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Focused on renewable energy systems and the development of information and communication technologies (ICTs) for their integration in smart grids, this book presents recent advances and methods that help to ensure that power generation from renewable sources remains stable, that power losses are minimized, and that the reliable functioning of these power generation units is maintained. The book highlights key topics and technologies for renewable energy systems including the intelligent control of power generators, power electronics that connect renewable power generation units to the grid, and fault diagnosis for power generators and power electronics. In particular, the following topics are addressed: * Modeling and control of power generators (PMSGs, DFIGs); * Modeling and control of power electronics (converters, inverters); * Modeling and fault diagnosis of the transmission and distribution Grid; and* Modelling and control of distributed power generation units (interconnected synchronous generators or photovoltaic units). Because of the above coverage, members of the wider engineering community will find that the nonlinear control and estimation methods presented provide essential insights into the functioning of renewable energy power systems, while the academic community will find the book a valuable textbook for undergraduate or graduate courses on renewable energy systems.
This thesis represents one of the few studies so far that systematically analyses environmental conditions within debris flow source areas to determine their relative importance for debris flow development. Environmental site conditions, such as slope gradient and debris availability, influence the spatial and temporal distribution of debris flows in high-alpine areas. However, current understanding of these preconditioning controls is mostly qualitative and inadequate for debris-flow hazard assessments and climate change impact studies. The author's research investigates the role of frost weathering and permafrost in the occurrence of debris flows in the Southern Alps of New Zealand. Analyses are based on an extensive debris flow inventory, documenting debris flow occurrence and activity over the last 60 years in selected catchments. Debris flow activity is compared to frost-weathering intensity estimates from two models, allowing the practical comparison of two competing frost-weathering hypotheses currently discussed in literature. Information on permafrost occurrence is based on a new distributed permafrost estimate for the Southern Alps, derived from climatic conditions at active rock glacier sites. This pioneering thesis provides empirical evidence that frost weathering promotes debris-flow formation. It further highlights the potential and limitations of regional-scale studies for advancing our understanding of debris-flow preconditioning factors.
This expansive reference on the use of clean energy technologies in the aviation industry focuses on tools and solutions for maximizing the energy efficiency of aircrafts, airports, and other auxiliary components of air transit. Key topics range from predicting impacts of avionics and control systems to energy/exergy performance analyses of flight mechanics and computational fluid dynamics. The book includes findings both from experimental investigations and functional extant systems, ranging from propulsion technologies for aerospace vehicles to airport design to energy recovery systems. Engineers, researchers and students will benefit from the broad reach and numerous engineering examples provided.
Beyond Databases, Architectures and Structures. Advanced Technologies for Data Mining and Knowledge Discoveryby Daniel Kostrzewa Bożena Małysiak-Mrozek Paweł Kasprowski Dariusz Mrozek Stanisław Kozielski
This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 12th International Conference entitled Beyond Databases, Architectures and Structures, BDAS 2016, held in Ustroń, Poland, in May/June 2016. It consists of 57 carefully reviewed papers selected from 152 submissions. The papers are organized in topical sections, namely artificial intelligence, data mining and knowledge discovery; architectures, structures and algorithms for efficient data processing; data warehousing and OLAP; natural language processing, ontologies and semantic Web; bioinformatics and biomedical data analysis; data processing tools; novel applications of database systems.
This second edition is a short and comprehensive study on the best known approaches for preparing the main types of glycosides. It covers synthetic pathways of challenging glycosides known as antiviral or antineoplastic drugs, and synthetic substrates used for enzymatic detection, including those used for detection of gene markers in plant biotechnology. The author pays special attention to the structural characterization of glycosides and provides the basic tools for the structural assignment through NMR, X-Ray and mass spectra techniques. The book also covers strategies for preparation of antiviral and antineoplastic drugs included in a drug design course.
