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Cloud Computing and Security

by Elisa Bertino Han-Chieh Chao Alex Liu Xingming Sun

This two volume set LNCS 10039 and LNCS 10040 constitutes the thoroughly refereed post-conference proceedings of the Second International Conference on Cloud Computing and Security, ICCCS 2016, held in Nanjing, China, during July 29-31, 2016. The 97 papers of these volumes were carefully reviewed and selected from 272 submissions. The papers are organized in topical sections such as: Information Hiding, Cloud Computing, Cloud Security, IOT Applications, Multimedia Applications, Multimedia Security and Forensics.

Cloud Computing and Security

by Elisa Bertino Han-Chieh Chao Alex Liu Xingming Sun

This two volume set LNCS 10039 and LNCS 10040 constitutes the thoroughly refereed post-conference proceedings of the Second International Conference on Cloud Computing and Security, ICCCS 2016, held in Nanjing, China, during July 29-31, 2016. The 97 papers of these volumes were carefully reviewed and selected from 272 submissions. The papers are organized in topical sections such as: Information Hiding, Cloud Computing, Cloud Security, IOT Applications, Multimedia Applications, Multimedia Security and Forensics.

Clean Energy from the Earth, Wind and Sun

by Hermina Morita William S. Pintz

This book documents the socio-environmental context and early history of Hawaii's attempt to substitute renewable energy sources and energy efficiency measures for oil imports. It identifies areas of policy formulation where clean energy strategies were effective and areas where the state's policy strategy was either inappropriate or constrained by political or institutional factors. Although Hawaii's Clean Energy Initiative is a unique partnership, formulated to meet Hawaii's specific needs and resources, the policy process addressed problems that are common outside the state. While the case study involves clean energy policies, many of the issues are applicable to public policy development topics in other sectors. Examples of these "general interest" policy topics include: * understanding how the political and socioeconomic climate may influence policy assumptions * formulating a regulatory and legal framework for monitoring policy compliance * designing and understanding the implications of subsidy and tax-incentive policies * managing conflicts with policies in other sectors; * addressing the interests of existing and future stakeholders; * creating strategies for public consultation and information dissemination; * using external expertise from government agencies, academic institutions and private consultants; * designing performance and evaluation metrics for measuring progress. The book is intended for use in graduate and senior undergraduate courses dealing with the formulation, implementation and impact of public policy. It also provides researchers involved in the development and implementation of clean energy with a guide to the hurdles likely to be encountered in moving innovation from the technical sphere to the practical real world and how to overcome them. Professional policymakers may benefit from an example of a process to create a workable clean energy policy.

Advanced Concepts for Intelligent Vision Systems

by Paul Scheunders Dan Popescu Wilfried Philips Cosimo Distante Jacques Blanc-Talon

This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 17th International Conference on Advanced Concepts for Intelligent Vision Systems, ACIVS 2016, held in Lecce, Italy, in October 2016. The 64 revised full papers presented in this volume were carefully selected from 137 submissions. They deal with classical low-level image processing techniques; image and video compression; 3D; security and forensics; and evaluation methodologies.

Drug Resistance in Bacteria, Fungi, Malaria, and Cancer

by Vipin Chandra Kalia Andaleeb Sajid Gunjan Arora

This book is a compilation of past and recent knowledge in the field of emerging drug resistance. The book covers major aspects of drug resistance in bacteria, fungi, malaria, and cancer. Human survival on earth is constantly threatened by disease and syndrome. From the early days, the aim of research in medicine was to find therapeutic agents that can improve the quality of human life. Although humans are dependent on natural compounds from early days their dependence of drugs increased excessively in last century. The advances in chemistry and biology have helped researchers to identify the drugs that have improved treatment of many diseases. The primary factor for treatment of these diseases is dependent on the efficacy of drugs available. The development of resistance to these drugs is one of the major hindrances. Although there are number of books available on this topic, "drug resistance" biology across kingdoms has never been discussed in a coherent way.

