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Since the beginning of the 21st century, China has been going through a period of dramatically fast economic development. What is the real life of the Chinese like under China's continued rapid GDP growth? How rich are the rich and how poor are the poor? This book provides first-hand data on Chinese households' living standards, which may answer the above questions to some extent. The Survey and Research Center for China Household Finance conducted the first and only nationally representative survey on household finance in China in 2011. Based on the results from the China Household Finance Survey (CHFS), this book presents an analysis of the micro-level information on China households' demographics, housing and financial assets, debt and credit constraints, income and expenditures, social welfare and insurance, intergenerational transfer payments, employment and payment habits. The readers can get a vivid picture of wealth disparity, real estate market developments, social welfare status, household financial behaviors and other economic issues in present-day China. For more information, please visit www. chfsdata. org
The Jacobian of a smooth projective curve is undoubtedly one of the most remarkable and beautiful objects in algebraic geometry. This work is an attempt to develop an analogous theory for smooth projective surfaces - a theory of the nonabelian Jacobian of smooth projective surfaces. Just like its classical counterpart, our nonabelian Jacobian relates to vector bundles (of rank 2) on a surface as well as its Hilbert scheme of points. But it also comes equipped with the variation of Hodge-like structures, which produces a sheaf of reductive Lie algebras naturally attached to our Jacobian. This constitutes a nonabelian analogue of the (abelian) Lie algebra structure of the classical Jacobian. This feature naturally relates geometry of surfaces with the representation theory of reductive Lie algebras/groups. This work's main focus is on providing an in-depth study of various aspects of this relation. It presents a substantial body of evidence that the sheaf of Lie algebras on the nonabelian Jacobian is an efficient tool for using the representation theory to systematically address various algebro-geometric problems. It also shows how to construct new invariants of representation theoretic origin on smooth projective surfaces.
The book addresses in a comprehensive way the full greenhouse gases budget of the Italian landscape, focusing on land use and terrestrial ecosystems. In recent years there has been a growing interest in the role of terrestrial ecosystems with regard to the carbon cycle and only recently a regional approach has been considered for its specificity in terms of new methodologies for observations and models and its relevance for national policies on mitigation and adaptation to climate changes. In terms of methods this book describes the role of flux networks and data-driven models, airborne regional measurements of fluxes and specific sectoral approaches related to important components of the human and natural landscapes. There is also a growing need on the part of institutions, agencies and policy stakeholders for new data and analyses enabling them to improve their national inventories of greenhouse gases and their compliance with the UNFCCC process. In this respect the data presented is a basis for a full carbon accounting and available to relevant stakeholders for improvements and/or verification of national inventories. The wealth of research information is the result of a national project, CARBOITALY, which involved 15 Italian institutions and several researchers to provide new data and analyses in the framework of climate policies.
D. Stalke, U. Flierler: More than Just Distances from Electron Density Studies.- A.O. Madsen: Modeling and Analysis of Hydrogen Atoms.- B.B. Iversen/J. Overgaard: Charge Density Methods in Hydrogen Bond Studies.- U. Flierler, D. Stalke: Some Main Group Chemical Perceptions in the Light of Experimental Charge Density Investigations.- D. Leusser: Electronic Structure and Chemical Properties of Lithium Organics Seen Through the Glasses of Charge Density.- L. J. Farrugia, P. Macchi: Bond Orders in Metal-Metal Interactions Through Electron Density Analysis.- W. Scherer, V. Herz, Ch. Hauf: On the Nature of β-Agostic Interactions: A Comparison Between the Molecular Orbital and Charge Density Picture.
Since the early eighties, Ali Süleyman Üstünel has been one of the main contributors to the field of Malliavin calculus. In a workshop held in Paris, June 2010 several prominent researchers gave exciting talks in honor of his 60th birthday. The present volume includes scientific contributions from this workshop. Probability theory is first and foremost aimed at solving real-life problems containing randomness. Markov processes are one of the key tools for modeling that plays a vital part concerning such problems. Contributions on inventory control, mutation-selection in genetics and public-private partnerships illustrate several applications in this volume. Stochastic differential equations, be they partial or ordinary, also play a key role in stochastic modeling. Two of the contributions analyze examples that share a focus on probabilistic tools, namely stochastic analysis and stochastic calculus. Three other papers are devoted more to the theoretical development of these aspects. The volume addresses graduate students and researchers interested in stochastic analysis and its applications.