This book enables the reader to learn the fundamental and applied aspects of practical cryostat design by examining previous design choices and resulting cryostat performance. Through a series of extended case studies the book presents an overview of existing cryostat design covering a wide range of cryostat types and applications, including the magnet cryostats that comprise the majority of the Large Hadron Collider at CERN, space-borne cryostats containing sensors operating below 1 K, and large cryogenic liquid storage vessels. It starts with an introductory section on the principles of cryostat design including practical data and equations. This section is followed by a series of case studies on existing cryostats, describing the specific requirements of the cryostat, the challenges involved and the design choices made along with the resulting performance of the cryostat. The cryostat examples used in the studies are chosen to cover a broad range of cryostat applications and the authors of each case are leading experts in the field, most of whom participated in the design of the cryostats being described. The concluding chapter offers an overview of lessons learned and summarises some key hints and tips for practical cryostat design. The book will help the reader to expand their knowledge of many disciplines required for good cryostat design, including the cryogenic properties of materials, heat transfer and thermal insulation, instrumentation, safety, structures and seals.
This book contains a rich set of tools for nonparametric analyses, and the purpose of this supplemental text is to provide guidance to students and professional researchers onhow R is used for nonparametric data analysis in the biological sciences: To introduce when nonparametricapproaches to data analysis are appropriate To introduce the leadingnonparametric tests commonly used in biostatistics and how R is used togenerate appropriate statistics for each test To introduce common figurestypically associated with nonparametric data analysis and how R is used togenerate appropriate figures in support of each data set The book focuses on how R is used todistinguish between data that could be classified as nonparametric as opposedto data that could be classified as parametric, with both approaches to data classification covered extensively. Following an introductory lesson on nonparametric statistics for the biological sciences, the book is organized into eight self-contained lessons on various analyses and tests using R to broadly compare differences between data sets and statistical approach. This supplemental text is intended for: Upper-level undergraduate and graduate students majoring in the biological sciences, specifically those in agriculture, biology, and health science - both students in lecture-type courses and also those engaged in research projects, such as a master's thesis or a doctoral dissertation And biological researchers at the professional level without a nonparametric statistics background but who regularly work with data more suitable to a nonparametric approach to data analysis
The book contributes to a recontextualizationof authenticity by investigating how this value is created, reenacted, andassigned. Over the course of the last century, authenticity figured as themajor parameter for the evaluation of cultural heritage. It was adopted inlocal and international charters and guidelines on architectural conservationin Europe, South and East Asia. Throughout this period, the concept of authenticity was constantlyredefined andtransformed to suit new cultural contexts and local concerns. This volumepresents colonial and postcolonial discourses, opinions, and experiences in thefield of architectural heritage conservation and the use of site-specificpractices based on representative case studies presented by art historians,architects, anthropologists, and conservationists from Germany, Nepal, India,China, and Japan. With more than 180 illustrations and a collection ofterminologies in German, English, Sanskrit, Hindi, Nevari and Nepali, classicalChinese and standard Mandarin, and Japanese, these cross-culturalinvestigations document the processual re-configuration of the notion ofauthenticity. They also show that approaches to authenticity can be specifiedwith key analytical categories from transcultural studies: appropriation,transformation, and, in some cases, refusal.
This book offers a comprehensive review of the landscapes and ecosystems of the Upper Yellow River. It focuses on landscapes as a platform for considering environmental values and issues across the region. The book is based on extensive field-based analyses, applications, and photographs.
This book covers the complete field of the pathology of infectious disease and parasites- from Acquired Immunodeficiency Disease to Zygomycosis. The alphabetically arranged entries, each of which provides a detailed description of a specific pathological disease pattern, allow readers to quickly and easily find the information they need.