Psychological Mechanisms in Animal Communication

by Cory T. Miller Mark A. Bee

This book analyzes the psychological mechanisms critical to animal communication. The topics covered range from signal neurons to broad-scale phylogenetic patterns, shedding new light on the sensory, perceptual, and cognitive processes that underlie the communicative behaviors of signalers and receivers alike. In so doing, the contributing authors collectively integrate research questions and methods from behavioral ecology, cognitive ethology, comparative psychology, evolutionary biology, sensory ecology, and neuroscience. No less broad is the volume's taxonomic coverage, which spans bees to blackbirds to baboons. The ultimate goal of the book is to stimulate additional research into the diversity and evolution of the psychological mechanisms that make animal communication possible.

Technology and the End of Authority

by Jason Kuznicki

This book provides a critical survey of Western political philosophy from a classical liberal perspective, paying particular attention to knowledge problems and the problem of political authority. Its central argument is that the state is a tool for solving a historically changing set of problems, and that, as a tool, the state is frequently deficient on both moral and practical grounds. Government action can be considered as a response to a set of problems, all of which may conceivably be solved in some other manner as well. The book examines in particular the relationship between the state and technology over time. Technological developments may make the state more or less necessary over time, which is a consideration that is relatively new in the history of political philosophy, but increasingly important. The book is organized chronologically and concludes with an essay on trends in the history of political philosophy, as well as its surprisingly bright prospects for future development.

Limits of the Secular

by Kaustuv Roy

This book facilitates a missing dialogue between the secular and the transsecular dimensions of human existence. It explores two kinds of limits of the secular: the inadequacies of its assumptions with respect to the total being of the human, and how it curbs the ontological sensibilities of the human. Kaustuv Roy argues that since secular reason of modernity can only represent the empirical dimension of existence, humans are forced to privatize the non-empirical dimension of being. It is therefore absent from the social, imaginary, as well as public discourse. This one-sidedness is the root cause of many of the ills facing modernity. Roy contends that a bridge-consciousness that praxeologically relates the secular and the non-secular domains of experience is the need of the hour.

Trailblazing in Entrepreneurship

by Holger Patzelt Dean A. Shepherd

This book is open access under a CC BY 4. 0 license. In this book, the authors present a challenge for future research to build a stronger, more complete understanding of entrepreneurial phenomena. They argue that this more complete picture of entrepreneurial phenomena will likely come from scholars who undertake at least some trailblazing projects; from scholars who broaden the range of research questions, the potential outcomes of entrepreneurial action, and the selection and combination of research methods; and from researchers who avoid the endless debates about the margins of the field and its sub-fields or about whether one theoretical or philosophical lens is superior to another. This book offers suggestions for future research through a variety of topics including prosocial action, innovation, family business, sustainability and development, and the financial, social, and psychological costs of failure. It promises to make an important contribution to the development of the field and help academics, organizations, and society make useful contributions to the generation of entrepreneurial research.

Charge-Trapping Non-Volatile Memories

by Panagiotis Dimitrakis

This book describes the technology of charge-trapping non-volatile memories and their uses. The authors explain the device physics of each device architecture and provide a concrete description of the materials involved and the fundamental properties of the technology. Modern material properties, used as charge-trapping layers, for new applications are introduced. Provides a comprehensive overview of the technology for charge-trapping non-volatile memories; Details new architectures and current modeling concepts for non-volatile memory devices; Focuses on conduction through multi-layer gate dielectrics stacks.

