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Showing 3,001 through 3,025 of 14,286 results

The Happy Mind: Cognitive Contributions to Well-Being

by Michael D. Robinson Michael Eid

This edited volume focuses on different views of happiness and well-being, considering constructs like meaning and spirituality in addition to the more standard constructs of positive emotion and life satisfaction. A premise of the volume is that being happy consists of more than having the right things happen to us; it also depends on how we interpret those events as well as what we are trying to achieve. Such considerations suggest that cognitive-emotional factors should play a fairly pronounced role in how happy we are. The present volume pursues these themes in the context of 25 chapters organized into 5 sections. The first section centers on cognitive variables such as attention and executive function, in addition to mindfulness. The second section considers important sources of positive cognition such as savoring and optimism and the third section focuses on self-regulatory contributions to well-being. Finally, social processes are covered in a fourth section and meaning-related processes are covered in the fifth. What results is a rich and diverse volume centering on the ways in which our minds can help or hinder our aspirations for happiness.

Reviews of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology Volume 243

by Pim De Voogt

Reviews of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology attempts to provide concise, critical reviews of timely advances, philosophy and significant areas of accomplished or needed endeavor in the total field of xenobiotics, in any segment of the environment, as well as toxicological implications.

Complexity and Nonlinearity in Cardiovascular Signals

by Gaetano Valenza Enzo Pasquale Scilingo Riccardo Barbieri

This book reports on the latest advances in complex and nonlinear cardiovascular physiology aimed at obtaining reliable, effective markers for the assessment of heartbeat, respiratory, and blood pressure dynamics. The chapters describe in detail methods that have been previously defined in theoretical physics such as entropy, multifractal spectra, and Lyapunov exponents, contextualized within physiological dynamics of cardiovascular control, including autonomic nervous system activity. Additionally, the book discusses several application scenarios of these methods. The text critically reviews the current state-of-the-art research in the field that has led to the description of dedicated experimental protocols and ad-hoc models of complex physiology. This text is ideal for biomedical engineers, physiologists, and neuroscientists. This book also: Expertly reviews cutting-edge research, such as recent advances in measuring complexity, nonlinearity, and information-theoretic concepts applied to coupled dynamical systems Comprehensively describes applications of analytic technique to clinical scenarios such as heart failure, depression and mental disorders, atrial fibrillation, acute brain lesions, and more Broadens readers' understanding of cardiovascular signals, heart rate complexity, heart rate variability, and nonlinear analysis

Design and Construction of Phosphorus Removal Structures for Improving Water Quality

by Chad J. Penn James M. Bowen

The purpose of this book is to introduce the phosphorus (P) removal structure as a new BMP for reducing dissolved P loading to surface waters from non-point source pollution, provide guidance on designing site-specific P removal structures, and provide instruction on use of the design software, "Phrog" (Phosphorus Removal Online Guidance). The book initially provides a review of the nature and sources of non-point source P pollution, examines short and long term solutions to the problem, and provides detailed theory on design and operation of the P removal structure. As with many areas of study, one of the best methods of communicating concepts is through illustrations and examples. This book is no exception; several years of experience in studying P sorption and constructing P removal structures at multiple scales and settings is utilized for providing real examples and applications. With an understanding of the P removal structure established, the reader is instructed on how to obtain all of the necessary inputs for properly designing a site-specific P removal structure for meeting a desired lifetime and performance, or predict the performance and lifetime of a previously constructed P removal structure. For the readers who already possess the Phrog design software or are interested in obtaining it, one chapter is dedicated to detailed use of the software as demonstrated with various examples of structure design and also prediction.

The World of Applied Electromagnetics

by Cynthia M. Furse Akhlesh Lakhtakia

This book commemorates four decades of research by Professor Magdy F. Iskander (Life Fellow IEEE) on materials and devices for the radiation, propagation, scattering, and applications of electromagnetic waves, chiefly in the MHz-THz frequency range as well on electromagnetics education. This synopsis of applied electromagnetics, stemming from the life and times of just one person, is meant to inspire junior researchers and reinvigorate mid-level researchers in the electromagnetics community. The authors of this book are internationally known researchers, including 14 IEEE fellows, who highlight interesting research and new directions in theoretical, experimental, and applied electromagnetics.