IN A SIZZLING NEW ARGENEAU NOVEL FROM NEW YORK TIMES BESTSELLING AUTHOR LYNSAY SANDS, AN IMPULSIVE RESCUE PAIRS A SEXY IMMORTAL WITH THE WOMAN MADE TO BE HIS FOR ETERNITYAbigail Forsythe's life hasn't been easy lately. Still, if there's one thing guaranteed to take her mind off an empty bank account and abandoned dreams, it's a naked man locked in a plane's cargo hold. A very big, incredibly gorgeous naked man. And when instinct prompts her to free him, Abigail must rely on this stranger for survival . . . a stranger who leaves her thrumming with need every time they touch.Tomasso Notte knows he's found his life mate in Abigail. Now he just has to hold on to her. They're miles from civilization, hunted by his kidnappers. Abigail has no idea of Tomasso's abilities, or of how intensely pleasurable their unique connection can be. But he's about to show her, beginning with one wild, hot, immortal night . . .
This handbook offers a comprehensive overview of Camera Monitor Systems (CMS), ranging from the ISO 16505-based development aspects to practical realization concepts. It offers readers a wide-ranging discussion of the science and technology of CMS as well as the human-interface factors of such systems. In addition, it serves as a single reference source with contributions from leading international CMS professionals and academic researchers. In combination with the latest version of UN Regulation No. 46, the normative framework of ISO 16505 permits CMS to replace mandatory rearview mirrors in series production vehicles. The handbook includes scientific and technical background information to further readers' understanding of both of these regulatory and normative texts. It is a key reference in the field of automotive CMS for system designers, members of standardization and regulation committees, engineers, students and researchers.
This book is an introductory course to the physics and chemistry of the atmosphere and to climate dynamics. It covers the basics in thermodynamics, fluid dynamics, radiation, and chemistry and explains the most intriguing problems that currently exist in the study of the atmospheres of the Earth and planets. A particular effort is made to approach the different topics intuitively. Among the themes covered are the most recent evolution concerning the chemistry of polluted troposphere, the global warming problem, and chaos and nonlinear theory. The book is almost completely rewritten in comparison to the previous edition, with a more logical organization of the chapters. The fundamentals of thermodynamics, radiation, fluid dynamics and chemistry are introduced in the first six chapters, including a new chapter on remote sensing. Also there is an additional chapter on geoengineering. A significant addition to the new edition, at the end of each chapter, are examples where the topics introduced in the chapter are further discussed with application to classical problems or new research items. Many of these examples are accompanied by computer programs. The most important updates deal with the theory of the general circulation, the methods to evaluate GCM, the detailed discussion of the urban troposphere and the chaos and nonlinear phenomena.
This book provides information essential for anyoneinterested in climate and environmental change of the Himalayan region,including land and resource managers, environmental planners, conservationists,environmentalists, geographers, climatologists, ecologists, and students. Thebook is unique in its coverage of the current understanding of the science ofclimate change in the Himalayan mountain system and of the major impacts onphysical systems and ecosystems. The book gives an overview of the physicalscience basis of climate change and explains drivers and processes of glacierand vegetation dynamics. The book covers relevant aspects of accelerated climatechange observed in the Himalayan mountain system, and highlights the regionaldifferentiation of climatic changes and associated environmental modifications. The focus is on climate variability and change, and how physical systems andecosystems respond to climate change impacts. Consequences include impacts onphysical systems such as glacier shrinkage, glacial lake outburst floods,altered hydrological characteristics, permafrost warming and thawing, and massmovements on slopes. Climate change is also a powerful stressor on ecosystemsand induces range shifts of plant and animal species and alterations in termsof phenology, biomass, plant cover, plant group dominance and speciescomposition. Thus, ecosystem structure and functioning will be stronglyaffected. The book has an introductory chapter followed by a sectionon climate change, a section on impacts on glaciers and hydrology, and asection on vegetation dynamics. Each section has several chapters presentingkey concepts, major drivers and key processes of environmental change in the Himalayan region from different perspectives. Climate change impacts inthe Himalaya have not been studied in much detail, and respective findings werenot presented so far in a comprehensive overview. This book summarizes thecurrent knowledge of interactions between climate change and the dynamics ofglaciers, hydrology, and vegetation.