Classical Mechanics

by Reinhard Hentschke

This textbook teaches classical mechanics as one of the foundations of physics. It describes the mechanical stability and motion in physical systems ranging from the molecular to the galactic scale. Aside from the standard topics of mechanics in the physics curriculum, this book includes an introduction to the theory of elasticity and its use in selected modern engineering applications, e. g. dynamic mechanical analysis of viscoelastic materials. The text also covers many aspects of numerical mechanics, ranging from the solution of ordinary differential equations, including molecular dynamics simulation of many particle systems, to the finite element method. Attendant Mathematica programs or parts thereof are provided in conjunction with selected examples. Numerous links allow the reader to connect to related subjects and research topics. Among others this includes statistical mechanics (separate chapter), quantum mechanics, space flight, galactic dynamics, friction, and vibration spectroscopy. An introductory chapter compiles all essential mathematical tools, ranging from coordinates to complex numbers. Completely solved problems and examples facilitate a thorough understanding of the material.

Swansea and Nantgarw Porcelains

by Howell G.M. Edwards

This book describes a holistic study of the porcelain manufactured at Nantgarw and Swansea in the first quarter of the 19th Century, using both scientific analytical data and historical provenancing. This porcelain is acclaimed as some of the finest and most translucent porcelain ever produced. These two porcelain factories are linked through the artistic and creative activities of the enigmatic William Billingsley and had a strictly limited production over only three or four years during the period 1812-1820. The earliest chemical analysis of these porcelains were undertaken almost 100 years ago and are compared with the results of more recent analyses The chemical composition of these porcelains, their artistic decoration and the struggle to maintain quality production is reviewed. Scientific explanations are proposed for the characteristic Swansea duck-egg porcelain translucency and for the Nantgarw iridescence. The book is well illustrated throughout and affords a good basis for the further in-depth study of Swansea and Nantgarw porcelains.

Rubber Nano Blends

by Visakh P. M. Gordana Marković

This book summarizes the preparation, characterization and applications of rubber based nano blends. Rubbers from natural and synthetic polymers and their blends are discussed in the individual chapters, including nitrile, polyurethane, chlorosulphonated, polybutadiene, styrene butadiene, polychloroprene rubbers. In each chapter, contributors from academia and industry describe the preparation and characterization of the rubber blends. Therefore, a variety of characterization methods like tensile testing, differential scanning calorimetry, dynamical mechanical analysis, thermogravimetric analysis, electron microscopy, scattering and diffraction techniques, and rheology measurements are utilized. The authors evaluate the properties of the different materials and discuss numerous fields of application, ranging from biomedicine, packaging, coatings and automobile to aerospace.

Reassessing the Role of Management in the Golden Age

by Daniela Felisini

This book provides a critical reassessment of the role of the public sector during the Golden Age in both advanced and emerging economies. Contributions focus on a major player in the setting of mixed economies: the top managers of state-owned enterprises. Bringing together world-renowned scholars, this collection analyzes the actions of these managers and their contribution to the rise and fall of the mixed economy during the Golden Age, opening up a comparative perspective of the topic. The book forces readers to reconsider how crucial state-owned enterprises were for economic recovery and for the modernization of the production apparatus of many countries in Western Europe, India, Latin America and South Africa. Key chapters discuss state-owned enterprises in twentieth-century Europe, the managerial revolution in Italy, the role of the state in Argentine industrialization, and the organization of capital in the Indian economy. This insightful collection will appeal to scholars and students with an interest in economic history and the socio-economic impact of state-owned companies around the globe.

Dental Fear and Anxiety in Pediatric Patients

by Caroline Campbell

This book is a comprehensive guide to pediatric dental fear/anxiety (DFA) and phobia that will provide practitioners with a full understanding of the etiology, prevalence, assessment, and management of these conditions. The coping styles of children when under stress are explored, with discussion of their relevance to the assessment visit and treatment allocation. Practical treatment techniques are comprehensively covered, from non-pharmacological behavioral strategies relevant for children with no or mild DFA to those approaches more appropriate for children with severe DFA/phobia. The importance of the use of language and communication skills to build rapport and allay anxiety is explored. Relaxation and hypnosis techniques are described, with guidance on how to introduce these to patients and their parents/carers. Techniques that help children cope when receiving injections are detailed, including systematic needle desensitization; these provide practitioners with options to help resolve DFA and phobia regarding needles. Intravenous sedation, including the challenge of cannulation, is covered comprehensively. Furthermore, cognitive behavioral therapy is presented, with suggestion of practical self-help material when appropriate. The closing chapter looks to the future, discussing the barriers to and the changes required for the creation of more child-centered DFA services.

