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Exploring contemporary Chinese literature, film, and television, Yipeng Shen sheds light on the historical significance of nationalism for mass imagination and identification in the less-than-democratic system of China for the past three decades. Analyzing cultural products from a wide range of media, chapters move from the intellectual idealism of the 1980s, through the post-Tiananmen transition, to the national cinema of the 1990s, and finally to the Internet literature of today. Public Discourses of Contemporary China argues that Chinese subjects have, to varying degrees, transformed the state project of modernization into their own through mass aestheticization of the nation.
The internet has created a new social base where governments are ever more critically examined and measuring public sentiment expressed on social media is crucial to gauging ongoing support for democracy. This book illustrates a methodology for doing so, and considers the impact of this new public sphere on the future of democracy.
This study focuses on the field of security studies through the prism of migration. Using ethnographic methods to illustrate an experiential theory of security taken from the perspective of migrants and asylum seekers in Europe, it effectively offers a means of moving beyond state-based and state-centric theories in International Relations.
This book explores the unique social and environmental factors which influence soldiers to commit war crimes. With a focus on decision-making processes, this monograph provides a significant interdisciplinary analysis of how soldiers decide to follow the commands of their superior officers, even if that means acting illegally. Making the key distinction between normal civilian society and the shocking realities of war, the author facilitates the reader with a comprehensive understanding of what a front-line soldier faces in contemporary combat situations. Killing on Command presents the limits of the law in preventing the occurrence of war crimes. Realistic and practical measures for armed conflict, including the regulation and prevention of violence, and the just implementation of legal standards are all questioned and examined in depth. Given a current focus on the regulation of conduct in war, and the recent prosecution of soldiers, this book will be of particular interest to scholars in the fields of criminology and international relations, as well as policy-makers.
New Labour was outwardly hostile to trade unions and their concerns. Yet the Blair government worked closely with the TUC on several key employment reforms. Steve Coulter analyses the dimensions of the often fractious Labour-union partnership and shows how the TUC pursued an 'insider lobbying' route to influence the shape of New Labour's policies.
Diversities Old and New provides comparative analyses of new urban patterns that arise under conditions of rapid, migration-driven diversification, including transformations of social categories, social relations and public spaces. Ethnographic findings in neighbourhoods of New York, Singapore and Johannesburg are presented.
The 1985 Kairos Document came as a call to discern and rise up against the devastating crises of the South African apartheid. Thirty years later, Christians and faith communities across the world are facing a different, more global, sort of apartheid. This apartheid is caused and characterized by growing social and economic inequalities, environmental devastation, and degradation of human dignity on a global scale. This book is a call to note the contours of these crises and respond with faithful, prophetic resistance for the sake of the common good.
This book provides an in-depth and timely analysis of the member states' compliance patterns with the key European Union Anti-Discrimination Directives. It examines the various structural, administrative, and individual aspects which significantly affect the degree and the nature of compliance patterns in select European Union member states.
Sunni-Shi'i relations have undergone significant transformations in recent decades. In order to understand these developments, the contributors to the present volume demonstrate the complexity of Sunni-Shi'i relations by analyzing political, ideological, and social encounters between the two communities from early Islamic history to the present.
This book explores the nature of criminal justice policy and decision making during a period of complex reform. Recent shifts in criminal law and criminal justice policy have resulted in an increased use of preventive measures (orders and detention), which have led to claims of a 'preventive state' or 'preventive justice'. This book assesses how measures introduced to control minor crime and anti-social behaviour (such as the iconic 'ASBO') have incrementally spread into quite distinct areas of crime control such as organised crime and terrorism. Preventive Justice and the Power of Policy Transfer demonstrates how a preventive justice system can be constructed by the ad hoc actions of policy-makers (often with good intentions) as time-poor executives and politicians demand rapid policy responses, and public scrutiny of their actions strengthens every day. As policy-makers look first (and easily) for existing policy solutions which could be adapted from elsewhere, policy transfer becomes increasingly central to policy development.
Merry argues that most voluntary separation experiments in education are not driven by a sense of racial, cultural or religious superiority. Rather, they are driven among other things by a desire for quality education, not to mention community membership and self respect.
Using a framework of norm diffusion to determine the EU's international actorness in the context of its relations with ASEAN, this book provides a timely and in-depth analysis of EU-ASEAN relations. By investigating three aspects of regionalism support by the EU it presents a comprehensive account of norm diffusion between the EU and ASEAN.
This innovative volume provides an interdisciplinary, theoretically innovative answer to an enduring question for Pentecostal/charismatic Christianities: how do women lead churches? This study fills this lacuna by examining the leadership and legacy of two architects of the Pentecostal movement - Maria Woodworth-Etter and Aimee Semple McPherson.
Berenice II Euergetis (ca. 267-6-221 BCE), one of the better known Ptolemaic queens, remains fairly unknown outside specialist circles. Berenice was queen at an important juncture in Hellenistic history. She was both the daughter of King Magas of Cyrene (modern day Libya) and wife to King Ptolemy III of Egypt. This collection of essays focuses on aspects of chronology, genealogy, and marital practices, as well as issues of royal ideology. The essays rely especially on literary evidence andart works in order to illuminate Berenice's status and position at the courts of Cyrene and Egypt. It offers new interpretations of the few known events of Berenice's life until the early reign of Ptolemy III, as well her influence and authority in Cyrene and Egypt.