This book gives a wide-ranging description of the many facets of complex dynamic networks and systems within an infrastructure provided by integrated control and supervision: envisioning, design, experimental exploration, and implementation. The theoretical contributions and the case studies presented can reach control goals beyond those of stabilization and output regulation or even of adaptive control. Reporting on work of the Control of Complex Systems (COSY) research program, Complex Systems follows from and expands upon an earlier collection: Control of Complex Systems by introducing novel theoretical techniques for hard-to-control networks and systems. The major common feature of all the superficially diverse contributions encompassed by this book is that of spotting and exploiting possible areas of mutual reinforcement between control, computing and communications. These help readers to achieve not only robust stable plant system operation but also properties such as collective adaptivity, integrity and survivability at the same time retaining desired performance quality. Applications in the individual chapters are drawn from: * the general implementation of model-based diagnosis and systems engineering in medical technology, in communication, and in power and airport networks; * the creation of biologically inspired control brains and safety-critical human-machine systems, * process-industrial uses; * biped robots; * large space structures and unmanned aerial vehicles; and * precision servomechanisms and other advanced technologies. Complex Systems provides researchers from engineering, applied mathematics and computer science backgrounds with innovative theoretical and practical insights into the state-of-the-art of complex networks and systems research. It employs physical implementations and extensive computer simulations. Graduate students specializing in complex-systems
Now in its third edition, this standard reference is a comprehensive treatment of nonsmooth mechanical systems refocused to give more prominence to issues connected with control and modelling. It covers Lagrangian and Newton-Euler systems, detailing mathematical tools such as convex analysis and complementarity theory. The ways in which nonsmooth mechanics influence and are influenced by well-posedness analysis, numerical analysis and simulation, modelling and control are explained. Contact/impact laws, stability theory and trajectory-tracking control are given detailed exposition connected by a mathematical framework formed from complementarity systems and measure-differential inclusions. Links are established with electrical circuits with set-valued nonsmooth elements as well as with other nonsmooth dynamical systems like impulsive and piecewise linear systems. Nonsmooth Mechanics (third edition) retains the topical structure familiar from its predecessors but has been substantially rewritten, edited and updated to account for the significant body of results that have emerged in the twenty-first century--including developments in: the existence and uniqueness of solutions; impact models; extension of the Lagrange-Dirichlet theorem and trajectory tracking; and well-posedness of contact complementarity problems with and without friction. Many figures (both new and redrawn to improve the clarity of the presentation) and examples are used to illustrate the theoretical developments. Material introducing the mathematics of nonsmooth mechanics has been improved to reflect the broad range of applications interest that has developed since publication of the second edition. The detail of some mathematical essentials is provided in four appendices. With its improved bibliography of over 1,300 references and wide-ranging coverage, Nonsmooth Mechanics (third edition) is sure to be an invaluable resource for researchers and postgraduates studying the control of mechanical systems, robotics, granular matter and relevant fields of applied mathematics. "The book's two best features, in my view are its detailed survey of the literature. . . and its detailed presentation of many examples illustrating both the techniques and their limitations. . . For readers interested in the field, this book will serve as an excellent introductory survey. " Andrew Lewis in Automatica "It is written with clarity, contains the latest research results in the area of impact problems for rigid bodies and is recommended for both applied mathematicians and engineers. " Panagiotis D. Panagiotopoulos in Mathematical Reviews "The presentation is excellent in combining rigorous mathematics with a great number of examples. . . allowing the reader to understand the basic concepts. " Hans Troger in Mathematical Abstracts
Follow the adventures of Tash, Zak and their Uncle Hoole as they fight the evil Imperial scientist Borborygmus Gog in this six-volume sequel to Star Wars. Even the most reluctant readers will enjoy this spine-tingling series that explores the dark side of the Star Wars universe.
Mad scientist Dr. Alowishus Cobalt has used a tractor beam to alter the course of a comet and aim it at Earth, and it is up to the Kid Squad--Pi, Athena, Gadget, Tank, and their trusty cat D-Day to save the world from destruction.
Power and Place examines the issues facing Native American students as they progress through the schools, colleges, and on into professions. This collection of sixteen essays is at once philosophic, practical, and visionary.