Introducing Language in Use, second edition, provides a lively and accessible introduction to the study of language and linguistics. Drawing on a vast range of data and examples of language in its many forms, this book provides students with the tools they need to analyse real language in diverse contexts. The second edition of this best-selling textbook has been fully revised and updated with entirely new chapters on Phonology and Sociolinguistics, two separate chapters on syntax and grammar, completely rewritten chapters on Multilingualism, Psycholinguistics and World Englishes, and a greater focus on corpus linguistics. Introducing Language in Use: covers all the core areas and topics of language study, including semiotics, communication, grammar, phonetics, phonology, words, semantics, variety in language, history of English, world Englishes, multilingualism, psycholinguistics, sociolinguistics, language acquisition, conversation analysis, pragmatics and politeness adopts a 'how to' approach, encouraging students to apply their knowledge as they learn it draws on examples of language from around the world in forms ranging from conversation to advertising and text messaging, always giving precedence to real language in use includes activities throughout the text and an extensive glossary of terms The book is supported by a companion website offering a wealth of additional resources including commentaries on the activities in the book, suggested further reading and references, links to useful websites, more texts to analyse, additional web activities, 'fun with language' exercises, discussion questions and an additional 'Language in Education' chapter. This is an essential coursebook for all introductory courses in English language, communication and linguistics. Visit the companion website at www.routledge.com/cw/merrison
The Eurozone crisis and the age of austerity, as well as challenges to the environment as a result of economic growth have highlighted the need for a greater understanding of those facets of economics that are of most use to businesses and their decision makers. This book introduces all of the relevant theoretical aspects of the subject and applies them to real-life examples of economics that are of particular interest to students today, including: the impact of globalization; the way in which 'green' perspectives can be built into decision making and how the financial crisis has challenged economists, politicians and business people to rethink their existing ideas. Replete with illuminating case studies, and benefitting from features such as activities, review questions and further reading, Business Economics introduces the theory and practice of economics for non-specialist students new to the topic.
An Introduction to Applied Linguistics, Second Edition provides a complete, authoritative and up-to-date overview of the state of the field. Each of the 15 chapters offers an extended survey of a central element of Applied Linguistics and is co-authored by two leading international specialists, thus ensuring a full and balanced treatment of the topic covered. The book is divided into three sections: a description of language and language use; essential areas of enquiry; and the four skills and testing. An Introductory chapter familiarises readers with key issues and recurrent themes whilst hands-on activities and further reading sections for each chapter encourage practical analysis and wider reading. For this new edition, each chapter has been fully revised in line with new research and thinking in Applied Linguistics. With its accessible style, broad coverage and practical focus, this book is ideal for students of applied linguistics, TESOL, and second language pedagogy as well as practicing teachers and researchers wishing to update their knowledge.
Unlocking Business is a new kind of textbook for business students in their first and second year of a degree. Unlocking Human Resource Management provides the following benefits:- Strict coverage of key knowledge, concepts and ideas, keeping the title lean and focused and allowing students to find what they want without having to plough through thousands of pages.- Carefully written for the learner - case studies, exercises and seminar ideas are woven into the text to help students learn as quickly as possible and to retain that knowledge in the most time-efficient way.- Encourages good practice such as complete referencing and suggested wider reading, to help those who wish to obtain the best possible degree classification.- Useful web resources include further case studies, revision summaries and interactive multiple-choice quizzes at www.routledge.com/cw/inman - A cost-effective way to prepare students for their studies.