Food Microbiology Laboratory for the Food Science Student

by Yifan Zhang Cangliang Shen

This book is designed to give students an understanding of the role of microorganisms in food processing and preservation; the relation of microorganisms to food spoilage, foodborne illness, and intoxication; general food processing and quality control; the role of microorganisms in health promotion; and federal food processing regulations. The listed laboratory exercises are aimed to provide a hands-on-opportunity for the student to practice and observe the principles of food microbiology. Students will be able to familiarize themselves with the techniques used to research, regulate, prevent and control the microorganisms in food and understand the function of beneficial microorganism during food manufacturing process.

Rabbi Akiva's Philosophy of Love

by Naftali Rothenberg

This book explores the philosophy of love through the thought and life of Rabbi Akiva ben Joseph. Readers of the Talmud are introduced to Rabbi Akiva through the iconic story of his love for his wife Rachel. From this starting point, Naftali Rothenberg conducts a thorough examination of the harmonious approach to love in the obstacle-laden context of human reality. Discussing the deterioration of passion into simple lust, the ability to contend with suffering and death, and so forth, Rothenberg addresses the deepest and most pressing questions about human love. The readings and observations offered here allow readers to acquire the wisdom of love--not merely as an assemblage of theoretical arguments and abstract statements, but as an analysis of the internal contradictions and difficulties revealed in the context of attempts to realize and implement harmonious love.

Identity Revisited and Reimagined

by Sangeeta Bagga-Gupta Aase Lyngvær Hansen Julie Feilberg

In contrast to other studies on identity, this book takes its point of departure in the complexities that characterize and shape both individuals and societies - past and present. Its chapters challenge demarcated fields of study and conceptions of identity as gender, identity as functional disability, identity as race, and identity as, or based upon language groupings. The contributions take a social practices perspective in their exploration of the performance, living and doing of identity positions across time and space. Many of the contributions take an intersectional stance and the majority report upon empirically driven studies that examine the ways in which micro-level analyses of naturally occurring human communication contribute to our understanding of identification processes. Specifically, they study the ways in which more recent dialogical and social theoretical-analytical frameworks allow for attending to the complexity and dynamics of identity processes; the ways in which institutional settings, media settings, community of practices and affinity spaces provide affordances and obstacles for different types of identity positions; and the ways in which shifts in identity positions can be traced across time and space.

Proceedings of the 4th World Congress on Integrated Computational Materials Engineering (ICME 2017)

by Paul Mason Charles R. Fisher Ryan Glamm Michele V. Manuel Georg J. Schmitz Amarendra K. Singh Alejandro Strachan

This book represents a collection of papers presented at the 4th World Congress on Integrated Computational Materials Engineering (ICME 2017), a specialty conference organized by The Minerals, Metals & Materials Society (TMS). The contributions offer topics relevant to the global advancement of ICME as an engineering discipline. Topics covered include the following: ICME Success Stories and Applications Verification, Validation, Uncertainty Quantification Issues and Gap Analysis Integration Framework and Usage Additive Manufacturing Phase Field Modeling Microstructure Evolution ICME Design Tools and Application Mechanical Performance Using Multi-Scale Modeling

Political Marketing and Management in Ghana

by Kobby Mensah

This book focuses on the emergence of new frames of political engagement underpinned by concepts in marketing, management, and organisation. It goes beyond political electioneering and campaigning and considers business theories such as market research, segmentation, social media, brand architecture, and human resources. With contributions from a range of skilled experts, Political Marketing and Management in Ghana emphasises and provides insights on the symbols-oriented approach of political campaigning in Africa, and distinguishes this from the technology-driven process of the west. Offering a total understanding of African politics and its supply and demand interactivity between key actors, this book is of great use to academics interested in political science, communications, marketing, and business and management.