Teaching other kids how to be funny is the toughest gig that Jamie Grimm has ever had, and with the highest stakes. If he fails, his school library will be shut down for good! Even though he has a national contest trophy and a TV show under his belt, Jamie Grimm isn't one to sit back and relax. When his school has a major funding crisis, Jamie hits on a bright idea to save the day--a comedy class for the other students. Little does he know that making jokes and teaching jokes are two very different things...and he's only good at one of them. With the fate of his school's library on his shoulders, Jamie has to dig deep to see if he has what it takes to succeed at his most difficult challenge yet.
This well-illustrated handbook provides answers to important questions that may arise during the retrieval of multiple organs for transplantation and offers step-by-step descriptions of current surgical techniques for procurement of the various thoracic and abdominal organs, including heart, lung, liver, intestine, pancreas, and kidney. The coverage includes detailed instruction on liver splitting techniques and on living donor liver hepatectomies and laparoscopic and robot-assisted nephrectomy for transplantation. In addition, guidance is provided on preoperative evaluation for multiorgan donation, contraindications, management for organ retrieval in deceased donors, and organ preservation. The advice offered and the questions addressed will be of relevance not only to transplant surgeons, trainees, and fellows but also to all other professionals involved in organ transplantation, including nursing staff in intensive care units and emergency rooms.
Colin Burgess offers a comprehensive yet personal look at the 1962 orbital mission of Wally Schirra aboard the spacecraft Sigma 7, the first book about this popular pioneering astronaut which explores his entire life and accomplishments. This continues the Pioneers in Early Spaceflight series, the volumes of which form an excellent record of Project Mercury's pioneering early phase of the Space Age. Schirra's pre-NASA life is examined, as well as his training as a NASA astronaut and for his Mercury MA-8 flight. The 6-orbit flight of Sigma 7 is fully covered from its origins through to the spacecraft's safe recovery from the ocean after a highly successful Mercury mission. Schirra's participation on the Gemini 6 and Apollo 7 missions is also told, but in brief, and the book also relates his post-NASA life and activities through to his passing in 2007. The Mercury Seven occupy a unique spot in the history of human spaceflight, and Schirra is at last given his due as one of the contributing astronauts in this painstakingly researched book.
Written and edited by the foremost practitioners of neurolysis, this completely revised and updated second edition assembles the current methods of neurolytic procedures into a single volume. The book explains in great detail trigeminal and radiofrequency techniques, facet joint denervation, cryoneurolysis and lumbosacral, thoracic and cervial neuroplasty. The new concept of the scarring triangle and treatment that may prevent surgical failures is proposed. Neuroaugmentation and complimentary procedures are also covered. Indications, contraindications, and complications of these treatments are discussed along with outcomes on some of the case studies featured in the first edition. Interventional pain physicians, as well as palliative pain physicians, neurosurgeons, and orthopedic spine surgeons, will find this text to be the definitive reference on neurolysis in clinical practice.
This book presents the current state of knowledge on nanomaterials and their use in buildings, ranging from glazing and vacuum insulation to PCM composites. It also discusses recent applications in organic photovoltaics, photo-bioreactors, bioplastics and foams, making it an exciting read while also providing copious references to current research and applications for those wanting to pursue possible future research directions. Derek Clements-Croome, Emeritus Professor in Architectural Engineering, University of Reading (From the Foreword) Demonstrating how higher energy efficiency in new and existing buildings can help reduce global greenhouse gas emissions, this book details the way in which new technologies, manufacturing processes and products can serve to abate emissions from the energy sector and offer a cost-effective means of improving competitiveness and drive employment. Maximizing reader insights into how nano and biotech materials - such as aerogel based plasters, thermochromic glazings and thermal energy adsorbing glass, amongst others - can provide high energy efficiency performance in buildings, it provides practitioners in the field with an important high-tech tool to tackle key challenges and is essential reading for civil engineers, architects, materials scientists and researchers in the area of the sustainability of the built environment.
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