The British Expeditionary Force 1939-40 shines a new light on the British Army's campaign in continental Europe between September 1939 and June 1940. Extensive archival research within the essential areas of training, communications, discipline, headquarters and staff reveals how military performance was undermined by a confused mind-set, an uncertain skills-set and an uncompetitive capability. Many of the debilitating flaws in British operating procedure were long-standing, foreseeable andself-inflicted; systems were neither efficient in peacetime nor resilient in wartime. Edward Smalley explores the British Expeditionary Force's origins, the reasons for the catastrophic defeat in France, and the campaign's considerable legacy for the British Army.
Environmental security has been one of the greatest threats of the twenty-first century. Crossing the tipping point of two degrees Celsius is projected to be catastrophic, but perennial policy gridlock at the United Nations' multilateral climate change negotiations has so far prevented significant progress. The Asia-Pacific region has much at stake in these negotiations—it is often regarded as the most climate-vulnerable region in the world and also harbors the largest number of poorpeople already affected and in danger of being affected by climate change. Existing climate change literature frames issues through the prism of North-South relations. In contrast, this book focuses on both North-South and South-South relations to reveal an understanding of major climate change and climate change management issues through practices and narratives of environmental security in a specific regional context. The case studies are diverse and represent both large emitters like China and India and the smallest emitter, Nepal, as well as resource-cursed Indonesia, dilemmatic New Zealand, and green visionaries Korea and Japan. Contributors analyze causal interlinkages that affect environmental security policy from both geopolitical and geoeconomic dynamics.
The book explains how social outcomes result from the influence of economic ideas which are themselves strongly impacted by the distribution of power in society. The book examines policies and programs of contending interests, emphasizing the importance of socio-economic issues stemming from quasi-economic stagnation.
Japan's Foreign Aid Policy in Africa seeks to evaluate TICAD's intellectual contribution to and its development practices regarding Africa over the past 20 years. A central conclusion is that, while TICAD bureaucrats lacked agency to support Japanese companies in Africa, the model of emerging powers partnerships has expanded in Africa.
At the turn of the twenty-first century, American media abound with images and narratives of bodily transformations. Transforming Bodies investigates how these representations have become key sites for the negotiation of power. Focusing on the representations of 'extreme' forms of somatic transformations, particularly cosmetic surgery, this book examines iconic popular cultural texts from diverse media and genres. The reality TV show The Swan, the TV drama series Nip/Tuck, Chuck Palahniuk's(post-)postmodern novels Invisible Monsters and Invisible Monsters Remix, and Scott Westerfeld's young adult fiction series Uglies are read as expressions of the heterogeneous biopolitical discourses that are articulated in the American mediascape. In contemporary American culture, representations of body transformations are often part of a makeover paradigm that presents bodies as 'beautiful,' 'individual' and 'improved' if they adhere to normative constructions of gender, sexuality, class, race/ethnicity, and able-bodiedness. However, Transforming Bodies demonstrates that a number of popular cultural texts take up narrative structures, representational strategies and ideological underpinnings of makeover culture in order to re-write them. These texts link makeovers to images, practices, and narratives of monstrosity and thereby challenge cultural norms. At the crossroads of American, cultural, literary, media, gender, queer, disability and governmentality studies, the book presentsa timely intervention into critical debates on body transformations and contemporary makeover culture.
Are borders passive sites where structure prevails? Are they an ordinary type of social filter? What does it mean today to have a Moroccan coffee shop in front of the Museum of the Exile in La Jonquera, Spain? The classic open-closed dichotomy of borders has become outdated. A more complex and multifaceted approach and understanding is now required. Through an analysis of new mobilities within the European Union and controls at, amongst others, the US-Mexico border, Border Shifts sheds light on the changing nature of national and regional boundaries in Europe and beyond. By identifying and examining the contradictory functions of boundaries in the EU, Ribas-Mateos explores the multiplicity of borders. She shows how borders can be simultaneously open and closed, delving into their varying degrees of permeability and highlighting the fact that borders in a global context are not simply unbounded but rebounded. The ambiguity of contemporary borders is examined in depth by considering border spaces and cities both within and outside of the EU, specifically looking at the mobilities that they create or deny. Border Shifts tackles the main issues related to global borders such as securitization, irregular migration, racism, complex gender and human trafficking with an emphasis on globalization, Europeanization and Mediterranean influences on the Arab world.
This book captures Nigeria's crisis management experience and lessons learnt during the five-year tenure of Sanusi Lamido Sanusi as CBN Governor. It provides a backdrop of the sub-prime mortgage crisis in the US characterised by the Lehman Brothers debacle in 2007-08, which precipitated global economic and financial crisis.
The news media and the state are locked in a battle of wills in the world's emerging democratic states. It is a struggle that will determine whether or not democracy flourishes or withers in the 21st century. Using a number of case studies, including South Africa, this book evaluates what is at stake.
Was the 1993 North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) designed as a definitive trade agreement, or as a stepping stone? This book reviews NAFTA's performances on trade, investment, intellectual property rights, dispute-settlement, as well as environmental and labor side-agreements within a theoretical construct.
This book examines the socio-political and theatrical conditions that heralded the shift from the margins to the mainstream for black British Writers, through analysis of the social issues portrayed in plays by Kwame Kwei-Armah, debbie tucker green, Roy Williams, and Bola Agbaje.
This book is essential for anyone interested in knowing how science works nationally and internationally in the contemporary world. It offers a comprehensive analysis of scientific collaboration and its relation to development and the productivity of scientists, with specific reference to South Africa in both the past and the present.
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