Values and Behavior

by Lilach Sagiv Sonia Roccas

What are values? How are they different from attitudes, traits, and specific goals? How do our values influence our behavior, and vice versa? How does our culture and environment impact the relationship between values and behavior? These questions and more are rigorously examined by prominent and emerging scholars in this significant volume Values and Behavior: Taking A Cross Cultural Perspective. Personal values are cognitive representations of abstract, desirable motivational goals that guide the way individuals select actions, evaluate people and events, and explain their actions and evaluations. The unique features of values have implications for their impact on behavior. People are highly satisfied with their values and perceive them as close to their ideal selves. At the same time, however, daily interpersonal interaction reveals that individuals hold different, sometimes opposing, value profiles. These individual differences are even more apparent when individuals from different cultures interact. The collected chapters address the links between values and behavior from a cultural perspective. They review studies conducted in various cultures and discuss culture as a moderator of the relationships between values and behavior. Structurally, part I of the volume discusses what values are and how they should be measure; part II then examines the contents of the relationships between values and behavior in different life-domains, including prosocial behavior, aggression, behavior in organizations and relationships formation. Part III explores some of the moderating mechanisms that relate values to behavior. Taken together, these chapters review and synthesize over twenty years of research on values and behavior, and propose new insights that have important implications for both research and for practice.

Pediatric Dialysis Case Studies

by Steven R. Alexander Franz Schaefer Bradley A. Warady

Edited by the same team that developed the successful Pediatric Dialysis and its second edition, this text features clinical management principles that are integral to the care of children receiving chronic dialysis. Each chapter is introduced by a case presentation that serves as the basis for key learning points that are clinically applicable and presented in a succinct manner. The topics included in Pediatric Dialysis Case Studies cover virtually all aspects of pediatric dialysis care and represent the efforts of an international group of experts with firsthand clinical expertise from all disciplines represented in the pediatric dialysis team. This resource is certain to help the clinician achieve improved outcomes for these often complex patients.

Metals and the Biology and Virulence of Brucella

by Clayton C. Caswell R. Martin Roop II

This book summarises the current knowledge on the role played by biologically relevant transition metals (Fe, Mn, Zn, Ni, Co, Cu and Mg) in the basic biology and virulence of bacterial pathogens from the genus Brucella. The authors explore the biological functions of these metals, how these bacteria compete with their mammalian hosts for these metals and how they avoid metal toxicity. Researchers and professionals studying zoonotic pathogens from the genus Brucella find this book valuable.

Orthopedic Surgery Clerkship

by Alan H. Daniels Craig P. Eberson Adam E. M. Eltorai

This quick-reference guide is the first book written specifically for the many third- and fourth-year medical students rotating on an orthopedic surgery service. Organized anatomically, it focuses on the diagnosis and management of the most common pathologic entities. Each chapter covers history, physical examination, imaging, and common diagnoses. For each diagnosis, the book sets out the typical presentation, options for non-operative and operative management, and expected outcomes. Chapters include key illustrations, quick-reference charts, tables, diagrams, and bulleted lists. Each chapter is co-authored by a senior resident or fellow and an established academic physician and is concise enough to be read in two or three hours. Students can read the text from cover to cover to gain a general foundation of knowledge that can be built upon when they begin their rotation, then use specific chapters to review a sub-specialty before starting a new rotation or seeing a patient with a sub-specialty attending. Practical and user-friendly, Orthopedic Surgery Clerkship is the ideal, on-the-spot resource for medical students and practitioners seeking fast facts on diagnosis and management. Its bullet-pointed outline format makes it a perfect quick-reference, and its content breadth covers the most commonly encountered orthopedic problems in practice.

Reviews of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology Volume 242

by Pim De Voogt

Reviews of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology attempts to provide concise, critical reviews of timely advances, philosophy and significant areas of accomplished or needed endeavor in the total field of xenobiotics, in any segment of the environment, as well as toxicological implications.