Web Information Systems Engineering – WISE 2016

by Yanchun Zhang Rui Zhou Hua Wang Jianmin Wang Mohamed F. Mokbel Wojciech Cellary

This two volume set LNCS 10041 and LNCS 10042 constitutes the proceedings of the 17th International Conference on Web Information Systems Engineering, WISE 2016, held in Shanghai, China, in November 2016. The 39 full papers and 31 short papers presented in these proceedings were carefully reviewed and selected from 233 submissions. The papers cover a wide range of topics such as Social Network Data Analysis; Recommender Systems; Topic Modeling; Data Diversity; Data Similarity; Context-Aware Recommendation; Prediction; Big Data Processing; Cloud Computing; Event Detection; Data Mining; Sentiment Analysis; Ranking in Social Networks; Microblog Data Analysis; Query Processing; Spatial and Temporal Data; Graph Theory; Non-Traditional Environments; and Special Session on Data Quality and Trust in Big Data.

Web Information Systems Engineering – WISE 2016

by Yanchun Zhang Rui Zhou Hua Wang Jianmin Wang Mohamed F. Mokbel Wojciech Cellary

This two volume set LNCS 10041 and LNCS 10042 constitutes the proceedings of the 17th International Conference on Web Information Systems Engineering, WISE 2016, held in Shanghai, China, in November 2016. The 39 full papers and 31 short papers presented in these proceedings were carefully reviewed and selected from 233 submissions. The papers cover a wide range of topics such as Social Network Data Analysis; Recommender Systems; Topic Modeling; Data Diversity; Data Similarity; Context-Aware Recommendation; Prediction; Big Data Processing; Cloud Computing; Event Detection; Data Mining; Sentiment Analysis; Ranking in Social Networks; Microblog Data Analysis; Query Processing; Spatial and Temporal Data; Graph Theory; Non-Traditional Environments; and Special Session on Data Quality and Trust in Big Data.

Ubiquitous Computing and Ambient Intelligence

by Alexis Quesada-Arencibia Mike Burmester Pino Caballero-Gil Carmelo R. García

This LNCS double volume LNCS 10069-10070 constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 10th International Conference on Ubiquitous Computing and Ambient Intelligence, UCAmI 2016, which includes the International Work Conference on Ambient Assisted Living (IWAAL), and the International Conference on Am-bient Intelligence for Health (AmIHEALTH), held in Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, Spain, in November/December 2016. The 69 full papers presented together with 40 short papers and 5 doctoral consortium papers were carefully reviewed and selected from 145 submissions. UCAmI 2016 is focused on research topics related to ambient assisted living, internet of things, smart cities, ambient intelligence for health, human-computer interaction, ad-hoc and sensor networks, and security.

Combinatorial Optimization and Applications

by Lusheng Wang Minming Li T-H. Hubert Chan

This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 10th International Conference on Combinatorial Optimization and Applications, COCOA 2016, held in Hong Kong, China, in December 2016. The 60 full papers included in the book were carefully reviewed and selected from 122 submissions. The papers are organized in topical sections such as graph theory, geometric optimization, complexity and data structure, combinatorial optimization, and miscellaneous.

Shale Analytics

by Shahab D. Mohaghegh

This book describes the application of modern information technology to reservoir modeling and well management in shale. While covering Shale Analytics, it focuses on reservoir modeling and production management of shale plays, since conventional reservoir and production modeling techniques do not perform well in this environment. Topics covered include tools for analysis, predictive modeling and optimization of production from shale in the presence of massive multi-cluster, multi-stage hydraulic fractures. Given the fact that the physics of storage and fluid flow in shale are not well-understood and well-defined, Shale Analytics avoids making simplifying assumptions and concentrates on facts (Hard Data - Field Measurements) to reach conclusions. Also discussed are important insights into understanding completion practices and re-frac candidate selection and design. The flexibility and power of the technique is demonstrated in numerous real-world situations.