Unlocking Business is a new kind of textbook for business students in their first and second year of a degree. Unlocking Financial Accounting provides the following benefits:- Strict coverage of key knowledge, concepts and ideas, keeping the title lean and focused and allowing students to find what they want without having to plough through thousands of pages.- Carefully written for the learner - case studies, exercises and seminar ideas are woven into the text to help students learn as quickly as possible and to retain that knowledge in the most time-efficient way.- Encourages good practice such as complete referencing and suggested wider reading, to help those who wish to obtain the best possible degree classification.- Useful web resources include further questions, revision summaries and interactive multiple-choice quizzes at http://www.hodderplus.co.uk/unlockingbusiness- A cost-effective way to prepare students for their studies.
European Law is a core element of all law degrees in England and Wales. Unlocking EU Law will ensure you grasp the main concepts with ease, providing you with an essential foundation for further study or practice. This new fourth edition is fully up-to-date with the latest developments and includes: The European Union Act 2011 Detailed coverage of the Lisbon Treaty All major new cases This book is essential reading for students studying EU Law on undergraduate courses in the UK. The UNLOCKING THE LAW series is designed specifically to make the law accessible. Features include: aims and objectives at the start of each chapter key facts charts to consolidate your knowledge diagrams to aid learning summaries to help check your understanding of each chapter problem questions with guidance on answering a glossary of legal terminology The series covers all the core subjects required by the Bar Council and the Law Society for entry onto professional qualifications, as well as popular option units. The website www.unlockingthelaw.co.uk provides supporting resources such as multiple choice questions, key questions and answers and updates to the law.
This Eighth Edition of Leddy & Pepper's Conceptual Bases of Professional Nursing provides a broad overview of the nursing profession, addressing philosophical, developmental, sociocultural, environmental, political, health care delivery, and leadership issues vital for career enhancement. The text will help preparing for the course to enter the nursing profession.
The Unlocking the Law series makes the law accessible. Each chapter contains activities such as quick quizzes and self-test questions, key facts charts to consolidate your knowledge and diagrams to aid learning. Cases, judgments and primary source quotations are prominently displayed. Summaries help you understand each chapter, there is a glossary of legal terminology. New features include problem questions with guidance on answering, as well as essay questions and answer plans, plus cases and materials exercises. All titles in the series follow the same formula and include the same features so students can move easily from one subject to another. www.unlockingthelaw.co.uk provides free resources such as multiple choice questions, key questions and answers, revision mp3s and cases and materials exercises.
Constitutional and administrative law (Public law) is an essential element of all law degrees. UNLOCKING CONSTITUTIONAL & ADMINISTRATIVE LAW will ensure that you grasp the main concepts with ease, providing you with an indispensable foundation in the subject. This revised third edition is fully up-to-date with the latest key changes in the law. The UNLOCKING THE LAW series is designed specifically to make the law accessible. Each chapter contains: aims and objectives, activities such as self-test questions, key facts charts to consolidate your knowledge diagrams to aid memory and understanding prominently displayed cases and judgments chapter summaries a glossary of legal terminology essay questions with answer plans. The series covers all the core subjects required by the Bar Council and the Law Society for entry onto professional qualifications as well as popular option units. The website www.unlockingthelaw.co.uk provides free resources such as multiple choice questions and updates to the law.
