles.

Old Records Never Die: One Man's Quest for His Vinyl and His Past

by Eric Spitznagel Jeff Tweedy

Foreword by Wilco's Jeff Tweedy"Memories are far more indelible when married to the physical world, and Spitznagel proves the point in this vivid book. We love vinyl records because they combine the tactile, the visual, the seeable effects of age and care and carelessless. When he searches for the records he lost and sold, Spitznagel is trying to return to a tangible past, and he details that process with great sensitivity and impact."--Dave Eggers, author of The CircleHigh Fidelity meets Killing Yourself to Live in this memoir of one man's search for his lost record collection. As he finds himself within spitting distance of middle-age, journalist Eric Spitznagel feels acutely the loss of...something. Freedom? Maybe. Coolness? Could be. The records he sold in a financial pinch? Definitely. To find out for sure, he sets out on a quest to find the original vinyl artifacts from his past. Not just copies. The exact same records: The Bon Jovi record with his first girlfriend's phone number scrawled on the front sleeve. The KISS Alive II he once shared with his little brother. The Replacements Let It Be he's pretty sure, 20 years later, would still smell like weed. As he embarks on his hero's journey, he reminisces about the actual records, the music, and the people he listened to it with--old girlfriends, his high school pals, and, most poignantly, his father and his young son. He explores the magic of music and memory as he interweaves his adventures in record- culture with questions about our connection to our past, whether we can ever recapture it, and whether we would want to if we could.From the Trade Paperback edition.

Light And Shadow: Dynamic Lighting Design For Location Portrait Photography

by Tony Corbell

Natural light portraiture is hugely popular. The light source is free, malleable, and available anywhere. Mastering its use requires a specific skill set, however. Fortunately, Tony Corbell is up to the task of showing readers how to harness its full power. He sets a foundation for mastering this powerful source, beginning with a discussion on how to set camera controls to ensure the right amount of light is allowed to strike the image sensor to create the portrait and how to read a histogram to ensure that a subject-appropriate (versus so-called "correct") exposure results. Next, he moves on to discuss light quantity and quality and how each can be modified and manipulated to produce dimensional, lifelike portraits. Readers will learn techniques for using hard/soft light, working with window light, ensuring a proper white balance (so that colors in the scene are true-to-life in the final image), and adding or subtracting light to achieve the desired effect. Corbell's images and instructions show readers how to produce the flattering, highly salable portraits they're after--indoors and out.

Conservation Photography Handbook: How To Save The World One Photo At A Time

by Boyd Norton

This book is a call to action, providing the tools photographers need to help preserve threatened species and environments around the world or in their own backyards. Author/photographer Boyd Norton has spent over four decades successfully doing just that, and is credited with saving millions of wilderness acres through his photographs and personal activism. In this book, Norton shares his approaches to designing powerful images that communicate the threats facing wilderness areas, wildlife, and people around the world. His expert advice guides you step by step through the process of capturing effective photographs and implementing them to educate and build support for these critically important issues. Also featured are images and techniques from acclaimed conservation photographers Amy Gulick, Alexandra Garcia, Alison M. Jones, Joe Riis, Bob Rozinski, and Wendy Shattil.

Mastering Composition For Photographers: Create Images With Impact

by Mark Chen

The success of a photograph depends on more than it subject. For big impact, the photographer must finesse every visual element at their disposal to communicate with the viewer. In the right hands, lines (horizontal, vertical, diagonal, curving, radiating, and converging) draw viewers' eyes through the frame in a predictable manner. Color creates a dynamic rhythm or a balance. Depth of field (the area of sharp focus in the image) tells the viewer what is important in the image--where it is that the eye should settle. Of course, even the positioning of the various elements in the scene (the subject, image color, points of strong tonal contrast, and more) help to establish impact. In this book, Chen describes the compositional "rules" artists have used for centuries to create high-impact work. With each discussion, images are presented that clearly show how the design strategy was used and how it strengthened the photograph

Be Your Own Herbalist

by Michelle Schoffro Cook

This complete guide will get you growing, harvesting, using, and healing with herbs -- the world's oldest and most effective natural medicines. Popular health writer Dr. Michelle Schoffro Cook profiles thirty-one common and easy-to-grow (or readily available) herbs, sharing scientific discoveries about their usefulness and offering more than one hundred easy ways to use them in delicious recipes, healing teas, and soothing body treatments. You'll discover ways to delight body and mind as you incorporate Mother Nature's medicines into daily life, where they nurture and protect.

Exile: The Legend of Drizzt, Book II

by R. A. Salvatore

As I became a creature of the empty tunnels, survival became easier and more difficult all at once. I gained in the physical skills and experience necessary to live on. I could defeat almost anything that wandered into my chosen domain. It did not take me long, however, to discover one nemesis that I could neither defeat nor flee. It followed me wherever I went-indeed, the farther I ran, the more it closed in around me. My enemy was solitude, the interminable, incessant silence of hushed corridors.-Drizzt Do'UrdenFrom the Paperback edition.

Arab Jazz

by Karim Miské Sam Gordon

Kosher sushi, kebab stands, a secondhand bookstore, and a bar: the 19th arrondissement in Paris has all the trappings of a cosmopolitan melting pot--a place where multiethnic citizens live, love, and worship alongside one another. But dark passions are brewing beneath the seemingly idyllic vision of peacefully coexisting ethnicities. Ahmed Taroudant is an archetypal French Arab-non-observant, unable to reconcile his conflicting identities, and troubled by the past. A crime fiction connoisseur, Ahmed is engrossed in his latest book when he finds blood dripping from his upstairs neighbor's apartment. There, Laura Vignole is found brutally murdered, with a joint of pork placed near her body, prompting the obvious conclusion that the killer had religious motives. As the neighborhood erupts into speculation and gossip, Ahmed finds himself first among many suspects. Detectives Rachel Kupferstein and Jean Hamelot attempt to untangle the complex web of events leading up to Laura's death, but truth is hard to come by, with each inhabitant--an Armenian anarchist, a Turkish kebab-shop owner, and a Hasidic Rastafarian--reluctant to reveal anything. Determined to clear his name, Ahmed joins the detectives as they investigate the connection between a disbanded hip-hop group and the fiery extremist preachers clamoring for attention in the streets. Meanwhile, an ecstasy variant called Godzwill is taking the district by storm. In his debut novel, Karim Miské demonstrates a masterful control of setting, as he moves effortlessly between the sensual streets of Paris and the synagogues of New York to reveal the truth behind a horrifying crime.

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