Neuroscience in Information Systems Research

by Peter H. Kenning Rajiv Banker Fred D. Davis René Riedl

This book shows how information systems (IS) scholars can effectively apply neuroscience expertise in ways that do not require neuroscience tools. However, the approach described here is intended to complement neuroscience tools, not to supplant them. Written by leading scholars in the field, it presents a review of the empirical literature on NeuroIS and provides a conceptual description of basic brain function from a cognitive neuroscience perspective. Drawing upon the cognitive neuroscience knowledge developed in non-IS contexts, the book enables IS scholars to reinterpret existing behavioral findings, develop new hypotheses and eventually test the hypotheses with non-neuroscience tools. At its core, the book conveys how neuroscience knowledge makes a deeper understanding of IS phenomena possible by connecting the behavioral and neural levels of analysis.

Logics in Artificial Intelligence

by Antonis Kakas Loizos Michael

This book constitutes the proceedings of the 15th European Conference on Logics in Artificial Intelligence, JELIA 2016, held in Larnaca, Cyprus, in November 2015. The 32 full papers and 10 short papers included in this volume were carefully reviewed and selected from 88 submissions. The accepted papers span a number of areas within Logics in AI, including: belief revision, answer set programming, argumentation, probabilistic reasoning, handling inconsistencies, temporal logics and planning, description logics, and decidability and complexity results.

An Economic Inquiry into the Nonlinear Behaviors of Nations

by Rongxing Guo

This book applies an economic approach to examine the driving forces behind the dynamic behaviors of developing nations. Taking into account initial conditions and environmental and external factors often oversimplified by historians and anthropologists, Guo finds that the rise and fall of civilizations and nations followed an anti-Darwinian process: physical weakness, rather than strength, induced humans to adapt. Cultures facing unfavorable physical and environmental conditions developed complex societies to overcome these challenges, while favorable conditions did not incentivize major economic and cultural change. Over centuries of economic growth and development, nations and civilizations' adaptive behaviors have followed a cyclical path at both the country level and in an international context. This interdisciplinary book incorporates elements of history, anthropology, and development into an astute economic analysis that changes the way we think about the origins and evolutions of civilizations.

The Influence of Uncertainty in a Changing Financial Environment

by Ricardo A. Halperin

This book examines the role of uncertainty on financial decisions - and, consequently, on financial markets - in the buildup to and aftermath of the Great Recession. It tracks the significant growth and important structural changes in the financial sector during the past few decades, both of which made the economy more vulnerable to perceptions of risk in the markets. Halperin argues that conventional economic models have lost relevance by failing to take these developments into account appropriately, and also explains that because of financial globalization we can no longer understand what happens in the economies of major countries by relying on "closed-economy" thinking. The book concludes with a list of policy recommendations designed to increase the resilience of the financial markets to negative economic developments and to reduce incentives for risk taking, including a proposal to eliminate the double taxation of dividends.

The Quest for Shakespeare

by Jeffrey Kahan

This book traces the formation and impact of the New Shakspeare Society, created in 1873, which dedicated itself to solving the mysteries of Shakespeare's authorship by way of science. This promise, however, was undermined not only by the antics of its director, Frederick J. Furnivall, but also by the inexactitudes of the tests. Jeffrey Kahan puzzles out how a society geared towards science quickly devolved into a series of grudge matches. Nonetheless, the New Shakspere Society set the bibliographical and biographical agenda for the next century--an unusual legacy for an organization that was rife with intrigue, enmity, and incompetence; lives were ruined, lawyers consulted, and scholarship (mostly bad) produced and published.

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