Learn to craft smart, original stories and scripts for a variety of television formats and genres, including comedy, drama, pilots, animation, made-for-TV movies, late night, and reality television. Hear directly from studio and network executives, agents, and managers on what they're looking for in new writers and how to avoid common pitfalls. Gain access to sample outlines, script pages, checklists, and countless other invaluable resources that will help you break into the industry and put you on the path to immediate success. In Write to TV, Second Edition industry veteran Martie Cook offers practical advice on writing innovative television scripts that will allow you to finally get that big idea out of your head and onto the screen. This new edition has been updated to include: Tips and techniques from industry vets Jay Leno, Norman Lear, Paul Haggis, David Magee, Susan Rovner, Tal Rabinowitz, Jonathan Littman, Peter Jankowski, Steve Stark, and Doug Herzog that you can immediately apply to your own projects Expanded coverage of writing pilots, pitching, writing webisodes, writing for tweens, writing for late night, and rewriting Useful advice for navigating the confusing television hierarchy, including how to network, get an agent, land that first writing job, and even "do lunch" 25 new interviews with writers and producers of hit shows such as New Girl, Parks and Recreation, The Blacklist, Curb Your Enthusiasm, CSI, The Tonight Show Starring Jimmy Fallon, and many more An all new companion website (www.writetotv.com) featuring blog updates, industry trends, a Q&A discussion forum with the author, and many other resources
This widely acclaimed textbook provides a complete introduction to the phonology of human languages ideal for readers with no prior knowledge of the subject. This skilfully written text provides a broad, yet up-to-date, introduction to phonology. Assuming no previous knowledge of phonology or linguistic theory, the authors introduce the basic concepts and build on these progressively, discussing the main theories and illustrating key points with carefully chosen examples. A wide range of phenomena are covered: speech production, segmental contrasts, tone, quantity, prosodic structure, metrical relations and intonation. The main theories, including feature geometry and optimality theory are introduced, and their contributions to our understanding of phonology, as well as their shortcomings, are discussed objectively. This new edition has been updated and revised to meet the needs of today's students. Difficult points are given fuller explanation, references have been updated, and new exercises have been introduced to enable students to consolidate their learning.
Writing code is the easy part of your work as a software developer. This practical book lets you explore the other 90%--everything from requirements discovery and rapid prototyping to business analysis and designing for maintainability. Instead of providing neatly packaged advice from on high, author Gregory Brown presents detailed examples of the many problems developers encounter, including the thought process it takes to solve them.He does this in an unusual and entertaining fashion by making you the main character in a series of chapter-length stories. As these stories progress, the examples become more complex, and your responsibilities increase. Together, these stories take you on a journey that will make you question and refine the way you think about, and work on, software projects.Steps in this unique journey include:Using prototypes to explore project ideasSpotting hidden dependencies in incremental changesIdentifying the pain points of service integrationsDeveloping a rigorous approach towards problem-solvingDesigning software from the bottom upData modeling in an imperfect worldGradual process improvement as an antidote for over-commitmentThe future of software development
Light Microscopic Analysis of Mitochondrial Heterogeneity in Cell Populations and Within Single Cells, by S. Jakobs, S. Stoldt, and D. Neumann * Advanced Microscopy of Microbial Cells, by J. A. J. Haagensen, B. Regenberg, and C. Sternberg * Algebraic and Geometric Understanding of Cells, Epigenetic Inheritance of Phenotypes Between Generations, by K. Yasuda * Measuring the Mechanical Properties of Single Microbial Cells, by C. R. Thomas, J. D. Stenson, and Z. Zhang * Single Cell Analytics: Pushing the Limits of the Doable, by H. Kortmann, L.M. Blank, and A. Schmid * Cultivation-Independent Assessment of Bacterial Viability, by F. Hammes, M. Berney, and T. Egli * Resolution of Natural Microbial Community Dynamics by Community Fingerprinting, Flow Cytometry and Trend Interpretation Analysis, by P. Bombach, T. Hübschmann, I. Fetzer, S. Kleinsteuber, R. Geyer, H. Harms, and S. Müller *Multivariate Data Analysis Methods for the Interpretation of Microbial Flow Cytometric Data, by H.M. Davey, and C.L. Davey * From Single Cells to Microbial Population Dynamics: Modelling in Biotechnology Based on Measurements of Individual Cells, by T. Bley
This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 12th International Conference on Economics of Grids, Clouds, Systems, and Services, GECON 2015, held in Cluj-Napoca, Romania, in September 2015. The 11 revised full papers and 10 paper-in-progress presented were carefully reviewed and selected from 38 submissions. The presentation sessions that have been set up are: resource allocation, service selection in clouds, energy conservation and smart grids, applications: tools and protocols, community networks and legal and socio-economic aspects.
The proposed book will act as a guide for scientists and clinicians to the unique information that MRS can provide. It will be a comprehensive overview of clinical and pre-clinical MRS applications and potential clinical utility of MRS biomarkers in degenerative brain diseases from leading experts in the field. MRS has proven to be a powerful complementary tool to MRI for the diagnosis and monitoring of disease progression and response to treatment because it can detect changes in cell density, cell type, and biochemical composition, not just structural changes. As the population in the developed world continues to age, neuroimaging for diagnosis, prognosis, and therapy monitoring of neurodegenerative diseases becomes increasingly important and there has been a recent surge of clinical and pre-clinical applications of MRS indicating that this technique can provide robust and non-invasive biomarkers of degeneration.