The Neuroscience of Mindfulness Meditation

by Yi-Yuan Tang

This book presents the latest neuroscience research on mindfulness meditation and provides guidance on how to apply these findings to our work, relationships, health, education and daily lives. Presenting cutting-edge research on the neurological and cognitive changes associated with its practice Tang aims to explain how it reaps positive effects and subsequently, how best to undertake and implement mindfulness practice. Mindfulness neuroscience research integrates theory and methods from eastern contemplative traditions, western psychology and neuroscience, and is based on neuroimaging techniques, physiological measures and behavioural tests. The Neuroscience of Mindfulness Meditation begins by explaining these foundations and then moves on to themes such as the impact of personality and how mindfulness can shape behaviour change, attention and self-control. Finally, the book discusses common misconceptions about mindfulness and challenges in future research endeavours. Written by an expert in the neuroscience of mindfulness this book will be valuable for scholars, researchers and practitioners in psychotherapy and the health sciences working with mindfulness, as well as those studying and working in the fields of neuroscience and neuropsychology.

Pediatric Umbilical Reconstruction

by Melvin A. Shiffman

The book starts with a short introduction to the topic, followed by a detailed description of the anatomical differences between exstrophy and gastroschisis. In the following chapters, the authors describe the surgical umbilicoplasty for congenital defects in children. Outcomes and complications will be discussed in the last chapter. Written by respected authors, this book will offer residents and fellows as well as practicing and highly experienced plastic surgeons essential guidance on treatment and decision-making concerning umbilical reconstruction. Its numerous illustrations and clearly structured content make the book a must-read.

Reviews of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology Volume 240

by Pim De Voogt

Reviews of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology attempts to provide concise, critical reviews of timely advances, philosophy and significant areas of accomplished or needed endeavor in the total field of xenobiotics, in any segment of the environment, as well as toxicological implications.

Reviews of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology Volume 238

by Pim De Voogt

Reviews of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology attempts to provide concise, critical reviews of timely advances, philosophy and significant areas of accomplished or needed endeavor in the total field of xenobiotics, in any segment of the environment, as well as toxicological implications.

Modern Solvers for Helmholtz Problems

by Kees Vuik Jok Tang Domenico Lahaye

This edited volume offers a state of the art overview of fast and robust solvers for the Helmholtz equation. The book consists of three parts: new developments and analysis in Helmholtz solvers, practical methods and implementations of Helmholtz solvers, and industrial applications. The Helmholtz equation appears in a wide range of science and engineering disciplines in which wave propagation is modeled. Examples are: seismic inversion, ultrasone medical imaging, sonar detection of submarines, waves in harbours and many more. The partial differential equation looks simple but is hard to solve. In order to approximate the solution of the problem numerical methods are needed. First a discretization is done. Various methods can be used: (high order) Finite Difference Method, Finite Element Method, Discontinuous Galerkin Method and Boundary Element Method. The resulting linear system is large, where the size of the problem increases with increasing frequency. Due to higher frequencies the seismic images need to be more detailed and, therefore, lead to numerical problems of a larger scale. To solve these three dimensional problems fast and robust, iterative solvers are required. However for standard iterative methods the number of iterations to solve the system becomes too large. For these reason a number of new methods are developed to overcome this hurdle. The book is meant for researchers both from academia and industry and graduate students. A prerequisite is knowledge on partial differential equations and numerical linear algebra.

Principles of Economics for a Post-Meltdown World

by John Komlos

This brief emphasizes the ways in which introductory economics textbooks incorrectly rely on assumptions about the free market, the rational agent model, market fundamentalism, and standard long-standing assumptions in economics, and in doing so disregard the effects of incomplete and asymmetric information on choice and on allocation, and maintain a general but flawed belief that competitive markets can always provide efficient solutions automatically. In other words, the standard economics principles textbook is anachronistic, they assume that tastes are exogenous, they overlook interdependencies and externalities not only in production but in consumption of goods, and they overlook the fact that path-dependence is a major hindrance to optimization. Mainstream principles of economics textbooks distort our worldview with immense political and cultural consequences. Students of these principles deserve a more complete perspective, and this brief critiques that conventional worldview and provides an alternative perspective, with an emphasis on free-market economics wherein the human element should be paramount and moral judgments should override market outcomes. In other words, what is important is not GNP as much as the quality of life, not institutions but how people live and fare in them. This brief argues that economics cannot be a science; it has too manyideological aspects, and in many ways conventional textbooks are not providinga true-to-life depiction of the economy. This Brief will be a reference orsupplemental text for college and university students enrolled in such appliedundergraduate and graduate courses and seminars in economics and economictheory.