This book discusses the mechanisms of electric conductivity in various ionic liquid systems (protic, aprotic as well as polymerized ionic liquids). It hence covers the electric properties of ionic liquids and their macromolecular counterpanes, some of the most promising materials for the development of safe electrolytes in modern electrochemical energy devices such as batteries, super-capacitors, fuel cells and dye-sensitized solar cells. Chapter contributions by the experts in the field discuss important findings obtained using broadband dielectric spectroscopy (BDS) and other complementary techniques. The book is an excellent introduction for readers who are new to the field of dielectric properties of ionic conductors, and a helpful guide for every scientist who wants to investigate the interplay between molecular structure and dynamics in ionic conductors by means of dielectric spectroscopy.
This book covers thebasic theory of electrical circuits, describes analog and digitalinstrumentation, and applies modern methods to evaluate uncertainties in electricalmeasurements. It is comprehensive in scope and is designed specifically to meetthe needs of students in physics and electrical engineering who are attendinglaboratory classes in electrical measurements. The topics addressed inindividual chapters include the analysis of continuous current circuits;sources of measurement uncertainty and their combined effect; direct currentmeasurements; analysis of alternating current circuits; special circuitsincluding resonant circuits, frequency filters and impedance matchingnetworks; alternating current measurements; analog and digital oscilloscopes;non-sinusoidal waveforms and circuit excitation by pulses; distributedparameter components and transmission lines. Each chapter is equipped with anumber of problems. A special appendixdescribes a series of nine experiments, in each case providing a plan of actionfor students and guidance for tutors to assist in the preparation andillustration of the experiment.
The content covered encompass not only the theoretic and methodological aspects for culturing human pluripotent stem cells, but also the establishment of induced pluripotent stem cells and their differentiation into specific cellular subtypes. This book has the most updated methods and technologies in an accessible and clear language, presenting protocols developed and optimized by researchers that use them every day. Stem cell research is a growing field that offers the potential to comprehend mechanisms of neural development and tissue regeneration and maintenance as well as the development-related human diseases and the establishment of novel therapies. Questions of basic biology can also be exploited by this cutting-edge approach.
This pocket book provides up-to-date descriptions of themost relevant features of neuroendocrine tumors (NETs) and the imagingmodalities currently available to assist specialists (clinicians, pathologists,radiologists, nuclear medicine physicians) in selecting optimal patientmanagement based on interdisciplinary collaboration. As the title indicates,the focus is particularly on PET/CT, with coverage of basic principles, theavailable radiopharmaceuticals, indications, typical and atypical appearances, normalvariants and artifacts, advantages, limitations, and pitfalls. In addition, succinctinformation is provided on the use of other imaging modalities, includingSPECT, CT, and MRI, and on pathology and treatment options. Imaging teachingcases are presented, and key points are highlighted throughout. The book ispublished as part of a series on hybrid imaging that isspecifically aimed at referring clinicians, nuclear medicine/radiology physicians,radiographers/technologists, and nurses who routinely work in nuclear medicineand participate in multidisciplinary meetings.
This volume sheds new light on the use of quantitative, qualitative and synthetic indicators for the measurement of quality of life in different countries of Latin America. Organized in three parts, the book presents the methodology for the construction of new indicators, discusses quality of urban life from a geographical perspective, and examines quality of life of different populations. The book focuses on the social, economic, political, geographical and demographic dimensions. It covers a wide range of topics, including the ways to measure social, political and spatial inequalities, the changes in urban quality of life, the construction of a synthetic indicator for the assessment of habitability, the measuring of spatial segregation in midsize and smaller cities by using thematic cartography and synthesis maps, and the concept of habitability. It includes research conducted on the quality of life of different population groups: working boys and girls, high-school students, and older people.