Mobile Networks and Management

by Ramón Agüero Thomas Zinner Mario García-Lozano Bernd-Ludwig Wenning Andreas Timm-Giel

This book constitutes the post-proceedings of the 7th International Conference on Mobile Networks and Management, MONAMI 2015, held in Santander, Spain, in September 2015. The 16 full papers were carefully reviewed and selected from 24 submissions. In addition there appears one short and 5 invited papers. These are organized thematically in five parts starting with Cellular Network Management and Self-Organizing Networks in Part I. Radio Resource Management in LTE and 5G Networks aspects are discussed in Part II. Part III presents novel Techniques and Algorithms for Wireless Networks, while Part IV deals with Video Streaming over Wireless Networks. Part V includes papers presenting avant-garde research on applications and services and, finally, Part VI features two papers introducing novel architectural approaches for Wireless Sensor Networks.

Cloud Computing and Services Sciences

by Markus Helfert Frédéric Desprez Donald Ferguson Frank Leymann Víctor Méndez Muñoz

Normal 0 false false false EN-US X-NONE X-NONE MicrosoftInternetExplorer4 This book constitutes the thoroughly refereed proceedings of the 4th International Conference on Cloud Computing and Services Science, CLOSER 2014, held in Barcelona, Spain, in April 2014. The 14 papers presented were selected from 127 paper submissions. The papers focus on the following topics: cloud computing fundamentals; services science foundations for cloud computing; cloud computing platforms and applications; cloud computing enabling technologies; and mobile cloud computing services. /* Style Definitions */ table. MsoNormalTable {{mso-style-name:"Table Normal"; mso-tstyle-rowband-size:0; mso-tstyle-colband-size:0; mso-style-noshow:yes; mso-style-priority:99; mso-style-qformat:yes; mso-style-parent:""; mso-padding-alt:0in 5. 4pt 0in 5. 4pt; mso-para-margin:0in; mso-para-margin-bottom:. 0001pt; mso-pagination:widow-orphan; font-size:11. 0pt; font-family:"Calibri","sans-serif"; mso-ascii-font-family:Calibri; mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin; mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-fareast; mso-hansi-font-family:Calibri; mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin; mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-bidi;}} ntStyles> e"/>

Stem Cell Heterogeneity

by Kursad Turksen

Given the variety of studies and data that have suggested the existence of heterogeneous populations or subpopulations of stem cells, this detailed volume examines different aspects of stem cell heterogeneity. This goes against the long-held tenet that stem cells, defined by their capacity for self-renewal and lineage development, comprised a homogenous population, thus providing the reader with a new avenue of exploration into the complex world of stem cell study. Written for the highly successful Methods in Molecular Biology series, chapters include introductions to their respective topics, lists of the necessary materials and reagents, step-by-step, readily reproducible laboratory protocols, and tips on troubleshooting and avoiding known pitfalls. Authoritative and practical, Stem Cell Heterogeneity: Methods and Protocols serves as an ideal guide for investigators exploring this important area of research.

Learn RPGs in GameMaker: Studio

by Ben Tyers

Carry out the pre-planning, design, and programming of role playing games (RPGs) using the popular GameMaker: Studio in this very practical and fun book. Author Ben Tyers teaches you how to create a story or plotline for the RPG, apply aesthetics, and develop core and extended gameplay. Using Learn RPGs in GameMaker: Studio, you can design and build your own RPG using the GameMaker: Studio platform. Build your first game application and deploy in an app store, on Facebook, or just on a PC. Maybe, even, make a few bucks. What You'll Learn Use the GameMaker: Studio platform to design and build a role playing game Create a story for game design purposes, using a plot line and defining characters Discover the impact of aesthetics on art style, character separation, scene development, sound design and views Master core gameplay elements such as battles, exploration, scoring, and endings Work with extended gameplay elements such as collectibles, quirks, management, and saving Employ the various core and extended gameplay elements as appropriate to your RPG Who This Book Is For Game designers or developers looking to design and build their first role playing game using the GameMaker: Studio platform.

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